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duced ? The yeomanry, of which they V. The Law. had not the patronage. But what VI. The Church, have they increased ? The army, the VII. The Influence of Honours. navy, the legal situations, the commissions, and some of the public offices All these things still exist, and are of which they have the control; and still used by the Government for their not content with this, they have made political and party purposes. If they new modes of employing partisans, as afforded such ground for jealousy and we have before described, in every suspicion in 1822, how does it happen part of the country. We hear of re- that now, when each several departtrenchments. We ask, what they have ment is increased in its operation on retrenched ? Certainly not the public the independence of Parliament, when expenditure; perhaps their own duties. there are more placemen than ever, Of the expenditure it is only needful that we hear no murmur from the to say, that for the year 1838 it will Constitutional Whigs, and catch no be nearly fifty-three millions; just whisper of regret or anxiety? How about four millions more than for the does it happen that we find in the year 1835.

We have no hesitation Navy List the names of young perwhatever in declaring that the expense sons, in command of vessels, who are of carrying on the Government at this notorious for nothing but relationship present moment, independently, of to Whig partisans ? Among the most course, of the charge for interest on

recent promotions we find the Hon. the National Debt, is considerably Henry Keppell, Edward Stanley, the more than in 1822 when a motion Hon. Joseph Denman, the Hon. By. was brought forward impeaching the ron Cary, the Hon. Frederick PelLiverpool administration. Lord Lon- ham, the Hon. Dudley Pelham, Thodonderry then stated that expense to mas Eden, Adam Camperdown Dunbe L.18,000,000 per annum; a sum can, Granville Lock, William Henry less than is at present yearly devoted Quin, Robert Otway, Lord Francis to our establishments. If the Whigs Russell, George Elliot, Lord Henry have neglected to retrench this enor- Russell, the Hon. Edward Howard, mous charge, they have failed not from the Hon. Edward Plunkett, Edward want of good examples. Mr Pitt Troubridge, the Hon. Charles Elliot, abolished 416 places, with salaries of the Hon. Admiral Elliot, and very L.275,748, and all these unconnected many more Twysdens, D'Eyncourts, with the collection of the revenue, Pagets, Beauclerks, Carnacs, Cod. while he created only 197, with sala- ringtons, Greys, &c. &c.—whose ries of L.77,000. In the revenue names alone sufficiently and satisfacdepartment, though compelled to in- torily account for the display of Micrease taxation with the progress of nisterial interest in their welfare. On the war, and so to extend also the glancing at the list of flag-officers number of places in the excise and employed, we find only twelve, and of customs, he yet, with a rigid hand, that small number the following apcurtailed every unnecessary expense, proved Whigs :and abolished in the salt department alone five hundred places. How does Lord Amelius Beauclerk, uncle of the it happen that the Reforming Minis- Duke of St Albans. ters we are now blessed with have not Sir Robert Otway, uncle of the Memattempted to do likewise ? Lord John ber for Tipperary. Russell enumerates under the follow- Sir Charles Paget, brother of Lord ing several heads the various means Anglesea. of exerting crown influence.f

Sir John Ommany, the defeated Whig

candidate for Hampshire. 1. The Collection of the Revenue. Hon. George Elliot, brother of Lord

II. The Civil List and the Subordi. Minto. nate Offices of Civil Government. Hon. D. Bouverie, brother of the III. The Colonies.

Earl of Radnor. IV. The Army, Navy, Ordnance, &e.

Among the commanders of the ships

Rose on the influence of the Crown. + Loril John Russell on English Government, p. 401,


in commission, are a few equally dis. have ruined not only the service, but tinguished by Whig names, and fa- the cause it was required to defend. voured by Whig connexious. It was not by such a system the unmerely select a few of the most glaring friended Nelsons, Collingwoods, and specimens :

Rodneys, gained the opportunities of

winning fame. But tempora mutanBritannia, 120 guns, Captain Dundas. tur ; we now play at war on the coast Britomart, 10 guns, Lieut. Owen of Spain, and it requires no heroes to Stanley.

win bloodless victories.

Nelson was Champion, 18 guns, Commander G. not more fitted to conquer at Trafal. King

gar, or Wellington at Waterloo, than Charybdis, 3 guns, Hon. Robert Gore. any defeated Whig candidate is now Cleopatra, 26 guns, Hon. George at Barcelona, or General Evans at Grey.

Fontarabia and Irun. An attack on Columbine, 16 guns, George Elliot. a Sardinian schooner, or a grand Comus, 18 guns, Hon. P. P. Cary. movement against a few Carlist gueConway, 28 guns, Captain Bethune. rillas, is all that is expected nowadays Griffon, 3 guns, Lieut. D'Urban. from our navy and our legions; it is Harlequin, 16 guns, Commander Lord perfectly right, therefore, that MiniF. Russell.

sters should prove that they consider Hastings, 74 guns, Captain Loch. that any one can execute tasks so Howe, 120 guns, Captain Paget. mighty and important. Lynx, 3 guns, Lieut. Broadhead. We might proceed to examine in Magicienne, 24 guns, Captain G. St detail other departments, but we reJohn Mildmay.

frain from doing so.

We have menPearl, 20 guns, Lord Clarence Paget. tioned enough to call attention to the Rodney, 92 guns, Captain Hyde Par- subject of Whig. Radical corruption, ker.

and we trust that another Session of Rover, 18 guns, Commander Eden. Parliament will not be allowed to pass Royal Adelaide, 104 guns, Sir Wil- without the extortion from the Minisliam Elliott.

try of a complete list of all the new Royalist, 10 guns, Hon. E. Plunkett. places created since 1830, the persons Kussell, 74 guns, Sir Wm. Dillon. filling them, and the salaries apporSan Josef, 110 guns, Charles Seale. tioned to each. It will be found by Scylla, 16 guns, Hon. Joseph Den- such returns, that under the pretence

of extending the system of centralizaTalbot, 28 guns, Captain Codrington. tion, the amount of Government paTweed, 20 guys, Hon. F. Pelham. tronage has been augmented more than Wasp, 16 guns, Hon. D. Pelham. in any preceding eight years during Wolf, 10 guns, Edward Stanley. the whole history of the country. It Wolverine, 16 guns, Hon. E. How- will be seen that every charge formerard.

ly levelled by the Whigs for factious

purposes, and with fraudulent profesThe promotion of most of these sions against their political opponfortunate and Liberal gentlemen has ents, applies now with redoubled force been singularly rapid, and their em- to themselves, and strikes them seployment almost constant and unceas- verely with a back-handed blow. For ing. The vessels they command form instance, it used to be the Whig pracno inconsiderable portion of the whole tice to select certain families for invi. naval force in commission; and if so, dious notice, and hold them up to pubhow few ships remain for the veter- lic odium, by representing them as ans who fought for their country be- fastened on numerous places, and fore many of these “honourables" gorging with ill.gotten gains. But were born! Truly, Lord Minto bas we ask if ever a family thus made " reformed" the naval service in a

pe- the object of vituperation, displayed culiar and effectual manner; he has a nepotism and grasping selfishness introdneed a degree of patronage and equal to the Whig families of Grey, favouritism never attempted before ; Elliot, Adam, or Ponsonby ? A list a system which, if it had been acted of the Greys in places once went the on during tlie war, would have con- round of the papers, and even now, signed the bulwarks of the nation to though Dr Grey, Bishop of Hereford, inexperienced hands, and probably is dead, and Earl Grey and Mr Ed


ward Ellice liave retired from office, important settlement of Madras; and makes a tolerablo appearance. We with exquisite discrimination, whilo may mention as specimens of these pa. appointing these notable personages, triots, Viscount Howick, Secretary at have displayed their judgment and War; Hon. Colonel Grey, command. discretion, by recalling Sir John Coling 71st Regiment; Ilon. John Grey, borne, who saved Lower Canada, Sir Rector of the rich royal living of Francis Head, who saved the Upper Wooler ; Hon. Frederick Grey, Un- Province, Sir Peregrine Maitland, der-Secretary of the War Depart. who will not (scrupulous man !) comment; Sir George Grey, Under-Se- mit the trifling offence against God of cretary in the Colonial Department; sanctioning idolatry in India, and Sir Hon. Francis Grey, Rector, with a Benjamin D'Urban from the Cape of valuable living ; Hon. Harry Grey, Good Hope. With a Lord Glenelg Aide-de-camp in Ireland; Hon. Sir at home, and only such governors Henry Grey, General, and Colonel abroad as exactly suit his Lordship's of a regiment in the army; Mr Charles purposes and vicwe, and have not more Wood, (son-in-law of Lord Grey) Se- vigour about them than he considers cretary of the Admiralty; Mr F. T. necessary, who will say our colonies Baring, (married a neice of Lord Grey) are not secure, and are not certain to Secretary to the Treasury ; Earl of flourish ? Darham, (son-in-law of Lord Grey) With more materials in our posses. Governor of Canada ; Lord Ponson- sion, a much stronger case than we by, (brother-in-law of Lord Grey) have bere made out, (although this Ambassador to Constantinople ; Mr statement is perhaps amply sufficient) E. Ellice, jun., (nephew of Lord might easily be produced against the Grey) Secretary of Lord Durham, &c. Whigs. But in truth, it is not easy &c. We believe the Elliots make a still to discover all their sinuous windings better show; nor are the Howards, and all their extended and increasing Russells, and Abercrombies quite for- corruption. It would be desirable to gotten. The judges they have made, be able to ascertain the exact number after all their tine promises of reward- of Roman Catholic chaplains and ing merit, and merit only, are those schoolmasters now paid by the British on the bench who have had least prac. Government in India and the other tice as counsel, and are least learned colonies. Their number is not small, and efficient as interpreters of the nor their influence insignificant. The law; we refer to the Williamses and publication, too, of such a return as we Coltmans, whose political principles have suggested, of all the newly creatwere their sole ostensible recommen- ed places, would also be beneficial ; dations. In the Church, they have but in the absence of the necessary dispensed their patronage among the documents from whence information bishops in a manner to which we have on this subject can be gained, we are already alluded, and, not content with left more to generalities and conjecthis, have sought out as recipients of tures than we could desire. Still other favours only anti-churchrate agi- enough remains, and enough we hope tators, such as Dr Joynes of Rochester, has been stated in this paper to prove and Dr Knox of Tunbridge, of pam- that the Whig party have long been phleteering and political dinner-speak- striving to strengthen themselves by ing notoriety, And then in the colonies the unscrupulous abuse of patronage, they send a Lord Durham to Canada, and even by the extension of Miniswith Messrs Charles and Arthur Bul. terial influence in every possible di. ler, Thomas Turton, Thomas Dun rection. It is natural to a weak Go. combe, and Edward Gibbon Wake. vernment that it should be tempted to field; and to New South Wales, Sir the use of arts a strong one can neMaurice O'Connell, a fit and proper glect, and an honest one would des. instrument for carrying out that infi- pise. And in proportion to the indel system of education which is adopt- creasing weakness of its position, and ed to please the Roman Catholic emi. the experienced failure of former in. grants, and against which, the excel- trigues, must be the increased temptalent Bishop Broughton has in vain tion to fresh and extended corruption. protested." To India they have sent The Melbourne Ministry, then, which Lord Elphinstone, the youthful cornet hitherto has been tottering in increasof Life Guards, as Governor of the ing imbecility; which never enjoyed public respect, and therefore had no by corruption. Peerages may have inducement to struggle to retain it; been thrown away, but still the county which has found session after session members are more and more, year end in greater weakness, trick after after year, against the Ministry; batrick issue in new disappointment, ronetcies, places, and favours are must now in its decline and approach- lavishly offered, but the petty majoing fall, in its distress rising to des rity in the House of Commons is fast pair, be peculiarly tempted to preserve dwindling away at each successive caits contemptible existence by barter- sual election. We feel convinced that ing places for votes, and honours for nothing remains to do but for the Conneutrality or submission. It is high- servatives to continue firm and unit, ly to the honour of the age, that this ed, exposing not only the imbecility, wretched and unscrupulous Ministry, but also the frauds of the Cabinet. It notwithstanding all its false profes- will then be known through the length sions and misused patronage, is now and breadth of the land that these sinking lower and lower in influence, pseudo patriots who have promised so and is dependent for its permitted much and performed so little, have power on the condescension or con- gained power only to abuse it, and tempt of its opponents. The fact have held it long only to deprive the proves that we are sound in core, country of the services of honest men though many may have been converted and able statesmen.



The time has been when even Our sert for a length of time, in all the Village had not an existence, and when dignity given to man by seclusion, and those parts which are now covered here were given to the world sundry with dwellings, showing all the varie- little rat-catchers, destined in the course ties of brick and mortar, and exem- of time to become prosperous men and plifying all the vagaries that can enter women, and the ornaments of Our Vilinto the brains of a country architect, lage. was nothing more than a sandy de Year after year rolled on, and sert, unmarked in the map of our Adonijah continued blessed and in county, and scarcely trodden by human peace. He was the only rat-catcher foot.

of a considerable district. His family As one of the means of peopling a was young and obedient, and he had district, it pleased Providence to plant what he called a house of his own ; and one Adonijah Shufflebotham, a rat- as what he could not obtain by ratcatcher by trade, and a thief by prac- catching, he helped out with thieving, tice, in the near neighbourhood of want and he were strangers, and nowhat is now Our Village.

body could be more happy tban AdoBy the exercise of his twofold pro- nijah. fession, Adonijah managed to accu- But unmixed happiness is not for mulate a sum of about some forty man, even though a dweller in a depounds, and being bit with the mania sert, and Adonijah the rat-catcher met of living in a house of his own, and with something as disagreeable as ratsstill bearing in mind one part of his bane, in the person of one Ichabod trade, he stole a piece of land from the Wragg, a dweller in the neighbourwaste-made some bricks-and erect- ing forest. ed what he called a mansion : that is It chanced that Ichabod Wragg to say, a dwelling, consisting of two heard of the comfortable doings of rooms on the ground floor, each seven Adonijah, was moved by envy feet by nine, with similar rooms above, thereat. He was a big powerful man, and sundry conveniences for deposit- of dark and scowling countenance, by ing his traps, and the other parapher- trade an itinerant tinker, and, if tradi. malia of his profession.

tion tells true, a greater thief than Here Adlonijah sojourned in the de. Adonijalı.

He strolled one day to the neigh.' swine of his neighbour in the act of bourhood of Adonijah-saw his house tickling his gums with the last fragand his homestead-glowered like an ment of the second duckling, and being ogre at the sight-and swore that he moved to wrath at the sight, he smote too would have a house, and live like the gourmand so fiercely on the head Adonijah in the wilderness.

with his staff, that he resigned his saHis first care was to erect his house, voury mouthful, and uttering an unand in the true spirit of an Englishman grateful and in harmonious grunt, re.. he determined, ihat although he was signed at the same time his mortal about to become Adonijah's neighbour, life. he would have a house as diametrical- The pig in question was Ichabod's ly opposite to that of Adonijah as it only grunter; and as the loss of a pig, was possible to make it. He accord- when a man has only one to lose, is a ingly planned it to have an opposite matter of some moment, Ichabod did aspect--as Adonijah's house was plain not entertain the most lively feelings in front, he determined to have a bow of gratitude towards his neighbour --and as the original house had but Adonijah for the morning's display of two stories, he resolved to have three. his prowess. Ichabod and Adonijalı

In this determined spirit of oppo- met--fell out-shook fists at each other sition, he prevailed upon some trades- - swore more than a little, and almost men from a distance to erect him his fought, but the before-mentioned muhouse; but the same tradition that sets tual knowledge which they had down Ichabod as a thief, also states, each other prevented actual violence that those tradesmen sorely repented for that time, and they parted, having their undertaking, for that Ichabod, first carefully sown the seeds of future amongst his other villanies, was villain animosity. enough to accept of their materials Ichabod, with a view to strengthen and their labour without condescend- his interest, erected another house ing for one moment to recollect so near his own, but of a different pattrifling an affair as payment.

tern and different dimensions, and imThe two houses of Adonijah Shuf- ported a colony, consisting of a relaflebotham and Ichabod Wragg were tive, his wife, and seven children, and the seedlings of Our Village, and the thus was formed the rudiments of the opposition evinced in their structure Higher Street. bas descended to our times, for no man Adonijah, on his part, was not idle, ever thinks of building a house like his for he stole more land from the waste, neighbour.

built a couple of houses, and planted Their very locality displayed oppo. allies in the shape of a stout brothersition, and as houses began to be erect- in-law, and a one-eyed crony, a blacka ed, and roads made past the old ori. smith, with a large family, from an ginal structures, that locality served to adjoining county, and thus was laid give names to the roads; and to the the foundation of the Lower Street, present day the streets leading by All this was very fair, and was them are called the Iligher and the no more than would be allowed to Lower Streets.

every prudent man; but Ichabod For some time matters went on stretched a point-he married his sis. pretty comfortably betwixt Adonijalı ter, with a dowry of L.10, and a fifand Ichabod—they were pretty equal. teen-year old cow, to a young ratly matched-their trades did not inter- catcher from the next town, and set fere with each other-and, which was up his brother-in-law in a house that perhaps the strongest incentive to he built near his own, and thus added peace, they were a couple of rogues, another link to the Higher Street. and they knew it.

Flesh and blood could not stand that. At length the devil, wlio sometimes --It was bad enough that Ichabod uses contemptible instruments to effect himself, in the first instance, should obhis ends, prompted an unlucky pig, trude upon the privacy of Adonijahbelonging to Ichabod Wragg, to treat it was still worse that his pig should himself to a dinner on a couple of take a fancy to Adonijal's ducklings lively ducklings belonging to Adoni- ---but all that was not beyond forgive. jah Shufflebotham.

ness--but to bring a brother-in-law, Adonijah went out of his house just and that brother-in-law a rat-catcher, in time to behold the unfortunate into the neighbourhood, and under the

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