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Mr. Harrison, two hundred and had no captives of our's in your fitry to Mr. Wedderburn, two hun. poffeffion, i Mould defire nothing of dred to Mr. Barlow, and to each you in return; but as I know you Lascar as much as was reckoned have, I shall with great pleasure reequal to their full wages, had the ceive fuch as you may be pleased to voyage been performed in the usual send me.” time; and at their departure gave Along with this letter the empethem an order, from the court of ror fent thirty-feven Chriftian saves; Pekin, for carriages, lodgings, and and that the grand-master of Malta provisions, through every district in returned exactly the same number of their way to Canton.

Mahometan captives, inufthave been One would be glad to know upon owing to his having had no more. what Chriitian fhore any fhipwrecked crew could have met with

ANECDOTE fach hunaic and generous treat-,

OF THE PRESENT KING OF FRANCE, ment. What still the inore heightens the merit of this noble behaviour, it DURING the late hard winter, is well known that the Chinese are some wretched peafants dying with

at alt fond of trading with cold and hunger, had ftoten the the Europeans; and it is probable stakes placed round the glacies. enough, that fome other eaitern na. The king, on being apprized of tions may in time become as shy of this, apologized for them by rethem, from experience, as the saga- marking, that they must have fufe cious Chinese bave always been fered severely in confequence of the from theory and fpeculation. frost. The reply was, that wood had

As generous deeds do not appear been distributed in each village: but cvery day, even in the most fenfible, his majesty here apprehended that the moft virtuous, and most magnifi- the quantity had not been fufficient. cent of all posfible ages, there is room Shortly after he was applied to for here to pay fome proper respect to money to procure articles for the an act of humanity in the late em- sustenance of the royal game, “How peror of Morocco, which the fol- much will they cost="_" Twelve Towing extra&t from his letter to thousand livres (five hundred pounds the grand-master of Malta will ex- sterling), should the frost continue plain :

longer. Well," said the mo. “ In the name of God, the fole narch, “ I had rather see my game Almighty. To the prince of Malta, perifh than my poor suffer: take the grand-matter of the religion of St. twelve thousand livres, but carry John, and to all his council, the them to the Philanthropic So. einperor of Morocco, Fez, Mequi- ciety.” DEZ, &c. wishes health and prospe.

M. Neckar executed this com. sity, In compaffion of several Tur- mission on the following day. can slaves, who have long been in my poffeffion, and have never yet

CHINA-WARE been demanded of me, I send them

INTRODUCED BY all to be presented to you by my

fecretary Abladi Salciti; by this means procuring myself at once the KING William and queen Mary double satisfaction of making you a' introduced each of them two cutprefent, and of restoring liberty to toms, which by the people's imi. those unfortunate people. If you tating them, became the two idols of

the

WILLIAM - AND MARY.

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the tourn, and indeed of the whole January next comeing, and there kingdom: the queen brought in the to conferr and treate with you and love of fine East India callicoes, with the greate men and nobles of Tuch as were then called Mafflapatan the said commonwealth. Therefore chintzes, atlasses, and fine painted wee command.you firmely enjoyne.. callicoes, which afterwards descend- ing that considering the difficultie of ed into the humnours of the common the said affaires and imminent dan people so much, as to make them gers (all excuses being sett, afide) grievous to trade, and ruinous to yee be personally present at the day manufactures and the poor ; so that and place aforesaid, to treate and the parliament were obliged to make, give your advice with us, and with two acts, at several tiines to restrain, the laid greate men and nobles upon and at last prohibit the use of them : the affaires aforesaid. And this as the queen also brought in the cufs yee love us and our honour and the tom of furnishing boules with China. safety and defence of the said comware, which increased to a strange de- monwealth and the expedicon of the gree afterwards, piling their China affaires aforesaid, yee Analt in na upon of cabinets, fcrutores, wise omitt. Witnes our felfe at and every chimney-piece, to the tops Westminster the nyuth day of Deof the cielings, and even ferting up cember, in the yeare of our Lord, Thelves for their China-ware, where one thousand lix hundred fiftie and they wanted such places, till it be. eight. came a grievance in the expence of The label is indorsed, LENTKALL it, and even injurious to their fami- Ch. lies and estates,

“ To the right trusty, and rigtas The good queen, far from design- well beloved John lord Barkstead, ing any injury to the country where lieutenant of the tower of London, the was lo entirely beloved, little A fumons of parliament. thought she was in either of these

LENTHALL C#." laying a foundation for such fatal excesies which then prevailed.

SPIRITED CONDUCT
AN EXACT COPY

OF AN ENGLISH AMBASSADOR,
SUMMONS TO JOHN Bafilowitz, or Ivan IV.
PARLIAMENT, FROM RICHARD great duke of Muscovy, was so
CROMWELL, PROTECTOR, TO cruel and ferocious a prince, that
JOHN LORD BARKSTED.

he ordered the hat of an Italian RICHARD, lord protector of the ambassador to be nailed to his head, commonwealth of England, Scotbecause he had presumed to be land, and Ireland, and the domi- covered before him. The ambaflanions and territories thereunto be- dor of the queen of England, howlonging. To our right, truity, and ever, was bold enough to put on weli beloved John lord Barkstead, his hat in his presence : upon which lieutenant of our tower of London Bafilowitz asked him, if he knew greeting : Whereas by the advice how he had treated an ambassador and allent of our councell for cer- for the like behaviour. taine greate and weighty affaires, replied the intrepid Englishman ; coucerneing us the state and the us but I am fent hither by queca defence of the said commonwealth, Elizabeth ; and, if any insult is ofwee have ordained our parliament fered to her miniker, the has {piric to be held at our citry of Westmin. enough to resent it." ter the leaven and twentieth day of brave man!” exclaimed the czar:

" Which

OF THE WRIT OF

66 No,"

16 What a

" Which of you," added he, to his fpoken in this manner, to support courtiers, “ would have acted and my honour and interests?"

CHARACTERISTIC MANNERS AND CUSTOMS.

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throw the beast upon the ground, iceOUNT OF A POLYPHEMUS BANQUET IN ABYSSINIA. he had rejoiced, thinking, that when

three people were killing a cow, [From Bruce's Travels. ]

they must have agreed to sell part EST our readers should stoo of her to them; and he was much meal described by Mr. Bruce, as fians say, that they were to pass the common to the Abyssinians, we shall river to the other side, and not enpreface it with an adventure which camp where he intended. Upon befel this celebrated traveller soon Mr. Bruce's propofing they should after his departure from Axium, the bargain for part of the cow, his men ancient capital of Abyffinia. answered, what they had already

In their way from this city, they learned in conversation, that they overtook three travellers driving a were not then to kill her, that the cow before them; they had black was not wholly their's, and they goat skins

upon their fhoulders, and could not sell her. This awakened lances and Thields in their hands, Mr. Bruce's curiosity; he let his in other refpects were but thinly people go forward, and staid himcloathed; they appeared to be fol. felf, till he saw, with the utmost diers. The cow did not seem to be astonishment, two pieces, thicker fatted for killing, and it occurred to and longer than our ordinary beef our travellers that it had been stolen. fteaks, cut out of the higher part of This, however, was not their busi- the buttock of the beast. How it ness, nor was such an occurrence at was done he cannot positively fay, all remarkable in a country so long because judging the cow was to be engaged in war. They saw that killed from the moment he saw the their attendants attached themselves Knife drawn, he was not anxious to in a particular manner to the three view that cata{trophe, which was foldiers who were driving the cow, by no means an object of curiofity; and held a short convertation with whatever way it was done, it surely. them. Soon after, the drivers sud- was adroitly, and the two pieces denly tript up the cow, and gave were spread upon the outside of one the poor animal a very rude fall of their shields. upon the ground, which was but One of them ftill continued hold. the beginning of her sufferings. One ing the head, while the other two of them fat across her neck, holding were bufied in curing the wound. down her head by the horns, the This too was done not in an ordiother twisted the halter about her nary manner ; the skin, which had fore feer, while the third, who had a covered the flesh that was taken knife in his hand, to Mr. Bruce's away, was left entire, flapped over very great furprise, in place of the wound, and was fastened to the taking her by the throat, got aftride corresponding part by two or more upon her belly before her hind legs, small skewers, or pins. Whether and gave a very deep wound in the they had put any thing under the upper part of her buttock. From tkin between that and the wounded the time Mr. Bruce had seen them flefli, Mr. Bruce cannot tell ; but

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at the river side where they were, that liveth thall be meat for you;
they had prepared a cataplasm of even as the green herb have I given
clay, with which they covered the you all things."
wound ; they then forced the ani In the capital, where one is fafe
inal to rife, and drove it on before from surprize at all times, or in the
them, to furnifli chern with a fuller country or villages, when the raius
ineal when they should meet their have become so constant that the
companions in the evening. valleys will not bear a horse to pass

It must be from prejudice alone, them, or that men cannot venture says Mr. Bruce, that we condemn far from home, through fear of bethe eating of raw fleih; no precept, ing surrounded and swept away by divine or human, forbids it; and if temporary torrents, occasioned by it be true, as later travellers have sudden showers on the mountains; discovered, that there are nations in a word, when a man can say he ignorant of the use of fire, any law is safe at hume, and the spear and against eating raw flesh could never field are hung up in the hall, a have been intended by God as ob- number of people of the best fashion ligatory upon mankind in general. in the villages, of both sexes, courAt any rate, it is certainly not clear- tiers in the palace, or citizens in the ly known, whether the eating raw town, meet together to dine between, flesh was not an earlier and more twelve and one o'clock. A long general practice than by preparing table is set in the middle of a large it with fire ; many wise and learned room, and benches beside it for a men have doubted, whether it was number of guests who are invited. at firit permitted to man to eat avi- Tables and benches the Portugueze mal faud at all. God, the author introduced amongst them; but bulle of life, and the best judge of what hides, spread upon the ground, was proper to maintain it, gave this served them before, as they now do regimen to our first parents~" Be- in the camp and country. A cow hold, I have given you every herb or bull, one or more, as the combearing seed, which is upon the face pany is numerous, is brought close of all the earth, and every tree, 1 in to the door, and his feet strongly the which is the fruit of a tree tied. The skin that hangs down yielding feed: to you it shall be under his chin and throat is cut only for meat, And though, immedi. so deep as to arrive at the fat, of ately after, he mentions both beasts which it totally confiits, and, by and fowls, and every thing that thc feparation of a few small bloodcreepeth upon the earth, he does veffels, fix or seven drops of blood not lay that he has designed any of only fall upon the ground. They

meat for man. On the have no stone, bench, nor altar upon contrary, he seems to have intended which these cruel affalsins lay the the vegetable creation as food for animal's head in this operation. Mr. both man and beast-"And to every Bruce begs his pardon indeed for beast of the earth, and to every fowl calling him an affaffin, as he is not of the air, and to every thing that fo merciful as to aiin at the life, creepeth upon the earth, wherein bur, on the contrary, to keep the there is life, I have given every green beast alive till he be nearly eaten herb for meat: and it was fo.' Af- up. Having fatisfied the Mofaical ter the flood, when inankind began law, according to his conception, by to repossess the earth, God gave pouring these fix or seven drops Noah a much more extensive per- upon the ground, two or more of mission. Every moving thing them fall to work on the back of VOL. II.

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the beast, and on each side of the beef-steak in England, while you see spine they cut skin-deep; then put the motion of the fibres yet perfe&tting their fingers between the Aesh ly distinct and alive in the flesh. and the skin, they begin to strip the Ño man in Abyssinia, of any fashion hide of the animal half way down whatever, feeds himself, or touches his ribs, and so on to the buttock, his own meat. The women rake cutting the skin wherever it hinders the steak and cut it length-ways like them commodiously to strip the poor strings, about the thickness of a animal bare. All the flesh on the little finger, then cross-ways into buttocks is then cut off, and in solid square pieces, fomewhát smaller square pieces, without bones, or than dice. This they lay upon a much effufion of blood; and the piece of the teff bread, strongly prodigious noise the animal makes powdered with black pepper, or is a lignal for the company to fit Cayenne pepper, and foffile-falt; down to table.

they then wrap it up in teff bread There are then laid before every like a cartridge. guest, instead of plates, round cakes, In the mean time, the man have if they may be so called, about ing put up his knife, with each hand twice as big as a pancake, and some resting upon his neighbour's knee, what thicker and tougher. It is his body stooping, his head low and unleavened bread, of a lourish taste, forward, and mouth open very like far from being disagreeable, and an idiot, he turns to the one whose very eafily digested, made of a grain cartridge is first ready, who stuffs the *called teff. It is of different colours, whole of it into his mouth, which from black to the colour of the is so full, that he is in conftant danwhitest wheat-bread. Three or four ger of being choaked. This is a of these cakes are generally put up- mark of grandeur. The greater the permoft, for the food of the person man would seem to be, the larger opposite to whose feat they are piece he takes in his mouth; and placed. Beneath these are four or the more noise he makes in chewing five of ordinary bread, and of a it, the more polite he is thought to blackish kind. These serve the ma- be. They have, indeed, a proverb fter 'to wipe his fingers upon, and that fays, “ Beggars and thieves afterwards the servant for bread to only cat small pieces, or without his dinner. Two or three servants making a noise." Having dispatchthen come, each with a square piece ed this morsel, which he does very of beef in their bare hands, laying expeditiously, his next female neighit upon the cakes of teff, placed like bour holds forth another cartridge, dishes down the table, without cloth which goes the same way, and so on or any thing else beneath them. till he is fatisfied. He never drinks By this time all the guests have till he has finished eating; and, beknives in their hands, and their men fore he begins, in gratitude to the have the large crooked ones, which fair ones that fed him, he makes up they pút to all sorts of uses during two finall rolls of the same kind and the time of war. The women have form; each of his neighbours open small clasped knives, such as the their mouths at the same time, 'worst of the kind made at Birming, while with each hand he put their ham, sold for a penny each. The portion into their mouths. He then company are so ranged that one man falls to drinking out of a large handfits between two women; the man some born; the ladies éat till they with his long knife cuts a thin piece, are fatisfied, and then all drink towhich would be thought a good gether. A great deal of mirth and

joke

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