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for his return at the gate. His ad- ployed in some of the branches of dress had two objects: “to entreat sculpture, and was only seventeen that the assembly would devise fome years of age, fainted. When the method of relieving the dreadful recovered ihe delired leave to kiss scarcity of bread which prevailed at the king's hand, who embraced hier, Paris, and which he said had been and dismissed her with an elegant occafioned by the interception of compliment. The women without convoys, and by the monopolists; doors could scarcely believe the reand to solicit that the gardes-du- port of those who had been admitcorps might be ordered to assume ted. In the mean time the king the national cockade.” He had signed an order for bringing corn scarcely finished, when a national from Senlis and de Lagni, and for cockade was presented to him on removing every obstacle which imthe part of the gardes-du-corps, peded the supply of Paris. This as a proof that they had already order was reported to the women, adopted it. Maillard' fhewed it to and they retired with acclamations the women, who immediately an- of gratitude and joy. swered by loud acclamations of Vive This band of Amazons was no ke roi, & M. M. les gardes-du-corps! sooner dispersed than it was fucA deputation was immediately ap- ceeded by another, headed by M. pointed to wait on the king with Brunout, a soldier of the Parisian this intelligence.
guard, whom they had compelled to The king had gone that morning assume the unpleasant office of their to take the diversion of shooting in leader. It is uncertain upon what the woods of Meudon ; and in the provocation M. Savonieres, a lieumidst of his sport intelligence was tenant in the gardes-du-corps, and brought, “ that a mott formidable two other officers, imprudently finband of women were on the way gled out Brunout from his company, frorn Paris, exclaiming for bread.” and chased him along the ranks “Alas!" answered the king, “ if I with their drawn fabres. The unhad it, I should not wait to be happy man was upon the point of beasked.” On his return, as soon as ing cut to pieces with their sabres, he mounted his horse, a chevalier of when one of the national guard of St. Louis fell upon his knees and Versailles fired upon M. Savonieres, beseeched his majesty not to be and broke his arm, and by that“ afraid,-“ I never was afraid in my means saved the life of Brunout : life," returned the king.
and this incident is said to have On his arrival at Versailles he greatly increased that unfortunate found the gardes-du-corps and the hatred which the people afterwards national guard under arms, and the manifested by atrocious acts of crupalace surrounded with a mob. elty to the gardes-du-corps. With the deputation from the af. Whether there was indeed a consembly five of the women were in- certed plan to carry off the king to troduced to his majefty, who on Metz, or whether the court was hearing of the diftreffcs of the me- really terrified by the accident which tropolis was extremely moved, and we have just recounted, it is imposthe women sympathized in the feel- fible to determine ; but the king's ings of the monarch, Louisa Cha- carriages were ordered to the gate bry, a young woman who was em of the castle which communicates
with the orangery. The national Darkness and a deluge of rain guard of Versailles, however, who added to the horrors of the night. occupied the post, refused to permit 'The wretched multitudes who had them to pass; and the king himself travelled from Paris were exposed, was resolute in his determination to almost familhed, to the inclemencies ftay-declaring, "that he would ra- of the weather in the open streets: ther perith, than that the blood of within the castle all was trepidation; the people fould be spilled in his nothing was to be heard from with
out but imprecations, and the voice The assembly continued fitting; of enraged multitudes demanding but the fefion was tumultuous, and the life of the queen and the gardesinterrupted by the shouts and ha- du-corps. Towards midnight, howrangucs of the Parisian fish-women, ever, all appeared tolerably still and who filled the galleries. A letter peaceable, when the beating of the however from the king was read, drums, and the light of innumerable deploring the farcity of provifions, torches, announced the approach of and recommending that effectual the Parisian army. The marquis de means migit be taken to remedy la Fayette on his arrival repaired to that calamity; and in a little time the closet, and informed the king of after M. Mounier entered with the the whole proceedings of the day ; pure and fimple affent of the king a part of the national guards were to the constitutional articles. The distributed in posts agreeably to the assembly was then adjourned; but orders of his majefty; the rest were the applaufe which was bestowed entertained by the inhabitants of on its proceedings was mingled with Versailles, or retired to lodge in the afleeting murmurs and complaints, churches and public edifices, for the the multitude crying out that they remainder of the night ; and tranwere actually starving, and that the quillity appeared once more perfectmajority of them had caten nothing ly refored. for upwards of twenty-four hours. The troops of vagabonds who had The president therefore humanely accompanied Maillard, or who had ordered that provifions should be followed the Parifian militia, were fought for in every part of the town, chiefly disposed of in the hall of the and the hall of the affembly was the affembly, and in the great corps-descene of a miserable, scanty, and t\- garde ; and at about five in the multuons banquet. Indeed, such morning the marquis de la Fayette, was the dreadful famine, that the after having visited all the posts, and horse of one of the gardes-du-corps found every thing perfectly quiet, being killed in a tumult, he was im- retired to his chamber to write to mediately roasted, and greedily de- the municipality of Paris, and pervoured, by the mob. Previous to haps in the hope of snatching a few the adjournment of the affembly, hours repose. Maillard and a number of the wo- The day began to break at about men set off in carriages, provided by half past five ; and at this period the king, for Paris
, carrying with crowds of women and other despethem the king's letter, and the re- rate persons, breathing vengeance folves of the national assembly, in and thirsting for blood, advanced to the hope of reftoring peace to the the castle, which, in the fatal fecumetropolis,
rity which the arrival of the Pari
han militia inspired, was left un- bled upon the terrace; but her guarded in several places. Some of waiting-woman had fatisfied her by the iron gates were shut, and some saying, “ that they were only the left open. An immense crowd found women of Paris, who the supposed, its way into the cour des ministres, and not being able to find a lodging, immediately proceeded to the royal were walking about.” But the tugate, which was shut, and a number mult approaching, and becoming apof the invaders attempted to scale parently more serious, she rose, dresit. Another troop of ruffians pro- fed herself in haste, and ran to the ceeded to the chapel court, and ano- king's apartment by a private pasther to that of the princes, and by fage. In her way she heard the both these avenues penetrated into noise of a pistol and a musket, the royal court. Some halty dispo- which redoubled her terror. My fitions of defence were made by a friends,” said she to every person the M. Agueffeau ; the gardes-du-corps mct,“ save me and my children.” were soon under arms, and one man In the king's chamber the found the was wounded by them in the arm, dauphin, who had been brought and another shot dead. The crowd. there by one of her women; but immediately mounted thegrand stair. the king was gone. Awaked by case, where one of the gardes-du- the tumult, he had seen from a wincorps, M. Miomandre, endeavoured dow the multitude presling towards to dissuade them fmm their at the great ftair.cale'; and alarmed tempt ; but he narrowly escaped for the queen, he haited to her with his life. M. Tardivet du Re- apartment, and entered at one door paire halted to the queen's apart. in the moment she had quitted it ment, in order to prevent the en- by the other. He returned without trance of the banditti ; but he was loss of time ; and having with the affailed by thousands, and stretched queen brought the princes roval upon the ground. A villain with a into the chamber, they prepared to pike attempted to pierce him to the face the multitude. heart ; but he had the good fortune In the mean time the noise and to wrest the weapon from his hand, tumult increased, and appeared at with which he parried the attacks the very door of the chamber. Noof his enemies, and at length effect- thing was to be heard but the most ed his escape. M. Miomandre in dreadful exclamations, with violent the mean time made his way to the and repeated blows against the outer queen's apartment. He opened the door, a pannel of which was broken. door, and cried out to a lady whom Nothing but inftant death was exhe saw in the inner chamber“ Save pected by the royal company. Sudthe queen, madam, her life is in denly, however, the tumult seemed danger-I am here alone against to cease-every thing was quiet; two thoufand tigers." He shut and a moment after a tentle rap was the door; and after a few minutes heard at the door. The door was resistance was desperately wounded opened, and in an instant the apartwith a pike, and left for dead ments were filled with the Parilian though he has fince recovered. guard. The officer who conducted
The queen had been awaked them, ordered them to ground their a quarter of an hour before by the arms. “ We come,” faid he, camours of the women who allem- fave the king;” and turning to such
of the gardes-du-corps as were in entirely free, and under the protec the apartments, “ We will save you tion of the national guard. The also, gentlemen ; let us from this most generous expressions of kindmoment be united."
ness and gratitude took place beUnfortunately the national guard tween the gardes-du-corps and the arrived too late to prevent all the national guard. The former contimischief. Two of the gardes-du- dered the others as their deliverers ; corps were murdered by the mob while the latter evinced every inclibefore the troops could be rallied, nation that they should in future and their heads fixed on spikes form one united
corps. ferved as the standards of this de- The royal family now ventured to teftable banditti. From the first mo- shew themselves at a balcony, and ment of the alarm the marquis de la received the most lively acclamaFayette had even exceeded his usual tions of respect from the soldiers activity. He appeared in every and the people. But whether it quarter :-"Gentlemen,” said he had been planned by the popular to the Parisian soldiers, “ I have party, or whether it was the immepledged my word and honour to the diate impulse of the multitude king that nothing belonging to him but the former is most probablefhall receive injury. If I break my at the first a single voice, or a few word, I shall be no longer worthy voices, exclaimed—" The king to to be your commander.” Captain Paris;” and this was instantly followGondran, the officer who had driven ed by an universal acclamation enthe ruffiaus from the king's apart- forcing the same demand. Aftersome ment, was not less confpicuous for consultation with the marquis de la his activity. The Parilians forced Fayette, 'the king addressed them: their way in every part through “ You wish me to go to Paris I the almost impenetrable mass--sur- will go, on the condition that I am rounded the gardes-du-corps, and to be accompanied by my wife and placed them in safety under their children.” He was answered by reown colours.
iterated acclamations of Vive le roi ! Plunder is however commonly Before the departure of the king, one great object of a mob. The the national assembly was banditti had already begun to strip vened; and, on the motion of M. the palace, and to throw the furni- Mirabeau, paffed a folemn decree, ture to each other out of the win- “ that the affembly was infeparable dows. M. Gondran pursued them from the person of the king." A froin place to place, till the cattle deputation of one hundred memwas at length completely cleared. bers was also appointed to accomExpelled from the palace, they re- pang the king to Paris. During paired to the hables; but here a the preparations for the journey, the ludden stop was put to their depre- gardes-du-corps changed hats and dations by M. Doazon, a farmer- fwords with the grenadiers and nageneral, and captain of the Paris itonal guards, and both they and militia. The horses were all reco- the regiment of Flanders desired vered, and brought back in fafety to leave to mix indiscriminately in the their stalls. Disappointed at length ranks. It was two o'clock in the in every view, they departed in a afternoon before the proceffion setbody to Paris ; and left Verlailles out. During the progress all was
gaiety and joy among the soldiers tion and evil counsels, his character and the spectators; and such was the is in the general neither deficient in respect in which the French na- good sense nor firmness. As they tion till held the name and person afcended the stairs of the Hôtel de of their king, that the multitude Ville, the narquis de la Fayette rewere superstitioully persuaded that quested the king that he would eithe royal presence would actually ther assure the people himself, or put an end to the famine *. On his permit some other person to assure arrival, the king was congratulated them in his name, that he would by the municipality, and declared fix his abode in Paris.-“ I feel no his approbation of the loyalty which objection,” replied the monarch, the city of Paris manifested. He
" to fix abode in my good city however gave one proof, among of Paris : but I have not yet formed feveral others which he had before any determination on the subject; given, that however he may be and I will make no promise which I wrought upon by mifrepresenta- do not positively mean to fulfil.”
Emigration of the Arilocratic Members of the Asembly. Title of King of the
French. Duke of Orleans retires to England. A Baker banged by the Mob at Paris._ Riot Act, New Division of the Empire. Church Lands applied to the Exigencies of the State. Lettres de Cachet abolished. Committee appointed to inspea ihe Penfion Lif. Diflinction of Orders abolished, Opposition of the Provincial States and Parliaments. Ricis at Marseilles and Touton. Melancholy Event at Senlis. Debate on the Eligibility of Minifters to the National Affembly. Corhca declared a constituent part of the French Empire. Plan of the Crille de l'Extraordinaire. Refusal of a Donation from Geneva. Of an Alliance with Brabant. Refifiance of the Parliament of Brittany. Affair of the Marquis de Favras. Municipalities made responsible for Damages fufained by Riots. Supprefsion of Monasteries. Emission of Alignats. Gabelle, &r. abolished. Reform of the Jurisprudence. Troubles in St. Domingo, &c. Publication of the Red Book. Rehgions Insurrections at Toulouse, Montebon, and Nijmes. Right of making War and Peace. Organization of the Clergy. Abolition of Titles, &c. Grand Confederation. Return of M. d'Orleans. THATEVER might have quiet minds of the Parisians; it
been the intentions of ei- brought their sovereign more immether party in producing the riots diately in connexion with them, of the 5th and 6th of October, the and Itrengthened in some degree removal of the king to the metro- the bands of union : nay, chimeripolis was certainly productive of the cal as it may appear, the superstitious happiest consequences. It satisfied fancy of the populace, that the precompletely the suspicious and un- sence of the king would terminate
The popular exclamation was, as they proceeded along We are bringing the baker, the baker's wife, and the little journeyman,"