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Lambert said at last, 'I deny it to be the body of Christ.', 'Mark well, said the king, for now thou shalt be condemned by Christ's own words. Hoc est corpus meum; This is my body.'

After this, the king offered him pardon, if he would renounce his opinions; but, Lambert refusing, the king said, "Then thou must die, for I will not be a patron of Hereticks;' and so commanded the Lord Cromwell to read the sentence of condemnation against him, which he did out of a schedule, and Lambert was accordingly burnt in Smithfield, Anno 1538.

This Cromwell, says Mr. Fox, was at that time the chief friend of the gospellers; and here is much to be marvelled at, to see how unfortunately it came to pass in this matter, that Satan did here perform the condemnation of Lambert, by no other ministers than the gospellers themselves, Cranmer, Cromwell, Dr. Taylor, and Barnes.

In the year 1539, 31 Hen. VIII, one Mandevil, Collins, and another, all Anabaptists, were examined in St. Margaret's church, and, being condemned, were, on the third of May, burnt in the highway, between Southwark and Newington.

In the year 1549, and third of Edward the Sixth, Archbishop Cranmer, with other bishops and doctors his assistants, condemned certain Anabaptists, whereof some recanted, and bore faggots at Paul's cross, and Colchester, &c.

In the year 1555, 3 Philip and Mary, William Flower, of Snowhill in Cambridgeshire, a professed Monk and Priest in the Abbey of Ely, left his order, took a wife, and turned. Wickliffian, and, on Christmas-day, in the same year, being possessed with an high fanatick spirit, went to Westminster, where finding a priest, called John Cheltham, administering the sacrament of the Lord's supper to the people in St. Margaret's church, and being moved by God's spirit, as he said, he pulled out his whiniard, or wood-knife, which he wore by his side, and grievously wounded the said priest in divers places, both of his head, arm, and hand; and, in all likelihood, would have slain him, if the people had not interposed and apprehended him.

This impious sectary did afterwards, as Mr. Fox relates, say in Newgate, I cannot express with my mouth the great mercies that God hath shewed on me in this thing, which I repènt not; and that he was compelled to it by the spirit, &c. and sure of his salvation. For this most barbarous act, and most intolerable disturbance of the way then established, he was condemned and burnt: Yet Mr. Fox unwarily (to say no worse) concludeth, Thus endured this constant witness and faithful servant of God, William Flower, the extremity of the fire, &c.

In the same year 1555, Thomas Iveson, a carpenter, was condemned and burnt, for holding, among other Anabaptistical opini ons, That the sacrament of baptism is a sign and token of Christ, as circumcision was, and no otherwise; and believed, that his sins were not washed away thereby, but his body only washed, for his sins are washed away only by Christ's blood. And, concerning

the holy communion, he believed it to be a very idol, and detestable before God; and that all ceremonies used in the church, were superstitious and naught, &c.

Cornelius Bungay, a capper of Coventry, was also burnt in that city, for the same opinions, that Iveson held, saving, that for the most part each Fanatick held somewhat peculiar to his own fancy.

John Maundrel, of Kevel in Wiltshire cowherd, was, in the year 1556, and fourth of Queen Mary, condemned by the Bishop of Salisbury, and burnt for divers heretical opinions obstinately held by him, who also did frequently disturb his parish priest, whilst he was officiating in the church, as our modern Fanaticks now do, and just as they have a trick, to give nick-names to what they dislike, as steeple-house to the church, rag of popery to the surplice, grumbling pipes to the organs, &c. and think they have sufficiently confuted them; so was this malapert cowherd wont to call purgatory, the pope's pinfold, and never looked for any further confutation.

John Tankerfield the cook, the twenty-sixth of August, 1555, being in the Cross Keys Inn, at St. Albans, preparing himself to be burnt for obstinacy in heretical opinions, demanded of the winedrawer a pint of malmsey and a loaf, to celebrate the communion to himself, before he died, &c. and having drunk up the wine, and eaten the bread, went to the place of execution, courageously: Saying, 'I defy the whore of Babylon, I defy the whore of Babylon, fie on that abominable idol.' And with this (says Mr. Fox) he ended his martyrdom, and fell a-sleep in the Lord.

In the year 1557, William Bongiar, glasier, Thomas Bennold, tallow-chandler, and Robert Purchas, fuller, were burnt at Colchester in Essex, as well for affirming, that the sacrament of the Lord's supper was so far from being the holier, that it was rather the worse, for consecration; as for other fanatical opinions.

George Eagles, sirnamed, Trudge over the world, who, of a taylor, became a tub-preacher, was indicted of treason for assembling companies together, contrary to the laws of the land, &c. And for praying, that God would turn Queen Mary's heart, or take her away. For which treason, he was drawn, hanged, and quartered at Chelmsford in Essex, in the year 1557, and fifth of Queen Mary; this rebel Fanatick Mr. Fox is pleased, in one place, to call a blessed martyr of Christ; and in another, a most painful traveller in Christ's gospel.

Hugh Latimer, says Mr. Fox, was the son of Hugh Latimer, of Thringston, in the County of Leicester, a husbandman of right good estimation; at fourteen years old, he was sent to Cambridge, where, for a time, he was a zealous papist, &c. But, being affected with novelties, he began to seek occasions in his preachings, and other actions, to utter the same, scoffing at the rites and ceremonies of the church, and carping at clergymen's lives, wherein he had a singular talent. Wherefore, going up, says Mr. Fox, into the pulpit of St. Edward's church in Cambridge, upon the sunday before Christmas-day, Ann. 1529, he made a sermon of playing

at cards, wherein he taught his audience, how to play at Triumph, how to deal the cards, and what every sort did signify, and that the heart was the Triumph, adding, moreover, such praises of that card, when it was Triumph, that, tho' it were never so small, yet would it take up the best court card besides, in the bunch, yea, though it were the king of clubs himself, &c. which handling of this matter was so apt for the time, and so pleasantly applied by him, that it not only declared a singular towardness of wit, but also wrought in the hearers much fruit, to the overthrow of popish superstition, and setting up of perfect religion. He took occasion, under this disguise in this sermon, to inveigh bitterly against the religion then established, and compared the bishops and prelates to the knaves of clubs.

He did so delight and bewitch the vulgar people, with jests and wantonness of speech, that the boys would follow him, and call him, Father Latimer, and apostle of England.

He would often, in the pulpit, play upon the words, Pascers and Massere, which rhyme as well as Oliver's Mumpsimus and Sumpsimus, complaining greatly, that Massere had driven out Pascere, and that Pascere could have no place for Massere, for that Massere was gainful, and Pascere was painful: And then he could cry out, and say, O good Pascere, who shall defend thee against Massere? With other such like stuff, fitter for a stage, than a pulpit; yet this drew the people infinitely after him, as all buffoonry is wont to do.


This Hugh had been, several times, accused for preaching heresy and sedition, especially, after the coming forth of the statute of six articles, Ann. 1540, and did as often recant and abjure his opinions, but was, at last, deprived of his bishoprick of Worcester, by King Henry the Eighth, and sent prisoner to the Tower. But, after that king's death, he was released; and, in King Edward's days, at the instigation of the then protector, he publickly accused Sir Thomas Seymour, Lord High Admiral, of treason, in a sermon at Oxford, by means whereof, Sir Thomas was condemned in parliament, and executed the twentieth of March, 1549.

When Queen Mary came to the crown, it was thought fit, in respect of the great mischief Hugh had done, by his licentious tongue, in King Edward's days, and seditious behaviour against the queen's entrance, to call him, with Archbishop Cranmer, and Nicholas Ridley, to a more strict account; and, after many conferences and examinations had, before Dr. White, Bishop of Lincoln, Brooks, Bishop of Gloucester, and other commissioners, and many arguments and exhortations made to them, to recant their errors, principally those of Wickliff, yet they remained obstinate, and were burnt together, at Oxford, the sixteenth of October, 1555, each of them making use of gunpowder, to dispatch himself quickly as Mr. Fox observes.

Alexander Gouch, a weaver of shredded coverlets, being in the year 1558, and last of Queen Mary, taken in a hay-loft at Grosborow in Suffolk, with Alice Driver, the wife of a neighbouring

husbandman, where she was holding forth to him, for Gouch was her disciple, were carried prisoners to Ipswich; and afterwards, being brought to the assizes at Bury, Alice Driver, upon her examination, compared Queen Mary then reigning, to Jezabel, for which her ears were cut off. And, upon her examination by Doctor Spencer, chancellor to the Bishop of Norwich, and others, she told them, They were not able to resist the spirit of God, which was in her; and when they spoke of the blessed sacrament, and insisted upon the authority of the church, she demanded, Where they found the word church written in the scriptures, and said positively, she never read, nor heard, of any such sacrament there. For which, with other fanatical opinions, obstinately defended by her, and Gouch her mate, they were both burnt at Ips. wich, in November, 1558.

John Tewksbury, a leather-seller of London, being infected with reading Tyndal's seditious books, especially, that intituled, the Wicked Mammon, which contained little else, but an odious invective against the bishops and prelates of the church, grew to be so obstinate in his opinions, that he was examined in open consistory, before Tunstal Bishop of London, upon divers articles: As,

1. That the devil holds our hearts so hard, that it is impossible to consent to God's law.

2. That every one is lord of whatsoever another man hath.

3. That the Jews, of good intent and zeal, put Christ to death.. 4. That Christ, with all his works, did not deserve heaven. 5. We are damned by nature, as a toad is a toad by nature, &c. Though he then maintained these with other errors, yet, the next session, he submitted himself; and in May, 1529, abjured his opinions; but, soon after, he returned to his vomit and was burnt in Smithfield, in December next following..

Thomas Hawks, serving-man of Essex, a notorious anabaptist, was convened before Bonner, Bishop of London, his ordinary, as for other errors, so chiefly, for not permitting his young child to be baptised; he obstinately defended his child to be in no danger, if it should die without baptism: I say, saith he, as St. Peter saith, 1 Pet. iii. Not the washing of water purgeth the filthiness of the flesh, but a good conscience consenting unto God.' For which obstinacy, he was burnt at Coxhall in Essex, in the year 1555, and second of queen Mary.

Richard Woodman, of Warbleton in Sussex, ironmonger, being examined by Dr. Christopherson, Bishop of Chichester, and other doctors, upon divers articles; Woodman affirmed positively, that he, forsooth, was sure, he had the Spirit of God, and can prove by places enough, saith he, that Paul had the Spirit of God, as I myself and all God's elect have. No arguments, nor reason, could reclaim him from his errors, so that he was burnt at Lewes, in June, 1557.

In the year 1575, and seventeenth of queen Elisabeth's reign, the third of April, twenty-seven hereticks were condemned by the

Bishop of London and his assistants, for holding with the old catharites, and new anabaptist.

1. That Christ took not flesh of the substance of the blessed Virgin Mary:

2. That infants of the faithful ought not to be baptised. 3. That it was not lawful for a christian to take an oath. 4. And that no christian may be a magistrate, or bear the sword, and the like.

Whereof four only did recant, and bore faggots at Paul's Cross, in sign of burning, if they had persevered obstinately in the same opinions.

The twelfth of June the same year, five persons were condemned in St. Paul's Church by the bishops and clergy, for being of the sect of the 'Family of Love,' who escaped death by recanting that heresy at Paul's Cross, and detesting the author thereof, Henry Nicholas, and all his errors.

The seventeenth of September, 1583, and in the twenty-sixth year of the said queen, John Lewis, who named himself Abdoit, an obstinate Arian heretick, for denying the Godhead of Christ, and holding other detestable heresies, was burnt at Norwich. And, in the year 1589, and thirty-first of the said queen, one Francis Kett, a Master of Arts, born at Wymondham in Norfolk, was condemned by Edmund, Bishop of Norwich, for holding divers detestable opinions against Christ our Saviour, and was burnt near the city of Norwich.

The sixteenth of July, 1591, and thirty-third of Elisabeth, Edmund Coppinger and Henry Arthington, says Stow, repaired to one Walker's house near Broken-wharf, London; where, conferring with one of their sect, called William Hacket, of Oundle, in Northamptonshire, they offered to anoint him King; but Hacket, taking Coppinger by the hand, said, 'You shall not need to anoint me, for I have been already anointed in heaven by the Holy Ghost himself.' Then Coppinger asked him, What his pleasure was to be done?' 'Go your way both,' said he, and tell them in the city, that Christ Jesus is come with his fan in his hand, to judge the carth; and, if any man ask where he is, tell him, he lies at Walker's house; and, if they will not believe it, let them come and kill me, if they can, for, as truly as Christ Jesus is in heaven, so truly is he come to judge the world.' Coppinger said it should be done forthwith, thereupon went forward, and Arthington followed: But, before he could get down stairs, they had begun below in the house to proclaim news from heaven of exceeding great mercy, that Christ Jesus was come, &c. They both cried, Repent, England, repent,' as they passed along the streets; and being arrived in Cheapside, with a great concourse of people following them, they got up into an empty cart, where they read out of a paper, How Hacket represented Christ by partaking a part of his glorified body by his principal Spirit, and by the office of severing the good from the bad with the fan in his hand, and of establishing the gospel in Europe; telling the people also where he re


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