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foundation; the walls threatened the Romans in abhorrence; and fanevery moment to fall in. On the çying themselves fufficiently trong other hand, the eruptive matter fell by their hatred alone, resolved to in such quantities in the open coun- perish rather than surrender. They try, that there was the greatest dan- were not ignorant of the Roman ger of being smothered abroad. It usage towards towns taken by af. was, nevertheless, determined to faily fault; they knew that all in them forth at break of day. A dark and were either put to death or conthick vapour surrounded Pliny, and demned to flavery, and that the it was necessary to destroy its effects places which they stormed were imby lighted flambeaux. Having inediately given up to pillage. They gained the sea side, in order to know had heaped together at Aftapa the if it was possible to fail, they found plunder of the whole country, and it more tempestuous than ever. amassed immense riches by rapine Pliny threw himself upon the and murders. Martius offered them ground, and called for cold water, their lives and liberties, if they would which he drank; when a sulphure- give up their wealth: but it was ous smell arose, and a flame fuc- dearer to them than life itself; they ceeded. Every one few; Pliny rose therefore refused it at such a price, and supported himself by two flaves, and could not bring themselves to but he fell breathless the next in. assent, that the fruit of so many years ftant; fuffocated, doubtless, by the employed in injustice and robbery, burning air which he had inhaled. fhould pass into the possession of His body was found, two days after, their mortal enemies. They caused without


visible wound, with his their gold and filver money, and cloaths entire, and he appeared only whatever they had of value, to be as if he was asleep. This happened brought into the market-place; then, about seventy-nine years before the with a firmness worthy of a better birth of Christ, when Pliny was in motive, they placed upon this heap his fifty-sixth year.

their old people, their wives and chil

dren'; they enclosed them with a INSTANCE

circle of faggots ready to be light

ed, and placed a guard of fifty young OF UNCOMMON FEROCITY, IN THE PÉOPLE OF 'ASTAPA. men, with orders to set the whole on

fire, and not suffer a single person to [From M. De Folard's Life of Scipio and escape, if they were beaten in the Epaminondas.]

sally they were then going to make ASTAPA was a small town, upon the Romans. erected on a mountain, without Having taken these fatal precaueither fortifications or garrison. Lu- tions, they all devoted themselves to cius Martius, he who acquired such death, by the most horrible imprecareputation before the arrival of Sci- tions, and swore to kill themselves pio, and who commanded a separate if they were worsted in the combat, corps

of troops, summoned it to sur. rather than fubmit to the republic. render; to which no attention was full of this terrible resolution, they paid. The inhabitants, accustomed briskly fallied out. Martius, who to pillaging, were unwilling to fub: never thought them capable of this mit to a power, under which they rafiness, was surprised; the first must have lived peaceably and on a posts were carried; they observed no good footing with their neighbours, order in the action, but fought with without being allowed to commit such fury, that at first nothing could any violence or injustice. They held withstand them. Martius, towards


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whose lines they refolutely advanced, the distinction conferred on them by
had time to form a body of vete. the power which they exercise is a
rans, who knew not how to retreat fufficient title to nobility. Dr. Shaw
or give way, though death ftared relates, that the dey of Algiers who
them in the face ; they attacked was upon the throne when he travel. .
them like men in defpair, and, not led in that country, replied to the
being able to conquer, were all kill- deputy consul of a neighbouring na.
ed, so that not a single man re- tion, who had offended him, My

mother fold sheeps trotters, and my
The news of this defeat foon father neats tongues, but they would
reached Astapa, and produced in have been ashamed to expose for sale
that town a most cruel tragedy: the fuch a bad tongue as thine."
fifty young men, being informed of
the loss of their fellow-citizens, fet PHILOSOPHIC MADNESS,
fire to the pile, which inclofed all
that there wretched men had left

THE most celebrated wits of that was moft dear and valuable, a France, in the time of Lewis XIV. vast number of women and children, lived in the greatest unanimity and who were rafh enough to subscribe harmony; and, attracted by a mus to the barbarous resolution of their tual esteem for each other's merit, husbands and parents, yet had not formed themselves into a friendly constancy enough to bear the terri-fociety, and oftener than once in a ble attacks of the devouring flame; week had a common supper, when but the young men had the inhu- the pleasures of the table were the manity to drive again into the blaz. least part of the entertainment, and ing pile their half-burned bodies, where the conversation, no doubt, and to cut in pieces those they were was far more worthy to be recorded unable to force back. After fó great than that of the feven wise Greeks, a carnage, tired of living themselves, related by Plutarch. as well as of killing their fellow

Moliere, one of the gayest compa, citizens, reeking with the blood they nions of this brilliant company, frehad shed, they threw themselves into quently entertained them at a villa the midit of the flames to avoid the he poffeffed on the banks of the Seine, Romans. Thus perished the Alta, near Paris.. His worthy guests, in pians, by such an excess of pride general, estimated the worth of plea. and fury, as makes humanity shudder fure too highly to let intoxication at the relation. They shewed, in usurp the seat of wit and learning; thus facrificing themselves, the im- though Bacchus was always admitmoderate antipathy they bore to a

ted to enliven the spirit of the muses. nation which had loaded all their This agreeable party, confifting of country with acts of kindness, and Peter and Thomas Corneille, Ra. the excessive transport the human cine, Chapelle, Moliere, Patrou, heart is fusceptible of, when in- La Fontaine, La Bruyere, and fe. flamed by its passions.

veral other respectable writers, be

ing one evening at Moliere's coun-

try-house, the host, quite fatigued,
was obliged to retire to reft, and

leave his post to Chapelle. The THE deys of Algiers are never wit, in order to increase the spirits alhamed to mention the meanness of of his company, fent the Chamtheir extraction, as they think, that paigne briskly round, and inebriery

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ftole in unperceived. They began early in the morning, and then, with
to talk of morality, and conse- the coolness and serenity becoming
quently of the futility of the plea- true philosophers, carry this admi-
fures of this world; and came at rable idea into execution." This
last to this conclufion—That the proposal met with universal ap-
great object of human life should plause, and every one, except Mo.
be, by some renowned action, to liere, retired contentedly to bed.
acquire înmortal fame! From this The next morning, when these
obfervation, one of the company great men had recovered their rea-
took occasion to say, “Gentlemen, son, they fhuddered at that rashness
this being the case, since life is fo which, a few hours before, had ap-
worthless, and fame so desirable, peared in fo glorious a point of view.
what can be more eligible, more
noble, or more glorious, than, by

Thaking off this load of life, to ac-

quire eternal renown? My advice
therefore is, that we all go together IN the reign of king William,
to the neighbouring Seine, and there Oliver Cromwell (grandson to the
heroically plunge in : and thus dy- protector) found it neceffary, on
ing in that unity with which we fome account or other, to present a
have lived, our names and our petition to parliament. This petition
friendship will be celebrated by all he gave to a friend, a member, who
posterity.” The vapours of the wine undertook to present it to the House
had so far heated their imaginations of Commons. Just as this gentleman
and clouded their judgments, that was entering the door, with the pe-
this extravagant proposition appear. tition in his hand, fir Edward Sey.
ed highly rational. They prepared mour, the famous old Tory mem-
therefore, with great folemnity, to ber, was also about to pass. The
offer this facrifice to Fame. A poor gentleman, seeing fir Edward so
old fervant, who was perfectly fober, near him, found his fancy briskly
understanding their design, ran and folicited, by certain ideas of mirth,
awaked his master. Moliere pre- to make the furly, four, old Sey-
sently appearing among them, was mour, carry up a petition for Oliver
immediately acquainted with their · Cromwell. Sir Edward," saya
intention, and invited to partake of he, stopping him at the instant,
immortality. · He thought it would " will you do me a favour? I this
not be prudent directly to oppose moment recollect, that I must im-
the humour of his convivial guests; mediately attend a trial in West-
but said, “ My dear friends, I ap- minster Hall, which may detain me
prove your defign extremely, and too late to give in this petition,
am very ready to enjoy so glorious agreeably to a promise I made this
a death; but by no means at this morning. It is a mere matter of
time : for posterity may insinuate, form : will you be so good as carry
by its being performed at so late an it up for me?” “Give it me,” said
hour, that it was not the effect of fir Edward. He

put the petition dia philosophy, but inebriety; and forectly into his pocket, and walked important an acțion should be free into the house. When a vacancy even from a possibility of ridicule. happened, proper for producing it, The only wise steps, therefore, to be the knight, putting himself direly taken, is, that every one repair to on his feet, and his spectacles on his own bed; and that we ademble his nose, began, with an audible


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