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“ I had provided myself with two few other necessaries, composed my large four-wheeled waggons, covered whole equipage. with a tilt. Five large chests just co “ I had provided myself with a good vered the bottom of one of the carriages, sock of linen, plenty of sugar candy, and I could readily open any one of and white sugar, coffee, tea, and fome them without displacing the rest. On pounds of chocolate. these was a mattrass, which I proposed " As I was to furnish tobacco, and inaking use of as a bed during my brandy for the Hottentots that accomjourney, whenever it happened, that panied me, I had a large quantity of vant of time, or any other cause pre- ihe first, and two casks of the latter; vented me pitching iny tent. At the packages of glass and hardware to head of my maitrass I placeci a little change occasionally, or procure the chest of drawers, which I meant Mould friendship of the natives ; a large tent, contain my insects, butterflies, or any and the necessary implements for mendother objects whose tender texture might ing my waggons, and for running of require care. It was in this first wag, lead; an engine for raising weights; gön that I fiowed all my arms and am fome nails, iron in bars, &c. with pins, munition, and we called it the matter' needles, and thread, composed the second waggon; one of my before mentioned part of my travelling equipage. cheits was divided into squares, each “ My two waggons might weigh filled with a cafe bottle, containing five about five thousand pounds weight, or fix pounds of powder, besides which and the astonishment they occafioned I had several barrels, which to preserve among the savages afforded me much from fire, or moisture, I had caused to amusement. be fewn up in fresh fhcep sķins, which " My train confifted of thirty oxen, drying over the barrels, formed an im, twenty for the two waggons, and ten to perețrable covering. I reckoned alto- relieve them occasionally; three horses gether that I had about five hundred for hunting, nine dogs, and five Hotweight of powder, and not less than tentots: my number of men and anitwo thousand weight of lead and pew• mals was occasionally much increafed, ter, wrought and unwrought; fixteen of the first sometimes to the number of muskets, one of which I designed for forty. They were generally augmented she larger kinds of animals (such as or decreased, according to the state of zhe elephant, rhinoceros and hyppopo- my kitchen; for in the desarts of AfriLamus) was of a larger bore than ordi- ca, as in other and more polished counnary, and carried a quarter of a pound tries, there are a number of paralites; of powder. I had belides these levera! but these, without being much expence, pair of double barrelled pistols, a large were not totally useleis, as they fur, cimiter, and a dagger.

nished me with frequent opportunities My second wagyon contained a .of forming a judginent of the temper whimsical medley, but which was not and genius of this people. ou that account the leís eliimable. This

My baggage being ready, I took was my kitchen. How many exquisite leave of my friends, ferting out the and peaceable repait: has it furnished 18th of December 1781, on horseback, me with! How pleating are the details at the head of my cavalcade; it was of this charming and domestic life to not my design to make long stages; I my heart! I never assist at those din- led the way towards Dutch Hottentote, Biers where etiquette and tediousnets and stopped at the decline of day, at pretide, but the difgult they occátion the foot of those high mountains that. brings to my remembrance my charm- border the cast of the Cape. ing African meals, where my honest Hottentots provided the banquet for “ I passed a little river called Buffias; their friend,

and after two days journey, arrived at My kitchen furniture was not a wood named le Bois de grand Pere. very considerable; a gridison, frying I determined to stay here till the next pan, tivo faucepans, and a large pot, day, and prepared accordingly, wish jome plates and dilhes, coffee and tea ing to explore the wood. In calling cups, balons, iwo tea kettles, and a my dogs, I oblerved that a little bitch,




named Rosette, which I was very fond 'prefer the fimplicity of their country to of, was wanting. Concerned at its these seducing pictures; looking on absence (as it was a real loss to my such resources as vile and illiberal in pack) I enquired of all my people men, who boast a superiority over those whether they had seen her on the road; 'who are only instructed by nature, pne, only, assured me he had fed her in

“Worthy, injured people ! whom so the morning;

After an hour or two many have taken pleasure to represent spent in fruitless searches, I sent out my as unnatural monsters, devouring each Hottentots to call on all sides, and fired other! an infant might lead ye ! Peacemy piece several times, thinking the ful Hottentots! behold with disdain report might reach, and put her on the those harsh invaders who first reduced to scent. When I saw these endeavours slavery, then basely traduced and placed did not succeed, I ordered one of the ye on a level with the brutes ! men to mount my horse, and return the way we came, directing him to spare no

6 DESCRIPTION OF THE COUNTRY pains in tracing my favourite,

OF 'AUTENIQUAS. " In about four hours we saw the All the country of Auteniquas, messenger returning on the full gallop, from the mountains to the sea, is inhacarrying before him, on the pommel of bited by colonists, who breed vast quanthe laddle, a chair and a large balket; tities of cattle, make butter, gather Rosette was running before, appearing honey, and cut wood, all which articles as pleased to see me, as I was satisfied are sent to the Cape. I was almost exwith her return.

afperated to see these people, who have “ The Hottentot informed me he such plenty of timber at hand, dispose had found her at about two leagues of all they could cut, not' building distance, feated in the road, by the fide themselves tenable houses, but living of the chair and basket, which had in miserable huts, formed of hurdles, dropped from our waggon without be- covered with earth. The skin of a buf ing perceived. I had heard much of falo, tied by the corners to four stakes, the fidelity of dogs, in similar cases; serves as a bed; a mat closes the enbut this was the first instance I had ever trance, which is also the window; two witnessed."

or three broken chairs, some pieces of, From our author's account of paffing plank by way of table, and a miserable his leifure time among his fellow-tra- box of about two feet square, compose vellers, we have selected the following the whole furniture of one of these dens. passage.

The extreme misery of the dwellings “ Sometimes our discourse led us disagreeably contrasts the charms of þeyond the usual hour, and I must this terrestrial paradise, whose beauties own, these uneducated people had often extend beyond the limits of AyteniAtrokes of wit and humour in their con quas. In other respects these people verfation that surprised me: I quel- live luxuriously; they have plenty of tioned them particularly on Colben, game and sea-fish, and enjoy an advanand the different accounts authors give tage over the other colonists, in having, of their religion, laws and customs; all the year, without interruption, their some of these interrogatories would oc- gardens well stocked with vegetables. çafion them to laugh in my face, at They owe these advantages both to other times they were downright angry, the goodness of the soil, and the natural fuppofing these enquiries were meant waterings from the various rivulets that either to teaze, or undervalue their fa- wind and cross each other in a thousand culties and knowledge. I sometimes different directions; and lay under condescribed that set of beings, who in tribution (if I may so express myself) great cities, procure by their finesse an the four seasons of the year.” elegant subsistence, and are entitled In searching for a touraco, which Chevaliers d' nduftre; I represented our author had shot, he fell into a pit in a thousand forms the tricks of these twelve feet deep, which had been made, camelions, and painted them in the most by the Hottentots, to entrap wild beasts, flattering colours; with what pleasure particularly the elephant. The hole, did I fee my Hottentots unanimously luckily for Mr. Vaillant, was empty;



and he had also the good fortune to el. hand several times (a signal we had kape being impaled alive on the pointed before agreed upon) gave us to underItakes fixed at the bottom of these pits. ftand how many elephants he had dis. After many fruitless efforts to get out, covered. he was at length assisted by his moen, " When he had defcended, we conwhom he alarmed by continuing to Sulted what means to pursue; the result difcharge his piece. But the accident, of our deliberations was, that the pere however serious, did not hinder him fon who had discovered them, thould from pursuing his wounded bird; which lead us through the bulhes as near as he at length found, and confidered the possible to the fpot where they food. acquisition as a full reward for the Though he led me very near" one of great labour it had coft him.

thefe enormous beasts, I did not at first “ This bird is as agreeable in its perceive him ; not that fear had fafciform and plumage, as in the sweetness nated my fight, but I could not believe and melody of its notes; it is of a that the prodigious immoveable mass bright green, a tuft of the fame co- beneath me was the animal I had fo tour, bordered with white, adorns its much wilhed to encounter. It fhould head; its eyes a bright red, with a be observed, I was on a little hillock, ftreak over them of the most dazzling which raised me above the back of the white; its wings are a beautiful pur- elephant; I fill kept looking further ple, varying to the violet, according on, and should rather have taken, what to the point of light in which it is was so near me, for a piece of rock than viewed.

a living creature, All this time iny " Those naturaliks who have recko honest Hottentots kept crying, “ See oned it a fpecies of the cuckow, have there !-there he is !" with a tone of been guilty of a mistake; for it has not the utmost impatience. At length a the lealt affinity with them.

Night motion caught my eye, and im" In every part of the world, the mediately after the head and tuks, cuckow subsists on snails, and insects; which the enormous body had in a but the touraco is frugivorous.

manner concealed, were turned towards “ In whatever climate the cuckow me; without losing time or advantage may be, it is remarkable, that the ne in contemplation, I instantly fired my ver builds a neft, but lays her eggs in carbine, and the ball taking place in those of other birds, and by this means the middle of his forehead, he staggered efcapes the trouble of rearing her young; and fell. This noise frighted the rest, while the touraco, on the contrary, is and they immediately began running careful of its family, builds a nes, and from the spot as fast as possible ; they hatches her own eggs.

were about thirty in number, and it “ 'This difference in their disposic was really amusing to see their huge tions is, I think, a sufficient reason to ears flapping in proportion to the quickprove them a particular species.” ness of their notions. This was buz

Pursuing an elephant, while encamp- the prelude to a more animated scene. ed at the wood Du Poort, our author. "I was examining the animal I had very nearly fell a sacrifice to his intre- killed, when another pafled just by us, pidity.

which received a shot from one of my “ We had not yet lost the traces of people; by the blood that followed the the animal we were in search of; after itroke, I judged he was dangerously fome hours fatigue and painful walk- wounded, 'and pursued him immediing among the thorns and briars, we ately. He would have lain down, but arrived at a very open part of the foreft, was prevented by our repeated firing, in which was a clump of shrubs and We followed him into a thicket, in under-wood. Here we stopped, while which was a number of decayed trees, one of my Hottentots climbed a tree. that had fallen through age. On our After he had looked about for some fourteenth fire the animal became out. time, he made a sign for us to be filent, rageous, making furiously after the by putting his finger on his mouth, Hottentot that lait wounded him; anoand then, by opening and closing his ther of my men discharged his piece,


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crying out, at the same time, “Take " In quitting the Cape, Klaas had care of yourselves!' an injunction that been recommended to me, by Mr. every one immediately obeyed. Boers, as a man whose courage and

“' I was only at about twenty-five fidelity might be depended on; he orpaces dilance from the animal, with a dered hira never to abandon me, progun of thirty pounds weight, belides mising a recompense if I returned safe ammunition, and not so conveniently to the Cape, and gave a satisfactory fituated for escape as my people, who account of his conduct; he faithfully had not advanced to far, Iran, but the obeyed these orders, never quitting me elephant gained ground every moment, in the hour of danger, and in this inMore dead than alive through fear; stance finding I had disappeared in an abandoned by the Hottentots (one of inftant, he fought me in vain ; I could them only attempring to affist me) the hear him call me with the utinost emoonly chance I had was to fall down by tion, and address his comrades, whe the trunk of a great tree that lay on followed at some distance, in terms of the ground; this I had scarcely tine reproach for their cowardice. • What to accomplish before the animal ran will you do,' said he, in his own exover it, but frighted himtelf at the prestive language, where can you go, noise made by my people, he instantly should we have the misfortune to tind stopped to listen. I could readily have our unfortunate master crushed to fired from my hiding place, for fortue pieces by the feet of the elephant? nately my piece was charged; but he Dare you return to the Cape without had already received fo many wounds, him? Have you the courage to face that despairing to disable hiin by a sin- the fiscal? Whatever excuse you may gle discharge, I remained immoveable, make, you will certainly pass for his every moment expecting death. I con- affalsins. But return to the camp, tinued, however, to watch him, resolve pillage his effects, do what you please; ing, if he discovered me, to sell my life for me, I am resolved to find my mafa as dear as pollible.

ter; and, if dead, to peridi with him." “ The Hottentots, trembling for my He accompanied this discourse witła safety, called out from all parts, but I such lively expressions of sorrow, that, took care not to answer ; persuaded by in the most critical moment, my heart my filence that I was already crushed was sensible of his attachment. to pieces, their cries redoubled.

“ The report of my piece was an * The elephant, affrighted at this universal signal of joy; in a moment fudden clamour, turned hastily about, I was surrounded by my people. The stepping a second time over the trunk afectionate Klaaş knew no fet terms of the cree, within fix paces of where I in which to express his fatisfaction, lay, without perceiving me. Withing but he presed me eagerly in his arms. to convince my Hottentots that I was “ Night drawing on, we hastened living, and impatient at remaining in to find the elephant which I had the this perilous situation, I got on my feet, good fortune to kill with a single shot; when sending another ball after him, our presence drove away several vulhe continued his way, and entirely diso' tures and small carnivorous animals, appeared.

who had loft no time, having already • When in the above mentioned pec began to diffect it. rilous situation, at the mercy of a fu * The Hottentots quickly kindled cious animal, who, once discovering, several fires ; provisions had began to would have ended me in an instant ; run thort, confequently this fupply while my heart palpitated with appre- was very welcome to us ; they cut henfion, I was yet susceptible of a len- several flices off the animal 80 broil for tment of veneration, inspired by one themselves, dresing a part of the trunk of those worthy men, whom polished for me. nations have agreed to speak of with " It was the first time I had tafted disdain, as the very out-cafts of na. this kind of food, but I determined it ture; in short, by an African favage! should not be the last, as I thought is 2 Hottentott



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Shortly after this, our author Mot at the innocent object of the dispute, four more full grown elephants, and a exclaiming-If I must not have him, young male, about the size of a calf; neither Malt thou,' and accompanied the flesh of which they found to be these words with lodging the contents of remarkably delicate.

his piece in the breast of the unfortu. I had left my men busy in cut nate victim, who instantly died. ting up the elephants; on my return I “ In addition to the above, I was thought it very extraordinary, not to likewise told that these ferocious extir. find any of them; I could not con pators would sometimes amuse themceive why they had left their work, felves with placing their prisoners at a and began calling as loud as possible, stated distance, in order to try their but was still more astonished at feeing fuperiority over each other as expert them come out of the elephants, being markfinen. employed in securing fome interior “ A misfortune which had lately parts of the creatures, which, next to happened, contributed not a little to the trunk and feet, are accounted the heat my imagination. I was informed, greatest delicacies."

that fix weeks before, an English fhip, Near the little river Vogel, our tra- the Grosvenor, East Indiaman, had Teller met with a small troop of Hotten. been wrecked on the coast, that part tots, fifteen in number, who had fled of the crew and passengers, escaping from the wars of the Catfrees, of whom the turbulent element, unfortunately he enquired many particulars, relative fell into the hands of the Caffrees, by to the reputed favageness of those people; whom they were barbarously destroyed, and found, that the Caffrees were basely the women excepted, who were reserved calumniated in having detestable qua- to undergo ftill greater hardthips ; some lities ascribed to them, which it seems few, it was supposed, had escaped, and they do not merit; and which, indeed, were now wandering on the coast, or is confirmed by Mr. Paterson, whose exploring melancholy and almost imtravels over the same country we have penetrable forests, where they could not noticed in our first volume. The pero fail in the end of perishing miserably. petual vexations, and cruel tyranny of Amongst these unfortunate people, were the colonists, gave rise to those wars in several French officers, prisoners of which the Caffrees have been repre- war, who were coming to Europe. sented as ferocious animals, nurtured “ My heart was wounded by this af. with human gore, sparing neither sex flicting detail; a thousand projects be. nor age, and totally regardless of the wildered my head. I could not be rights of hospitality. * These colo- above fifty leagues from the unfortunate nists often form pretences of losing spot-Various means occurred to cattle, purposely to make inroads into succour the unhappy fufferers, whose the Caffree settlements, exterminating fituation was fo truly deplorable. I whole hoords without distinction of age proposed these means to my companions, or fex, carrying away their herds, and but every proposal was refused. In laying waste the country; this means of vain. I offered presents, prayers, inprocuring cattle appearing much easier treaties, nay, even threatenings had no than the flow method of breeding them. more weight; to these last I must in

“ In destroying a finall settlement of fallibly have fallen a facrifice, had I Caffrees, a child about twelve years old not been seconded by three of my bravest escaped the general carnage, by con- fellows, and also shewn the utmost refocealing himself in a hole, but unfortu- lution, both in words and actions, benately was discovered by one of the ing obliged to clap a pistol to the head marauders, who determined to make a of one of the most refractory; howflave of his prize ; the commander of ever, nothing I could do was of any this barbarous detachment peremptorily service to my favourite project. Jaid claim to the poor little prisoner; “ By what I had learned from the the colonist as firmly refused to deliver fifteen Hottentots, I judged I could not him up, which fo enraged the favage be far from the spot where the colonists leader, that he ran with the utmost fury meant to allemble; and I Aattered my,


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