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fecution of all crimes of lefe-nation the Swiss guards, accused of obeyappertains to the representatives of ing the king's orders in opposition the nation; that the affembly, in to the people's wishes) who had been the constitution which it is incef- apprehended at Villeneaux, should fantly occupied in forming, will be released. He drew a very intepoint out the tribunal before which resting picture of all the horrors that every person accused of such crimes, such lawless proceedings would inshall be prosecuted, that he may be {pire, and entreated the assembly judged according to the laws, and to exert every precaution in order enjoy the advantage of a public to prevent a repetition of those cae trial.”. This string of resolutions lamities, which ought, if possible, was printed, and transmitted by all to be consigned to perpetual oblithe members to their respective con- vion ; that such sanguinary execustituents.

tions, without trial, without form, M.Neckar had, in the mean time, and without law, were no less an arrived at Versailles; and, after hav- outrage to justice than to humae' ing paid his respects to the king and nity, subversive of the public order, the national assembly, he repaired and fatal to the national honour, to Paris, where he was received with These passages of his fpeech were every demonstration of enthusiastic pronounced with a pathos fo truly joy. When he entered the town. affecting, as rendered them irresistihall, he was feated in the chair be- ble; every heart was moved, and longing to the president of the re- every eye fuffused with tears, while presentatives of the commons of the only words which were heard Paris, and was complimented on his throughout the hall, were those of ready compliance with the wishes of “ Mercy, mercy to the guilty ; a the nation, in strains of energetic general amnesty .!"-At this moment eulogy, which being richly merited, the populace, who were waiting in could not but prove highly grateful the Place de Grêve, where the to his mind. M. Neckar replied in town-hall is ficuated, loudly de a fpeech replete with sensibility, and manded M. Neckar; and while he expressive of the due sense he enter. went to a balcony, in order to gratained of such distinguishing marks tify their wishes, the count de Clerof atrachment, esteem, and confi- mont Tonnerre, who had accompadence, from a generous nation, of nied him to Paris, proposed to the which he had ever professed his assembly to confirm, by a formal warmest admiration, and to whose resolution, the generous vote of service he devoted his life. He then mercy and forgiveness which he took up a nobler subject of discussion, had framed. This motion was reand expatiated largely on those rights ceived and ratified with unanimous of humanity which every member applause; and, on M. Neckar's reof society is bound most religiously turn to the hail, the count de Cler. to observe, with that animated elo- mont Tonnerre read the resolution, quence, which a knowledge of his which affected him most sensibly, virtues rendered doubly impressive; and excited his warmest approbahe conjured the representatives of tion. the commons of Paris to put an end In consequence of this resolution, to those fanguinary proscriptions, the assembly of electors dispatched at which even justice shudders, whose two deputies and a guard to Ville. victims ever merit their fate. He neaux to conduct baron de Bezenval requested, in particular, that the to the frontiers of Switzerland. But baron de Bezenyal (an officer of no sooner was this proceeding made


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known to the several districts in Pa The assembly of the reprelentă ris, than many of them Mewed tives of the commons of Paris allo strong marks of disapprobation. published a fimilar declaration, for They observed, that the national ing that they had recalled their or ailembly had proposed to nominate der for permitting baron de Bézenval a court, folely charged to take cog- to depart for Switzerland, and had nizance of crimes of high treason, taken the most efficacious measures and to make the stricteit enquiries to fecure this officer, until such time into the conspiracy formed against as the national afsembly should have the people; it was therefore aito- decided on the propriety of his de nishing, that a body of electors, tention, and the justice of its mowithout

any official character, with- tives. out any kind of delegarion, without While these disgraceful transacany legal authority, should so hastily tions were paffing in the metropolis, pronounce an amnesty and a general a very warm debate had taken place pardon. For themselves, they should in the national assembly, concernacknowledge no right which the ing the number requifite to constipeople disavowed.

tute a majority of votes; and it was This declaration intimidated the at length decided that two hundred assembly of electors, who, far from members fhould form a houfe, and daring to persevere in a laudable that the plurality of voices in and measure, haftened to subscribe the above that number fhould be bindo following explanatory paper, replete ing. On the following day the late with falfhood and equivocation : proceedings of the Parifians were “ The aflembly, at the requisition taken into consideration, when fevo of some districts, explaining, as far ral members were weak-or rather as necessary, the resolution taken wicked-enough to infift that every this morning, in consequence of the man suspected of harbouring bad speech and request of M. Neckar, intentions towards the nation, thould declare, that, in expressing a sen. receive exemplary punishment; by timent of pardon and indulgence which means, a more intolerable towards their enemies, they did not fpecies of despotism would have been mean to include those who might be established, than that which they accused or convicted of high-treason had recently abolished. But the to the nation ;-but, merely, that conversation on this subject being inthey would henceforward decide and terrupted by the arrival of some des punish only according to law; and, puties from Paris, a regular debate confequently, that they proscribe, ensued, after which it was refolved, agreeable to the tenor of the reso. that the national afsembly, having lution, every act of violence and ex. heard the reports of the deputies of cess that may tend to difturb the the representatives of the commons public tranquillity; and this reso. of Paris, declared its approbation of lution can bear no other construce the explanation given by the electors tion, because the assembly from: of Paris to their resolution of the which it iffued, never fupposed, nor thirtieth of July.-(Thus did they could suppose, it had a right to par- condescend to fan&tion the base redon." - This curious retractation tractation of a commendable act, a was signed by the celebrated Parisian retractation, too, founded on falfeerator, M. Moreau de St. Mery, and hood!)-They resolved also, that by M. de la Vigne, president of the if a generous and humane people general assembly of the electors of (they had surely by this time for the city of Paris,

feited every just claim to such flat

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tering epithers) wished for ever to among which was one from the prohibit all proscriptions, (they had duke of Dorset, the English ambarnever expreffed such a wif!) it be- 'fador at Versailles, to the count came the representatives of the na- d'Artois; which, as the president of tion to try and punish those who the assembly had returned the packed were accused and convicted of have to the mayor and permanent coming made any attempt against the mittee of Paris without reading it, fafety, liberty, and tranquillity of gave rise to various reports not very

the public. (It became them to act favourable to England. When this with propriety and justice, to regu- delicate matter was taken into conJate trials and convictions by the fideration, very different opinions laws which existed at the time when were entertained as to the most prothe crimes were committed, and not per mode of proceeding; many of to inflict arbitrary punisiments war- the members expatiated on the flaTanted only by ex poft fatto laws; grant inconsistency of violating epifmoreover, if it becaine them to fight tolary correspondence, at a moment the dictates of mercy, and to punisha when the representatives of the nathose who made any attempt ágainit tion were expressly instructed by the liberty and tranquillity of the their constituents to provide a républic, the inhabitants of Paris medy for that abuse in future.--In Thould indisputably have been the the midst of these debates a letter first objects of punishment!)-That, was received by the president, from confequently, the national assembly the baron de Castelnau, informing perfifted in its former regulations re- him, that as foon as he knew the Ipecting the responfibility of mini- letters found on him had been laid iters and those entrusted with the before the president, he had written executive power, and the establish. to the duke of Dorset, entreating ment of a tribunal to decide on, and him to request they might be opena committee to receive, informa. ed. The baron added, that on retions, instructions, and intelligence.ceiving the minister's orders for his They concluded their resolution's return to Geneva, he asked for a with an order to detain the baron delay of twelve days, with the view de Bezenval, and conduct him to à of passing through Hainault to pay place of safety.

his respects to the count d'Artois, to These proceedings certainly re- whose person he was attached by his flect no honour on the national af. office (he had a place in the count's fembly, as they tended to excite a houshold), as well as by the ties of fpirit of revenge, and to disseminatė gratitude. And he concluded by fufpicion and mistrust at a time when declaring, that the letters contained they had just exhorted the people to nothing but compliments on the a restoration of tranquillity, confi- part of the duke of Dorset, and condence, and peace. The consequence gratulations on the count's safety was fuch as might naturally have The president added, that he, himbeen expected; the minds of the felf, had received a letter from the public were kept in a state of con- duke of Dorset, requesting an in. tinued alarm, and imaginary dane terview, which (doubtless through gers rose up on every fide. At this fear of offending the Parisian raba conjuncture some very warm debates ble !) he had thought proper to dewere occafioned in the assembly by cline. This fingular debate was at the seizure of some letters, on the length terminated by the count de person of the baron de Castelnau, Clermont Tonnerre, who assured the French refident at Gentya, the assembly, that he had read thọ Voy II,



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letter in question at the town-hall of when he was informed of the cause, Paris, and that it did not contain he deemed it requisite to write to the one syllable capable of being con- count de Montmorin, one of the strued as injurious to the national ministers, in order to contradi&t a interest.

report which he justly considered as But though this declaration was injurious to his honour; and as he sufficient to convince the assembly was debarred from any

direct comof the futility of their fufpicions, it munication with the national assemdid not produce the same effect on bly, he requested the count would the wife inhabitants of Paris, who, take upon himself to communicate having recently recovered the pri- to them the substance of his letter. vilege of thinking, determined to This request was accordingly comexert it on every occasion. The re- plied with; and in his letter, the sult of their meditations and discuf- duke set forth, that he had heard fions, in the present instance, was a reports from divers quarters, insie Sagacious discovery, that England nuating, that the court of England had entered into a treaty with the had assisted in fomenting the trouaristocratic party, who wished to re- bles which had afflicted the capital store the ancient constitution, and for some time past; that she had that the duke of Dorset and the taken advantage of the present opcount d'Artois were the negociators portunity to take up arms against between them.

France; and that even a fleet was This idea being once adopted, a on the coatt to co-operate with the thousand circumstances were speedily discontented party; that though such produced to sanction and confirm it.

rumours were totally destitute of A pamphlet, falsely attributed to truth, he understood they had reachlord Camelford, (hy M. Moreau de ed the national afsembly; and the St. Mery, who had found such an Courier National, in its accounts of imputation neceffary for the embel- the fittings of the twenty-third and lisiment of one of his patriotic ha- twenty-fourth of the month, had rangues) had been recently publish- left fufpicions which were the more ed, in order to prove that the claims painful to him, as the count de of the people were in many instances Montmorin well knew how little unreasonable; proof not very the conduct of the English court had difficult to estabiilh. This was deserved them, deemed amply sufficient to shew, He reminded the count of several that the sentiments of the English conversations which had passed benation were hostile to the popular tween them at the beginning of cause; and every possible doubt on June; the ho plot that had been the subject was removed when they proposed relative to the port of heard of the equipment of commo- Brest; the anxiety which he felt to dore Goodall's small squadron o put the king and his ministers on observation at Portsmouth. It was their guard; the answer of his court then positively afferted, that the fo truly correspondent with his own aristocratic party had agreed to de- sentiments, and so expressive of horliver the port of Brest to the Eng, ror at the base proposal which had lidh; in return for which, England been made. was to assist them in diffolving the His grace farther observed, that national assembly:

the court of England was earnestly The duke of Dorset foon found bent on preserving the perfect har. än evident alteration in the conduct mony which fubfisted between the of the Parisians towards him; and two nations ; and in order to re


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move any suspicions of a contrary that the communication of these af-
tendency, he entreated the count to furances afforded him the greater
submit his letter without delay to pleasure, from the confideration that,
the president of the national assem, the establishment of a permanent
bly. He dwelled on the necessity of friendship between the two powers,
justifying his own conduct and that would be attended with the most figo
of his court, and to do his utmost nal advantages to both; and their
to destroy the effect of these infidi- co-operation contribute, in a great
ous infinuations, which had been so degree, to the reitoration of tran-
industriously propagated. He re- quillity in Europe. This letter was,
marked, that it was of infinite im- ordered, by the national assembly,
portance to him that the national to be printed and published, that
affembly mould know his sentiments, every remaining prejudice against
that they should do justice to those the English might be removed from
of his nation, and to the open con- the minds of the people.
duct which she had invariably main. Having thus amicably termis,
tained towards France since he had nated this delicate transaction, the
enjoyed the honour of being her assembly now resumed their dis-

cuffions on the interesting subject of The duke concluded by saying,' their new constitution ; but fo far. that he was the more desirous not a from intending to take the ancient moment Mould be loft in communic form of government for the basis of cating the contents of his letter, as their present regulations, many of he not only owed this explanation the members insisted on the necessity to his personal character, but to his of refusing to the king the effential country, and to the English resident privilege of a veto in the formation at Paris, that they might be protect- of laws. Had this motion been car: ed from the consequences of misre- ried, what would have become of presentation.

their preliminary declaration, that This letter having been read to the kingdom of France was a mothe affembly, the president wrote to narchy 1 --It would then, indeed, the count 'de Montmorin, defiring have had a nominal monarch at its him to inform the duke of Dorset, head; but by depriving him of any that the national assembly had ex- share in the legislative power, and pressed the greatest satisfaction at his entrusting him only with the execonduct, and returned him thanks cution of their orders, he would not for the anxiety he evinced, in qua- have been the chief magistrate, but lity of ambassador, to have his own the menial servant of the public, sentiments, as well as those of his This dangerous and unconstitutional nation, communicated to them. doctrine, however, was fortunately

A few days after this explanation crushed in its birth. took place, the duke of Dorset sent a Still determined to shew that they second letter to the count de Mont- were wholly unconfined by the morin, to inform that minister that shackles of precedent, and their he had just received from his court proceedings unbiaffed by the conan express approbation of his con- duct of the states general of the duct, and a special authority to ex. kingdom, convened in an early pe. press, in the most pofitive terms, the riod of the monarchy, they resolved ardent defire of his Britannic ma. to begin ab ovo, by a declaration of jesty, and the British ministry, to the rights of man. On this hackcultivate and encourage the friend- nied topic, every argument, phyfiship and harmony which fo happily cal and metaphysical, which has subfifted between the two nations ; been employed by the numerous

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