Billeder på siden
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]

Hope, where the governor received by the name of the Aurora Borealis. him with the greatest politeness, and Captain Cook had never heard, that promised every affiftance which the an Aurora Australis had been seen place afforded. From the Cape, before. The officer of the watch our commander departed, on the observed that it sometimes broke 22d of November, in search of a out in spiral rays, and in a circular southern continent; and having got form ; at which time its light was clear of the land, directed his course very strong, and its appearance beaufor Cape Circumcision; but a dread- tiful. It diffused its light throughful gale of wind coming on about out the whole atmosphere, without the 6th of December, which at times appearing to have any particular diwas so furious, that the thips could rection. On the 17th of March, carry no fail, they were driven so after two months longer navigation far to the eastward of their course, amidst islands and mountains of ice, that no hopes were left of reaching considering that it would be very the defired fpot.

improper to continue longer in high December the roth, our naviga- southern latitudes, he resolved to tors began to be obstructed with quit them, and to proceed to New islands of ice ; one of which was so Zealand, with a view of looking for much concealed by the haziness of the Adventure, which had acci. the weather, that they were almost dentally parted from him on the close upon it before it was perceived. Sth of February, and that he might Captain Cook judged, that it might procure fome refreshments.

He be about fifty feet high, and half a therefore steered his course for that mile in circumference: it was flat island, and came to anchor in Dulky on the top, and its fides rose in a per- Bay the 26th of March. From this pendicular direction, against which place, he proceeded to Queen Charthe sea broke with amazing fury, lotte's Sound; where he had the faand was dashed up to a great height. tisfaction of finding the Adventure, Six of them were palled on the 12th, from which they had been separated some of which were nearly two miles fourteen weeks. in circuit, and fixty feet high; but, After quitting New Zealand, in such was the force and height of company with the Adventure, Mr. the waves, that the sea broke quite Cook paid a visit to his old friends over them. Hence was exhibited a at Otaheite, the Society and Friendview that, for a few moments, was ly Ines ; and having examined a pleasing to the eye; but the pleasure space of more than forty degrees of was soon swallowed up in the horror longitude, between the tropics, rewhich seized upon the mind, from turned to Queen Charlotte's Sound. the prospect of surrounding danger. He again set fail the 27th of On the i4th, the vessels were stop- November, to explore the unknown ped by an immense field of low ice, parts of the Pacific Ocean. In this to which no end could be seen, ei perilous navigation, he was often ther to the eait, west, or fouth. By interrupted by islands of ice; among the 17th of January 1773, he had which he was sometimes as it were reached the latitude of 67o. 15. inclosed; and though his vessel was where he found the ice entirely almost every moment in hazard of glosed. In the inorning of the 17th being dalhed to pieces, by large of February, between midnight and, mafles, which floated around, he three o'clock, lights were seen in the advanced, ainidst all these obstaheavens, similar to those which are cles, till Nature set boundą to his known in the northern hemisphere, course. Vol. II.

January

[ocr errors]

M

January the 26th, 1774, our na no vestiges of it could he' find. He vigators passed the Antarctic circle, next proceeded to the Marquefas, for the third time, in 109 degrees discovered in 1595 ; and vilited, of west longitude; where they found for the second time during this the mildest fun-fhine they had expe- voyage, the island of Otaheite.-rienced in the frigid zone. This When he had procured some reinduced them to hope, that they freshments, he failed for the New should be able to proceed as far to- Hebrides; which, though difcoverwards the south as others had to- ed as early as 1606, by Quiros, wards the north : but the next day, had never been fufficiently explored. a solid field of ice appeared before Exclufive of ascertaining the extent them, which extended from east to and fituation of these islands, which weft farther than the human eye had barely been seen by others, cap could reach. Within this field nine- tain Cook acquired a knowledge of ty-feven islands were counted, be- several before unknown, which enfides those on the outside, many of titled him to bestow on the whole, which were large, and had the ap- that appellation by which they are pearance of a ridge of mountains, now diftinguished. rising regularly above each other, During the month of August 1774, till the most distant ones seemed as captain Cook continued surveying if lost in the clouds. The outer, or these islands; and having set Tail on northern edge of this immense field, the 1st of August, discovered a large was composed of loose or broken ice, track of land, to which he gave packed so clofely together, that it the naine of New Caledonia. He could not be entered. Captain also explored the coasts of this counCook, however, was of opinion, try, and found it to be the most conthat there must be land to the south fiderable of all the tropical iflands behind it. “ If there is,” says he, in those parts, and, except New Hol6 ft can afford no better retreat for land and New Zealand, the largest birds, or any other animals, than that has been seen in the South the ice itself, with which it must be Pacific Ocean. Our navigator, on entirely covered.”. He then adds, leaving New Caledonia, fell in with “ I, who was ambitious not only of an uninhabited island, on the roth going farther than any body had of October, which he named Norgone before, but as far as it was folk Isle, in honour of the noble fapossible for man to go, was not forry mily of Howard ; and finding that at meeting with this interruption, provisions were now beginning to as it in some measure relieved us, run short, he failed again for New and fhortened the dangers and hard- Zealand; where he accordingly Mips inseparable from the naviga- came to anchor the 18th of October tion of the southern polar regions. Here he continued till November Since, then, we could not proceed 10, when he again set out in pursuit fasther to the south, no other rea. of his great object, the existence of fon need be afligned for my tacking a fouthern continent. Having failed and standing back to the north, be till the 27th, in different degrees of ing at this time in the latitude of latitude, extending from 43. to 55% 70°. 10. south, and longitude 106' 48'. fouth without success, he gave

up all hopes of finding the object of Mr. Cook, after this, went in his pursuit, and resolved to steer diquest of land, said to have been dis- rectly for the west entrance of the covered by Juan Fernandez; but Kraits of Maghalhaens, with a view

54'. weft."

of coasting the south side of Terra municated by him on the 18th of del Fuego, round Cape Horn to the April, relative to the tides of the Strait Le Maire.

South Seas. For the former of these During the remainder of this papers, the Society resolved to bevoyage, nothing very remarkable itow on him fir Godfrey Copley's anoccurred. After leaving Terra del nual gold medal; at the delivery of Fuego, our navigator proceeded which, fir John concluded his speech round Cape Horn, patied through in a manner highly honourable to Strait Le Maire, to Staten Island; and, our navigator. “ If Rome," said having explored part of the neigh. he, “ decreed the civic crown to him bouring seas, directed his course to who saved the life of a single citithe Cape of Good Hope, from which zen, what wreaths are due to the place he failed to England. He ar man who, having himself faved rived on the 19th of July 1775, many, perpetuates, in your Transachaving been absent three years and tions, the means by which Britain eighteen days.

may now, on the most diftant voye From the period of captain Cook's ages, preserve numbers of her intre, leaving the Cape of Good Hope to pid sons, her mariners, who, braving that of his return to it again, he every danger, have so liberally con. had traversed no less a space than tributed to the fame, to the opu. twenty thousand leagues; an extent lence, and to the maritime empire nearly equal to three times the equa- of their country.' torial circumference of the earth. Captain Cook, however, was not But what will appear still inore fur- present to receive the honour con. prising is, that though exposed to ferred on him. Some months before almost every change of climate, he the anniversary of St. Andrew's day, lolt no more than four men during he had sailed on his last expedition. his voyage.

The medal was therefore delivered Lord Sandwich, who was still at into the hands of Mrs. Cook. the head of the Admiralty, took the There remained still another im. earliest opportunity of laying the portant object to be investigated ; fervices of our navigator before the the practicability of a northern paf. king, who seemed anxious to confer fage to the Pacific Ocean. It had on him some mark of distinction. long been a favourite scheme with On the oth of August, he was navigators, and particularly the Engin consequence raised to the rank lish, to discover a shorter and more of a post captain, and, on the commodious course to the East InTath, was appointed a captain in dies, than that by the Cape of Good Greenwich Hospital; a fituation in- Hope. Several attempts were fortended to afford him an honourable merly made for this purpose, by reward for his eminent services. On our own countrymen, as well as the 7th of March 1776, he was ad- the Dutch ; but it had ceased for mitted a member of the Royal So- many years to be an object of pure ciety; and that fame evening a paper fuit. In the beginning of the prewas read, which he addressed to fir fent century, however, it was again John Pringle, giving an account of revived by Mr. Dobbs; and cap: the method he had pursued to pre- tain Middleton was fent out by goserve the health of the crew of the vernment in 1741, and captains Resolution during her voyage round Smith and Moore in 1746.. but the world. At the request of the these attempts proved ineffectual, pre@dent, another paper was coin. although an act of parliament had

been

M ?

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

ing the

been passed, securing a reward of ceed to the Pacific Ocean, through twenty thousand pounds to the dis- that chain of islands, in the tropical coverer.

regions of the fouth, which he had Thus the matter rested, till lord before visited, and thence, if pracSandwich, the first lord of the Ad- ticable, to make his way into the miralty, espoused the cause; and it Atlantic. was resolved, in consequence, that To give every possible encouragea voyage should be undertaken for ment to the promotion of this great that purpose.

To conduct this en design, motives of interest were terprize, great skill and ability were added. In the act passed in 1745, undeniably requifite ; and though the reward of twenty thousand no one was so well qualified as cap- pounds was only offered to veflels tain Cook, yet no one presumed to belonging to any of his majesty's fubfolicit him on the subject. The jeets; ships belonging to government fervice he had already rendered "being excluded. The reward, beto science, and navigation, was fo fides, was entirely confined to such great, the labours he had sustained, as should discover a passage through and the dangers he had encountered, Hudson's Bay : but by a new act, were so various, and so many, that passed in 1776, it was declared, that it was deemed unreasonable to alk it any ship belonging to any of his him to engage in fresh perils. But majesty's fubjects, or to bis majesty, his advice was requested, as to the should discover, and fail through, perfon belt calculated for undertak- any passage by fea, between the Atvoyage;

and in order to de- lantic and Pacific Oceans, in any termine this point, the captain, fir direction, or parallel of the northern Hugh Palliser, and Mr. Stephens, hemisphere, to the northward of were purposely invited to dine at the fitty-second degree of northern lord Sandwich's house. The favou- latitude, the owners of such ships, rite subject was of course introduced ; if belonging to any of his majesty's but with such earnestness, that Cook's subjects, or the commander, officers, mind was instantaneously fired with and seamen of such ship, if belonging the magnitude of the object; he to his majefly, should receive the fuddenly started up, and declared, sum of twenty thousand pounds, ac that he himself would undertake the a reward. direction of it. Nothing could be The vessels fixed on for this ser, received with more pleat:yre by the vice were, the Resolution and the company. Lord Sandwich foon af. Discovery. Captain Cook comter laid the affair before his majesty, manded the former, and captain and, on the 10th of February 1776, Clerk, who had been our naviga. captain Cook was appointed to the tor's second lieutenant in his second expedition.

voyage, the latter. About the same All former navigators round the complement of men and officers was globe had returned by the Cape of assigned as before, and the utmost atGood Hope ; but to captain Cook tention was employed to have them was assigned the arduous task of ate equipped in the completest manner. tempring the same thing, by reach That the inhabitants of Otaheite, ing the high northern latitudes, be- and of the other South Sea islands, tween Asia and America ; and this where the English had been treated plan was adopted, in consequence with hospitality, might be benefited of his own particular suggestions, by the expedition, his majesty orHe was, therefore, ordered to pro- dered an affortment of useful ani

mals

mals to be carried to those coun- instruments were entrusted by the
tries. The captain was also fur- Board of Longitude to captain Cook;
nished with a quantity of European and Mr. Bayley, who had given fa-
garden-feeds; and the Board of Ad- tisfactory proofs of bis skill, while
miralty added such articles of com on board of captain Furneaux's fhip,
merce as were most likely to promote was employed a second time to make
a friendly intercourse with the na- observations during the course of the
tives of the other hemisphere, and voyage. Mr. Anderson, the sur-
to induce them to accede to a pro- geon of the Resolution, took the
fitable traffic. Additional clothing, department of natural history; and,
fuited to the rigours of a cold cli- that nothing might be deficient,
mate, was ordered for the ships Mr. Webber was engaged to make
crews; and, in fact, nothing was masterly drawings of such objects as
denied these navigators, that could could only be properly represented
lessen the hardships of the expedition. by the aid of the pencil.
Several nautical and astronomical

[To be continued.]

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

knows how to refuse without giving CHARACTERS AND ANECDOTES OF

uneasiness. His clemency is founded THE COURT OF SWEDEN. 8vo.

on his great sensibility, which could 1 28. HARLOW.

never yet perinit him to punish with HE author of this work, who is death or infamy any one personally T , a full account of all the most triking that he might never unavoidably be events, which he professes to have wit- forced to such an act of severity, beneffed, in Sweden, from 1770 10 June cause the remembrance would ever 1789: at which period his desultory make him unhappy: It may be said, narrative closes. A northern traveller that he inherits his father's heart with is said to have obtained these volumes the genius of his mother. Had he been in manuscript ; but whether froin the

a private man, he would have made his first writer, or by other means, we are fortune either in the line of politics or not informed. Perhaps, however, it is literature. His knowledge in history fufficient to fay, that the facts stated, and diplomatics is prodigious; his pubbear marks of authenticity; and that lic speeches in the diets, and upon other the characters are drawn by a writer who occasions, have an uncommon force and is not destitute of inforniation. That elegance worthy such a speaker; and our readers may judge with ourselves, several plays he has composed for the we fall select the author's account of newly-constituted national stage, are of the royal pair of Sweden, especially as a richness in their composition, and puit includes a piece of secret history, rity in their morals, that bespeak the which strikes us as particularly inte. prince and the legillator; and notwithrefting.

standing all the pains he had taken to “ As to the character of the king of prevent being known as the author, it Sweden, he is generally allowed to be soon became no secret, that they were one of the most amiable and popular from the pen of majesty. princes in Europe. He has a particu • Next to the king, the queen is a lar gift to gain the heart of every one. worthy object of our attention. Among His conversation in public is full of other eminent qualities in that princess, wit, politeness, and a kind attention to it is perhaps her first merit that the make every one easy; in private he meddles not in politics: she is the speaks with the cordiality and fimplicity king's wife, and nothing else. Sweden of a friend; he grants favours with ap- has had sufficient experience of the parent satisfaction to himself, and evils arising from female influence in

political

« ForrigeFortsæt »