"Gone Native" in Polynesia: Captivity Narratives and Experiences from the South Pacific

Forsideomslag
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1998 - 167 sider

Campbell presents a study of the lives and experiences of Europeans and Americans in the age of early industrial overseas expansions, who became detatched from their own societies and lived, sometimes for many years, among Pacific Islanders as integrated members of their communities, often with little hope of returning home and frequently with no wish to do so. As engaging as primitivism was to European philosophers, the realities of contact between seafarers and islanders who faced previously unimagined technological and human marvels were much more pragmatic. Jealousy, ethnocentrism, and violence on both sides competed with humanitarian interests and indigenous hospitality to shape the emerging pattern of relationships.

At first, Europeans crossed the oceans only for compelling reasons: the passion for scientific research, the dedication to Christian evangelism, or the uncompromising profit motive. Later, settlers and government officials followed in the wake of these early explorers. Scattered in the interstices of contact relationships were large numbers of men whose interest was not in changing native society or profiting from it, but in experiencing primitive life and simply surviving itself. These men included castaways and deserters, some abandoned by their captains and others kidnapped by the islanders. Their prospects depended on their successful integration into Polynesian society--and in making themselves useful by applying European knowledge and skills to local situations and by mediating between islanders and their insistent visitors.

 

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Indhold

Men in the Margins of Culture Contact
3
Early European Activity in Polynesia
9
Polynesian Society and Politics
15
Captivity Narratives
27
James Morrison of Tahiti
29
Peter Hagerstein of Tahiti
33
Edward Robarts of Marquesas
36
William Torrey of Marquesas
40
John Twyning of Fiji Wallis and Futuma
69
William Diaper the Wanderer
74
Captivity Experiences
80
Becoming a Beachcomber
80
Becoming a Polynesian
91
The Immigrants Role
107
Cultural Modifiers
121
Beachcombers and the World
133

John Young of Hawaii
43
George Vason of Tonga
47
William Mariner of Tonga
52
James Read of Tonga
60
David Whippy of Fiji
62
Beachcombers and History
149
Select Bibliography
153
Index
161
Copyright

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Om forfatteren (1998)

I. C. CAMPBELL teaches Pacific History and World History at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. He developed an empathy for the Pacific Islands from childhood experiences there and has been interested in race relations, culture contact and colonialism ever since. He is the author of A History of the Pacific Islands (1989) and Island Kingdom: Tonga Ancient and Modern (1992).

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