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ber only furty,* of whom no more puty, we find the Roman Catholics than six are English members; but contrive to appear in person. The for the smallness of this force it is very Treasurer of the Household is a Ro. easy to account when it is remembered man Catholic, the Marchioness of that there are many Protestants as Wellesley, Lady Bedingfield, and the zealous in the work of innovation as Earl of Fingal, all of whom have been the Roman Catholics could desire; about the Court for some time, are who are less liable to suspicion; and Roman Catholics; and several others who, therefore, not only have better of the same kind have been placed in chance at an election, but also are in minor situations. Not a few places Parliament the best tools Popery could have been filled by individuals quite as select. It is not difficult to under- well pleasing to Popery ; namely, instand that the influential Roman Ca- dividuals notoriously of no religion at tholics of the West Riding are as will- all. Many very high offices in the ing to support Sir George Strickland state are now held either by Roman as one of their own persuasion; and Catholics or persons of this class. In it is not very marvellous that the
Ireland, it is well known that nearly o liberal” Roman Catholics of Nor- every legal situation which has fallen thumberland support Lord Howick, vacant during the existence of the prewho declares for the annihilation of sent Government, has been given to a the Irish Church, as warmly as they Roman Catholic. As instances, we could possibly support any one even may mention that the Master of the of their warmest Jesuits. If the votes Rolls, the Chief Baron of the Exche. of the pseudo-Protestant and of the quer, the Chief Remembrancer, the avowed Roman Catholic are to be Clerk of the Hanaper Office, the Atexactly the same in the House of Com.
torney and the Solicitor-General, the mons, common sense and policy dic- Lord-Lieutenant's confidential legal tate to the Papists a preference for adviser, are all Papists; and if as yet the former; and while so many of there are no more in similar stations, these convenient persons are to be the reason is simply that there have found, there is no necessity for crowd- unfortunately been very few legal vaing the House of Commons with men cancies. In the colonies the same openly adhering to a religion, which, gross mal-administration of patronage peradventure, may yet again become prevails. The newly appointed Gothe object of popular alarm. But at vernor of New South Wales is Sir Court, where the required work can- Maurice O'Connell, whose very name not be efficaciously performed by de- speaks volumes. But this is not all.f
* As it is well that the names of these persons should be generally known, we subjoin them. English members : The Earl of Surrey, Lord Fitzalan, Messrs Langdale, W. Stanley, Standish and P. H. Howard. Irish members. Messrs Archbold, Bryan, Bellew, Chester, Fitzsimon, Maner, O'Connell, M. O'Connell, M. J. O'Connell, J. O'Connell, Morgan O'Connell, R. O'Ferrall, Reddington, E. B. Roche, J. H. Talbot, H. Ball, H. W. Barron, G. S. Barry, H. Bridgman, D. Callagan, J. Power, W. Roche, R. L. Shiel, T. Wyse, O'Connor Don, M. J. Blake, R. D. Browne, A. H. Lynch, J. P. Somers, C. O'Brien, Colonel Butler, J. J. Bodkin, Sir R. Nagle, and Sir Wm. Brabazon. It is proper to add, that Lords Surrey and Fitzalan have always most honourably abstained from violating their oaths by voting on Church matters. No better condemnation of the rest could be required.
| Connected with the subject of the increase of Popish political influence, there is one topic which we cannot overlook, though it is rather a delicate one to mention; we mean the private progress made by the Roman Catholics among the leading liberal families. We are reluctant to refer to this matter, but it is necessary to do so.
It is notorious, that the Duke of Leeds, the Marquis Wellesley, Lord Albemarle, Lord Kinnaird, Lord De Mauley, Mr Ward, M, P., and many more professing Protestants, married Roman Catholics. Such, too, is the case with many of the female Protestant nobility; for instance, the Duke of Sutherland's sister married Lord Surrey; Lord Seston's daughter married Mr Towneley, the wealthy Lancashire Roman Catholic, &c. &c. These seem private matters, but we mention them, because they throw po little light on public ones. And then again, members of several liberal families have recently been converted, or rather perverted to Popery. We may name among others, a brother of Earl Spencer, Sir Charles Wolseley, Mr Philips, son of the late Whig
Popery has been advancing not only Very lately, Mr Blundell of Jace in wealth and influence, honour and Blundell, à Roman Catholic gentleofficial power; it has been progress- man of great wealth, in Lancashire, ing in every other direction, and by died, leaving L.200,000 to the Roman every other means. Its proselyting Catholic bishop of London, doubtless zeal has been rekindled; its Jesuitical for the increase of similar establisharts have been applied ; its experience ments; and by the Catholic magazines has been brought to bear; it has and Catholic directories, we observe watched every opportunity of turning some other bequests of great value the balance between contending poli- one, particularly, from a Miss Demp. tical parties; and thus gradually it sey, who is stated to have left her has gone forward, till its course seems whole property (which is called conplain, and its path smooth and clear. siderable) to her church. There are While Protestants have been quarrel- other symptoms of extraordinary zeal ling, or while they have been sleep- and activity, and money is well known ing, Popery, with stealthy steps, or to have been received from abroad, by bold manœuvres, has been gaining particularly from the Leopoldine Inground, disarming some, deluding stitution of Austria. It must be reothers, conquering more, and march membered, too, that the Roman Caing onward to a position, whence it tholic population of Great Britain is can defy opposition; nay more, can now very little short of Two Milin turn overbear and threaten all.
that there is, as we have Many have ridiculed the pretence of shown, great wealth among their leadthose who foresaw such encroach- ers; and that, when more money is ment and such a triumph; many, wanted, all the terrors of a death-bed even up to the present time, have so are now, as they ever have been, emlittle heeded the matter, that they ployed by the priests-- with their know not whether to ridicule or resist. threatenings of purgatory, and their Yet the slightest fair enquiry would promises of masses for the soul-to have convinced the most sceptical that extort a parting gift or legacy to the the peril was indeed fast approaching, church. Before the Reformation, this and that a struggle must sooner or system had been carried to such an exlater come, if early efforts were not tent, that, both in England and Scotmade to obviate the necessity of fu- land, the Church of Rome possessed ture struggles. We believe that it is upwards of one quarter of the whole now too late to stay the course of the land of the country; and nowadays, successful superstition, though it can- the same arts that gained that enor. not be too late to check and impede mous property being employed—why, it; at any rate, it is high time that we ask, should they not be proporthe people should ascertain the truth, tionately, or at least partially, successhowever painful and alarming, and ful? By law, devises of land for should act on the dictates of sound ecclesiastical or charitable purposes policy, when at length a sound judg- are void, by the force of acts which ment is formed.
first were placed on the statute-book, In 1792, there were not, in the whole centuries ago, to check the Papists— of Great Britain, thirty Roman Ca. which they constantly evaded then tholic chapels ; there are now five with wonderful sagacity and cunning, hundred and nineteen, and forty-three and which they may evade again ; building. In that year, there was not or if not, donations are still valid unone single Roman Catholic college ; der certain circumstances, and perthere are now ten, and sixty seminaries sonal property may be bequeathed as of education, besides chapel schools. before. There is, therefore, every
member for Leicestershire, Mr Roche the member for Cork county, Mr Kenelm Digby, Sir Bourchier Wrey, and Mr Benett, the son of the Whig member for Wiltshire. On facts of this kind, when they accumulate, no comment is necessary.
For a great deal of curious information respecting the astonishing avarice and grasping ingenuity of the Romish ecclesiastics in this country, we refer our readers to Blackstone's Commentaries, Book II., Chapter XVIII. The passage to which we refer, occurs under the head of “ Alienation in mortmain," and will well repay the trouble of perusal.
fair prospect that the two millions will testant church-room- the latter does be speedily fully provided with reli- not provide for one-tenth of the whole gious instruction ; and when we con- of that population, which exceeds one sider the immense number of Protest- million of souls! Then, in Ireland, for ants who are Protestants only in name, years the proportion of Roman Cathoand the very large portion of such lics to Protestants has been gradually who are wholly neglected, we own and steadily increasing through the we see nothing unreasonable in the former laxity of the Established expectation that Popery will gain Church, the zeal of Popery, and the many more victims. In Mr Bicker- recent bitter persecutions which have steth's tract on the Progress of Po- tended so much to the encouragement pery,* eighteen parishes are enume- of Protestant emigration. In that rated, with their population and Pro- unhappy country there is a college,
• Published in London, 1836; Seeley and Burnside. We cannot refrain from using one quotation, which Mr Bickersteth takes from Mr Scott-the able author, we presume, of the Continuation of Milner's Church History. It refers to the extent of Popish persecutions. “No computation can reach the numbers who have been put to death, in different ways, on account of their maintaining the profession of the Gospel, and opposing the corruptions of the Church of Rome. A million of poor Waldenses perished in France ; 900,000 orthodox Christians were slain in less than thirty years after the institution of the order of the Jesuits. The Duke of Alva boasted of having put to death, in the Netherlands, 36,000, by the hands of the common executioner, during the space of a few years. The Inquisition destroyed, by various tor. tures, 150,000 within thirty years. These are a few specimens, and but a few, of those which history has recorded ; but the total amount will never be known till the earth shall disclose her blood, and no more cover her slain.” When to these things we add the days of Queen Mary in England, the Swedish butchery, the massacre of St Bartholomew, the Sicilian Vespers, the Inquisition at Goa, the suppression of the Reformation in Italy, the Irish massacre of 1641, the Council of Constance, the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, truly we may well rally to resist the domination of the harlot, “ drunk with the blood of the saints.” But it is said, forsooth, Popery has changed; that the Ethiopian has changed his skin, and the leopard his spots! Oh mockery! We read, in the Record and Times recently, an account of the banishment of some hundreds of poor Protestants from Zillerthal, in Tyrol. The incident recalls the recollection of Milton's noble sonnet on the persecution of the same people in Cromwell's time—a sonnet that should be in the very heart of every Englishman.
" Avenge, O Lord, thy slaughter'd saints, whose bones
Early may fly the Babylonian woe." † Besides the facts stated above, we call the attention of our readers to the following quotations from the “ Catholic Directory' of 1838. They will show the spirit and progress of Popery in Ireland as clearly as anything with which we have ever yet met. Diocese of Ardagh.-" There are religious libraries and Christian doctrine confrater. nities in almost every parish ; and it is hoped that ere long they will be established in all. With one or two exceptions, every parish has one or more newly built and slated chapels.”
“ Education has been greatly extended during the last few years ; parlicularly that religious education which consists in an accurate knowledge of the mysteries and other saving truths of Christianity."-Catholic Directory, page 101.
So much for the national system of education !
“Religion has been steadily advancing in the diocese of Dromore. Although one of the smallest and certainly one of the poorest dioceses in Ireland, yet within the last few years sixteen new chapels have been built, and some of them among the best and most tasteful erections in the country.”- Page 105.
There are only seventeen parishes in Dromore, and yet we hear of sixteen new chapels !
“ In no city within the same short space have so many religious and charitable in
supported by public money, for the of Rome in this country are almost infree education of priests; and of these credible. It is traversed by the agents there are now scarcely less than 2500, of Rome. I earnestly desire means of with four archbishops, twenty-three counteracting these machinations. The bishops, eight colleges, besides May- Protestant schools can be maintained nooth, several monasteries and many no longer, and a grant is required to convents, nunneries, societies, clubs, maintain schools in connexion with the and private seminaries. In Scotland, church, and in the churches themalso, it is unfortunately too true that selves.” Popery has been of late rapidly ad- In Canada, Popery is the established vancing, particularly in the west. In religion of one province, and is libeGlasgow alone there are now 30,000 rally assisted in the other; while, durRoman Catholics, and even in Stirling ing the period that intervened between they have recently erected a handsome 1831 and 1835, although 300,000 more chapel. In the colonies they have, emigrants had arrived out, the grant under various names (as, for instance, to the established church was gradual. the Bishop of Trinidad is called Bi- ly diminished from L. 16,000 per anshop of Olympus), bishops at the fol- num to L.3,500 per annum. In the lowing places :-Quebec (with a coad- Cape of Good Hope much has already jutor); Montreal (with a coadjutor); been done in Graham's-Town and Hudson's Bay ; Kingston, Upper Ca- elsewhere ; particularly in the new nada (with a coadjutor); Newfound. parts of the colony. In Newfound. land; St John's, New Brunswick; land the Roman Catholics form a ma. Nova Scotia ; Trinidad ; Ceylon; jority of the House of Assembly, and Jamaica ; Mauritius ; Madras; Cal have gained otherwise a complete ascutta ; Australasia ; Cape of Good cendency. A petition was presented Hope. In all these places they have to Parliament last session by Mr extensive establishments. In Ceylon, Gladstone, signed by 927 respectable their bishop is only lately appointed ; inhabitants of the town of St John's, and in the Catholic Magazine of Sep- which was ordered to be printed. tember 1838, just published, they From this important document we exboast of having 100,000 persons at
tract the following passage :tached to their church in that island. In India they pretend to 600,000 ;
“ In this island, the population of which and though that number is question- may be estimated at 75,000, of whom able, still it is not denied that their about one-half are Protestants and the converts constitute no inconsiderable other half Roman Catholics, it may be portion of the southern population. proper to remind your Honourable House In Trinidad nearly the whole peo- ing any class of Her Majesty's subjects ;
that there are no legal distinctions affectple are Roman Catholics, and sixteen
and were the Roman Catholics permitted new missionaries have lately sailed to
to follow the impulse of their own minds, complete the Popish victory.* From New South Wales, Bishop Broughton, might prompt them, there would be no
and to act individually as their own wishes the excellent Protestant diocesan,
cause for apprehending that they would wrote to the Christian Knowledge differ from their neighbours in matters of Society in January 1836, to the fol
a civil nature. But it unfortunately haplowing effect:-“Protestantism is much
pens that their clergy have acquired a endangered in this colony ; the efforts thoroughly despotic and absolute control
stitutions sprung up as in the metropolis of Ireland. The metropolitan church in Marlborough Street, and the new church of St Andrew, in Westlan Row, and St Paul, Arran Quay, are splendid proofs of the zeal and piety of the Catholic inhabitants of Dublin. That capital and its environs can now boast of twenty Catholic churches, one monastery, fourteen convents, five institutions of the Sisters of Charity, three Sisters of Mercy, six charitable societies for promoting spiritual and corporal works of mercy," &c. &c.- Page 109.
Diocese of Ossory.-“ Some new chapels and convents are in progress."— Page 114.
“ The Roman Catholic population of Cloyne and Ross, by the last census, amounts to nearly 400,000, and gives an average of nearly 7,000 to each parish."- Page 130.
See the Report of the Church Missionary Society for 1838, page 80.
over a very large proportion of the lower formed republics of the South American to orders of their creed, by which means the eastern islands of the Pacific. Other they are enabled to concentrate and direct groups, still more distant from the Amerithe efforts of the body against each mem- can continent, have recently been survey. ber individually to an extent that would ed and taken possession of by Romish scarcely be credited by any who do not missionaries direct from France; and the witness their conduct, and in a way Roman Catholic Bishop of New South that is altogether destructive of the civil Wales is already taking his measures for and religious liberties of the people at co-operating with these missionaries from large.
the westward, by transforming the sons of “ In the first place, they denounce them Irish convicts in New South Wales and from the altar as persons hostile to the Van Dieman's Land into missionary priests, priests, and as opposed to the authority of and dispersing them over the length and their Church, and then warn their congre- breadth of the vast Pacific.” gations not to deal or hold any intercourse with them, designating them commonly as
In the United States, although it is 'mad dogs;' a term by which it is under- not forty years since the first Roman stood that the individuals to whom it is Catholic see was created, the Christian applied have not adopted the political Observer, as quoted by Mr Bickersteth, views of their priests, and are therefore states,“ there is now a Catholic poputo be regarded as if excommunicated; and lation of 600,000 souls under the gobeing thus branded, they are, to a very vernment of the Pope, an archbishop considerable, and in some instances to a of Baltimore, twelve bishops, and 341 ruinous extent, injured in their business, priests. The number of churches is are constantly exposed to much personal 401; masshouses, about 300; colleges, insult, and are not unfrequently ill-treated ten ; seminaries for young men, nire ; in the open streets by the lower orders of theological seminaries, five ; novitiates their own creed, who deem it a meritorio for Jesuits, monasteries and convents ous service thus to carry into effect the with academies attached, thirty one; denunciations of their own priests."
seminaries for young ladies, thirty; In the South Seas, equal activity is schools of the sisters of charity, twentydisplayed. Dr Lang, the principal of nine ; an academy for coloured girls the Church of Scotland College in at Baltimore; a female infant school; New South Wales, writing home on
and seven Catholic newspapers." In the 6th October, 1836, thus expresses
the West Indies unexampled efforts himself :
are now made among all classes, prin
cipally from the missionaries of Cuba, “ The moral influence of the Christian
where Popery reigns in undisturbed church of New South Wales will extend eventually to the neighbouring islands of Even in China, beyond the borders of
supremacy and unrivalled splendour. New Zealand, containing a native popula- which Protestants have failed to penetion of half a million of souls, and comprising an extent of territory almost equal tually (though we trust only for a
trate, and whence they are now effecto that of the British Islands; to the western islands of the Pacific, numberless, tiine) excluded, the Jesuits have been and teeming with inhabitants ; to the In- working with a marvellous courage dian Archipelago, that great nursery of worthy of a better cause, and with a nations; to China itself. That the Ro
success which may well justify their mish propagande has already directed her boasting. There is no corner of the vulture eye to this vast field of moral in- globe which their restless feet have not fluence, and strewn it, in imagination, with invaded ; there is no danger they have the carcasses of the slain, is unquestionable. not braved; there is no artifice they Spanish monks and friars have within the have scorned; and, of course, no last few years been sent from the recently scruple has been allowed to deter men
* For the boasting to which we allude, and other important information on the subject of Roman Catholic missions, we must refer to “ Dr Wiseman's Lectures, Lon. don, 1837," and the “ Roman Catholic Missions of Australasia, by W. Ullarbome, D.D., Vicar-General.” Published, Liverpool, Rockcliff and Duckworth, 1837. Some of the statements of the former work, particularly those relating to Protestant missions, have been refuted in the Rev. James Hough's “ Protestant Missions Vindicated." Seeley, London, 1857. By the Catholic Directory of 1838, it appears that the Papists actually have two bishopricks in China !