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The Town Hall is a handsome Gothic building; of the Sebeldt and the Lys, to observe the animathe fountain and basin opposite are worthy of tion and activity imparted by the flourishing state attention. The portal of the collegiate church of of its manufactories. Its population is chiefly the burgomaster and aldermen is a masterpiece of engaged in the manufacturing of linen and wood carving, executed in 1530 by Paul Vander cotton threads by machinery, and the bleaching Schelder. The trade in linen is extensive. The and printing of calicoes. Gand is built on population is 6,265. The Lys, which passes Deynze, twenty-six islands, united by bridges, and conrises in France, in the department of the Pas de tains three hundred streets. Ghent, though no Calais, not far from Bethune; after watering Aire, longer the great commercial city of former days, Estaires, and Armentières, it takes a north

when the Emperor Charles V. (its most distineasterly direction, a little below the latter town,

guished native, born here 1500) said of it-"Je and forms the limit between France and Belgium, mettrai tout Paris dans mon Gand," (i.e., my glove, by Warneton and Wervick, which it passes, and mon gant), is still the Manchester of Belgium. In entering West Flanders, passes Courtray, then

1800 an enterprising Fleming, named Lieviere enters East Flanders, near Olsene, crossing Deynze, Baucus, brought over from Manchester several and taking a winding course of about 100 miles, it

English workmen and spinning jennies; manufacfalls into the Scheldt at Ghent.

tures quickly took root, and in a short time 80,000 Nazareth (Station) is next met with. Popu

workmen were employed, sixty steam-engines lation 5,500. Leaving here the railway passes required to set in motion the machinery of the Maria Leerne, and enters a very interesting place, various cotton mills, many of whose chimneys to the right of which meanders the river Lys.

appear like classic columns. St. Dennis Westrem is passed to the left; the The political history of Ghent is various and road leading to the village of Oudenarde is next interesting. Notwithstanding the severe strictures crossed by the railway, after which it turns sud- of the historian, Hallam, it calls up to the recoldenly to the left, and leaving the line leading to lection many scenes which inspire us with every Brussels, arrives at

sentiment of sympathy and good-will towards the GHENT (Station)-French, Cand; Flemish, descendants of many a name illustrated in cenGend; English, Gaunt, where John of Gaunt was

turies past by deeds of patriotism and domestic born. Population (1873), 128,424. Hotels :

virtue, which still do honour to the Flemish Hotel Royal, Place d'Armes, in the centre of

character. Its citizen-magistrates being conthe town, and nearest to the railway station, a demned by the Emperor Charles V. to implore his first-class hotel-highly recommended to English clemency, and to wear a rope round their necks travellers ; landlord, Mr. Marit.

whenever they acted judicially, they turned into Hotel de la Poste, Place d'Armes.-This old

an honour with this device, in which the city is established first-rate hotel is conducted by Mr. A.

characterised, along with others:Vande Putte, and is highly recommended.

"Nobilibus Bruxella viris, Antverpia nummis, Hotel de Vienne, nearest hotel to the churches

Gandavum laqueis, fornosis Bruga puellis,

Lovanium doctis, gaudet Mechlinia stultis." of St. Bavon, St. Nichol, and St. Michael-moderate

Ghent is one of the handsomest towns on the charges and excellent accommodation. A. Rosz

Continent; its streets and public squares are wide mann, proprietor, a German.

and spacious; it has more the appearance of a Du Comte d'Egmont; D'Allemagne; Du Duc de

modern city than Bruges. Most of the houses, as Wellington; De Courtrai.

in Holland, are furnished with espions, or little There is a good Buffet at the station, which is

reflectors, placed outside the windows, and showwithin the town. Cabs are always in attendance.

ing all the passers in the street. Its objects of Post Office.-Rue de l'Université.

attraction may be enumerated as follows:English Church Service.

The Beffroi.- Belfry tower, a building erected The traveller will be most agreeably surprised

in 1183. Permission to erect a tower, or belfry, on entering this rich and populous city, through

was the earliest privilege that the citizens obone of its seven gates, situated at the confluence tained from their feudal lords, and was, hence, long

rogarded by them as a monument of their power and wealth. It originally served as a watch tower, from whence an enemy could be descried, and in which was a tocsin-bell that called the citizens to arms, and to debate. The gilt dragon on the top was carried off from Bruges by the Gantoises, as a trophy of their conquest of that town, under Philip Vlaenderlaudt. It has lately been re-gilt.

Its history is rather a remarkable one, it having originally adorned a Greek church at Constantinople, from whence it was carried off by the men of Bruges, who went to the first crusade as soldiers under Baldwin, Count of Flanders. It is now used as a prison, and had deposited in the lower part of it, not long since, the title deeds and records of Ghent. From its top a magnificent view can be had, and the entrance to it lies through the shop of a watchmaker, who charges 2 francs for admission. The following reply was made by Charles V. to his cruel and atrocious minister, Alva, who advised him to destroy the city, “Combien, il fallait de peaux d'Espagne pour fair un gant de cette grandeur?" -(How many skins of Spanish leather would it take to make such a glove?) Thus spoke the king, pointing out the city from the top of the Beffroi.

above the floor of the body of the church by a flight of steps: in front is the grand altar, enclosed by three bronze doors of elaborate workmanship, and surmounted by Corinthian columns of the purest Carrara marble, with a statue of the saint in his ducal robes, and two colossal marble statues by Van Pouche, representing the apostles Peter and Paul. In front of the altar are four tall copper candlesticks, remarkable as having been the property of Charles the First of England. It is surmised that they may have adorned the Chapel of Whitehall, or St. Paul's Church. It is supposed that they were sent out of England and sold; on them are still seen the arms of England.

The Cathedral of Ghent is one of the handsomest Gothic buildings in Belgium. It was formerly a church dedicated to St. John, but took the name of St. Bavon in 1540, when Charles V. removed thither the collegiate chapter of the Abbey of that saint, and 19 years afterwards it was raised to the dignity of a cathedral church. The present building was commenced in the thirteenth, and finished in the beginning of the sixteenth century. The majestic effect which the structure is calculated to produce is much impaired by the want of an open area around and in front. The tower is remarkable for its elegance; it is 271 feet high, and the ascent to the platform which terminates it is by 446 steps; the view from the summit is of great extent and beauty. The Cathedral itself is divided into three aisles by a double range of light and elegant columns. On each side are disposed twelve chapels, which, as well as the choir, are in excellent keeping with the rest of the building. The choir which has two side aįsles, is raised

The stalls of the canons in the choir are said to be the finest specimens of carving in mahogany known to exist in the world. Over these stalls are eleven paintings in imitation of bas-relief, by P. Van Reyschoot. Most of the numerous chapels which line the Cathedral are adorned with paintings. The first contains the Beheading of St. John the Baptist, by Crayer; the second, the Donation of St. Colette (a saint of Ghent, who died in 1447) of a piece of ground for a convent, by Paelinck, a modern artist; the third, the Baptism of our Saviour, by Crauwer; the fourth, a Dead Christ, by Abraham Janssens; the sixth, Christ disputing with the Doctors, by Pourbus, all the figures of which are portraits of different individuals holding official situations under Phillip II.; the seventh, a fine picture of the Martyrdom of St. Barbe, by Crayer; the tenth, a Christ between the Thieves, by Vander Menen, a pupil of Van Dyck. In the eleventh is the Agnus Dei, one of the most celebrated pictures of the Flemish school, painted by the brothers Van Eyck, the inventors of oil painting, in 1482; and, though more than four hundred years have elapsed since this picture was painted, the colours retain a vividness truly wonderful, the numerous figures are all finished with the most elaborate care, and each countenance is endued with admirably appropriate expression. The towers, which in the luminous horizon are supposed to represent the New Jerusalem, are taken from those of Maestricht, near which town the artists were born. Above this picture are three smaller ones by the same artists; the centre represents Christ on a

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rogarded by and wealth tower, from and in whi citizens to e on the top Gantoises, a town, under been re-gilt. one, it havii at Constanti by the mer crusade as Flanders. deposited in the title dee top a magnii trance to it 1 who charges reply was mi atrocious m destroy the d'Espagne po -(How man take to mal king, pointin Beffroi.

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