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which ffie" feemed willing to make, of these cases applied to the present she had given "up more than any instance. "The Prussian treaty enga. other vi&torious prince would have, ged us no further than that, if that done it her fituation. To carry to country should be attacked, we were this length the Prullian alliance, he, bound to furnish them with a cero contended, was in fact establishing an tain number of troops, or a certain anti-crufade; it was offending the sum of money. Suppose, at the time empress without an adequate cause, when the Prussian treaty wa, laid who might at some future period di- before the house, that it had been a redt her vengeance against us, when condition in it, that whenever Rifa anotherarmament might be required fia should poffefs herself of Oczakow, toávert the effects of her resentment. Great Britain should go to viar The qnestion was carried in favour" with Russia, would any man in that of the address by 228 votes againtt "house have assented to it? Periapa , 135.

w he would be told, that he had admit The attention of the house was "ted that a country was bound, for again called to this important sub. its own safety, to guard against the ject on the 12th of April by Mr. dangerous aggrandisement of any Grey, who said that he had intendo one power. This was certainly true; ed to introduce a motion for'a com. but he must be understood to suppose mittee on the Itate of the nation, that that aggrandisement was aim. but having been given to understand ed at from high authority, that an objec-, and that the danger accruing from

, , violent ; tion would be taken against fuch a it was not remote, but near and committee, he was induced to wave imminent to this country. He conthat object, and to come before fidered the balance of power in Eu. the house directly with certain pro. rope as an object of great concern; positions." He said there were cer- and if they could show him that it tain principles upon which mankind was in the least danger, he mould were generally agreed: among these' certainly give his vote to rescue it might be reckoned the just causes from that danger. But who would for going to war, and of this na. undertake to prove that the pollerture allo.ch ought to govern this such a circumstance as could matelicy

were those "maxims of po- fion of the town of Oczakow was country with respect to its connec. rially affect the interest of this tions with foreign powers. The country, and would endanger the only just canfe of war originated in balance of power in Europe ? the principle of felf-defence; the Mr. Grey next stated the reasons cases, therefore, where a war was" why the postession of that fortress jult, might be reduced to three was an object of importance to the heads, itt, to redeem a right forcibly withhold be none to any other European den, da to which we had an un- power. The country between the doubted claim; '2d, in providing for Bog and the Niefter was known by future fafety; and the laft, a right of the name of desert plains, and thererepelling an unjuft attack, under fore of no value. But although the . which might he included a case when country was barren, it afforded an alvurid been unjustly attacked. shelter to fome hordes of Tartars He proceeded to sew that not one who plundered the dominions of the 1791,

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that the British constitution was not French constitution, had not att perfect; Mr. Fox- mentioned - the tempts been made to introduce the vote of the year 1980, That the moniter into this country. Libels, influence of the crown had increased, he faid, had been circulated again was increasing, and bught to be din the constitution, by societies calling minished." To this vote his right themselves çonctiqutionald: He faida konourable friend had assented; and when he saw the new French conftis in 1783, when his majesty, on the tution, he wept it was the work lols of America, lamented in his of Goths and Vandals, where every fpeech the fate of tlie provinces, in thing was out of place, disjointed being deprived of the advantages and inverted. He mentioned many resulting from monarchy, Mr. Burke of the enormities which were com had ridiculed the idea, and compared mitted in France, and particularly it to a man's opening the door, after the religious persecution to which he had left the room, and saying, the non-juring clergy had been sube "At our parting, pray let me recom- jected; and which, berjuftly ob mend a monarchy to you." He served, was a cruel violation of the faid, if we did not with a monopoly principles of toleration. His opinion of that liberty which we prized lo of the American revolution did not bigbly, we must rejoice in the emans militate against his opinion of the cipation of France. Feeling the French, as the Americdns had some present temper of Mr. Burke's reason for the conduct which they mind, he said, he should keep out of hadi pursuede in vita Sh1.5 his way till time and reflection had The chancellor pf the exchequer fitted him to think differently of explained that part of his former the subject ; and then if their friends speech, which Mr. Fox had condid not endeavour to re-unite them, lidered as charging him with repubthey would not act as he had a right Lican principles. He said, that when to expect.

that gentleman proposed an elective *The concesions of Mr. Fox made instead of an hereditary council, he but little impression on Mr. Burke. 'conceived that he (Mr Pox) was

He said, that the tenderness disa inclined to think that a larger infuplayed in the beginning and end of fion of the republican principle tban his' fpeech, had been completely at present subfitted in the British counterbalanced by what occurred constitution, was best adapted to in the middle of it, and complained the new government of Canada ; loudly of Mr. Fox taking advantage but that this was a sentiment to (ven of his jokes and molt careless which he (Mr. Pitt) could not por exprefsions, to prove him guilty of: Ably agree. With this explanatish inconfiltency. It had been laid that. Mr. Fox declared himself satisfiedi, in some points the Britich confit and concluded this (nwaltuous de tation might be amended ; bụt bad bate with intimating, that at a foc he ever said that that or any other cure day he had no doubt of extulhuman contiitution might not? It pating himself from every charge of had been daid, that, in order to republicanism.

os praise the British, he had thought The debate which followed on proper to abufe every other coniti, the fame bill, on the sith of May,: cution; but had- he ever displayed took a milder and more temperate any such spirit. He would not course. Mr. Fox: declared himself: even have brought forward the an advocate for the British confti

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"On hed no futro oporny iwno 1.stusim ist seg vill ution, and for hereditary honqurs; his duty to his country, in warning such as exifted in this country, it against the pernicious French which were frequently incentives to principles, at a time when there was patriotism and virtues he granted, not merely a plot, but open and honende, that his principles were lo avowed attempts to fubvert the corn fat republican, that he wished to titution.ctts ist das 908 give the crown less power, and the Thus concluded an altercation, people more, in every government, which has produced a fchifm till old or new ; and added that he was evident in the politics of the oppor decidedly of: opinion, that the cons fition party. How far the later prog stitution of this country was more ceedings län France, may tend to liable to be ruined by an increase of abate thel, ardour of contentions the power of the crown than lof the which the French revolution first er people Mr. Burke denied that he cited in this country, it is difficule had ever imputed democratic prins to lay. To us it appears that they ciples to Mr. Fot, with a view to are too. likely to unite all fengible hurt him; and ifike lead pulbed him and well disposed persons in a con to a declaration of this principles, demination of the present meafures the speech i which they bad sjutt of the popular party there, howe heard from him would prove how ever they may have differed asset far he was likely to have attained his the principle of the Gallic revolio, end. He considered himself as foreltion to you blorit si biet tourists faken by his party ; but he had done best moitosítan bro on liit 1,ID 18 to 176 1617 12.195.168 te institih ni of mis batin IT fit online stort bantogtoo toptopping att -ofon odiumut :11, 2011 E mbis

it. ) bib Ditirsadtebist !! 3, C HA P. VIII. botos. 16 bisi, a vagyon! 910) y asistens De: 311! MePage from his Majesty. Dispute with Ruffiaa "Armament voted. Debate

on the State of the Nation, and on the Probability of a War quith Ruit/sus* -Debates in the Lords on these Subje&sans Committee of Finance, Budget.

Debate on the Report of the Committee of Finance Finances of Indian Debate on the Repeal of the Teft Aalsas far as regardssthe Church of Bcolando. Scottib Burgha. Prorogation of Parliament. Riots at Bira i niagham,1o DEM VOY 1191° si bonisqiron bris ti to Tobini 17. of

si ziri jelit turi 97&Josrbs apimt) 2.7 toho HILE feveral of the topics it requisites in order to add weight

1. which we have just noticed to his reprefentations, to make some remained it agitation before the further augmentation of his nasal Breila fendte, the attebtion of that forter ) thott's 51x : 0, badly was called to another object, b As foron asi Mr. Pitt had moved not lefs important to the interests that the imeliage::be taken intor and welfare of the nations, On the confideration on the mornost," Mr.' 28th of March a message was ldelja: Fox rose, and deplored the circumvered from his majesty, importing starce of their having fallen into a that the endeavours which he had situation fo runfortunate and so on? ufod, in conjunction with his alliés, expected. Referving him felé for the to effect a spacitieation, not having confideration of the messages he. proted successful, his majesty judged asked the chancellor of the exche

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provifion that ong seventh of the 9 On the recommitment of the land Dividing the province he Quebec bill, on the 6th of May, as considered as the bett means of con- foon as the chairman a had put the ciliating the French linhabitants, as queftion 14 that the clauses of the they would by this measure be made bill be readi, paragraph by para fenable that there was no intention graph,"? A Mr. Burke rose, he said, to furbe the British laws upon them. to speak to thesgeneral principle of

It would alfo, in elections, prevent the bill. Ho enlarged upon the inthar contest between the two par portance of the act which

they were ties which would be likely to take now about to perform, viz. to applace if there were but one house of point a legiflature for a ditant peoaffembly is baie 1930s1977m 150 ple. The first confideration was the m During the difcuffion of this bill, competency of the house to fuck as e moft extraordinary dispute took act A body of rigtits, commonly place between two of the

moftridif- called the rights of iman, had been tinguished members of the oppofi- lately imported from a neighbouring tion. In our preceding volume we kingdome The principles of this noticed # differentce between Mr. new codoo was; I. That all men are Burke and Mr. Sheridan, fimilar to by nature free, and equal in nepeat that which not occurred between Losrightso&oltu rifithris.code there the former of those gentlemen and fore were admitted, the power of Mr. Fox. Though, however, thé the house could extend 0 farther difcuffion of the Quebec bill was than to call together the inhabitants the 'apparenc occafion which pro of Canada to choosela constitution duced this clalh of sentiment, yet for themselves; Rejecting this code, there is much reason to believe that however, which was never preached the feeds of dilunion hadtaong ex- any where without mischiefA he ifted. The well-known titritability would allumé the principles that this of Mr. Burke upon the subject of country had acquired the right of the French politics had ottranged legillating for Canada by right of fióm him in some degree his former conquetto i The next guction then friends who differed from him on wasg what model was to be followed chat fübject; and even in the de- in inftituting a' government for fa bate to which we allude, he com- nadamı He proceeded to notice the plained that Mr. Fox's visits had three great modern examples, the been tess frequent cthar: they had conftitutions of America, of France, formerly been. Pofsibly the allusion and of Great Britain. Wither to of Mt. Foxy which we noticed in spect to America, as las confunderable the preceding page, to the times portion of the inhabitants of Canada of chivalry, might serve in some de had emigrated from that i country, gree to irritate Mr. Burke, and to as they had fled from the blollings call forth his animadverfion on the of American government, there ivas prefent occafion. But as some act no danger of their :being, fosimuch count isof the difference between fhooked with the introductionoftbe thefe illuftrious characters may be British constitution as'to retum more interesting as a point of hifu He next noticed the French conftitory than conjectures concerning its tution, which he condemned in the motivet, we shall proceed to lay a strongest terms. He said the prach fhort fatement of the facts before tical effects of this conftitution might our readers.

be seen in St. Domingo, and the other French iflandse they were Quebec bill, he would have debated tourishing and happyytill they heard it, clause by slaufg, according tu of the rights of man. As soon as the establifhed practice of the house. this fyftems arrived among them, If his object had been to prevent Pandora's box, replete with every the apprehendedi danger to the montall evih, feemed tol Ay open; British conftitution, he would have hell itself to yawnpand every demon given notice

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of a particular day for of mischief to overspread the face of that particular purposes on would the country. Ought this example have takenl any gather occasion for to induce us to send to our colonies doing its rather than this, on whicha a cargo of the nights of mand As his incarelt and dearekt friend had

don would he fend them a bale of been misrepresented and tradueedt infected tcotton from v Marseilles. But that the course which his right The state of France, in confequence honourable friendit had taken, was of this conftitution, he reprelented such as seemed to confirm the in

mort deplorables. They had gotá finuation / againf himg of having king who was every thing in name, maintained republican principles, an and nothing in reality over whont applicable to the British confiM. la Fayette, b the chief jailor of tation, in a forner debate on the Paris, mounted sguardybas agitate bill He defended his former fentiprifoner; and who being desirous mentsrelative to the French revo of a little fresh air, obtained a day lutionHe repeated that he Tule to go five mites from Paris, but thought it on the whole one of was stoppeds by one of his faithful the most glorious events in the hil grenadiers presenting a bayonet to tory of mankind.” Ia this affertion. Fris breaftar Isi 15 most however, he spoke of the revolutiara 9: At this part of his speech, Mr. and not of the constitution, the latter Bakerlealled Mr. Burke to order; remained to be improved by exper and a tong altercation enfued, con rience, and accommodated to cít, cerning the decency and propriety cumstances, si Mr. Fox faid, that áf of canvaffing and 'abuling foreign the committee should decide that dis governments when the question be right honourable friend fhould pure fore the houfe merely respected the sue his argument on the French governments of Quebec. In the conftitution, he would deave the course of the dispute, Mr. Burke house till it was finished. He faidh intimated that there was a defign however, thatí on a proper occahoa formed in this country, by certain he should have no objection to main. perfons, nagainft the conftitution." tain his sentiments and would une At length lords Sheffield moved, dertake to prove that the rights of " that differtations on the French man, which, his right honourablo palitation are not regular and or friend: had tidiculed as vilionary derly, when the question is that were che bags of the British conftis the elauses rofdthe Quebecy bill be ţution, as our fatutesbook evinced, seadoa d'econd time, sparagraph by in recognizing the coriginal inbes paragraphu” noitusotinos Aires rent wights of the people as meno

air. Fox Teednded the motion, which no prescription i could fuper In the courser of his rispeech, Mr. fedey nasaccident remove non oblis Fox.observed, that if Mr. Burke's terate.!!: Affugħ liprinciples were intention shad been to debate the dangerous to the constitution, thep bilo rid Hoteles

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