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were the principles of his right ho proper, opportunity to put the nourable friend, from whom he had country...on its guard againd those learned them. His right honourable dangerous doctriness as it afforded friend had said, with equal energy an occafion of entering upon a true and emphasis, « that he could not and minute comparison of the French draw a bill of indictment against á contitution with that of England. whole people.” Having been taught He had been accused, he said, of by him that no revolt of a pation having provoked this dilcufsion, to was caused without provocation, he give an advantage to the enemies could not help rejoicing ever tince of Mru-Fox ya principle which be the French conftitution could boatt utterly disclaimed, and neverthought the fame foundation with the Bri- that any, fair or candid man could tith, the rights of man. Mr. Fox bave laid to his.charge. He could declared that he had faid more than have prodaoci upexceptionable auhe intended; but if his fentiments thorities for all, that he thould have could serve the other side of the advanced concerning Ecaộce, had he house, which had counte Hariced the been permitiedo Her could bave discussion apparently with a view to thews that the people of that coun. get at them, they had taken innei try had gained nothing by the se! ceflary pains. They might be fure velution s. but that, compating evil of him and his sentiments on every with evil,

with refpect to the hitterty fubject, without forcing any thing of the fobjeće, his happiness, and Hke a difference between him and the preservation of his property, his right honourable friend

.. they were much worse off now. than Mr. Burke began his reply with under the old govergnent. He feminding the house, that he had charged Mr. Fox with having calmly hard to the end one of the treated him not only with harshmolt disorderly speeches ever made nefs, but malignitys after having in that aflembly. He complained haralled him with his light troops that Mr Fox had treated him'-und in the fkirmishes of order, he fairly; and had made a direct per: brought the heavy artillery of his fonal attack on all he had faid, on own great abilities to bear upon all he had written, on every thing him. Mr. Burke denied the charge that passed in their public and pri- of inconsistency, and said his opivate intercourse. He said, Mr. Fox nions on government had ever been was no ftranger to his fentiments on the fame. As he proceeded to the Québec bill, they had walked great, in a ludicrous manner, of the down to the house together; talking discipline which Mr. Fox mainall the way upon the subject. He tained among his troops in that afferted again that dangerous doc- house, he was called to order by trines were encouraged in this Mr. Grey; but refusing to apolocountry. It was become the prac- gize, he proceeded, and urged his tice to extol, in the highest ftrain, majesty's ministers to look with a the French conftitution ; and those , vigilant eye to the plots to which who disapproved of the anarchy and he had alluded. He adverted to the confufion which prevailed in Frante, riots of 1780 : had he at that time were fignatized as the enemies of come - forward, and cautioned the liberty. He inhifted, that the dif- house to beware of the protestant cussion of the Quebec - bill was a affociation, he fuppoled he would have experienced the fathe treatinent feverity, he must fill love and esteem, ás now. He obferred, that he had Almost from a boy he had been in differed on many occafrons from Mr. the habit of receiving favours from Fox, but there had been no lofs of his right honourable friend, and they friendship between them; but there had lived on the mott intimate termis was something in the cursed French for twenty-five years. He hoped, conftitution that énvenomed every therefore, that notwithstanding what thing.' Mr. Fox whifpered that had happened, the right honourable there was 'no loss of friendship. Mr. gentleman would think on paft Burke' replied: There was-he times; and, whatever imprudent or knew the price of his condnet : he intemperate expreffions of his might had done his duty, and their friend- have offended him, would át leakt thip was at an end. "Mr:'. Burke believe that fuch was not his intenearnestly urged the right honourable tion. He repeated his reasons why gentlemen, who were the great Mr. Burke's introducing the French rivals in that house, that whether revolution, in a debate on which he they thould move in the political had been charged with tepublican hemisphere, as two blazing stars in principles, appeared to be done opposite orbits, or walk together as with an intention to injtre him. brethren, they would preferve the It was the firft time, he said, that British constitution, and guard it he had ever heard from a philo! against-innovation. 'He concluded fopher, that the best way of prailing with moving an amendment on lord the British conftitution, was by Sheffield's motion-That'the words abufing 'every other. For bis part, of the motion, after " differtations he had ever thought that the British on the French conftitution," be conftitution, in theory, was imperomitted, and the following inserted feet and defeAive; but that in in their room_" tending to the practice it was excellently adapted that examples may be drawn there to this country. He had often said, from ;' and to prove that they are that becaufe he admired the British în fufficient for any good purposes, conftitution, was it to be concluded and that 'they may lead to anarchy that there was no other part of the and confufion, and are confequently conftitution of other countries worth anfit to be introduted into schemes praifing, or that the British constiof government, are improper to be tution was not still capable of imreferred to, '&c."

provement ? As a proof that it had Mr. Fox tose ? reply ; but the not been thought quite perfect, he agitation of his mind was so great, reminded the house of the two late as to deprive him for some time of projects of reform ; that proposed by otterance. He said, however event's Mr. Pitt for the reform of parlia. might have altered the mind of his ment, and that of his right honourFight honourable friend, itill he able friend for the reform of the mürt ' lo call him '

; 'becausé, grating civil lift. Mr. Fox alluded to the as it was to any man to be unkindly expression Mr. Burke had made use treated by those on whom he had of, difciplined troops; and added, bestowed obligations, it was ftill that if this was meant to convey an more grating to meet with such infinuation that any improper influ. treatment from those by whom he ence was exercised on the ininds of had been highly obliged, and whom, geritlemen, such an imputation he potwithslarding their harshness“ and utterly disclaimed. To Thew further

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that the British constitution was not French constitution, had not att perfect; Mr. Fox mentioned the tempts been made to intíoduce the vote of the year 1780, " Tliat the monster into this country. Libels, influence of the crown had increased, he faid, had been circulated against was increasing, and ought to be did the conftitutiony by societies calling minished. To this vote his right themselves constiqutionald: He faid, honourable friend had afsented; and when he saw the new French confti in 1783, when his majesty, on the tution, he wept: it was the works loss of America, lamented in his of Goths and Vandals, where every speech the fate of the provinces, in thing was out of place, disjointed being deprived of the advantages and inverted. He mentioned many resulting from monarchy, Mr. Burke of the enormities which were coma had ridiculed the idea, and compared mitted in France, and particularly it to a man's opening the door, after the religious persecution to which he had left the room, and saying, the non-juring clergy had been tube "At our parting, pray let me recom-jected; and which, bę i juftly obse mend a monarchy to you." He served, was a cruel violation of the faid, if we did not with a monopoly principles of toleration. His opinion of that liberty which we prized to of the American revolution did not highly, we must rejoice in the emani militate against his opinion of the cipation of France. Feeling the French, as the Americans had some present temper of Mr. Burke's reason for the conduct which they mind, he faid, he should keep out of had pursued. H. his way till time and reflection had The chancellor of the exchequer Atted him to think differently of explained that part of his former the subject ; and then if their friends speech, which Mr. Fox had condid not endeavour to re-unite them, fidered as charging him with repubthey would not act as he had a right Lican principles. He said, that when to expect.

that gentleman proposed an elective The concesions of Mr. Fox made instead of an hereditary council, he but little impression on Mr. Burke. 'conceived that he (Mr. Fox) was He said, that the tenderness dif, inclined to think that a larger infuplayed in the beginning and end of fion of the republican principle ofian his {peech, had been completely at present subliniated in the British counterbalanced by what occurred conftitution, was best adapted to in the middle of it, and complained the new government of Canada ; loudly of Mr. Fox taking advantage but that this was a sentiment to even of his jokes and molt careless wbich he (Mr. Pitt) could not po expressions; to prove him guilty of Ably agree. With this explanation juiconfiftency. It had been said that Mr. Fox declared himself satisfiedi in some points the British contint and concluded this tumultuous do-1 tation might be amended; bụt bad bate with intimating, that at a fuhe ever said that that or any other ture day he had no doubt of excut. human conftitution might not? It: pating himself from every charge of had been said, that, in order to republicanism. praise the British, he had thought : The debate which followed on. proper to abufe every other confti, the fame bill, on the sth of May;!: tution; but had- he ever displayed took a milder and more temperate ary such spirit? He would not course. Mr. Fox: declared lumfeld: even have brought forward the an advocate for the British copfti

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100 hest mout:1000 sm.net fution, and for bereditary honqurs; his duty to his country, in warning fuck as exitted in this country, it against the pernicious French which were frequently incentives to principles, at a time when there was patriotism and virtue al he granted, not merely a plot, but open and however, that his principles

were fo avowed attempts to fubvert the con far republican, that he wilhed to titutions in Newton give the crown less power, and the Thus concluded an altercation people more, in every government, which has producedi a {chism ftill old or new; and added, that he was evident in the politics of the opper decidedly of opinion, that the con: fition party. How far the later prod ftitution of this country was more ceedings in France, may tend to liable to be ruined by an increase of abate the ardour of contention, the power of the crown than of the which the French revolution first expeoples Mrd Burke denied that he cited in this country, it is difficult Ind even imputed démocratic prin, to lay. To us it appears that they ciples to Mr. Fox, witba view to are too likely to unite all sensible hurt him; and if he had pulsed him and well disposed persons in a conto a declaration of this principles demnation of the present measures the fpeech which they bad sjult of the popular party there, howie heard from him would prove how ever they may have differed asset far he was likely to have attained his the principle of the Gallic revoking end. He considered himself as forel tiongio yonblurit ad bibi isi strains faken by his party ; but he had done bosh muito9121 bra 91113 lit renn 117 2. to time asili bosnian r piastylt.b Bbs of mer brands

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974 ,ive Din isol.List SH CHA P. i VIII. a beton 1 bisitaria 946 sig at bytagon Lansund Mellage from his MajelyoDifpute with Ruffiaa "Arhiamentooled. Debate so the State of the Nation, and on the Probabilitg of a War woith Ruillie. -Debates in the Lordions thefer Subjectsărb Committee of Finance, , Budget, 1 Debate on the Report of the Committee of Finance Finances of Indian sl Deliate on the Repeal of the Teft. Aalsas far as regards the Church of o Scotland). Scottib Burghos. Prorogation of Parliament. Riots at Bir i ningham.o truputsvor, 731 vj bonislqaror bulk ito sbhin ut Hum Bist.nl eitt 16,5 tlri 166 baridit mu'for ter mais!

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16. which we have just noticed to his reprefentations, to make fome remained iti agitation before the furtheb auginentation of his nasal Britila fenates the attebtion of that's forces and press 3 body was called to another object, As soon as Mr. Pitt had moved ndt lefs important to therinterests; su that the mediayei:be taken into and welfare of the nations ui On the confideration on the mornow," Mr. 28th of March a message was (deljo Fox role, and deplored the circumvered from his majesty, importing stance of their having fallen into a that the endeavours which he chad situation so unfortunate and so up=7 used; in conjunction with his allies, : expected. Referviag' him felf for the to effect a pacification, not having confideration of the message, he prored successful, his majesty judged afked the chancellor of the excbe

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quer, whether he meant only to move diminution of that influence; and a fimple address of thanks to his ma- to Pruflia in particular it muß be jefty for the communication, or highly injurious, to suffer the Turkwhether he meant to include in the ifh empire to be diminithed in forec vote an approbation of the meaiure? and confequence. He: therefore If the latter were to be the cafe, he moved an address, to thank his ma trusted the doctrine of confidence jefty for the communication, and to had not yet proceeded so far, that assure him that the house would they would haftily profess themselves make good the expences, &e. ready to support the king's expences, Lord Wycombe obferved, tbat, without having before them any on first hearing this report, he had ground of information whatever. met it with a positive disbelief. In a Mr. Pitt answered, that it had not commercial view, is there were no been usual to delay the confideration benefits to be hoped for from the of a message from his majetty.longer measure, in any degree equivalent than a day; and in the present cale, to the misehief attending hoftilities. there were many reasons why the In a political view, he could not bufiness ought not to be deferred. think a dispute concerning the fronHe intimated also, that a vote of fim- tiers of Turkey was a sufficient mcplies would be included in the answer tive to engage this country in a war, to the message.

At all events, her thould resist the * The debate on the 29th , was measure, till he was possessed of a opened by Mr. Pitt, who lamented more adequate thare of information that his majesty's endeavours to on the subject. restore peace to Europe bad ploved On the same grounds the motion ineffectual ; yet while they felt the was opposed by Mr. Coke, Mr. advantage of that fyftem of de- Lambtou, Mr. Martin, Mr. Vyner, fenlive alliance, which had been fo and others; and it was supported by generally countenanced, he trusted Mr. Steele. they would admit that a temporary Mr. Fox declared, that he was expence might be wisely and judi- not against a necessary Share of conciously incurred, to prevent any al-fidence in ministry; but he observed, teration taking place in the relative at the same time, that receljary concondition of the afairs of Europe. fidence was only a necessary evil; and With a view to the itate of these ought, therefore, to be always the affairs, he said, an additional furce lealt that the nature of things would had been kept up after the late ar- permit. To admit simply that the mament; and a further addition king, by the advice of his nimiters, was now necessary. He stated, that had ordered an armament, and that if defensive alliances were to be the house must pay the expence, was maintained, it was our duty to ad not in all the gradations of rational here to thofe alliances. The influe confidence ; and the house of: comence of the Turkish empire, he said, mons which entert ained the prowas of great effect in the general pofition, betrayed its duty and inScale of European powers; and its fulted its conttituents. The riglet present tituation was such, as to honourable gentleman who moved afford juft cause of apprehension to the address had en veluped himself all the other powers, whole intereits in mystery and importance but exwere at all liable to be affected by a plained nothing. When the balance

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