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ened his life to extend that of David, 266.

Adamites, a sect of heretics of the last century, iv. 253.

Adams, William, Three, v. 319; George, 319, 321; letters to, 325. Adams, Dr. Samuel, v. 325. Adda, river, its course through Lake Como and junction with the Po, i. 376. Addison, character of his poetry, i. 3, note; his translations from Ovid highly finished and laboured, 87, note; wrote his essay on the Georgics in his one-andtwentieth year, 154, note; disingenuity in his verses to the Princess of Wales, with the tragedy of Cato, accounted for, 227, note; his reputation owing chiefly to his prose-writings, 255, note; his peculiar talents for essay-writing, ii. 1; his serious papers have, in general, less merit than his humorous, 75, note; his genius compared to the spirit in Milton's Mask, ib.; his talents for personal ridicule, and shyness in displaying them, 178, note; his invention in matters of humour inexhaustible, 224, note; a much better poet in prose than in verse, 503, note; seen more to advantage as an imitator of Plato than of Lucian, iii. 367, note; his amiable mind and elegant genius, wherein conspicuous, 371, note; possesses all the requisites for fine writing, 389, note; his essay on the pleasures of imagination the most masterly of all his critical works, 393, note; his hint on gardening at present attended to, 406, note; proofs of the elegant and virtuous habits of his mind, 502, note; proportions the expense of his wit to the worth of his subject, 491, note; an instance of his modesty and humour, iv. 48, note; of his nice ear for the harmony of prose, 56, note; the 538th Spectator certainly not written by him, 66, note; his paper, winding up the plot of the Spectator, not so well written as might be expected, 76, note; embarrassed in contriving how to protract his paper beyond its natural term, 82, note; notwithstanding his satire on widows, married the Countess of Warwick, who laid him out in four years, 98, note; his fine imitation of the oriental cast of thought and expression, 142, note; many sublime passages prove him to be not an agreeable writer only, though he had not the nerves of Montesquieu nor the pomp of Bolingbroke, 147, note; extracts from Dr. Swift's works, relating to him, 157, 158; the part he took in the Guardian, to what owing, 159; his first paper exquisite, 162, note; allusion to his third dialogue on medals, 167, note; how far an admirer of Lu. cian, 173, note; pays a just compli

ment to himself, 196, note; wherein a true poet, ib.; instance of his badinage pursued too far, 284, note; injudicious in him to treat a serious subject in the manner of Lucian, 297, note; applies and explains his famous lines on honour in Cato, 309, note; next to the humorous and allegorical, his oriental papers are the most taking, 331, note; as a party writer, knew how to maintain the fairness and dignity of his character, 363, note; his trial of Count Tariff, to what relating, 364, note; peculiar keenness of reproof in his Whig-Examiner, to what imputable, 370, note; when and for what purpose he undertook the Freeholder, 396, note; his humorous papers the best; those on grave and political subjects the worst written, 478, note; his Highland-seer's vision had been with more propriety given as a dream of his own, 495, note; solid reasoning in his paper on the punishment of the rebels, v. 17, note; his panegyric on Pope's translation of the Iliad, where commented on, 48, note; speaks like a friend of Rowe and like a Whig of Lucan, ib. ; makes a Whig of Queen Elizabeth, 96, note; his Freeholder preserved by the reputation of his other works, 101, note; closed his life like Pascal in meditating a defence of the Christian Religion, 103, note; Mr. Gibbon's satirical remark on it answered, 106, note; encomiums on him by Sir R. Steele, 145; why he declined going into orders, 150; remarks of his father on the friendship between him and Steele, 151; his exquisite humour and delicate satire, 152; conjecture respecting his Discourse on Ancient and Modern Learning, 214, note; an expression in it by which one might swear to the author, 219, note; another instance of expression purely Addisonian, 225, note; his controversy with Steele in the Old Whig, 236, 247; his paper in the Reader, 309; his translation of the Polymnia of Herodotus, 319, 321; of Urania, 320; Lord Somers his early patron, 322; his introduction to him, 323; description of Versailles, 326; anecdote respecting him and Temple Stanyan, 329; his mode of spending his time at Blois, 331; visit to Malebranche, 332; introduced to Boileau, ib.; his three days' conversation with the Duke of Shrewsbury at Florence, 336; Duke of Somerset proposes that Addison should accompany his son in his travels, 341; his father's death, 344; made Commissioner of Appeal in the Excise, 346; invited to write "The Campaign," ib.; publishes his Travels, 347; attends Lord Halifax to Hanover, ib.; fictitious Table of Contents to his

signment with Tonson for volume of Spectator, 524. LETTERS to Tonson, 319-321, 340, 434; the Earl of Halifax, 321, 377, 423, 429; Lord Somers, 322: Mr. Sansom, 323; Col. Frowde, 324; Mr. Adams, 325; Mr. Congreve, 326; Mons. L'Espagnol, 328; Dr. Newton, ib. : Mr. Abraham Stanyan, 329, 330; Mr. Wortley Montagu, 331, 369, 370, 372, 491; Bishop Hough, 332, 344; Earl of Manchester, 334, 362-364, 371; Chamberlain Dashwood, Esq., 337; Mr. Stepney, 337, 349, 350-361, 365; the Earl of Winchelsea, 338; Mr. Wyche, 339, 345; Mr. Alleyn Bathurst, 339; the Duke of Somerset, 342, 343; Mr. Wood, 345; Mr. Lewis, 348; Dean Swift, 359, 377379, 381, 386, 390, 510, 511; Mr. Cole, 363, 364; Earl of Warwick, 366-368; Ambrose Phillips, 370, 3712, 375, 380, 383, 384, 399, 428; Steele, 373?; Sam. Stebbing, 375, 385; Joseph Keally, 382, 385, 392, 397, 398; a Lady, 387; Marquis of Wharton, 393, 394, 396; Mr. Wortley, 401, 403; Mr. Hughes, 405, 412; Pope, 412; Mons. D'Almanza, 418; Rev. Mr. Flamstead, ib.; the Council of Trade, 419; Mons de Robethon, 420, 421; Major Dunbar, 430, 431; Duke of Grafton, 433; Circular Letter, 436; Mayor of Dover, 438; Bubb Doddington, 439; Mr. Crawford, 440, 446, 451, 502; Mr. Davenant, 440; Lords Justices of Ireland, 441; Lord Mayor of London, 441, 490; Commissioners of Trade in South Carolina, 442; Lords Commissioners of Trade, 443, 448, 465, 474, 475, 486, 495, 500; Mr. James Dayrolles, 445, 481; Earl of Peterborough, 416; Attorney-General, 447, 455, 509; Lords of the Treasury, 450, 451, 462, 468, 479, 480, 483, 485, 493, 499, 503, 504; Earl of Stair, 453, 455, 457, 458, 460, 463, 466, 469, 473, 474, 480, 482, 492, 495-498, 504, 506; Mardyke Commissioners, 465, 472; Viscount Stanhope, 467; Commissioners of Customs, 471; L'Envoye de Danemarc, 482; Board of Ordnance, 485, 495; Secretary at War, 496; Duchess of St. Albans, 500; the King, 509; Mr. Cracherode, ib.; Rt. Hon. James Craggs, 513; his commu nication to Mr. Worsley, (per Temple Stanyan,) ib.; his French circular on the Quarrel between the King and the Prince of Wales, 514; sundry official letters, 517; his resignation of office, from illness, 522; his communication to the Right Honourable James Craggs, 523; his death, from the Historical Register, 523, 524; his will, 525; analysis of several of his official letters, 527, 528; poems, &c. attributed to him, not hitherto included in his works, 529,

Travels, ib.; undertakes the education of the Earl of Warwick, 366; marries the Countess of Warwick, 366, 434; made Secretary of State for Ireland, 374; anecdote of him and the Duke of Wharton, 378; his desire to serve Swift, 379; letter from Swift, 391; probable dissolution of English Parliament, 392, 393; presented to the Duke of Ormond, 398; suffers weakness of the eyes, 392, 399, 400; his professions of desire to serve Ambrose Phillips, 400; letters from Mr. Wortley, 401, 403, 404; loss of his Irish place, 401; resident in London, 404; the room in which he and Steele chiefly wrote their papers in the Spectator, ib.; disapproves Pope's treatment of Dennis, 405; letters from Mr. Hughes, 406, 411, 414; from Swift, 406; Pope's letter respecting Dennis, 410; Gay's zeal in his cause, ib.; Hughes proposes to him to establish the Register, 411; declined by him, 412; assists Steele in his trial, 415; his conduct in relation to the difference between Philips and Pope, ib.; Jervas's report of Addison's zeal for Pope, 416; Pope's regard for Addison, 417; Lord Halifax's reproof of Addison's modesty, 418; made Commissioner of Appeals, 420, 427; and Secretary to Sir Charles Hedges, and to Lord Sunderland, 420; draws the Patent for the Prince of Wales, 420, 428; his sound Whiggism and difference in politics with Bolingbroke, 421; attends Halifax to meet George I. on his arrival, ib.; Pope's letter professing respect and offering requests as to the Iliad and Essay on Criticism, 423; recital of his claims to office, 424; purchase of the Bilton estate, ib.; elected for Lostwithiel, 425; for Malmesbury, ib.; his great popularity, ib.; bequeathed £12,000 to his daughter and Lady Warwick, 424; his disappointment, 427; made Secretary of State, ib.; made Keeper of the Records in Birmingham Tower, ib.; his recommendations of persons to Lord Halifax for office, 429; his exertions in favour of Major Dunbar, 430, 431; his disinterestedness therein, 432; his Life, by Tickell, ib.; loses the Irish Secretaryship, 434; character of his wedded life, 435, 436; his Circular Letter on his appointment as Secretary of State, 436: Lady Wortley Montagu's letter on his appointment, ib.; his serious illness, 491; appoints Richard Tickell clerk in his office, 508; letter desiring to resign the seals as Secretary of State, 509; his resignation, 510; his dangerous illness, ib.; adopts a course of water-drinking at Bristol, 427, 511; his death and memoir in the Historical Register, 513, 514; his will, 515; his Latin compositions, 519-523; as

et seq.; his poem of the "Play-House." his epilogue written for Steele's

529;.

entertainment on the king's birth-day, 532; his prologue to Smith's Phædra and Hippolitus, 533; his Ode for St. Cecilia's day, 534; the Vestal (from Ovid), 536; his translation of Cowley's epitaph on himself, ib.; original draft of his Letter from Italy, 537; Tickell's translation of Homer falsely attributed to him, 542; his "Inauguratio Regis Gulielmi," 546; his Latin verses on the return of William III. from Ireland, 547; translations of his Latin poems by different hands, 549, et seq.; his Peace of Ryswick, 549, the Barometer, 555; the Battle of the Pigmies and Cranes, 558, 563, 568; the Resurrection, 573; the Bowling Green, 576; his Ode to Dr. Hannes, 578; the Puppet Show, 580; his Ode to Dr. Burnett, 583 (see Poems); his "Dissertatio de Insignioribus Romanorum Poetis," 587; his Preamble to Lord Chancellor Parker's patent, 604; his Latin Oration in defence of the New Philosophy, 607; his commendatory letter to the Rev. J. Lloyd, on the poem entitled "GOD," 612; his arguments on Triennial Parliaments, 614; assignment of the Spectator, 630, 631; official documents relating to his appointments and salaries, 632, et seq.; his memorial to Queen Anne for augmentation of salary, 632; receives a grant of £400 a year as Keeper of the Irish Records, ib.; his memorial to Lord Townshend respecting the Irish military force, 632, 633; his memorial to George I., 634; receives a grant from William III., 636, note; receives a grant of £500 a year from George I. as Keeper of the Birmingham Tower Records, 637; royal warrants for the grant of salaries, pensions, &c., 639-643; official entries of the payment of his salaries, 643; his reports of public affairs, 646, et seq.

ADDISONIANA (as far as regards Addison himself), 673; Addison's father, ib.; story of Addison when a boy, 674; his school frolic, ib; his early merit, ib.; an "Oxford coach," 675; originally intended for the church, ib.; a member of the Kit-cat Club, 676; his friend Budgell, 678; his friends Smith, Craggs, and Whiston, 680, 681; his "brother Hopkins" explained, 682; engaged to write "The Campaign," and appointed to office, 683, 684; his verses to Dryden, 684; his preface to Dryden's Virgil, 685; his first introduction to Swift, ib.; early memorial of the friendship between him and Swift, 686; how he discovers Steele to be the author of the Tatler, 687; his curious notice of errata in the Tatler, 688; extensive sale of the Spectator, 688, 689; his character of Sir Roger de Coverley, 692; his opinion on the attempt to continue the Spectator, 693; his de

dication to the Guardian, 694; his conversational powers, 695; his intimacy with the Tories, ib.; his condemnation of blank verse, ib.; his favourite companion Ambrose Philips, ib.; his opinion of Pope's "Rape of the Lock," 697; commencement of his friendship with Pope, 698; Pope's Satire on him, 699; his connexion with the Earl of Warwick, 701; his opinions of Tickell's and Pope's rival translations of Homer, 701, 703; quarrel between him and Pope, 700, 703, 704; his loan to Steele, 708; the friendship between him and Steele, 710; his tragedy of Cato and its public reception, 715-720; his Cato burlesqued, 720; his diffidence in parliament, 725; his parliamentary speeches in Ireland, 726; his fastidiousness as to style and expression, 728, 730; his conversational powers, ib.; Steele's portrait of, 729; his mode of composition, ib.; his humorous acquiescence, 730; his knowledge of the human character, ib.; his definition of conversation, ib. ; his opinion of Lord Bolingbroke, 731; comparison of Addison, Bolingbroke, and Swift, ib. ; his admiration of Bayle's Dictionary, 732; his rebuke to a bad poet, ib.; insists on the regular fees of office, ib.; his singular opinion of Montaigne, 733; his projected English Dictionary, ib.; character of his humorous pieces, ib.; his use of the pronoun "one," 734, 735; Addison and Gay, 736, 737; his animadversions on M. St. Evremond, 737; practical joke on him by the young Duke of Wharton, 738; his Will. Honeycomb, 741; his opinion of Rowe, 742; his companions, ib.; his patronage of Button's coffeehouse, 743; his first addresses to the Countess of Warwick, ib.; his honeymoon, 744; his habits at Kensington, ib.; his benevolence to Milton's daughter, ib.; his last days, 745; offices held by him, ib.; Tickell's elegy on, ib.; his works, and the fatality of the dedications, ib.; unpublished play attributed to him, 746; his house at Bilton, 747; death of his daughter, 749; and biographical notices of her, 750; his library, 751; anu sale of, 752.

Addison, Gulston, brother to the author, v. 374; probably assisted his brother to purchase the Bilton estate, 424; applies to Lord Halifax for office, 430. Addison, Dr. Lancelot, father of Joseph Addison, his death, v. 345, 430; also his brother of the same name, 430. Addison's brother Hopkins, v. 370. Addisonian termination, graceful in light writing, ii. 416, note.

Address, a supposed one, in favour of nonresistance, iv. 392.

Adige, river, runs through Verona, i. 377.

Adjective, when allowed to be used adverbially, i. 403, note.

Administration, frequent changes in, a misfortune to this country, v. 489, 490. Admiration, one of our most pleasing passions, iii. 127; of great men, lessens on nearer acquaintance with them, 160; a pleasing emotion of the mind, 401. Ado Viennensis, apology of an Athenian philosopher for the Christian religion, extant in his time, v. 114. Adrian, compliment to, in a medal respecting time, i. 288; medals struck on his progress through the empire, 327; Achaia and Sicily represented kneeling before him, 330, 331; a fine bust of him at Florence, ii. 497; skilled in magic, v. 112. Adultery, the commandment against, misprinted in an edition of the Bible, iv. 125; adulterers in the primitive church excommunicated, 126. Advancement of learning, Sir F. Bacon's work so called, a passage from it, ii. 51. Adversity, the post of honour in human life, iii. 129. Advertisement of the play called Love for Love, for Dogget's benefit, ii. 80; respecting John Partridge the astrologer, 158; a dissertation on advertisements, 165; their uses, 166; copy of one in the Ciceronian manner, 167; for finding the Spectator, 256; respecting Mr. Powell, 311; of races and a grinning-match at Coleshill, in Warwickshire, iii. 31; of a lottery ticket, 62. Advertisements, humorous, sent to the Spectator in praise of his papers, iv.

74-76.

Advice: no order of persons too great to be advised, ii. 296; to the fair sex, iii. 176; remarks on asking and giving it in love affairs, 494, 495; why the thing of all others that we receive with most reluctance, iv. 31; fable, the finest way of giving it, ib.; story of the Sultan Mahmoud, 32, 33.

Egyptian temple, compared to a hooppetticoat, ii. 484.

Ægyptians worship the crocodile, ii. 479. Ælian speaks of fools who sacrificed an ox to a fly, v. 18.

Ælius Verus, his bust at Florence, i. 496. Eneas, his descent into the empire of

death, and adventures there, ii. 119; his lamentation over Lausus whom he had slain, 378; a perfect character, iii. 181 why chosen by Virgil for his hero, 184; his descent to hell furnished a hint to Milton, 251; his real history, 256; incited to glory by a regard to posterity, iv. 264.

episodes, iii. 180; only one piece of pleasantry in it, 188; the longest reflection of the author in it, 201; story of the bleeding myrtle, exceptionable, 221; effect of the poem on the imagination, 416.

Eneid, comparison of its beauties with those of the Georgics, i. 161; a copy of it in the library of St. Laurence at Florence, 501; turned into Latin rhymes, ii. 350; its action short but extended by

Eneid III. translation of a story in it, i. 38. Equi Falisci of Virgil, their habitation, i. 488. Eschines and his wife take the Lover's Leap, and are both cured, iii. 122. Esculapius, his birth, i. 103; a saying respecting his beard, ii. 169; his letter to the Spectator on the benefits of the Lover's Leap, iii. 112, 113. Æsop, why supposed to be a republican, iv. 267; his fable of the viper recommended to female malcontents, 494. Ætna, its eruptions described, i. 38; Vulcan's temple on, for what remarkable, iv. 126; represented in fireworks, with Vulcan's shop in its entrails, 188, 189; began to rage on the extinction of the rebellion, 495. Afflictions, imaginary, often prove the most insupportable, ii. 100; remedies for, iii. 5; devotion, a principal one, 6; of our neighbours, not to be interpreted as judgments, 508.

Africa, medallic representation of, i. 321; emblems of its fertility, 322; its noxious animals described by the poets, ib.; personified by Claudian, 323. Africans, their notion of heaven, iv. 153. Afterwise, a set of politicians so called, v. 94. Agamemnon's invective against the fair sex, ii. 112; transmigration of his soul into an eagle, iii. 90.

Agate, oriental, two columns of, in Don Livio's palace at Rome, i. 477. Agbarus, king of Edessa, his correspondence with our Saviour, v. 106, 107; the tradition disputed by Mr. Gibbon, ib., note.

Agincourt, public devotions of Henry V. and his army before and after that battle, v. 81.

Aglauros, story of, i. 108; transformed into a statue, 112.

Agrippa, his bust in the gallery of the old

palace at Florence, i. 496; its rarity, 497. Agrippina, wife of Germanicus, her bust at Florence, i. 496. Agur, his prayer, on what consideration founded, iii. 481.

Ajax, his eloquent silence when addressed by Ulysses in the shades, ii. 97; pathetically addressed by Ulysses, 114; transmigration of his soul into a lion, iii. 90; a beautiful distich on, from the Art of Criticism, 155.

Alabaster, fire-coloured, a column of, in the ruins of Livia's portico, i. 477. Alabaster, Dr., a rabbinical divine, his mysterious text, iii. 104.

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Alexander Truncheon, foreman of the

male jury in the Court of Honour, ii. 191.
Alexandrine, instanced in the Art of Cri-
ticism, iii. 155.
Allegiance, oaths of, imply a most so-
lemn obligation, iv. 416; unnatural doc-
trines respecting them, 417; other me-
thods besides rebellion have a tendency
to break them, 420.
Allegory, of Virtue and Pleasure mak-
ing court to Hercules, ii. 27; in Virgil,
founded on the Platonic philosophy,
122; of Luxury and Avarice, 334; on
wit, 363; in the style of Plato, iii. 47;
of Chremylus and Plutus, 482; of So-
lomon's choice, by a famous French
poet, iv. 213.

Allegories, profitable to the mind as hunt-
ing to the body, ii. 103; a fable out of
Homer, ib.; certain stories in the Iliad
so called, iii. 221; well chosen, their
effect in discourse, 428; rules for writ-
ing, iv. 273; plan of one in the style of
Spenser, ib.

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Almanza, victory of, v. 363.
Almighty, proofs of his existence arising
from the contemplation of the sea, iv. 8.
Alms-house, projected by Sir Andrew
Freeport, iv. 79

Alnareschin, a Persian tyrant, story of,
iv. 325, 326, &c.

Alnaschar, the idle fellow, a fable, iv. 58.
Alpheus, river, in the French opera, ap-
pears in a periwig, ii. 291.
Alphonso, a Spanish governor, story of,

from Strada, iv. 237, 238.

Alps, described by Silius Italicus, i. 508;
their effect on the country of Geneva,
509; the scene of a vision of Mr. Bick-
erstaffe, ii. 138.

Altar, a species of minor Greek poetry,
ii. 344.

Amasia, when pleading before the senate,
looked on as a prodigy, iv. 492; the
name confounded with that of Amasia,
ib., note.

Amalthæa, the horn of, i. 300.
Amaze for amazement, i. 214, note.
Amazon, an, said to have founded Smyr-
na, i. 334; in physic, account of one,
ii. 169.
Amazons, a commonwealth of them, iii.
431; their education and amusements,
433; government, 434; alliance with the
male republic, ib.; and union, ib.
Ambassador of St. Marino, his stipend a

shilling a day, i. 406.
Ambiguity of expression, iv. 228, note.
Ambition, what age of man most addicted
to it, ii. 75; the occasion of factions,
477; most men subject to it, iii. 98, 99;
of use when rightly directed, 99; why
implanted by Providence in mankind,
156; most incident to men of the great-
est abilities, ib. ; produces vanity, 158;
why destructive of happiness, 162; hin-
ders us from attaining the great end of
our existence, 164; of men, to be
esteemed; and of women, to be beloved,
v. 37.

Ambrose, St., said to have shut the gates
of a church against the emperor Theo-
dosius, i. 369; chapel where he bap-
tized St. Austin, ib.
Ambrosian library at Milan, i. 370.
Amelot, his statement of the number of
Venetian noblemen, i. 391.
America, Spanish, supplies the coffers of
the French king, iv. 343.

America, Plantations, Instructions to the
Governors of, v. 495.

America. See Virginia, Carolina, v.

442.

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