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THE

CHRISTIAN OBSERVER,

CONDUCTED BY

MEMBERS

OF THE

ESTABLISHED CHURCH.

FOR THE YEAR 1823,

BEING

THE TWENTY THIRD VOLUME.

LONDON:

PRINTED BY ELLERTON AND HENDERSON,

Gough Square, Fleet Street.
PUBLISHED BY HATCHARD & SON, 187, PICCADILLY; TO WHOM COMMUNICATIONS
(POST PAID) MAY BE ADDRESSED; AND OF WHOM MAY BE HAD THE PRECEDING
NUMBERS OF THIS WORK, EITHER SEPARATELY OR BOUND UP IN VOLUMES.

SOLD ALSO
IN LONDON, B SEELEY & SON, FLEET STREET ; AND SHERWOOD, NEELY, AND JONES,

PATERNOSTER ROW: AT OXFORD, BY PARKER: AT CAMBRIDGE, BY DEIGHTON,
AND STEVENSON: AT BATH, BY BINNS: AT BRISTOL, BY MILLS, AND BULGIN : AT
EDINBURGH, BY TROMSONS BROTHERS ; OLIPHANT; AND WAUGH AND INNES :
AT GLASGOW, BY OGLE: AT DUBLIN, BY COLBERT:
AND BY ALL OTHER BOOKSELLERS, AXD DY TIE NEWS EX,

THROUGHOUT THE KINGDOM.

1824

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PREFACE.

THERE are two important points of view in which a Christian observer is accustomed to contemplate the passing scenes of life; namely, in their reference to man, as an inhabitant of this imperfect and transitory world, --and still more as an beir of eternity, a candidate for a crown of glory tbat fadeth not away. In both these views, the page of bistory assumes a highly interesting aspect, and furnishes materials for the devout meditations of Christian philosophy.

In looking back, in each of these respects, at the occurrences of the past year, we gather from the chequered scene, a mingled, but, upon the whole, we trust, a favourable result. Connecting, in our minds, the temporal and the eternal condition of mankind, there are three points of contemplation which particularly force themselves upon our notice; the progress of KNOWLEDGE-of LIBERTY-and of CHRISTIANITY. To our view, these three are intimately connected, and ought ever to be regarded in their reciprocal bearings. Now, what is the report of another year of the world's history, in this threefold reference?

If we look to the continent of Europe, the result has been, at least as to its immediate influence, fraught with disappointment. We had hoped that the true bappiness of mankind was beginning to be understood throughout Europe; that civil freedom--at first the cbild, then the friend, and, in its turn, the multiplier, of knowledge-was enlarging its pale ; and that the blessings of true and undefiled religion were finding, through its influence, new and enlarged channels of admission to buman society. We are far from being the admirers of the ultra-liberalism wbich has so often been mixed up with, and has so often disgraced, the cause of liberty; yet, amidst the very defects of institutions, built upon the rgins of despotism, we thought we beheld 119 foundations of an order of things destined bereafter to benefit mankind. The past year, bowever, opened with appearances which threatened its destruction. From several leading Cabinets of this most enlightened portion of the globe, we heard the declarations of arbitrary power, boasting its right to interfere in the affai's of

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