African Languages: An Introduction
Emeritus Professor Institute of African Studies Bernd Heine, Bernd Heine, Derek Nurse
Cambridge University Press, 3. aug. 2000 - 396 sider
This book is the first general introduction to African languages and linguistics to be published in English. It covers the four major language groupings (Niger-Congo, Nilo-Saharan, Afroasiatic and Khoisan), the core areas of modern theoretical linguistics (phonology, morphology, syntax), typology, sociolinguistics, comparative linguistics, and language, history and society. Basic concepts and terminology are explained for undergraduates and non-specialist readers, but each chapter also provides an overview of the state of the art in its field, and as such will be referred to also by more advanced students and general linguists.
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affixes African languages Afroasiatic alternations analysis appear Bantu basic become Benue-Congo branches Central Chadic chapter classification clause clusters common comparative complex considered consonant constructions contrast Cushitic derived dialect distinction East evidence example exist expressed fact function further gender genetic given grammatical groups guages Hausa instance involves Khoisan known less lexical linguistic major marked markers meaning modifiers morphemes morphology Niger-Congo Nilo-Saharan Nilotic nominal noted noun phrase object occur original particular pattern person phonological plural position possible present pronoun question reconstruction referred relative represented result root semantic sentence sequence shown single social societies sometimes Sotho sounds South southern speak speakers spoken status structure Sudanic suffixes Swahili syllable Table tend tion tone usually varieties various verb verbal voice vowel West word order