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mained, that they were two prophets, the one of mercy, the other of judgment, sent, and extraordinarily called by God to assist him in this great work, and were witnesses of these things,' &c.

But Hacket, being apprehended, was brought to the sessions'." house in the Old-Bailey, where, for his said mad pranks, for irre* verent speeches against her majesty, and for maliciously thrusting an iron instrument into the queen's picture, he had judgment, and, on the twenty-eighth of July, he was drawn from Newgate to Cheapside, all the way crying out, sometimes Jehovah, Messias, Jehovah, Messias; at other times, saying, Look, look how the heavens open wide, and the Son of God comes down to deliver me.' When he came under the gibbet, near the Cross in Cheapside, he was exhorted to ask God and the queen forgiveness; but, instead thereof, he fell to cursing her, and began a most blasphemous and execrable prayer against the Divine Majesty of God. They had much ado to get him up the ladder, where he was hanged, and after bowelled and quartered.

The next day, being the twenty-ninth of July, Coppinger, having wilfully abstained from sustenance, as was said, died in Bridewell, and Arthington was long reserved in the Compter of Wood. street, in hope of his repentance.

This Arthington, during his imprisonment, wrote a book, inti. tuled, “The Seduction of Henry Arthington by Hacket, in the year 1592,' and dedicated it to the Lords of her Majesty's Coun. cil; in which he discourses of two Spirits that he had, the first from the time of his being a protestant, to the death of Hacket; the second from that time forward. His first Spirit he assured himself to be of the Holy Ghost, for that it was founded in the hatred of papists and papistry, whom he held for traitors; it moved him to follow sermons, and particular fasts and exercises ; and, besides, he felt himself possessed, to use his own words, with a burning heat within him, and his love and affection greatly placed towards the preaching ministry, &c.

Thus he describeth his first Spirit, which induced him by littlc and little to join with Hacket and Coppinger, and at last, to be. lieve the one to be Christ, the other a prophet, as you have heard.

Of his other Spirit he discourseth thus, I certainly knew my. self to be reserved for salvation in Christ; yea, I did ex postulate with God's merciful Majesty, after my fall with Hacket, whether I was a reprobate or no, and presently the Holy Ghost did as. sure my heart, that I was no reprobate, but that my case, in ef. fect, was much like St. Paul's, &c. I was assured of my Spirit by these tokens following: 1. By experience of God's providence in still preserving me. 2. For that God hath sent his Spirit into my heart to cry, Abba Father. 3. For that God doth still increase

4. In that I knew my faith to be founded in the its of God's Spirit, &c.

This last Spirit he knew to be of God, the other of Satan;

my faith.

which before he thought to be as much of God as this; and, in truth, he had as much assurance of the one as the other, but only by the mad persuasion of his own frantick brain. You may read more of these three grand Sectaries in an old book, intituled, Con. spiracy of pretended Reformation.

Many other examples might be collected out of our historians of this fanatick spirit in former times, which never, till our late hor. rid rebellion, and anarchical confusion in government, was pera mitted to grow to so great a head. And from the consideration of these, which have, for the most part, been gathered out of 'Mr. Fox's Acts and Monuments, we may justly charge that author with a great double injury: The first and principal, in canonising a great number of apparent fanaticks and séctaries into the list of protestant saints and martyrs; it being evident to every impartial reader, even by Mr. Fox's own relations, that a very notable part of his sufferers weresuch; and, if the records of those times were extant, and the examinations of those ancienter fanaticks freely perused, without question a far greater number of such mad saints might be discovered amongst them: Which I am so much the more inclined to believe on the authority of a learned writer, who lived very near those days, and thus expresses their character: They were drunk, says he, with the pride of heresy, and put out of their right senses by the frenzy thereof. Which is just the periphrasis of a fanatick.

The other injury, which I find this author guilty of, is, his immoderate reviling, and sometimes falsly accusing both Queen Mary, and the papists of those days, of greater severities and persecutions than they were really guilty of, though in some cases they certainly were too cruel and rigorous; yet it was no more than what Henry the Eighth and Edward the Sixth, her predecessors, did before her, and what Queen Elisabeth, her successor, did after her.

For proof of this, I find one Greenwood, or Grimwood, of Hitchám, in the county of Suffolk, accused by Mr. Fox to be a perjured papist, and a great persecutor of his martyrs, and therefore had great plagues inflicted on him, and, being in health, his bowels fell out of his body by the terrible judgment of God. Now, for an evident conviction of this falshood, one Parson Prick, not long after the first edition of Fox's Acts and Monuments, and in the twenty-seventh year of queen Elisabeth, took occasion to revile the papists in a sermon, as the custom was, and, in particular, told this story of Greenwood in the pulpit, and cited his author as infallible. But so it happened, that Mr. Greenwood, who was a good protestant, was present at that very sermon, and never was so plagued, but soon after brought his action on the case against Mr. Prick, for calling him perjured person, to which the defendant pleaded not guilty, and, this matter being disclosed upon the evidence, Wray, Chief Justice, delivered the law to the jury, in favour of Mr. Prick, 'that, it being delivered but as a story (such it seems are too many of Mr. Fox's), and not with any malice or intention to slánder any, he was not guilty of the words maliciously, and so was not found gàilty:' And Judge Popham af. firmed it to be good in law.

The exact particulars of this case you may find amongst the records of Westminster-hall of that year; and, in a case of like nature betwixt Brook and Montague, 3 Jac. it was cited by Sir Edward Coke, then attorney-general, and is briefly printed in the second part of Judge Croke's Reports, published by the learned Sir Harbottle Grimston, Bart. Speaker of the late Parliament.



Modern. Thomas Lord Cromwell, Earl Oliver Cromwell had, indeed, of Essex, and Lord-Keeper of some advantage over his namethe Great Seal (son of a black- sake Lord in the quality of his smith of Putney, who was in his birth, but none in that of his latter days a brewer) was first a profession, he being a brother servant to Cardinal Wolsey, too of the jolly browhouse, and afterwards a principal Mic though he far surpassed the nister of State to king Henry other in the mystery of iniquity. the Eighth ; and, among other In the late rebellion, raised great offices which he had, he against king Charles the First, was vicar-general over all the of blesssd memory, he began to spirituality, though a layman, set up a new trade, and was at and sat divers times in the con. first captain of a troop of secta. vocation among the bishops ; by ries; afterwards, by unheard of means whercof, and of his great policy, became general, and, power, and propension to schism the better to serve his own amand heresy, he ransacked, dis- bitious enils, on the thirtieth of solved, and subverted many ab. January, 1648, did most bar. bies and religious houses, and, barously murder that good king if he had lived, had a heart in- at his own palace-gate ; then clined to act greater mischiefs, made himself Protector of an both in church and state; but, Utopian Commonwealth, and, on the nineteenth of July, 1540, on the third of September, 1658, he was arraigned and condemned died full of murders, wickedof heresy and treason, and, on nesses, and treasons : His body the twenty-ninth of the same lay inhumed at Westminster, month, was beheaded at Tower- till the thirtieth of January, hill.

1660, when it was, by order of parliament, hanged at Tyburn, with Bradshaw and Ireton his accomplices; and, finally, bu

ried under that gallows. Hugh Latimer, son of a hus- Hugh Peters, of like mean bandman in Leicestershire, pre- extraction, usurped the office of tended to the office of the mini. the ministry; was used by Olistry, affected a drollish way of ver, as a fit instrument in the holding forth in the palpit, was pulpit, to encourage rebels in a great enemy to bislops and their evil ways; had a great


Modern. clergy, and as great a patron of hand in spilling the royal blood, fanaticks; and, finally, was was no better a friend to the burnt at Oxford, the sixteenth hierarchy, than other sectaries of October, 1555.

are; was hanged, drawn, and quartered at Charing Cross (the

same sixteenth of October) 1660. William Hacket, of Oundle in James Naylor, of Anderslow Northamptonshire, proclaimed in Yorkshire, declared himself, "himself in London to be Christ at Bristol, to be the Son of God, Jesus, come with his fan in his and King of Righteousness; haod to judge the earth ; and where he rode about, pronounwas attended by Edmund Cop- cing his blasphemies, attended pinger and Henry Arthington, by Martha Simons, Hannah his two false prophets, the one Stranger, and Dorcas Erbury, of mercy, the other of judg- representing the three Maries in ment; for which, on the twen. the gospel, John xix. 25. For ty-eighth of July 1590, he was which (instead of a thousa nd hanged on a gibbet in Cheapside. deaths, which he deserved) he Coppinger died a prisoner in had only his tongue bored Bridewell, and Arthington long through with a hot iron, at the after in Wood-street Com pter. Old Exchange, London, the

twenty-seventh of December,

1656. John Lambert, of Norfolk, a John Lambert, of Yorkshire, Zuinglian (in our modern dia- a great sectary, a partaker in lect, a fanatick) was accused of Oliver's iniquities, had the hoheresy, and had the honour to nour to be judged by king be tried by king Henry the Charles the Second, and his parEighth, and many Lords Spiri- liament, in the year 1660; was tual and Temporal, in West- found guilty, but mercifully reminster-hall; was found guilty prieved during their pleasure. and obstinate, and burnt in Smithfield, in the year 1538.

John Tewksbury, of London, Praise-god Barebones, of leather-seller, obstinately held London, leather-seller, was a certain anabaptistical and here great anabaptist Common tical opinions; for which he was wealth's-man, a lay-preacher, condemned and burnt in Smith- and of a factious spirit, yet the field, in December, 1529. mercy of the king and parlia.

ment has pardoned his errors, in

hopes he may grow better. John Maundrell, of Korel in Giles Prichard, of Islington Wiltshire, cow-herd, was con- in Middlesex, cow-herd, was, demned by the Bishop of Salis. upon his trial at the Sessionsbury, for obstinately holding House in the Old-Bailey, found divers heretical and fantastical guilty of the rebellion, in Jaopinions, and burnt in the year nuary, 1660, and hanged in 1556.

William Tyndal, about the William Prynne, in the year


year 1527, wrote a seditious 1636, wrote the like, intituling
and invective book against the it, The Unbishoping of Timo-
bishops and prelates of the thy and Titus; the only person
church, and intituled it, T'he in this unhappy parallel, who
Wicked Mammon.

has given large testimonies of
his reconcilement to loyalty and


John Lewis, an obstinate A- John Fry, a member of the rian heretick, for denying the long-parliament, held the like Godhead of Christ, and hold. opinions, and asserted them in ing other blasphemous and de- print; for which he was only testable heresies, was burnt at dismembered, escaping further Norwich, the seventeenth of punishment, through the liberty September, 1583.

of those evil times. In the year 1414, Sir John In January, 1660, Thomas Oldcastle and Sir Roger Acton, Venner, Roger Hodgkins, and with other fanaticks, plotted a other fanaticks, contrived a hordesperate rebellion, in St. Giles's rid insurrection in Wood-street, Fields, against king Henry the London, against king Charles Fifth; for which thirty-seven of the Second (whom God long them were, in the same year, preserve!) for which fourteen and in the same place, hanged, of them were hanged in the

same month, and near the same

place. Sir Roger Acton soon after

On the thirtieth of January, was hanged, drawn, and buried 1660, Cromwell, Ircton, and under the gallows, for his de- Bradshaw, were drawn, hangtestable rebellion.

ed, and buried under Tyburn,
for murder and rebellion.

The ancient and modern fanaticks agreed exactly in these par. ticulars; First, They pretended the motion and impulse of the Spirit for what they did. Secondly, They declared against kings and magistrates. Thirdly, Against payment of tithes. Fourthly, Against the Whore of Babylon and popish clergy (only our moderns have gone farther, against even all kinds of clergy.) Fifthly, Against swearing in any case; and they alledged scripture for whatsoever they asserted, We will not,' says The Door, of Hope, have any thing to do with the antichristian magistra

cy, ministry, tithes, &c. which are none of our Lord's appointment,--but false and Babylonish. From such saints, and such martyrs, good Lord deliver our gracious king and all his kingdoms.

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