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tank, double thereto. And the russet night-cap must be given the watch, or else a noble.

21. Then is he to be cloathed again with a blue robe, the sleeves whereof to be streight, shaped after the fashion of a priest's ; and; upon his left shoulder, to have a lace of white silk, hanging: And he shall wear that lace upon all his garments, from that day for. wards, until he hath gained some honour or renown by arms, and is registered of as high record, as the nobles, knights, esquires, and heralds of arms; and be renowned for some feats of arms, as aforesaid, or that some great prince, or most noble lady, can cut that lace from his shoulder, saying; “ Sir! we have heard so much of the true renown concerning your honour, which you have done in divers parts, to the great fame of chivalry, as to yourself, and of him that made you a knight, that it is meet this lace be taken

from you.”

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22. After dinner, the knights of honour and gentlemen must come to the knight, and conduct him into the presence of the king, the esquire's governors going before him; where, he is to say, Right noble and renowned Sir! I do, in all that I can, give you thanks for these honours, courtesies, and bounty, which you have vouchsafed to me:" And, having so said, shall take his leave of the king.

23. Then are the esquire's governors to take leave of this their master, saying, “ Sir, we have, according to the king's command, and, as we were obliged, done what we can; but, if through negligence, we have in aught displeased you, or by any thing we have done amiss at this time, we desire pardon of you for it. And, on the other side, Sir, 'as right is, and according to the customs of the court, and antient kingdoms, we do require our robes and fees, as the king's esquires, companions to batchelors, and other lords.”

The Form of his Majesty's Summons, in a Letter from the Lord Chamberlain, to the several Persons of Honour, who

are to be created Knights of the Bath. SIR,

After my hearty commendation to you, WHEREAS his majesty hạth appointed the twenty-third day of April next, for his solemn coronation at Westminster, and the day before, to proceed publickly through the city of London, to his palace at White-Hall; and, according to the antient custom used by his royal predecessors, his majesty is graciously pleased to advance certain of his nobility, and principal gentry, into the Noble Order of the Bath, to attend him in those great solemnities, and, amongst others, hath vouchsafed to nominate you to be one of that number: These are, therefore, to will and require you, in his majesty's name, to make your appearance at his majesty's palace at Westminster, upon Thursday in the afternoon, being the eighteenth of April next, furnished and appointed, as in such cases appertaineth, there to begin the usual ceremony, and the next day to receive the said Order of Knighthood of the Bath, from his majesty's hands. Hereof you are not to fail. And so I bid you heartily farewell. Your very affectionate friend,

MANCHESTER. Whitehall, March 1, 1661.

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The Names of some of those honourable Persons, who are to be created Knights of the Bath, at the Coronation of his

Majesty, April 23, 1661. The Lord Richard Butler, son to the Lord Marquis of Or

mond. Mr. Hyde, son to the Lord Chancellor. Mr. Egerton, son to the Earl of Bridgwater. Mr. Berkley, son to the Lord Berkley. Mr. Peregrin Barty, second son to the Earl of Lindsey. Mr. Veere, Vane, second son to the Earl of Westmoreland. Mr. Bellasis, son of the Lord Bellasis. Mr. Capell, brother to the Earl of Essex. Mr. Francis Vane, son of Sir Francis Vane. Mr. Henry Vane, son of George Vane, Esq; Mr. Edward Hungerford, of Farley Castle. Mr. Monson, son of Sir John Monson, Knight of the Bath. Mr. Charles Frenaman, whose noble father was slain at Bevis. Mr. Nicholas Slannying, son of that loyal subject, Sir Nicholas

Slannying, slain at Bristol, 26 July, 1643. Mr. Thomas Fanshaw, son of Sir Thomas Fanshaw. Mr. Edward Wise. Mr. Carr Scroop, grandson to the valiant Sir George Scroop,

who received so many wounds in the royal cause at Edge

Hill. Mr. Butler. Colonel Edward Farley, Governor of Dunkirk, eldest son of

Sir Robert Harley, late Kat, of the Bath.
Mr. Alexander Popham.
Colonel Richard Ingoldsby.
Mr. George Browne.
Mr. Bourchier Wray, son of Sir Chichester Wray.
Mr. Francis Godolphin.
Sir Thomas Trevor.
Mr. Simon Leech.
Mr. John Bramston, son of Sir John Bramston, late Lord Chief

Justice.
Mr. Wise.
Mr. George Freeman, son of Sir Ralph Frecman.

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With the probable Causes of the Variation of the Compass, and the Variation

of the Variation.

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Likewise some Reflexions upon the Name and Office of Admiral.

TO WHICÆ IS ADDED,

A Catalogue of those Persons that have been, from the first Institution, dignified

with that Office.

By THOMAS PHILIPOTT, M. A. formerly of Clare-Hall

in Cambridge.

London: Printed in 1661, Quarto, containing thirty pages, including the

Dedication.

THE

To his Noblest Friend, Sir Francis Prujean, Doctor of Physick.
SIR,

censures and suffrages of the world are like rocks and

shelves, against which, books, like vessels, oftentimes dashing, find their own fate and shipwreck. Sir, your acceptance will dispense a nobler and more auspicious gale, than any which can be breathed from the looser or vainer air of popular applause, to transport this discourse to the publick; and it will be the happiness of this treatise, that in future times it shall intitle its safety to so successful a steerage. For, indeed, the tempest, with reason, is frequently more destructive and ruinous, than the storm without it: My own fear and caution can secure or rescue me from the danger of the last; but only your candor and approba, tion can redeem from the prejudices of the first, Sir, your most devoted servant,

Thomas PHILIPOTT.

There having been much written concerning this subject, which lies dispersed in the pages of several authors, and

finding that none hade as yet attempted to compile and amass those scattered notions into one I did believe it a task, not unworthy the expence of time, or my labour, to contract those divided disa courses into some few sheets : And having brought them into

shape and order, to offer them up to publick view; which is the subject matter of this ensuing treatise.

FIRST, it is indisputably true from the authority of the sacred records, the structure of the ark owed and intituled its original contexture to the industrious precaution of Noah, who, by the immediate designation of God himself, brought that wooden island into shape and order, to rescue some part of mankind from the angry baptism of a publick deluge.

And it is probable, that the posterity of Noah, having plan, tations which were contiguous to Mount Ararat, where the ark rested, and there viewing its skeleton, might, according to that original, form and build such ships, and other vessels (the art of navigation being not yet arrived to its solstice) as might make ri. vers and more spacious waters obvious to a passage, and maintain such a necessary intercourse, as might improve a commerce between nation and nation.

The heathen records, and monuments of pagan antiquity, which were ignorant of the structure of the ark, according to the variety of tradition, assign the invention of navigation to several persons. Diodorus Siculus attributes it to Neptune, who from ' thence contracted the appellation of God of the Sea. Strabo, to Minos king of Crete. And lastly, Tibullus consecrates it to the fame and memory of the city of Tyre.

Minos indeed expelled malefactors out of the islands, and in most of them planted colonies of his own, by which means, they who inhabited the sea-coasts, becoming more addicted to riches, grew more constant to their dwellings ; of whom, some, grown now rich, circumscribed and encompassed their cities with walls, and others by the influence of Minos built a navy, and by an ac. tive and noble diligence so secured commerce, that they rendered navigation free.

But it is most probable, that, Tyre being, in elder times, a city as eminent for its wealth and traffick, as it was for its strength and magnificence, and enjoying with its bordering neighbours, the Phænicians, a large extensive sea-coast, and many capacious havens, which had an aspect on the Mediterranean sea, found out at first the institution of shipping. From the Phænicians and Ty. rians, it was conducted down to the Egyptians, by whose industry and ingenuity, much was annexed to the advantage and perfection of it: For whereas the first vessels were framed out of the trunk of some large tree, made hollow by art, or else of divers boards, compacted into the fashion of a boat, and covered with the skins of beasts, the Phænicians moulded them into a more ele. gant and convenient form, and secured them with greater additions of strength, whilst the Egyptians added, to the former structure, the supplement of decks. From the Egyptians, this art was transported to the Grecians; for when Danaus, king of Egypt, to dccline the fury of his brother Rameses, made his approaches to Greece, he first instructed its inhabitants to sail in covered vessels,

called Naves, who before perfected their voyages over those nar. row seas, on beams and rafters fastened together, to whom they gave the appellation of Rates. Amongst the Grecians, those of Crete had the highest repute for the manage of navigation, which causeth Strabo to ascribe the invention of ships to Minos. In times subsequent to these, the Carthaginians, extracted from Tyre, grew most considerable in shipping, by the supply of which, they often disordered and distressed the affairs of the Romans: But the fury of a tempest, having separated a Quinqueremis, or galley of five banks of oars, from the residue of the Carthaginian navy, cast it on the coast of Italy; by a curious inspection into which, the Romans obtained the art of shipping; and, not long after, atchieved the dominion of the sea. That the Phænicians and Greeks transmitted the knowledge of navigation to Spain and France, is without controversy, since Gades, in the first, was a colony of the Phænicians, and Marseilles, in the last, a plantation of the Phocians. As for Belgium and Britain, they were, in ages of an elder inscription, very barren and indigent in shipping; for Cæsar, when he made his eruption on the last, found the circumambient seas so ill furnished, that he was forced, with the industrious asa sistance of his soldiery, to build and equip a navy of six-hundred and two and thirty vessels, to transport his army into Albion.

The Phænicians having, as is above recited, invented open ves. sels, and the Egyptians ships with decks, the last of these ioforced the art of navigation, by adding to it the invention of gallies, with two banks of oars upon a side; which sort of vessels, in process of time, did swell into that voluminous bulk, that Ptolemy Philopater is said to have framed a galley of fifty banks. Ships of burthen, stiled Ciræra, intitle their invention to the Cypriots ; cockboats or skifts (scaphæ) owe their first structure to the Illyrians or Liburnians ; Brigantines (Celuces) confess theirs to have been the artifice of the Rhodjans; frigates, or light barks (lembi) acknowledge their original unto the industry of the Cyrenians; the Phasclus and Pamphyli, ships instructed for war, were the invention of the Pamphylians, and the inhabitants of Phaselis, a town of Lycia in Asia minor. Vessels for transporting of horse, stiled Hippagines, are indebted, for their first institution, to the Salami. nians. Grappling-hooks, for theirs, to Anacharsis. Anchors confess their first knowledge to have been from the Tuscans. The rudder-helm, and art of steering, is ascribed to Typhis, principal pilot in Jason's eminent ship, called the Argoe, who, having observed that a kite, when she divided the air, steered her whole body and flight with her tail, perfected that in the designs of art, which he had discovered to have been effected by instinct in the works of nature. If we please to trace out the first inventors of tackle, we shall discover, that the primitive institution of the oar is attributed to the Bæotians, and the original discovery and use of masts and sails ennoble the memory of Dædalus, and his son Icarus; the last of which, confiding too much in the dexterity of this invention, giving too large and spreading a sail to the bark he

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