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“ In closing this article (on the Influence of the Crown), it ought not to be omitted that when we say the influence of the Crown is increased, it by no means follows that the influence of the King is equally augmented ; indeed, it may be directly the reverse. A Minister, especially if he has been long in office, may have so engaged and corrupted the great proprietors of boroughs ; may have so distributed honours, and ribands, and offices; may have so obliged the principal Members of the House of Commons by providing for their principal friends and relations in the Customs, the Excise, or the Colonies ; may have so fettered every public man of weight and influence by the ties of private interest, that at last they shall be enabled to say to their Sovereign, 'however pernicious our measures may be, and however unpopular our persons, you must maintain us in power, for we alone can command a majority in the House of Commons, though our conduct and our acts are offensive to the country, and disgusting to your Majesty,'”_ LORD John RUSSELL'S Essay on the English Gurernment and Constitution, London : 1823. Page 427.
A HISTORY of the Whig party since marvel to find that the men who now the famous coalition between Mr Fox rule this country are quite unscrupuand Lord North, would be one of the lous as to consistency, and quite demost amusing productions in the whole prived of all power of recollecting catalogue of English political narra- their past opinions and proceedings. tives. In days of yore when Mr Pitt, For instance, if Lord Althorp could long before the commencement of the thus factiously act, we cannot be sur. French war, endeavoured to increase prised to find that the extravagant the trade with France, how loudlv did Whigs of 1806 became, a dozen years Mr Fox declare that country " the afterwards, when the loaves and fishes natural enemy" of England! When were in other hands, great sticklers Mr Pitt went on in the execution of for economy ; nor can we wonder if his plans of economical reform, how again these rigid economists of twenty boldly did the Whigs attack him, years back, have now become the auand how mournfully they lamented the thors of corruption, and the humble sad decay of Ministerial patronage, imitators of Walpole's extensive proand the abolition of private jobbing in fligacy. But if at these things there the public loans! When Mr Pitt was, be little cause to marvel, it must be in his early days, a reformer, Mr Fox, owned that the Conservatives have Lord Rockingham, Mr Burke, and some right to complain of them, when many more, openly stood up not only it is remembered that all the odium against “ the bill and the whole bill,” heaped upon the Duke of Wellington but against even the slightest amend. Government during the reform mania, ment of the representative system. was nothing but the effect of the artMore recently the Whig friends of ful hypocrisy of designing men preliberty hailed joyfully the despotism tending to a purity they never intendof Napoleon, and ridiculed the absurd ed to practise. It is to be hoped that attempts of the Duke of Wellington the people now know how complete to emancipate degraded Spain ; and the delusion was under which they more lately still Lord John Russell, then acted. It is high time that hoLord Melbourne, Lord Palmerston, nest men should acknowledge that the Lord Glenelg, and a majority of the Reform Bill was intended for nothing rest of the present Cabinet, denounced but securing the supremacy of the nearly every single measure- whether Whig oligarchy; and that all the of church spoliation or Irish “justice" clamour about Tory corruption was - which they have subsequently been designed for nothing but to blind the the instruments of carrying through people while the hungry tribe of Parliament. Honest Lord Althorp Whig-Radicals fattened on the hardonce candidly avowed, when pressed won money of the poor. If, however, to repeal the house and window taxes, this acknowledgment be still withheld, that he could not do so as a Minister, we will undertake to extort it from though for party purposes he had en- every man who seeks only the ascerdeavoured to effect that object while tainment of the truth; we undertake in opposition. We need not, then, to prove that, under the Whigs since 1830, patronage has been more in- tion, that there were then 87 place. creased and more scandalously abused, men in the House of Commons, but in and that the public money has been order to make up that number there more lavishly and suspiciously squan were included all King's Sergeants dered, than at any period during the and King's Counsel, and others holdpast fifty years. Of course we do not ing honorary offices on both sides of mean to commence a crusade, like the the House ; so that, in fact, the real Radicals, on the prerogatives of the number of placemen directly or indi. crown, or to picture in exaggerated rectly under the influence of the colours the influence and corruptions crown, or in receipt of pay, was reof the Court. We leave these themes duced to 47. Now, without further to others, confining ourselves to the preface, we will enumerate the perpoint contained in our extract froin sons in the House of Commons--the Lord John Russell's book-namely, reformed House of Commons-who the aggrandisement of Ministerial are similarly situated at present, mens power as distinguished from, or, per- tioning only those in the actual receipt haps, opposed to, the just authority of salaries, and under the direct influ. and influence of the Sovereign. It ence and command of the Administrawill be no difficult matter to show that tion:the Whigs have struggled for an im. perium in imperio, and that they have Sir Charles Adam, Lord of the Adrecently, as oftimes they did a hundred miralty. years ago, endeavoured to close round Sir George Anson, Surveyor-General the monarch on every side, so that nei. of the Ordnance. ther the wishes of the people, nor the Colonel Anson, Storekeeper of the advice of the ablest statesmen, can find Ordnance. access or acceptance. Lord Chatham Nicbolas Ball, Attorney-General of first struck down this great conspiracy, Tredal. and trampled on the Newcastles and Francis F. Baring, Secretary to the the other “great Whig families" then Treasury. dominant in the country. His illus. G. C. Berkeley, Lord of the Admi. trious son struck the second blow after ralty. the notorious India bill; and from that Charles Buller, Member of Lord Dur. time till 1830 the Whig party lan ham's Canada Council. guished in distress, and crippled by G. S. Byng, Comptroller of the Housethe lasting operation of merited popu. hold. lar distrust. But from 1830 till the Sir John Campbell, Attorney-Genepresent time no effort or no energy ral. has been spared to consolidate the W. F. Cowper, Secretary of Lord faction's strength; no exertion or dis. Melbourne. play of ingenuity has been wanting ; William Curry, Primo Sergeant of no scruples have stood in the way. Ireland. In 1834 so much success had attended Lord Dalmeny, Lord of the Admi. this system, that when the late king: ralty. dismissed the first Melbourne Minis. T. S. Duncombe, attached to Lord try, the Whigs resolved on revenge, Durham's Mission. and determined to force themselves Edward Ellice, junr., Secretary to back into his Council. This, also, Lord Durham. will be no matter of surprise when Cutlar Ferguson, Judge-Advocate Ge. we have accomplished the proof we neral. have undertaken of the augmented Robert Gordon, Secretary to Board of corruption of the present Ministers. Control.
In 1822 Lord Brougham brought Sir George Grey, Under Secretary to forward in the House of Commons a the Colonial Department. resolution to the following effect : Sir John Hobhouse, President of “ That the influence now possessed by Board of Control. the Crown is unnecessary for main. Edward Horsman, Scotch Church taining its constitutional prerogatives, Commissioner. destructive of the independence of Lord Howick, Secretary at War. Parliament, and inconsistent with the H. Labouchere, Master of the Mint. well government of the realm." It James Loch, Arbitrator for Govern. was alleged, in support of this resolu m ent under the Railway Bill.
Dr Lushington, Judge in Ecclesiasti- been selected for honourable notice in cal Courts.
the different modes we have mentionFox Maule, Under Secretary for ed:
E. G. Bulwer, ditto.
nant of the North Riding. Spring Rice, Chancellor of the Ex J. Guest, created a Baronet. chequer.
R. Ferguson, gazetted Lord-LieuteHenry Rich, Equerry to the Queen. nant of Fifeshire. Sir Robert Rolfe, Solicitor-General. B. Hall, created a Baronet. Lord John Russell, Secretary for R. Howard, ditto. Home Department.
C. Jephson, ditto. Lord Seymour, Lord of the Trea. Roderick Macleod, created Lord. sury.
Lieutenant of Cromarty. Richard Shiel, Commissioner of Green, R. B. Philips, created a Baronet. wich Hospital,
D. Roche, ditto. Hon. R. J. Smith, Lord of the Trea- J. Seale, ditto. sury.
Matthew Wood, ditto. Robert Vernon Smith, Secretary to E. De Lacy Evans, made a K.C.B. the Board of Control.
Again, the following members have Edward John Stanley, Secretary of. the Treasury.
retired from Parliament and received Doctor Stock, Judge of Irish Admi.
their reward for past services. Some ralty Court.
have kindly resigned their seats to J. C. F. Strang ways, Under Secre
make way for others-a Lord John tary of Foreign Department.
Russell, or a Palmerston for instance Robert Steuart, Lord of the Trea.
-and have in return received a suit
able acknowledgment of their magna. sury. Earl of Surrey, Treasurer of the
nimous self-denial :Household.
Mr Stewart Mackenzie, appointed Go. C. P. Thompson, President of the vernor of Ceylon, Board of Trade.
Mr Hanbury Tracy, elevated to the Sir E. Troubridge, Lord of the Ad. Peerage. miralty.
Mr Tracy Leigh, gazetted Lord-Lieu. Sir Richard H. Vivian, Master-Gene- tenant of Monmouthshire. ral of the Ordnance.
Mr Carew, elevated to the Peerage. Major Vivian, Aide-de-camp to Ditto. Sergeant Wolfe, Chief Baron of ExCharles Wood, Secretary to the Ad chequer in Ireland. miralty.
Sergeant O'Loughlin, Master of the
Rolls in Ireland. Here then are fifty, exclusive of mi. Mr Western, elevated to the Peerage. nor cominissioners, as Mr Wrightson, Sir J. Wrottesley, ditto. Mr Duckworth, Mr Maule, &c.; and Mr Hanbury Bateman, ditto. of persons who have held offices, as Mr Methuen, ditto. Sir Edward Codrington, Sir Charles Mr Ponsonby, ditto. Grey, &c., though at present unem- Mr Coke, ditto. ployed. But still these are by no Mr Portman, ditto. means all who have felt the benefit of Mr Littleton, ditto. Government patronage in these days Mr Pepys, ditto. of purity and reform ; and, therefore, Mr Deuman, ditto. we will proceed to name a few more Sir A. L. Hay, appointed Governor who have solid reasons for voting of Bermuda. black white to keep Whig-Radicals in Mr R. Grant, appointed Governor of office. The following members have Bombay.
Mr Kennedy, appointed Chief Com Lord Duncan,--His father created an missioner at Cuba.
Earl by the Whigs. Mr O'Dwyer, Stipendiary Magistrate Lord Dundas, ditto. in Ireland.
Hon. Mr Dundas, ditto. Mr Fitzsimon, Clerk of the Irish Ha. Lord Leveson, ditto. naper Office.
Hon. Mr Moreton, ditto. Lord Belfast, appointed Vice-Cham- Lord Worsley, ditto. berlain to the Queen.
Lord Ebrington.- His nephew (Lord Dr Bowring, appointed Foreign Agent King) made an Earl by the Whigs. to the Foreign Office.
Mr Lambton.-His brother made an Mr H. L. Bulwer, Secretary of Le. Earl by the Whigs. gation at Constantinople.
Mr Mildmay.- His brother-in-law Mr Brady, Solicitor General of Ire- made a Peer by the Whigs. land.
Mr G. Byng.-His brother created a Mr Crompton, Judge in Ireland. · Peer by the Whigs. Mr Perrin, Baron of the Exchequer Mr Brodie.—His brother created a in Ireland.
Baronet by the Whigs. Mr Blamire, appointed Tithe Commis. Mr Craig.-His father ditto. sioner for England.
Sir W. Clayton.-His brother ditto. Mr D. Browne, elevated to the Irish Mr O'Callaghan.- His father created Peerage.
a Peer by the Whigs. Mr Lefevre, appointed Poor Law Mr J. Westenra, ditto. Commissioner.
Colonel Westenra, ditto Colonel Fox, appointed Clerk of the Lord A. Conyngham, brother to the Ordnance.
Lord Chamberlain. Sir John Newport, appointed Con- Mr Denison, uncle to ditto. troller of the Exchequer.
Mr J. E. Elliot, brother to the First Admiral Elliot, appointed Admiral on Lord of the Admiralty. African Station.
Lord Melgund, son to ditto.
Mr E. Ellice, father to Lord Durham's Of this tribe we could easily discover Secretary. dozens more, but it is unnecessary; the Mr Evans, brother-in-law of Sir H. specimens above will show that many Parnell. a pure and patriotic member in the Sir R. Ferguson, brother to the new House of Commons, who has not Lord-Licutenant of Fife. hitherto deigned to take place or pay, Lord Fitzalan, son to the Treasurer may nevertheless have some pleasures of the Household. of hope to console him for his rigid in- Mr Fitzsimon, brother to the Clerk of dependence. Others who have nothing the Hanaper Office. given to themselves, who probably Mr O'Connell, brother to the new Goalso expect nothing, are sufficiently vernor of New South Wales, &c. &c. enchained to the Ministry by the em. Mr M. O'Connell, son of the former ployments or honours enjoyed by their Mr O'Connell. relatives. At the risk of fatiguing our Mr J. O'Connell, ditto. readers we subjoin a few of these Mr M. J. O'Connell, nephew of the gentlemen, with a designation of their member for Dublin. modo of indirect dependence on the Mr Maurice O'Connell, son of ditto. Government.
Lord B. Grosvenor.- His father made
a Marquis by the Whigs. Lord Acheson. His father created Mr Cavendish. — His grandfather
an English Peer by the Whigs. made an Earl by the Whigs. Mr Baines. - His son made Recorder Mr Hobhouse, brother of the Presiof Hull.
dent of Board of Control. Mr H. Berkeley, brother to a Lord Mr Hurt, brother of the new Governor
of the Admiralty, and to a new of South Australia. Whig peer.
Sir C. Lemon, brother-in-law of Lord Mr C. Berkeley, ditto.
Lansdowne. Lord Brabazon.-His father created a Mr J. Ponsonby, son of the Lord Peer by the Whigs.
Privy Seal. Lord Clements, ditto.
Mr Lefevre, brother of the Poor-Law Mr Ponsonby, ditto.
Mr G. R. Philips, his father, made a wants; just as in the child's game of baronet by the Whigs.
“ open your mouth, and shut your Mr J. Power, stcpson of Mr Shiell eyes, and scc what God will send you." of Greenwich.
But certainly the shutting the eyes is Lord Russell, nephew of Lord J. Rus. the main point in the Whig proceed. sell.
ing. Lord C. Russell, brother of ditto. With such lists before them as we Lord Shelburne, son of Lord Lans. bave here produced, how does it hap. downe.
pen that no jealous Whig opponent of Sir Wm. Somerville, brother-in-law the influence of the Crown now makes of the Lord Chamberlain.
a motion like Lord Brougham's ? Mr W. 0. Stanley, brother of the There is more provocation than ever, Secretary to the Treasury.
more corruption, and there are more Mr Villiers, brother of the Ambassa- placemen in Parliament. But, in truth, dor at Madrid.
The influence of the crown is not in. Mr J. H. Vivian, brother of the Mas. creased ; nothing is augmented but the ter General of the Ordnance. public expenditure, and the influence
of the Whig-Radical faction. We Besides these individuals, a more find among the votes of the current diligent search would discover fully year, charges which clearly denote the fifty more wliose relatives have potent creation of a very large number of motives for supporting Whig. Radical new places throughout the country. Government. Many members have In Ireland, there is a charge of sons in the navy, and a glance at the L.66,700 for the expenses of criminal navy list will show how these gentle prosecutions, the chief part of wbich men prosper; others have connexions goes in the payment of salaries, and in the army, and even there they are not a small number of those entirely not quite unheeded.* Some have new ones. In England, there is an brothers or cousins in the Church, and item of L.54,000 a-year for Poor. Law if so, stray deancries or bishopricks Commissioners, all which is spent in may fall to their lot as they did to the payment of newly created officers. Doctor Denison Bishop of Salisbury, Further on, we find L.14,700 a-year Doctor Stanley of Norwich, and Dr for Slave Commissioners who enjoy Howard, dean of Litchfield, who were almost absolute sinecures; L.9055 a. well represented in Parliament; like year for the new Superintendents of Dr Longley, Bishop of Ripon, brother. Factories ; 1.6000 for new Inspecin law of Sir Henry Parnell; Dr tors of Prisons ; L.5000 a-year for Allen, Bishop of Ely, tutor of Lord the Steam Navigation from Egypt to Althorp; and Dr Otter, Bishop of India ; L.5100 for the Criminal Law Chichester, the father-in-law of a Commissioners ; L.4213 for the Re. Liberal member for Derby. Other cord Commissioners ; L.4000 for the members may happen to have friends Scotch Church Commission ; L.2500 in the colonies, or relations who have for the Ecclesiastical Commission ; no peculiar dislike to visiting remote L.4010 for the Hand-loom Weavers' settlements. If so, dozens of places Commission ; L.700 for the Irish are constantly to be had in every Charity Commission; L.7000 for the quarter of the globe. There is some- Irish Boundary Survey; and L.12,700 thing good ready for every one who for the Irish Railway Commission.
* The Whigs are accustomed to pretend, that as Lord Hill is now at the head of the army, they are deprived of the patronage connected with it. But on looking at the army list, we find the following Whig members of the two Houses of Parliament in the nominal and sinecure command of regiments, besides the enjoyment of pay, pensions, and red ribands; Sir Hussey Vivian, M.P., the Marquis of Anglesca, Lord William Bentinck, M.P., Earl of Ludlow, Lord Lynedoch, Earl of Effingham, Lord Stafford, Lord Howden, Sir William Anson, M.P., and Sir R. Ferguson, M.P.; and in the list of the other generals commanding regiments, there are the approved Whig names of the Hon. Sir William Lumley, Hon. Sir H. Grey, Sir E. Blackeney, Sir Rufane Donkin, Hon. Sir E. Paget, Hon. Sir A. Duff, Hon. Sir R. W. O'Callaghan, Sir F. Adam, Sir F. Wetherall, and Sir Richard Bourke. In this respect, therefore, the Whigs, to say the least, have no cause of complaint, particularly when it is remembered how marvel. lously others among their friends advance in lower ranks of the army.
VOL. XLIV, NO, CCLXXV,