Billeder på siden

increased; and the circulating specie and plan of this ill-concerted and up of the kingdom disappeared, as it fortunate journey unfortunate for were by a miracle. The pon-juring the country, because it destroyed priests were more active and auda- that.confidence - which the people cious than ever, and emissaries were ought to have in the executive you employed to corrupt the foldiery of vernment ;- and doubly unfortunate almoft every regiment, and especially for the monarch, becaufe- it-lot-hiin on tbe frontiers.

much of the love of an affectionate · The perfidious Bouillé, who had and loyal people, who, in the molt fo wantonly imbrued his hands in distrefsful and tumultuous circum: the blood of his fellow-foldiers, in ftances of the revolution, was never the affair of Nancy, vas the princi- known to waver or abate in the repal agent on this occalion. By a spect and personal regard which variety of fictions and excuses, he they retained for their fovereign evaded for a long time the civic The king's intention was not kept oath ; but at length he took it with fuch a profound fecret, but that it fuch spontaneous tokens of zeal as was known to M. Gouvion, one of left no room to doubt of his fidelity. the officers of the national guard, He was entrusted with the protec. who communicated it to the mayor tion of the frontiers ; a trust which and M. la Fayette : the guard was he exercited more consistently with in consequence doubled, and fuch his own character and views, than precautions were taken as appeared with the principles of duty and ho- likely to prevent every posibility of nour. He either permitted the forti. effecting the intention. On the fications of all the frontier towns to night of the 20th of June; however, run to decay, or assifted in their die the king, queen, madame Elizabeth, lapidation. The garrisons were left filter to the king, and the whole of without provisions or ammunition. the royal family disappeared. Soon The national foldiery were replaced after their departure, it was dif wherever it was possible with fo- covered that a fewer which rani una reigners, and the utmost pains were der the princess Elizabeth's apart: taken to spread disunion and dif- ment, from the castle of the Thuillea content among the national troops. ries, and communicated with the The place nominally appointed for river, under the first areh of the Pont the retreat of the king, was Mont-Royal, had been cleaned' out, and metly, a fortified' town of Luxem- covered with planks and fand. burgh, but it was generally sup- Through this it was supposed tlie posed that his actual residence was royal family escaped, and proeeeded to be within the emperor's domi- in a boat along the river ta Şeve, nions. Here the emigrants froin where a strong and convenient coach, 21 quarters were to be affembled, made for the purpose, received the and were to act in concert with the king, the queen, the dauphin, and powerful fuccours which were to be madame Elizabeth. The others were furnished by Prafia and Austria, conveyed in polt-chaifes Monfieur while othca diverfions were to be and madame took the road to Mons; made on the side of Spain and Savoy, and the king's party that of Mont. by the respective monarchs of those medy," countries.

If a telt had been wanting of the Such is the account which is most spirit and patriotism of the nation; generally believed of the motives none could have been devised fo faz

tisfactory tisfactory as this. The assembly of government; but who are plan. received the news with a calmness ning Utopian republics, inttead of and dignity, fufficient almoft to dif- promoting the peace and industry countenance opposition. Their first of a people, and the stability of the care was the public safety and tran- government, which are the only cir. quillity. They committed to the cumstances that can give greatnefs minifters the execution of the laws, or prosperity to a nation. and the other political functions of To the republican party the de the king. A new oath of fidelity parture of the king was a matter to the nation was prescribed to the of triumph: their love of change military. Couriers were dispatched was now likely to meet at least a to all the different parts of the king- present gratification : they enlarged dom, with orders to stop the fugi- upon the absurdity of a government tivea, if poffible, and to recommend which enabled an individual to the preservation of peace and good throw the whole ftate into confuorder. After these precautions, the fion : they represented the king as a assembly, with unparalleled calmness, perjured monfter, whose patriotism resumed their ordinary labours, and and love for his people would preproceeded to the discusion of the fently be evinced by his entering penal code.

France at the head of hostile armies, Among the people, the firft im. to ravage the country, and to drench pulse was a combined emotion of con- it in blood. The loss of authority, Iternation, surprise, and indignation. they stated, must be ever, to him The king's arms and effigies were who once poffessed it, a subject of taken down and broken by the po- regret; and they exhorted the lovers pulace of Paris. A proclamation of liberty, even if the king's flight from the assembly, however, soon should be prevented, to make use of restored order. The national guard the opportunity to get rid of a naassembled ; deputations from dif- tural enemy. ferent bodies appeared at the bar of The more temperate and founder the assembly, with the strongelt and thinkers saw the matter in a very most firm professions of patriotism different point of view. The maand obedience.

jority of them preferred a limited Though the majority of the nation, monarchy, as at least the moft expehowever, thus evinced its attachment dient form of government, and conto the revolution, the flight of the king fidered it as abfurd in a nation enwas viewed in very different lights, joying perfect liberty, to dispute according as the different parties felt about the mode or form in which it their particular prejudices affected should be adminiftered. They conby the event. At the first of the fidered, that even if the republican revolution, two parties only divided form were preferable, custom and the mass of the people ; the friends habit had inured the French to moof privileges and aristocracy, and the narchy, and their strongest prejufriends of liberty : but the latter dices inclined them to support it : had fince divided, and a party more that the nation was not in a ftate dangerous to the new constitution to endure the shock of a fecond rethan even the aristocracy themselves volution. They therefore coQhad started up ; a party, who, in templated it as the happieft event quest of ideal perfection, are never that could occur, should the king fatisfied with any establified form by any fortunate chance be restored ; . 1791.



and foresaw a train of the most loaded with furniture; they overset formidable evils threatening the it, and called together, the mayor, kingdom and the people, should he the procureur de la commune, and fall into the hands of thcir enemies. the commandant of the national

These disasters were happily pre- guard, and in a few minutes the vented by the patriotism, vigilance, number of the patriots was increased and good conduct of two obscure to eight men. The commandant individuals. To favour their escape, and the procureur approached the the royal family had obtained a principal carriage, and akked the passport through the medium of names of the travellers. The queen the Russian ambalador, in the petulantly answered, they were in name of a baroness de Kortz, with hate, and produced the passport, her suite, as travelling to Frankfort. which was thought a sufficient warThey travelled in the most private rant by several persons; but the postmanner till they found themselves masters combated the opinion, on at a considerable distance from the the ground of its not being coun. capital, when they were furnished terligned by the president of the by Bouillé with detachments of dra- national aiembly; and asked why goons, under the pretence of guard- a Ruflian baroness should be eling some treasure for the pay of the corted by the military of France ? soldiers. They proceeded without It was determined therefore to interruption for 156 miles, and were stop the travellers ; and as they enbut a few leagues from the frontiers tered the house of the procureur, when they were arrefted. At St. the king throwing off his disguise Menehoud, the post-mater, a M. resumed his dignity.-" I am your Drouet, had formerly been a dra- king, it is true,” said he : “ these goon in the regiment of Condé- are my wife and children. I charge He immediately recognised the you to treat us with that respect queen, and was forcibly attracted by which the French nation have always the resemblance of the king to his manifested towards their fovereign." portrait on the assignat of fifty livres. The national guard now arrived He was confirmed in his suspicions, in considerable numbers, and at the on seeing the detachment of dra- fame moment the huslars, who en, goons, relieved by a detachment of deavoured sword in hand to force hussars, and determined to stop them; the house where the king was; but but, being alone, was prudent enough were answered by the national guard, not to expose himself to the opposi- that they should never carry him off tion of the soldiers. He suffered the alive. The commandant of the nacarriage to pass, but mounted a swift tional guard had placed at each end horse, and took a cross-road to Varen- of the street two field-pieces, which nes, which was their next stage. He hoever were not charged; but. communicated his suspicions to the they were sufficient to intimidate the post-mafter there, who had also fore hussars, who, upon the commandant merly been a dragoon; and they ordering the artillery-men to their concluded that the only mode of ef- posts with their matches in their fxĉuing their purpole was to barri- hands, relinquished their object, and cade the street and bridge over. quietly furrendered the king to the which the carriages muft necessarily custody of the national guard. país. Fortunately, on the bridge The news of these transactions there food at the moment a carriage was received by the asembly with


inexand queen.

inexpreffible fatisfaction. The pet- against the queen, which rendered jured Bouillé was suspended from his him apprehensive for her fafety ftill functions; and orders were given more than for his own in the mefor arresting him, and all who ap- tropolis.” The declaration of the peared to be concerned in the flight queen rested entirely on the plea, of the king : but Bouillé evaded for “that as the king had determined the present the axe of jullice, by to remove himself and family, it was flying the kingdom. The affembly impossible that she could admit the next appointed two commillioners to thought of voluntarily parting from examine the inferior agents of the him and her children.” king's flight ; and three commir. Monsieur and Madame, who had fioners, Messrs. Tronchet, d'André, taken a different road, were more and Duport, were appointed to re- successful in effecting their escape, ceive the declaration of the king and arrived fafe at Brussels on the

23d. The royal family were escorted to The neceflity of completing the Paris by a considerable body of the fabric of the constitution became national guard, who increased in now more than ever apparent and the numbers as they approached the affembly laboured incessantly on the metropolis. Messrs. Barnave, Pe. municipal code and the organization thion, and Latour Maubourg had of the arity. In the mean time been dispatched to Varennes for the every precaution was taken to prepurpose of accompanying them back serve the peace of the kingdom ; and to Paris; and public tranquillity a decree was passed, the subttance of was so well preserved, that they en- which was, that such of the emitered the Thuilleries on the 25th grants as did not return witliin two without any disturbance, and with months should be subjected to triple no apparent inconvenience but the taxes for the year 1791. fatigue of the journey. On the The flight of the king seemed in27th the commisfioners waited on deed the lignal for the emigrants to the king and queen to receive their commence their hostile proceedings. declarations. The king persified in M. Cazalts and some others of the the assertion that he had made from violent aristocratic party sent in the first, “ that he had no intention their resignations to the national of leaving the kingdom, and meant asiembly; troops were levied on only to fix at Montmedi, which is a the frontiers in the king's name, fortified town, till the vigour of and many of the former officers of gorernment should in some degree the royal regiments exerted theinbe restored, and the constitution selves to seduce the foldiers from fettled. A further reason for prefer their allegiance by promises of adring this as the place of his residence, vancement and high rewards: their was, he added, that in case of any attempts, however, were in general disturbance on the frontiers he might without success; a circumstance be ready to present himself in the which has not been adverted to by post of danger, and to prevent insur- those who suppose the attachment rection. His reasons for quitting of the French soldiery to the revo. Paris, he declared to be, the insults lution to have been entirely venal. to which he was liable there, and As these levies were made in the the inflammatory publications which name of the king, he thought it were daily produced, particularly proper formally to disavow them,

H 2


which he did in a letter to the na. every quarter. Foreigners refident tional assembly dated the 7th of July. in France seemed solicitous of the

The return of the king appeared honour of being classed among her cito make little alteration in the de- tizens. Among these it would be signs of the fovereigns who were unpardonable not to mention particonfederated againit France. Spain, cularly general Luckner. This céindeed, whose political interests are lebrated veteran, who had renounced diametrically opposite to a rupture his German origin for the priviwith France, renewed on the occa- leges of a Frenchman, embraced fion its professions of amity. The the opportunity of teftifying his with other courts kept still at a distance, to conquer or die in the service of and the German frontierwascrowded liberty and the constitution. · The with troops, and every where en conduct of the assembly was not ungaged in military preparations. He worthy the confidence which the muit know little indeed of public af. nation seemed to place in its virtue fairs, who can suppose that such a and patriotism. Calmness, dignity circumstance could make any alte- and moderation characterized its ration in the intentions of the com- proceedings at this period. In opbined courts. The politics of def- position to the violent republicans, pots are always felfiih ; increase of the legislature tenaciously adhered to territory is still their favourite pur. its conftitutional decree concerning suit. It would be weak to suppose the inviolability of the king's person. that compassion for the emigrants, Even the emigrants were treated fympathy for the king, or even zeal with a degree of indulgence: the for the maintenance of royal autho- prince de Condé himself, though rity, would be motives (trong enough profeffedly in a state of war with his to engage them in the expences and country, did not experience either difficulties of war. A stronger in- halte or severity from the assembly. citement must be supposed ; and that M. Duveyrier was fent as envoy to could be no other than the dismem- him and the other princes, to solicit berment of France, connected most their return to the enjoyment of probably with the destruction and happiness and security in the borom annihilation of the petty states of of their country; but this ambassaGermany. Victorious, Auftria and dor of peace was imprisoned, and inPrussia may be enriched with the sulted in the most barbarous manner. spoils of France ; and even 'disap- The unanimity which prevailed pointed in that obje&t, as the smaller throughout France, from the time of Dates of Germany will in that cafe the king's return till his acceptance 'be the chief theatre of war, excuses of the conftitution, was however inmay be found for placing them un- terrupted by a short but disgraceful der the protection of more powerful riot at Paris. Several efforts had empires, and for aggrandizing these been made by ill disposed persons, at the expence of their weak and in- "supposed to be in the pay of the emidigent neighbours.

grants, or of the hoftile princes, to France however still continued disturb the public tranquillity, by in too united a state to warrant any circulating lists of members of the immediate enterprise against her. afsembly who were reported to be Addresses breathing the strongest bribed to betray their trust, and profeffions of loyalty

and attachment "other infidious manoeuvres. These to the conftitution poured in from efforts however all prored abortive

« ForrigeFortsæt »