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chart, it was published, with found, the same year, he married a young ings and directions for failing in it; lady of the name of Batts, at Barkand so great was its accuracy, that ing in Efox: he tenderly loved his it hath neter fince been found ne- amiabie companion ; but the high ceffary to publish another.

and important services to which he Mr. Cook, after the expedition was called, from his public fituation, to Quebec, was appointed master of did not suffer him long to enjoy the the Northumberland, on the 22d felicity of matrimonial engagements. of September 1759, by a warrant Peace being concluded, in 1763, from ford Colvill. In this ship his between England, France, and lordship staid at Halifax the follow- Spain, captain Greaves was again ing winter, as commodore; and fent out as governor of NewfoundCook's behaviour in his new station land. As this country was configained him the friendAhip and esteem dered to be of great value in a comof his commander.

mercial view, and as it had been the Sensible, by this time, that he principal object of contention bewas in the high road to promotion, tween the English and the French, he spent his leisure hours in acquir- the governor, with fome difficulty, ing such branches of knowledge as obrained an establishment for the might qualify him for future service. survey of its coasts; and Mr. Cook, At Halifax he first read Euclid, and on the recommendation of captain ftudied aftronomy. The books he Greaves, was appointed to carry this was able to procure were indeed plan into execution. He therefore few, but application and industry went out with that gentleman; and, fupplied the deficiency.

after having surveyed the small During Mr.Cook's continuance as islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon, master of the Northumberland, that which, by treaty, had been ceded Ariparrived at Newfoundland in Sep- to the French, he returned to Eng. tember 1762, to allist in the recap- land towards the conclusion of the ture of the island; and when that season. object was accomplished, the English In the beginning of 1764, our fileet remained fome days at Placentia, navigator accompanied his friend in order to put it in a better state of and patron fir Hugh Palliser, then defence. Here again our navigator appointed commodore and governor had an opportunity of displaying his of Labradore and Newfoundland, diligence, and manifesting his zeal; in the same station in which he had he furveyed the harbour and heights been under captain Greaves. Mr. of that place, and by this attracted Cook was well qualified for this em. the notice of captain, afterwards ad- ployment; the charts of his surveys, miral Greaves, at that time com• which he afterwards published, remander of the Antelope, and gover- fected the highest credit on his abi. nor of Newfoundland. His anfwers lities. He explored the inland part to this gentleman's professional quef- of the island of Newfoundland, in rions were fo fatisfactory, that he a much more accurate manner than thence conceived a very favourable had ever been done before; and by opinion of his abilities and nautical penetrating into the heart of the knowledge ; and this was still fare country, discovered several large ther increased by a longer acquaint. lakes, the position of which is dif.

tinctly marked out in the general Towards the latter end of 1762, chart. Mr. Cook returned to England ;

Mr. Cook was occafionally en, and, on the aid of December, in gaged in this service, returning to



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England for the winter seasons, till time accounted an able mathema.
the year 1767, which was the latest tician.
period of his being employed as ma Soon after the peace in 1763, two
rine surveyor of Newfoundland. It voyages round the world were pro-
is evident, that he had now obtained ječted under the patronage of the
a considerable knowledge in practical king, which were performed by
astronomy, from a short paper writ. captains Byron, Wallis, and Care
ten by him, and inserted in the fifty- teret ; and before the two latter re-
seventh volume of the Philosophical curned, another was resolved on,
Transactions, entitled, “An obfer- for the purpose of improving the
vation of an eclipse of the sun at the science of astronomy. It having
island of Newfoundland, August the been calculated, that the planet Ve
5th, 1966, with the longitude of the nus would pass over the sun's disk
place of observation' deduced from in 1769, it was judged that the best
it." This observation was made at place for observing this phenome-
one of the Burgeo islands, néar non, would be either at the Mar-
Cape Ray, in lat. 47° 36' 19'. on quesas, or at one of those islands
the south west extremity of New. which Tasman called Amsterdam,
foundland ; and Mr. Cook's paper Rotterdam, and Middleburg, and
having been communicated to Mr. which are now better known by the
Witchell, he compared it with an appellation of the Friendly Isles.
observation made on the fame eclipse The Royal Society, considering this
by the Reverend Mr. Horníby, matter as an object of great import-
and thence computed the difference ance to astronomy, petitioned his
of longitude of the places of ob- inajesty to appoint proper persons to
servation, making proper allowance observe the tranfit of Venus at either
for parallax, and the prolate and of those places. It is almost needless
spheroidal figure of the earth. It to fay, that the king cheerfully com-
appears, from the Philosophical plied with the object of this petition.
Transactions, thạt Cook was at this

[To be continued.)

he kin in lis


de Ell



by the king; where, to avoid an ignoJANUARY FEBRUARY.

minious death, he is furnished with poiINCE our last account of the thea- fon by his father : but this alternative

tre, nothing worth recording has is prevented by Eudora ; and, during occurred, except the fate of EUDORA, the occurrence of several other circum. a tragedy, written by Mr. Hayley, pro- ftances relative to the real murderer of felledly for public representation; and the prince, her husband's innocence is which appeared at Covent-garden thea. manifested ; a virtuous family are made tre on the 30th of Japuary; the charac- happy, and the miscreants of the plot ters of which were supported by Messrs. torn in pieces by the populace. Harley, Hull, Farren, Macready, Pow. The author very properly takes occaell, Holman, and Mrs. Pope.--Palermofion, from the fituation of Raymond, to is the scene of business, which com- intersperse fome forcible and just reflecmences on the return of Raymond, the tions on the horrid crime of suicide. husband of Eudora, from a successful The introduction of the dead prince, campaign against the Moors, in which at the moment previous to the intended he had accompanied the prince, who is execution of Raymond, met the most poisoned at a castle belonging to Raye marked disapprobation of the audience ; mond, where they had topped during a in consequence of which, Mr. Hayley, whole night. Raymond being suspecte the next morning, waited on the mana. od of the desd, is thrown into prison ger, and whally withdrew the piece.

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the first seeds of this animofity. Queen AUTHENTIC ELUCIDATION OF THE

Juliana had violently opposed the mar.'

riage of the king, his choice, and the DANISH 'REVOLUTION IN 5772: The arrival of princess Matilda in,

tine appointed for its consummation, PRINTED PRIVATELY, BUT NOT

creased her disgust


youth and beauty graced her first apINTERESTED:

pearance at Copenhagen; her whole TRANSLATED FROM THE GER

behaviour was affability and condescenMAN, BY B. H. LATROBE.' STOCK.

hon; her every glance, life, benevo: DALE. 35. 1789.

Jence, and goodness; and the imme.
ANY of the principal circum. diately took poffeffion of every heart in

stances, contained in this in. her dominions.
teresting little volume, are already pret “ In the year 1768, Struensee was
ty generally known to the public. The appointed physician in ordinary to his
work, however, has claims to praise, if Danish majetty; and, at the same time,
not to originality: the author appears ordered to accompany him on his tra-
to be competent to his subject; and vels. From that moment his whole at.
while he details events, is by no means tention was devoted to the service of the
heedless of causes; which, as the title king, or rather to the completion of his
afferts, may arise from the first fource own ambitious views, founded on the
of knowledge, the author's ftuation be possession of the favour of his love-
ing said to be that of an interested fpec. reign. Fortune feconded his endea.

vours;, and in a short time raised him As the melancholy story of Anna to a situation too elevated to have been Matilda, sister to his present majesty, is attained even by-great abilities, and comprized in these theets; and as it is great success, unaided by the most una subject which has much excited the

common conjuncture of fortunate cir: attention of Europe; we will present our cumstances. readers with such extracts, relative to « It was refolved, that the prince the unfortunate queen, as are most like- royal should be inoculated for the small ly to form a connected series, and to pox. This operation was committed interest the feelings of sensibility. to the care of Struensee, who performed

“ During the king's absence, ani. it in the month of May 1770. He was at mos ties had been carried at court to the same time appointed by the queen to fome length. The two dowager queens, superintend the education of the young Sophia Magdalen, the grandmother, prince. The inocularion succeeded be: and Juliana Maria, the stepmother of yond expectation, and Struensee was the king, both hated the reigning queen liberally rewarded. He was created an Matilda. The dislike of the first may honorary member of the council *, and easily have originated in that coolness appointed reader to their majesties, with which great inequality of age, charac. a falary of fifteen hundred dollars +. ter, and manners, feldom fails to pro- This enabled him to give up his duce between princes confined in the tice, and to attend constantly upon the trammels of a formal court etiquette; court. Struensee had, during the illbut neither her power, nor her situation, ness of the prince, entirely gained the rendered her aversion very formidable to favour of the queen. Her tendereft afthe young queen. The rooted hatred fections were centered in her child. of queen Juliana was of more import- Her kind heart would not fuffer her ance to her peace ; and its confequences to leave him for one moment to the rendered it in time really dreadful to care of strangers, during a disorder that, her. The nuptials of the king planted with the best and most skilful manage# Conferenz Rath.

+ About three hundred pounds; a considerable salary in Denmark.



ment, is not wholly free from danger. upon the occasion, and after her delivery. She herself was his nurse ; she watched noother physician approached her. This with him, and anxioally returned to her circumstance afforded new matter to the maternal cares the moment he awoke. dealers in fcandal; and the secret ruStruensee became, of course, her à flift- mours which had for some time found ant in these tender occupations; and great credit among all ranks of men, the hardly suffered him to quit the ob were re rived. These reports had bec, ject of her affection for a moment. come the more dangerous, as it was This gave him an opportunity of spend- well known that they frequently furing a great part of his time in the com- pished conversation at Friedeníburg, pany of the queen. The natural and where the queen dowager and her son acquired accomplishments of his mind Frederic held their court. In the hands rendered his conversation agreeable and of Juliana these rumours loft the quainstructive ; and his address was such lity of unmeaning jefts, that are laughed as could not fail of winning the favour at and forgotten, and became dangerous of his royal mistress. By degress the weapons ; they were heard and encoufound comfort, and then pleasure, in raged by persons who had the power, his

company; the reserve on both sides and probably the wish, to employ them wore off; and their conversations be to the total destruction of the reigning came more free and interesting. The party, and upon which the most forqueen was convinced that he was a man midable measures might be founded. who, if entirely attached to her interest, Happy had-it been for the queen, had would be of infinite service to her in the the considered this, and regulated her execution of her plans; and as the conduct accordingly! But ihę had till thought she might rely upon his fideli- other causes of uneasiness. Among her ty, the discovered to him with the most own fervants, among the ladies engaged unlimited confidence, the inmost le- about her person, the heard things, crets of her mind.

The king's affece and perceived hints, that raised her tions, which had been long lost to the fulpicions; and the had every reason to queen, were now reclaimed; his be- fear that the secret of her heart had haviour was entirely changed; and he been discovered. She trembled at the placed a degree of confidence in her, of very idea ; fhe dared not even trust her which she foon made use to the attain- own tongue; and found herself unable ment of her purposes. Her first step to keep her anxiety to herself. She was the disgrace of young count Holk, feared that her behaviour might betray a debauched nobleman, who had fe- her ernbarrassment, and be construed to cured the royal favour, by humouring her disadvantage. its caprices, and by pursuing the most “ Struensee, at length, fell into dircriminal and contemptible amusements. grace with the people; and, finding the This event was followed by the dif- popular clamour increase, he threw him million of all the ministers; and feve- felf at the feet of the queen, thanked ral important alterations were made in her for her gracious protection hitherto, the constitution of the country. The expressed his distress and fears in the king, or rather his advisers, had now molt moving terms, and earnestly enacquired the sole power of decision in treated her to grant him leave to quit a every concern of state : the royal au court and a country, in which he was thority had now shaken off every reftricsurrounded by his fworn enemies, and tion; and, directed by the hands in in which he had become an object of which it was now placed, defied every general hatred. He confessed that he opposition. This great event had been was unequal to the task of serving the accomplished in the course of a very state in the present critical juncture; few months, by a young princess not and that he could expect nothing from above twenty, a man of low extraction, any quarter but inevitable ruin. He exand a few young gentlemen without patiated upon the danger that would rank and experience.

even acerue to her majesty, if, in the “ The queen of Denmark, on the present situation of affairs, the mould 9th of July, was delivered of a daugh- oblige hiin to remain at court, and ate ter. Struensee and Berger attended her tempt to defend him against the growVOL. il.


ing power of his enemies. He repre- queen dowager had not escaped his atsented to her, in the most forcible terms, tention. Full of discontent and rethat if, by any unforeseen accident, her venge, he repaired, a few days before numerous enemies should find means to the new year, to Juliana; opened his gratify their revenge, she could expect sentiments to her with'the most unno assistance from the king, but must limited confidence; begged her to proinevitably fall a victim to the impla- mote his revenge, and the welfare of cable resentment. But the queen reject- the whole nation, by effecting the downed his proposals with as much warmth fal of the reigning party; and made her as he had made them: new objections, an offer of his bett services. Nothing on his part, opposed her most urgent en could be more acceptable to Juliana treaties : and the victory was doubtful, than such an offer, nor more agreeable when an unexpected turn on her part to her wishes at that time. She received obliged him to give way, and declared him with the most lively affurances of it in her favour. Stay, Struensee,' favour and protection; and discovered faid the princess, with dignity, or you to him, in return, the whole of her will force me to a step, by which either plan. The most complete opportunity my ruin, or my happiness, will for ever to gratify his private revenge, ftruck the be decided.' Struenfee was alarmed ; colonel in a moment: he seized it with he knew her courage, trembled, and all the violence of his character; swore submitted his conduct and opinion to fidelity to the cause of Juliana, in the her direction. She then obliged him to most folemn manner ; and entreated her fwear, that he pever again would make not to discover, as yet, their common such a proposal.

design to any one. When Juliana had « The enemies of Struensee were concerted every measure with this man, numerous, but disunited; every one she sent for count Ranzau, who had of them would willingly have ruined previously made her some overtures, the other, could he have done without notwithstanding he had been highly his assistance: enmity was deeply root- favoured by Struensee; but as he aued in every mind, but fear curbed its gured nothing favourable to himfelf effects ; every one complained, but from his proposals, he suspended his inobeyed.

tentions for a while, and endeavoured, « During thefe disturbances, the de. though unsuccessfully, to convince Strue signs of queen Juliana ripened ; and ensee of those errors which operated to her party became more ftrong and vi- the disadvantage of both. But when gorous by the acquisition of a man, Juliana had concerted every measure who seemned, in himself, sufficient to with colonel Köller, she fent for Ranaccomplish the great plan which the had zau, in order to discover to him the projected. This was colonel Köller, whole of her plan. To her great furan officer who commanded one of the prize, she saw in his behaviour a total regiments that composed the garrison of change; she found him ready to exeCopenhagen. An affront formerly of. cute her commands, and to undertake fered by Struensee to an officer in his the conduct of a principal, part in the regiment, the only friend he had, had conspiracy. The queen knew, howfo exasperated him against that minister, ever, that in order to secure the effecthat he vowed eternal hatred against tual assistance of the count, it was now him. No man was more formed to act necessary to lose no time in putting her consistently with such a principle than plan into execution. She was under Köller. A bold and resolute mind, the equal anxiety, in regard to colonel Köl. most inflexible obstinacy joined to the ler; and De delayed therefore not a roughest manners, an invincible firm. moment to impart her designs to the ness, a choleric disposition, a foul ca man whom she had fixed upon as the pable of the most violent affections, an third leader in the conspiracy. This inexhaustible stock of self-praise, a was colonel Eichstädt, a man devoid of comely perfon, and an extraordinary any useful qualities of mind, but who strength of body, were the principal qua- had the dragoons belonging to the garlities of this man. The plans of the rison under his command, and upon


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