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The Town Hall is a handsome Gothic building; of the Scheldt and the Lys, to observe the animathe fountain and basin opposite are worthy of tion and activity imparted by the flourishing state attention. The portal of the collegiate church of of its manufactories. Its population is chiefly the burgomaster and aldermen is a masterpiece of engaged in the manufacturing of linen and wood carving, executed in 1530 by Paul Vander cotton threads by machinery, and the bleaching Schelder. The trade in linen is extensive. The and printing of calicoes. Gand is built on population is 6,265. The Lys, which passes Deynze,
twenty-six islands, united by bridges, and conrises in France, in the department of the Pas de tains three hundred streets. Ghent, though no Calais, not far from Bethune; after watering Aire, longer the great commercial city of former days, Estaires, and Armentières, it takes a north
when the Emperor Charles V. (its most distineasterly direction, a little below the latter town,
guished native, born here 1500) said of it-"Je and forms the limit between France and Belgium,
mettrai tout Paris dans mon Gand," (i.e., my glove, by Warneton and Wervick, which it passes, and
mon gant), is still the Manchester of Belgium. In entering West Flanders, passes Courtray, then
1800 an enterprising Fleming, named Lieviere enters East Flanders, near Olsene, crossing Deynze,
Baucus, brought over from Manchester several and taking a winding course of about 100 miles, it
English workmen and spinning jennies; manufacfalls into the Scheldt at Ghent.
tures quickly took root, and in a short time 80,000 Nazareth (Station) is next met with. Popu
workmen were employed, sixty steam-engines lation 5,500. Leaving here the railway passes required to set in motion the machinery of the Maria Leerne, and enters a very interesting place, various cotton mills, many of whose chimneys to the right of which meanders the river Lys.
appear like classic columns. St. Dennis Westrem is passed to the left; the The political history of Ghent is various and road leading to the village of Oudenarde is next interesting. Notwithstanding the severe strictures crossed by the railway, after which it turns sud- of the historian, Hallam, it calls up to the recoldenly to the left, and leaving the line leading to lection many scenes which inspire us with every Brussels, arrives at
sentiment of sympathy and good-will towards the GHENT (Station)-French, Cand; Flemish, descendants of many a name illustrated in cenGend; English, Gaunt, where John of Gaunt was turies past by deeds of patriotism and domestic born. Population (1873), 128,424. Hotels :
virtue, which still do honour to the Flemish Hotel Royal, Place d'Armes, in the centre of character. Its citizen-magistrates being conthe town, and nearest to the railway station, a demned by the Emperor Charles V. to implore his first-class hotel-highly recommended to English
clemency, and to wear a rope round their necks travellers ; landlord, Mr. Marit.
whenever they acted judicially, they turned into Hotel de la Poste, Place d'Armes.-This old
an honour with this device, in which the city is established first-rate hotel is conducted by Mr. A.
characterised, along with others :Vande Putte, and is highly recommended.
"Nobilibus Bruxella viris, Antverpia nummis, Hotel de Vienne, nearest hotel to the churches
Gandavum laqueis, fornosis Bruga puellis,
Lovanium doctis, gaudet Mechlinia stultis." of St. Bavon, St. Nichol, and St. Michael-moderate
Ghent is one of the handsomest towns on the charges and excellent accommodation. A. Rosz
Continent; its streets and public squares are wide mann, proprietor, a German.
and spacious; it has more the appearance of a Du Comte d'Egmont; D'Allemagne; Du Duc de
modern city than Bruges. Most of the houses, as Wellington; De Courtrai.
in Holland, are furnished with espions, or little There is a good Buffet at the station, which is
reflectors, placed outside the windows, and showwithin the town. Cabs are always in attendance.
ing all the passers in the street. Its objects of Post Office.-Rue de l'Université.
attraction may be enumerated as follows: English Church Service.
The Beffroi.- Belfry tower, a building erected The traveller will be most agreeably surprised
in 1183. Permission to erect a tower, or belfry, on entering this rich and populous city, through
was the earliest privilege that the citizens obone of its seven gates, situated at the confluence tained from their feudal lords, and was, hence, long
regarded by them as a monument of their power above the floor of the body of the church by a and wealth. It originally served as a watch | flight of steps: in front is the grand altar, enclosed tower, from whence an enemy could be descried, by three bronze doors of elaborate workmanship, and in which was a tocsin-bell that called the and surmounted by Corinthian columns of the citizens to arms, and to debate. The gilt dragon purest Carrara marble, with a statue of the saint on the top was carried off from Bruges by the in his ducal robes, and two colossal marble Gantoises, as a trophy of their conquest of that statues by Van Pouche, representing the apostles town, under Philip Vlaenderlaudt. It has lately Peter and Paul. In front of the altar are four tall been re-gilt. Its history is rather a remarkable copper candlesticks, remarkable as having been one, it having originally adorned a Greek church the property of Charles the First of England. It at Constantinople, from whence it was carried off is surmised that they may have adorned the by the men of Bruges, who went to the first Chapel of Whitehall, or St. Paul's Church. It is crusade as soldiers under Baldwin, Count of supposed that they were sent out of England and Flanders. It is now used as a prison, and had sold; on them are still seen the arms of England. deposited in the lower part of it, not long since,
The stalls of the canons in the choir are said to the title deeds and records of Ghent. From its
be the finest specimens of carving in mahogany top a magnificent view can be had, and the en
known to exist in the world. Over these stalls trance to it lies through the shop of a watchmaker, who charges 2 francs for admission. The following
are eleven paintings in imitation of bas-relief, by
P. Van Reyschoot. Most of the numerous chapels reply was made by Charles V. to his cruel and
which line the Cathedral adorned with atrocious minister, Alva, who advised him to destroy the city, “Combien, il fallait de peaux
paintings. The first contains the Beheading of d'Espagne pour fair un gant de cette grandeur?"
St. John the Baptist, by Crayer; the second, the -(How many skins Spanish leather would it
Donation of St. Colette (a saint of Ghent, who take to make such a glove ?) Thus spoke the
died in 1447) of a piece of ground for a convent, king, pointing out the city from the top of the by Paelinck, a modern artist; the third, the BapBeffroi.
tism of our Saviour, by Crauwer; the fourth, a
Dead Christ, by Abraham Janssens; the sixth, The Cathedral of Ghent is one of the handsomest Christ disputing with the Doctors, by Pourbus, Gothic buildings in Belgium. It was formerly a all the figures of which are portraits of different church dedicated to St. John, but took the name individuals holding official situations under of St. Bavon in 1540, when Charles V. removed | Phillip II. ; the seventh, a fine picture of the thither the collegiate chapter of the Abbey of that Martyrdom of St. Barbe, by Crayer; the tenth, saint, and 19 years afterwards it was raised to the a Christ between the Thieves, by Vander Menen, dignity of a cathedral church. The present build- a pupil of Van Dyck. In the eleventh is the Agnus ing was commenced in the thirteenth, and finished Dei, one of the most celebrated pictures of the in the beginning of the sixteenth century. The Flemish school, painted by the brothers Van majestic effect which the structure is calculated to Eyck, the inventors of oil painting, in 1482; and, produce is much impaired by the want of an open though more than four hundred years have area around and in front. The tower is remark- elapsed since this picture was painted, the colours able for its elegance; it is 271 feet high, and the retain a vividness truly wonderful, the numerous ascent to the platform which terminates it is by figures are all finished with the most elaborate 446 steps; the view from the summit is of great care, and each countenance is endued with admirextent and beauty. The Cathedral itself is divided ably appropriate expression. The towers, which into three aisles by a double range of light and in the luminous horizon are supposed to represent elegant columns. On each side are disposed the New Jerusalem, are taken from those of Maestwelve chapels, which, as well as the choir, are in tricht, near which town the artists were born, excellent keeping with the rest of the building. Above this picture are three smaller ones by the The choir which has two side aisles, is raised same artists; the centre represents Christ on a
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it havii at Constanti by the mer crusade as Flanders. deposited in the title dee top a magnil trance to it 1 who charges reply was mi atrocious m destroy the d'Espagne po -(How man take to mal king, pointin Beffroi.
The Cathed Gothic build church dedic of St. Bavon thither the ci saint, and 19 dignity of a ing was comi in the beginn majestic effec produce is mi area around s able for its el ascent to the
th extent and be into three ais elegant colui twelve chapel excellent keep The choir wb