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entrails, into eighteen portions, and by this ? so that to-day, with the allowthe method of, Who shall have this *?ance of a twenty-fifth of a pound of it was distributed with the allowance of bread at breakfast, and another at dinbread and water for dinner, and eat up, ner, with the proportion of water, I bones and all, with salt water for fauce. was happy to see that every person

“ In the evening of the 26th we saw thought he had feasted.” several boobies flying so near to us, that Froin this time to the 29th, was emwe caught one of them by hand. The ployed in passing through a reef on the body, with the entrails, beak, and feet, louth part of New Holland, where they 1 divided into eighteen shares, and with found a bay and a fine sandy point to an allowance of bread, which I made a land at. merit of granting, we made a good sup

" As soon as I saw that there were per, compared with our usual fare. not any natives immediately near us, I

“ To make our bread a little favoury lent out parties in search of supplies, we frequently dipped it in falt water; while others were putting the boat but for my own part I generally broke order, that I might be ready to go to sea mine into small pieces, and eat it in my in case any unforeseen cause might allowance of water, out of a cocoa-nut make it necessary. The first object of Thell, with a spoon, economically avoid. this work, that demanded our attention, ing to take too large a piece at a time, was the rudder : one of the gudgeons so that I was as long at dinner as if it had come out, in the course of the had been a much more plentiful meal. night, and was loft. This, if it had

“ Wednesday, May the 27th. The happened at fea, would probably have weather was now serene, but unhappily been the cause of our perishing, as the we found ourselves unable to bear the management of the boat could not have sun's heat; many of us suffering a been so nicely preserved as these very languor and faintness, which made life heavy seas required. I had often exindifferent. We were, however, fo pressed my fears of this accident, and, fortunate as to catch two boobies to- that we might be prepared for it, had day; their stomachs contained several taken the precaution to have grummets flying-fish and finall cuttlefish, all of fixed on each quarter of the boat for which I saved to be divided for dinner. oars; but even our utmost readiness in

“ We pafled much drift wood, and using them, I fear, would not have saved faw many birds; I therefore did not us. It appears, therefore, a provihesitate to pronounce that we were near dential circumstance, that it happened the reefs of New Holland, and assured at this place, and was in our power to every one I would make the coast with- remedy the defect; for by great good out delay, in the parallel we were in, luck we found a large staple in the boat and range the reef till I found an open- that answered the purpose. ing, through which we might get into “ The parties were now returned, fmooth water, and pick up some sup- highly rejoiced at having found plenty plies. From my recollection of captain of oysters and fresh water. I also had Cook's survey of this coast, I considered made a fire, by help of a small magnis the direction of it to be N. W. and I fying glass, that I always carried about was therefore satisfied that, with the me, to read off the divisions of my fexwind to the southward of E. I could tants; and, what was still more for: always clear any dangers.

tunate, among the few things which After writing my account, I di- had been thrown into the boat and vided the two birds with their entrails, saved, was a piece of brimstone and a and the contents of their maws, into tinder-box, so that I secured fire for eighteen portions, and, as the prize was the future. a very valuable one, it was divided as One of my people had been fo pro, before, by calling out Who shall have vident as to bring away with hiin a

* “ One person turns his back on the to which the first answers by nam fomeobjeet that is to be divided : another then body. This impartial method of division points separately to the portions, at each of gives every man an equal chance of the best them asking aloud, - Who shall have this ?” Thare.”

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TRAVELS FROM THE CAPE OF GOOD

HOPE INTO THE INTERIOR PARTS
OF AFRICA. BY MONS. VAILLANT.

copper pot: it was by being in pof- course having been N. 66 deg. W;
feffion of ihis article that I was enabled distance eighteen miles from the 28th.”
to make a proper use of the supply we [To be concluded in our next.]
found; for, with a mixture of bread and
a little pork, I made a stew that might
have been relished by people of more
delicate appetites, of which each person
received a full pint.

CONCLUDED FROM P. 185.
“ The general complaints of disease
among us, were a dizziness in the head, M. VAILLANT in vain endeavoured
great weakness of the joints, and violent to persuade the colonists to join him in
tenesmus, most of us having had no his intended journey to the wreck of
evacuation by stool since we left the the Grosvenor Indiaman; but his Hot-
thip. I had constantly a severe pain at tentots prevailed on one of their coun-
my stomach; but none of our complaints trymen, named Hans, to give our au-
were alarming.

thor fome useful information. “ The oysters we found grew so fast. After characterising the colonists as to the rocks, that it was with difficulty deftitute of true courage, M. Vaillant they could be broke off, and at last we says, " It is not thus with the women, discovered it to be the most expeditious the principal part of whom have real way to open them where they were presence of mind and courag:, fearing found. They were very sizeable, and no obstacles, and calmly facing danger; well tasted, and gave us great relief. managing a horse, and firing

a musket To add to this happy circumstance, in with as much skill as their husbands; the hollow of the land there grew some are more indefatigable, never fying wire grafs, which indicated a inoist from an enemy, and may be truly filed situation. On forcing a stick, about Amazons, three feet long, into the ground, we

“ I knew a widow that managed her found water, and with little trouble own plantation, who, when the wild dug a well, which produced as much as

beafts attacked her flocks, mounted on we were in need of. It was very good, horseback and pursued them with the but I could not determine if it was a greatest intrepidity; never quitting the spring or not.

chace 'till the either killed, or drove I found evident figns of the natives them from the canton. reforting to this island; for, besides “ In one of my journies, two years fire-places, I saw two miserable wig- after, in the country of the Namaquias, wams, having only one side loosely I saw, in a lonely habitation, a young covered. We found a pointed stick, woman of about twenty, who always about three feet long, with a slit in the accompanied her father on horseback, end of it, to sling stones with, the same when at the head of his people he as the natives of Van Diemen's land use. attacked the Boshis-men, who often

Wild pigeons, parrots, and other gave them disturbance; following these birds, were about the summit of the wretches, regardless of their impoisoned island; but, as I had no fire-arms, relief arrows, with the utmost spirit and of that kind was not to be expected, bravery ; overtaking them in their unless I met with some unfrequented Alight, and shooting them without pity. spot where we might take them with The annals of the Cape make mention our hands.

of a great number of women, who have " This being the day of the restora- distinguished themselves by actions of tion of king Charles the Second, and bravery, that might do honour to the the name not being inapplicable to our most courageous of our sex. present situation (for we were reltored “ On my return to the Cape, the to fresh life and strength), I named this common topic of discourse was the traRestoration Illand; for I thought it gical adventure of a widow, who had probable that captain Cook might not lived at a distant folitary habitation have taken notice of it.

with her two sons, the eldest of them At noon I found the latitude of about nineteen. One gloomy night the the island to be 12 deg. 39 min. S; our family was awakened by the lowing of VOL. II.

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the cattle, in an inclosure, at a small hunger. These bandages are likewise
distance from the house; they immedie a general remedy amongst them, in al-
ately seized their weapons, and running most all cases, binding the head or any
to the spot, found a lion had broken other suffering part, and supposing that
through the fence, and was making pain is to be expelled by violent pres-
terrible havoc among the oxen. It fure; having been often present on
was only necessary to enter the inclosure, these occasions, I have ever observed
fire and kill the animal, who had no that when the operation was finished,
chance of escape; but neither her fons, the patient appeared eased; ftrange as
flaves, or Hottentots, had sufficient this may appear, it would not be so ge-
courage to attempt it; this andaunted nerally adopted, did it not, in some
woman, therefore, entered alone, and meafure, aniwer the intended purpose."
armed with a mulket, approached the Some of M. Vaillant's men having
scene of confufion; the obfcurity of the escaped the pursuit of feveral lions, on
night prevented her seeing the furious notice given them by a dog, he takes
beast 'till she was close by him; the occasion to speak of the fuperiority of
immediately fired her musket, but was that animal over every other.
fo unfortunate as only to wound the ani- would be difficult to express how very
mal, who rushed on her in an instant. fearful the boldest dog is of a lion, and

“ The screams of the unfortunate it is easy, during the night, to discover mother brought the fons to her affift- by his countenance, what fpecies of

Furious-desperate distracted wild beast is near. If a lion, the dog, they fell on the tremendous animal without ftirring; begins to howl fear. and killed him (though too late) on the fully, and experiencing the greatest unmangled body of their parent. easiness, creeps towards the human fpe

Exclusive of the deep wounds the cies, and caressing him, seems to demand had received in the throat, and different protection. The other domestic aniparts of the body, the lion had bit off mals are not lefs agitated, all rising, one of her hands at the wrist.--- Aflift. none attempting to feep. The oxen ance was ineffectual; she died the fame lowing in an under melancholy tone ; night, amidst the vain lamentations and horses paw and suffer great agitation ; regret of her children and servants." the goats, likewise, thew their alarm,

The Hottentot method of balancing and the sheep, pressed one against anothe effects of hunger, is truly curious, ther, form an immoveable mass-Man and well worth attention! “ I could alone, proud and sanguine, feizes his never make my people comprehend that weapon, and palpitating with impatiit was prudent to reserve something for ence, fighs to meet his victim. another day. We Mall hunt, (they “ My Hottentot Klaas, in returning faid) or we Thall feep,'mfor sleep is to from hunting, brought an eagle which them a capital refource in times of need, he had killed ; it was of a species unand I never passed any of the dry or known to me, and undescribed by any sterile countries, where game is scarce, author ; I recompensed him, and gave without finding whole hoords asleep in him likewise a double quantity of their kraals, which is a certain assurance tobacco; not that I was more generous of their being in a miserable situation ; to Klaas on this occasion than I should but what is surprising, (and which I have been to another, though I preferred should not have affirmed but on repeated him to the rest, but I wished to excite, experience) they sleep at will, by this in my people, a desire of making discomeans deceiving, or at least alleviating, veries. the most pressing calls of nature. “ This bird was extremely black,

“ They have, notwithstanding, their and seemed to resemble the vulture as hours of wakefulness, which even cuf- much as the eagle, though different in tom cannot conquer ;. but they then some instances. Hunger changes the make use of an expedient to prevent eagle into a vulture, that is to say, when sleep, which will scarcely appear proba. distressed for food it will feed on putrible, though strictlý true: they bind the fied carrion. It is a vulgar error, that ftomach tight with a leather girdle, by this bird onlý sublifts by preying on this means supporting or diminishing others; for when I cauled the offal of

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animals we had killed to be spread about, together their little stock of necessaries, to attract carnivorous birds, eagles, as where they Jive together as long as well as others, profited by the carriage. harmony lubfifts between them : for

“I here ask pardon of the ancient should any difference arise, which is and modern poets, for thus degrading not likely to subside, they make no the nature of this noble king of birds ; scruple of separation, but part with for I must call it degrading, to see this as little ceremony as they met; and favourite bird of Jove feeding on the each one, free to form other conscattered remains of infected carrion." nections, seeks elsewhere a more agree

Our author closes his first volume by able partner. describing a visit which he received “ Justice certainly prescribes that the from a hoord of Gonaquais, who be- effects of the married pair in these irthaved in a most friendly manner, bring. Atances dould be equally divided; but ing M. Vaillant a variety of presents, ihould the husband, in his quality of particularly milk in baskets : these master, insist on retaining the whole, the baskets are fabricated with reeds, and so wife never fails to find those who will closely interwoven, that they hold wa. assert and defend her right; her family ter. In return for these acts of civility, interests itself, nor are the friends of our author presented the chief with se- the man idle, so that sometimes the veral pounds of tobacco, which he di- whole hoord is in a ferment; in the vided among his people, keeping only a end they come to blows, and, as in all common fare for himself. Among other places, the conquerors give laws these people was a beautiful female, to the vanquilhed. The mother always whom M. Vaillant named Narina, and has the care of the younger children, to whom he seeins to have been very especially if they are girls; while the particularly attached.

boys who are able to follow their Our author begins his second volume father, are sure to belong to him. with giving some account of the Gona- These disagreements I must again obquais Hottentots; their drefs, amuse- serve, are very rare; and it is equally ments, and customs : he paid them a worthy of remark, that they have no visit, and was much pleased with the known law or established custom, to sedulous attention which the young which they can refer for the termination men bestow on the old ones, when con- of their differences." fined by age or disease; and from several Among those Hottentots who are other similar circumstances, takes occa- far distant from the colonilts, conjugal fion to call them “good savages !" fidelity is held more sacred than among

Most of our readers have dąubtless the polished offsprings of refinement. Some remembrance of a fiĻhy custom, “ Though polygamy is not repugnant ascribed by all our geographical writers to the customs of the Hottentots, it is to the Hottentots, at their marriage by no means coinmon among them ; ceremony: the pţieft being said to 'they may take as many wives as they þestow publicly a urinary stream on the please, but whether from a love of bride and bridegroom, in presence of peace, or any other motive, that numall the assembled friends. Our au- ber seldom exceeds one. Women are thor, however, completely refutes this never known to cohabit with two men; assertion : “ the formalities of these Nature, that would ever have a father marriages,” says he, consist in the able to ascertain his own offspring, promises made by each party, to live has wisely planted in the heart of a together as long as they may find it female Gonaquais, an invincible horror convenient: the engagement made, the for such infamous prostitution. "Nay, young couple, from that moment, are so disgusting is it to these people, that man and wife. They then kill some a husband on the knowledge of the Jheep, fometimes an ox, to celebrate most trifling infidelity of his wife, this little holiday; the parents on both might kill her without fear of incurring fides furnish the young couple with the reproach of the hoord.” „Some cattle, they immediately apply With ideas of honour, such as these, themselves to the contruction of a hut, the reader will the more easily be dis. forming an inclufure, and in getting posed to credit our author's refutation

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" Polygamy

of an assertion made by Kolben and coast, where the Grosvenor' Indiaman others, That the Hottentots indulge was supposed to be wrecked ; there in connexions of an incestuous nature. being several rivers to pass, particuM. Vaillant vehemently denies the larly a large one, for which our aucharge; when he hinted the matter to thor was by no means provided. It these people, “ Do you,” said they, was his intention to have reached the “ take us for brutes !” Indeed, our residence of Pharoo king of Caffraria; author is warm in their praises; and but this monarch, it seems, has only a we must do him the justice to say, that hut like his subjects, and frequently he never reasons but froin facts. “ A changes his situation. However, he considerable hoord of the Kaminou. had an opportunity of gathering much Kais came to visit the camp, with that information relating to these people, frank air of confidence which is the from the parties which he met; and, in characteristic of men who have not been particular, found that their notions of rendered suspicious by the deceit or in- conjugal fidelity, were not so strict as juries of their fellow-creatures. those of the Hottentots.

“ Constrained to be frugal in the use is customary among the Caffrees, their of my provisions, it was not possible to marriages are even more simple than regale every one with brandy, the com- those of the Hottentots; the parents of pany was too numerous, and I could the bridegroom being always content not without imprudence appear 'gene- with his choice; the friends of the rous ; I presented a glass to the chief, bride are rather more difficult, but feland to those among them, who, by dom refuse their confent; after which their figure, or ftill more by their age, they rejoice, drink and dance for weeks appeared the most respectable: but to together, according to the wealth of the what means will not beneficence have families; but these feasts are never held recourse! how ingenious is she in find. but on the first espousals. ing opportunities to demonstrate her I am unacquainted with the dispoexistence! What was my astonishment, fition of the Caffrees respecting love after having observed that each kept and jealousy; but believe they only his liquor in his glass, to see them apo feel the latter fensation in regard to proach their comrades who had not re- their countrymen ; voluntarily giving ceived any, and distribute it from mouth up their women for a small consideration to mouth! I must confess I was in- to the first white that expresses an inchanted by this unexpected and affect- clination for them.--Hans more than ing stroke of native generosity., Is once informed me that those at the there a heart fo void of feeling, that it camp were at my service; and to say would remain untouched by such a the truth, they used every possible at. fiene? or eyes that would not have traction to entice me, even in the prefurnished tears of sensibility ? Tranf. fence of their husbands, who perhaps ported with admiration, I embraced were scandalized at my want of comthe chief, and those who like him had plaisance, and the coolness with which distributed my gift to their surrounding I received these advances." friends."

Natural history will be highly beneThe whole of the oth Chapter is em- fited by the travels of M. Vaillant; inployed in an investigation of the Hot- deed, its improvement was the principal tentot language; to the end of which object of his perilous expedition. A Courauthor has lubjoined a pretty copious new circumstance relative to the ostrich; vocabulary.

ought not to be omitted. " A female M. Vaillant left his camp and wag- ostrich rose from her nelt, which was gons on the borders of Caffiaria; and the largest I had ever seen, containing with a part of his attendants, pene. thirty-two eggs ; twelve more being trated into the country, keeping to the distributed at some distance, each in a south. He travelled in this way about little caviry by itself. a month, mecting occasionally with de- “ I could not conceive that one feserted huts, and funnetimes with small male could cover so many : they were parties of Caffrees : from whom he of an unequal size, and, on examination, İcarnt the impo:libility of reaching the I found that nine of them were much

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