« ForrigeFortsæt »
NOTE 25, page 61. Hertel de Rouville was an active and unsparing enemy of the English. He was the leader of the combined French and Indian forces which destroyed Deerfield and massacred its inhabitants, in 1703. He was afterwards killed in the attack upon Haverhill. Tradition says that on examining his dead body, his head and face were found to be perfectly smooth, without the slightest appearance of hair cr beard.
Note 26, page 62. Cowesass ?-tawhich wessaseen? Are you afraid ?-why fear you?
Note 27, page 72. The celebrated Captain Smith, after resigning the gov. ernment of the colony in Virginia, in his capacity of “ Admiral of New England," made a careful survey of the coast from Penobscot to Cape Cod, in the summer of 1614.
Note 28, page 72. Lake Winnipiseogee- The Smile of the Great Spiritthe source of one of the branches of the Merrimack.
NOTE 29, page 72. Capt. Smith gave to the promontory, now called Cape Ann, the name of Tragabizanda, in memory of his young and beautiful mistress of that name, who, while he was & captive at Constantinople, like Desdemona, “ loved him for the dangers he had passed.”
NOTE 30, page 74. Some three or four years since, a fragment of a statue, rudely chiselled from dark gray stone, was found in the town of Bradford, on the Merrimack. Its origin must be left entirely to conjecture. The fact that the ancient Northinen visited New England, some centuries before the discoveries of Columbus, is now very generally admitted.
NOTE 31, page 99. De Soto, in the sixteenth century, penetrated into the wilds of the new world in search of gold and the fountain of perpetual youth.
Note 32, page 117. Toussaint L'OUVERTURE, the black chieftain of Hayti, was a slave on the plantation " de Libertas," belonging to M. Bayou. When the rising of the negroes took place in 1791, TOUSSAINT refused to join them until he had aided M. BAYou and his family to escape to Baltimore. The white man had discovered in Toussaint many noble qualities, and had instructed him in some of the first branches of education; and the preservation of his life was owing to the negro's gratitude for this kindness.
In 1797, Toussaint L'Ouverture was appointed, by the French government, General-in-Chief of the armies of St. Domingo, and, as such, signed the Convention with General Maitland, for the evacuation of the island by the British. From this period, until 1801, the island, under the government of Toussaint, was happy, tranquil, and prosperous. The miserable attempt of Napoleon to reestablish slavery in St. Domingo, although it failed of its intended object, proved fatal to the negro.chieftain. Treacherously seized by Leclerc, he was hurried on board a vessel by night, and conveyed to France, where he was confined in a cold subterranean dungeon, at Besancon, where, in April, 1803, he died. The treatinent of Toussaint finds a parallel only in the murder of the Duke D'Enghein. It was the remark of Godwin, in his Lectures, that the West India Islands, since their first discovery by Columbus, could not boast of a single name which deserves comparison with that of Toussaint L'Ouverture.
Note 33, page 123. The reader may, perhaps, call to mind the beautiful Bonnet of William Wordsworth, addressed to Toussaint L'Ouverture, during his confineinent in France.
« Toussaint !-thou most unhappy man of men!
Whether the whistling rustic tends his plough
Within thy hearing, or thou liest now
Wilt thou find patience?-Yet, die not, do thou
Wear rather in thy bonds a cheerful brow:
Live and take comfort. Thou hast left behind
Powers that will work for thee; air, earth, and skies,-
That will forget thee: thou hast great allies.
And love, and man's unconquerable mind.”
Note 34, page 124. The French ship LE RODEUR, with a crew of twentytwo men, and with one hundred and sixty negro slaves. sailed from Bonny, in Africa, April, 1819. On approaching the live, a terrible malady broke out-an obstinato disease of the eyes-contagious, and altogether beyond the resources of medicine, It was aggravated by the scarcity of water among the slaves (only half a wine glass per day being allowed to an individual), and by the extreme impurity of the air in which they breathed. By the advice of the physician, they were brought upon deck occasionally; but some of the poor wretches, locking themselves in each other's arms, leaped overboard, in the hope, which so universally prevails among them, of being swiftly transported to their own hoines in Africa. To check this, the captain ordered several, who were stopped in the attempt, to be shot, or hanged, before their companions. The disease extended to the crew; and one after another were smitten with it, until only one remained unaffected. Yet even this dreadful condition did not preclude calculation: to save the expense of supporting slaves rendered unsalable, and to obtain grounds for a claim against the underwriters, thirty-six of the negroes, having become blind, were thrown into the sea and drowned !
In the midst of their dreadful fears lest the solitary individual, whose sight remained unaffected,should also be seized with the malady, a sail was discovered. It was the Spanish slaver, Leon. The same disease had been there; and, horrible to tell, all the crew had become blind! Unable to assist each other, the vessels parted. The Spanish ship has never since been heard of. The Rodeur reached Guadaloupe on the 21st of June; the only man who had escaped the disease, and had thus been enabled to steer the slaver into port, caught it in three days after its arrival.-Speech of M. Benjamin Constant, in the French Chamber of Deputies, June 17, 1820.
Note 35, page 168. The Northern Author of the Congressional rule against receiving petitions of the people on the subject of Slavery. Note 36, page 195. Dr. Thacher, surgeon in Scammel's regiment, in his description of the siege of Yorktown, says: “ The labor on the Virginia plantations is performed altogether by a species of the human race cruelly wrested from their native country, and doomed to perpetual bondage, while their masters are manfully contending for freedom and the natural rights of man. Such is the inconsistency of human nature.” Eighteen hundred slaves were found at Yorktown, after its surrender, and restored to their masters. Well was it said by Dr. Barnes, in his late work on Slavery: “No slave was any nearer his freedom after the surrender of Yorktown, than when Patrick Henry first taught the notes of liberty to echo among the hills and vales of Virginia.”
NOTE 37, page 211. The rights and liberties affirmed by MAGNA CHARTA were deemed of such importance, in the 13th century, that the Bishops, twice a year, with tapers burning, and in their pontifical robes, pronounced, in the presence of the king and the representatives of the estates of England the greater excommunication against the infringer of that instruinent. The iinposing ceremony took place in the great Hall of Westminster. A copy of the curse, as pro. nounced in 1253, declares that, “ By the authority of Almighty God, and the blessed Apostles and Martyrs, and all the saints in heaven, all those who violate the English liberties, and secretly or openly, by deed, word, or counsel, do make statutes, or observe them being made, against said liberties, are accursed and sequestered from the company of heaven and the sacraments of the Holy Church.”
WILLIAM Penn, in his admirable political pamphlet, England's
's Present Interest Considered," alluding to the curse of the Charter-breakers, says: “I am no Roman Catholic, and little value their other curses; yet I declare I would not for the world incur this curse, as every man deservedly doth, who offers violence to the fundamental freedom thereby repeated and confirmed.”
Note 38, page 252. "The manner in which the Waldenses and heretics dis. seminated their principles among the Catholic gentry, was by carrying with them a box of trinkets, or articles of dress. Having entered the houses of the gentry, and
disposed of some of their goods, they cautiously intimated that they had commodities far more valuable than these -inestimable jewels, which they would show if they could be protected from the clergy. They would then give their purchasers a bible or testament; and thereby many were deluded into heresy."-R. Saccho.
NOTE 39, page 293. Chalkley Hall, near Frankford, Pa., the residence of THOMAS CHALKLEY, an eminent minister of the “Friends” denomination. He was one of the early settlers of the Colony, and his Journal, which was published in 1749, presents a quaint but beautiful picture of a life of unostentatious and simple goodness. He was the master of a merchant vessel, and, in his visits to the West Indies and Great Britain, omitted no opportunity to labor for the highest interests of his fellow-men. During a temporary residence in Philadelphia, in the summer of 1838, the quiet and beautiful scenery around the ancient village of Frankford, frequently attracted me from the heat and bustle of the city.
NOTE 40, page 302. August. Sililoq. cap. xxxi. “Interrogavi Terram,” &c.
NOTE 41, page 319. See English caricatures of America: Slaveholder and cowhide, with the motto, "Haven't I a right to wallop my nigger?"
NOTE 42, page 324. It is recorded that the Chians, when subjugated by Mithridates of Cappadocia, were delivered up to their own slaves, to be carried away captive to Colchis. Athenæus considers this a just punishment for their wickedness in first introducing the slave-trade into Greece. From this ancient villany of the Chians the proverb arose, “The Chian hath bought himself a master.”
NOTE 43, page 339. This ballad was written on the occasion of a Horticultural Festival. Cobbler Keezar was a noted character among the first settlers in the valley of the Merrimack.