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vious consumption had been very one of them having been dete&ted great. It was observed, that the in carrying off the armourer's tongs king, on being informed they were from the forge, was punithed with about to depart shortly, made a kind a pretty severe Aogging, and fent of proclamation throughout the vil- out of the ship. But this example lages, requiring the people to bring did not deter another, who, having in their hogs and vegetables, that snatched the tongs and chissel from his majesty might present them to the same place, jumped overboard the Orono, (a title of high honour, with them, and fwam for the shore. which had been bestowed on captain The master and a midshipman were Cook) before he took his leave of instantly dispatched after him in the the country.

small cutter, upon which the Indian Captain Cook, on the 4th of Fe- made for a canoe, where he was bruary, quitted Karakakooa Bay, taken on board by one of his counwith an intention of finishing the trymen; and though several muskets furvey of Owhyhee, and of proceed were fired at them, they foon got ing afterwards to the rest of the out of the reach of the shot, and inands, in queft of some road which escaped. Pareah, one of their chiefs, might afford better shelter to the afterwards brought back the stolen vessels; but a gale of wind ariling, articles, but on his return, being the Resolution, in the course of a met by the Resolution's pinnace, few days, had the misfortune to with five men in her, who infifted spring the head of her foremait in upon having the thief delivered up, fo dangerous a manner, that it was or the canoe which had taken him was found neceffary to return to Ka- in, a scuffle ensued, and the natives rakakooa, to have it repaired. It began to pelt the English with stones. does not clearly appear, from the This commotion, was, however, accounts given of captain Cook's quelled by the interference of Padeath, whether or not the natives reah; but another circumstance of were displeased with this fecond vi- the same kind soon after occurred, fit. Captain King says, “ That our which widened the hostile breach. voyagers, upon coming to anchor, Some of the islanders found means were surprised to find their reception in the night-time to take away the very different from what it had been Discovery's large cutter, which lay on their first arrival ;" but Mr. swamped at the buoy of one of her Samwell, whose veracity seems un- anchors, and she was not missed till questionable, afferts, that he saw the next morning, Sunday, February nothing which could induce him to 14th. When captain Clerk had inbelieve, that there was any change formed captain Cook of this event, in the disposition or behaviour of he returned on board, with orders the inhabitants. It 'is, however, for the launch and small cutter to certain, that some acts of theft com- go, under the command of the se. mitted by the islanders, and the at. cond lieutenant, and to lie off the tempts of the English to punish east side of the bay, to intercept all them, and recover their property, canoes that might attempt to get were the preludes to that unhappy out; and, if found neceffary, to fire commotion, which deprived the Brie upon them. The third lieutenant tish

navy of one of its brightest ore of the Resolution, with the launch naments, and our illustrious navi- and small cutter, was sent on the gator of his life.

same service, at the same time, to These people had, it seems, a the opposite side of the bay, and the strong propensity to thieving; and master was dispatched in the large


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cutter, in pursuit of a double canoe marines to march his small party to already under fail, and making the the water fide, where the boats lay, best of her way out of the harbour. within a few yards of the shore ;

It having been captain Cook's the Indians readily let them pass, usual custom in all the islands of the without offering the least molestaSouth Seas, when any thing of con- tion. The distance they had to go fequence had been stolen, to secure might be about fifty or fixty yards; the king, or some of the principal and captain Cook followed, having grees, and to detain them as hostages, hold of the king's hand, who cheeruntil the property was restored, he fully followed, attended by his wife, resolved to adopt this method on the two sons, and several chiefs. The present occafion. For this purpose younger son, when they reached he left the ship about seven o'clock, the pinnace, immediately stepped attended by the lieutenant of ma, in, expecting his father to follow; rincs, a ferjeant, a corporal, and but juit as the prince arrived at the feven private men; the pinnace's water fide, his wife threw her arms crew were also armed, under the about his neck, and with the affistcommand of Mr. Roberts. As they ance of two chiefs, forced him to rowed towards the shore, captain sit down by the side of a double Cook ordered the launch to leave canoe. Captain Cook expoftulated; her station at the west point of the but they would by no means suffer bay, in order to affist his own boat, the king to proceed, telling him that which clearly hews, that he was ke would be aßuredly put to death not wholly unapprehensive of meet, if he went on board. ing with resistance. The natives, A chief having been seen lurking when he landed, focked round him near, with a dagger partly concealed, in great crowds, and shewed him and another of the natives having the usual marks of respect, by pro- made an attempt to wrench a mulItrating themselves; and being ig- ket from the serjeant of marines, porant of his intention, frequently captain Cook concluded, that as the 21ked him if he wanted hogs or pro- Indians were becoming more daring, visions. The king, at length, came and tumultous, he could not take the out of a house withoạt hesitation, king off by force without sacrificing svhere he had been asleep, when the the lives of many of his people, he captain taking him by the hand, in- therefore resolved to act only on the vited him, in a most friendly man- defensive; and to secure a safe emner, to go on board, to which he barkation for his small party, who readily consented. In a little time, were now closely pressed by a body however, the islanders were observed of several thousand people. One busy in arming themselves with long man attempted to dart his spear at fpears, clubs, and daggers, and in captain Cook, who thereupon fired putting on thick mats, which they in his own defence; but miffing the used as armour. This hostile ap- person he aimed at, happened to kill pearance became more alarming on another close to him, but who was the arrival of two men in a canoe, equally forward in the tumult. The from the opposite side of the bay, ferjeant, telling the captain of his with news of a chief having been mistake, received orders to fire at killed by one of the Discovery?s the aflatlin, which he immediately boats. By this time, the captain did, and killed him. The impetuwas surrounded by a great crowd, ofity of the islanders was by this and thinking his situation rather ba- time somewhat repreffed ; they fell zardous, ordered the lieutenant of back in seeming confusion, but be

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ing pushed on by those behind, re. he had thewn to medical studies was turned eagerly to the charge, and by this means turned into averfion; poured a volley of stones among the the 'restraints of prudence were all marines, who, without waiting for forgotten, and he determined to inorders, returned it with a general duige his ttrong propensity to become discharge of musquetry, which was a votary of Thalia, by going on tha instantly followed by a fire from the stage. To his success, however, in boats.

this path, there were obstacles which Captain Cook, at this, was heard genius could not subdue, nor even to express his astonishment; he waved industry remove; his voice was dehis hand to the boats, desired them ficient in harınony, and his figure to cease firing, and bade them come wanted grace

and importance.

He nearer in to receive the marines.- made his first appearance, at the What followed after this seems to Edinburgh theatre, in the character have been a confused scene. The of Oronooko : his conception was Indians, after the marines had fired, good, and his discrimination far berufled among them, and forced yond the medium of general acting ; them into the water, where four of but his defects were so obvious, that them were killed; and their lieute- very short experience convinced him nant wounded.

he could not succeed. We are now arrived at the affect Mr. Pilon now felt the confe. ing period of captain Cook's deatli; quences of his imprudence, in the which, in our next, we shall give displeasure of his friends; he was in the exact words of Dr. Kippis. left without resource. But, though

the itage denied him fame, he enMEMOIRS

deavoured to derive from it a como

petence; he therefore continued ta FREDERICK PILON, ESQ,

play, for three or four years, at

most of the provincial theatres in (By our Correspondent L.]

the northern parts of England. At Mr. Pilon was born at Cork, length, he returned to Cork, and apin Ireland, 1750; and, at a very peared, one night only, in the Earl of early age, was diftingujjhed, not Essex. It was now, that, yielding to only for claslical attainments, but the advice of some judicious friends, for great oratorical abilities : he fre- he abandoned a profession for which quented a forum in Cork, where the Nature had not formed him. force of his arguments, and the bril In 1775, Mr. Pilon repaired to liancy of his elocution, frequently London, and, commencing literary astonised his hearers; although he adventurer, was engaged as parawas the youngeit man belonging to graph writer by the late Mr. Griffin, that inftitution.

a bookseller in Catherine-Itreet, and Before he reached his twentieth then printer of two newspapers; but, year, he was sent to Edinburgh, to scarcely had he congratulated himitudy medicine: but finding little self on the comfortableness of his gratification in his attendance on situation, when the death of his em. lectures, and less in the infpection ployer again involved him in diffiof anatomical subjects, he at length culty and distress. turned to purfuits more congenial He still turned his thoughts to to his feelings; and Celsus and literary pursuits ; and, foon after Cullen were neglected for Shake the death of his friend Griffin, he 1peare and Congreve: the dit-tatte published a critical essay on the



character of Hamlet, as performed -Humours of an Election, 1780; by Mr, Henderson. That this was -Thelypthora, a farce, written written with much judgment and to ridicule Dr. Madan, 1780; acumen, need scarcely be faid; it Fair American, 1781;--Harlequin procured him the friendship and pa. Touchitone, 1781; -- Aerostation, a tronage of the elder Colman, which farce, 1784 ;-Barataria, an alter, he long retained.

ation froin D'Urfey;--Don Quixote, After having published several 1785. Mr. Pilon was also author of miscellaneous productions, which the two alterations of Shakespeare's afforded him neither fame por pro- Comedy of Errors, and Winter's fit, he at length turned his thoughts Tale; both of which were success. to dramatic writing, in which he fully played in 1786. He next prewas encouraged by several principal fented his much-admired comedy of performers, particularly Wilson, late He you'd be a Soldier, to the Covent of Covent Garden theatre, for whose Garden manager; and I need not benefit he composed several trifling mențion with what eclat it was repieces. Encouraged in these, by aceived. Its novelty, and originality more than moderate portion of suc; of character, rank it with the best cess, he extended his plan; and, comedies that have lately been proy having luckily excited the manager's duced. attention, in 1778, he produced his Pilon was also author of the ode Invasion, or Trip to Brighthelm- performed at Freemason's Tavern, stone. In this piece, a well-timed on the institution of the Irish Beneridicule was introduced, at the ex, volent Society; various epilogues to pence of those who at that time different productions; and an unfi, feared a descent from the French, qished play, entitled The Ward in on our coasts. A mock procession of Chancery-of which, owing to his servants, armed with clubs and rakes, ill state of health, not more than a thought suggested by Mr. Garrick, three acts are completed—which is contributed inuch to the success of left in poffeffion of his widow, a this piece ; without taking, as may young lady of much merit, to whom be conceived, from the merit of the he was united about five months prea author.

vious to his decease. From this time, Pilon continued I cannot defend his private failto woo the sprightly muse, with va- ings; it must be acknowledged, that rious success: he generally caught many of his years were spent in the whatever was floating in the public pursuits of dissipation : those who mind, and immediately adapted it live on the precarious revenues of to the stage. There appears, of chance, are often tempted to anticourse, in those productions more cipate what fortune may not afteringenuity than correcmess; and wards realize; thus losing fight of more temporary allusion, than per, that justice which every man oughe manent humour. Of the pieces of to render those who administer to this description, the following is a his wants.

his wants. Pilon frequently expetolerably accurate lift. The Inva: rienced the loss of that half guinea fion, or Trip to Brighthelmstone, which had been given to the luxury 1778;-Liverpool Prize, 1779 ;-; of the preceding day; and his ateThe Illumination, or Glazier's Con- tachment to venison and turbot, has {piracy, a prelude, occasioned by the often compelled the omiffion of a rejoicings on the acquital of admi- more neceffary meal. His diffiparal Keppel, 1779; -- Deaf Lover, tion, however, was not of that kind 6780 ; ---Siege of Gibraltar, 1780; which Johnson has ascribed to Sa


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vage-lonely, felf-gratifying, and guished by frequent fallies of wit ;
obscene; Pilon loyed the festivity yet those who had no cause for
of the table : but, what is still bet. mirth, found much for admiration;
ter, he could subdue his ruling pal- he instructed, if he did not enliven
fion at the call of either friendihip his reason was clear, and his diction
or neceffity. His feelings were ten- copious.
der, compassionate, and huinane. He was buried at Lambeth in Jas
His conversation was not distin- nuary 1788.

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7756 and 1757, in the quality of lieu, RITIUS AUGUSTUS COUNT DE

Some time in the year 1758, BENYOWSKY'; MAGNATE OF THE

he was invited by his uncle into Poland, KINGDOMS OF HUNGARY AND'PO.

and became his heir. Soon after this

event his father died; his brothers-inLAND, ONE OF THE CHIEFS: OF CONFEDERATION op po

law opposed by force his poffeffion of his

Hungarian estates, but he had the adLAND, &c. WRITTEN BY HIMSELF. TRANSLATED FROM THE them, and was fortunate enough "to'

dress to arm a part of his vassals agains ORIGINAL MS. 2 VOLS. 4to, 21. 25.

dispossess them. The delinquents were, ROBINSONS. 1790.

however, possessed of too strong an in. TWichomon, author

of an effay

on MHE tranflator of this work (Mr. Auence at the court of Vienna; and he

was, by an unjult decree, not only dir. Natural Philosophy and on Chyin itry) pofseffed of his paternal estate, bút baconscious that many circumstances in nished the realm. thefe Travels would admit of serious In July 1767, he joined the confedematter of doubt, has added a Preface of ration at Warsaw.' He married the his own; in which he has drawn se- daughter of Mr. Henskey; and was veral forcible conclufions, from Voy- presently called upon, unknown to his ages and Travels of undeniable au- bride, to join the confederates. In thenticity, with a view to establish the July 1768, he conducted a Polish regicredibility of the Memoirs of count ment from Novitary to Cracow; and Benyowlky. How far he has succeeded, soon after, by very masterly conduct; we shall not here attempt to determine; defeated a hody of Russians at Krea it would be unfair to raise fufpicion, menka, who had juít repulsed the prince swithout proof: if the count, and the Lubominsky. This advantage was fol. translator, have milled, it is probably lowed by the reduction of Lendscroen, counterbalanced by the interest and the which the prince had in vain been sent entertainment with which these vo. to attack. By his great gallantry and fumes are replete.

address, he was the means of intro The count gives a detail of his mili- ducing supplies into Cracow, when be. tary operations in Poland; his exile fieged by the Russians ; but while en: into Kamchatka ; his escape and yoy- gaged in this fervice, he unfortunately, age from that peninsula through the after receiving tivo wounds, fell him, northern Pacific Ocean, touching at self into the hands of the enemy. Japan and Formosa, to Canton in After rejecting the intreaties of general China ; and an account of the French Apraxin to enter into the Russian ferfettlement he was appointed to forin vice, he was ransomed by his friends upon the island of Madagascar. for nine hundred and fixty-two pounds;

Mauritius Auguftus count de Ben- and conceiving himfelf, by this tranf. yowsky was born at Verhowa in Hun- action, released from his parole, he pary in 1741, of a noble family: at the again entered Cracow. As this city age of fourteen he made choice of the was judged to be no longer tenable by profession of arms. He was prefent at the confederates, count Benyowsky the battles Lobolitzs, Prague, &c, in was commiffioned to seize the fortress


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