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took no care
At length, after a destructive fire of artillery, and
“ But where I stood, beneath the fresh green tre the most frightful carnage, the French succeeded
Which, living, waves where thou didst cease to liy
And saw around me the wide fields revive in setting the place on fire, and great numbers of
With fruits and fertile promise, and the spring killed and wounded on both sides were buried in
Come forth her work of gladness to contrive, the ruins. The place was entirely destroyed, with With all her reckless birds upon the wing, the exception of the chapel and an out-house, which I turned from all she brought to those she could no escaped almost uninjured. Many of the surround- bring.”
BYRON, ing trees were severed in two, while others were "Was it a soothing or a mournful thought, completely perforated with balls. A large but Amid this scene of slaughter, as we stood,
Where armies had with recent fury fought, rudely-carved figure of the Saviour is placed over
To mark how gentle nature still pursued the altar in the chapel, which is very small, and by
Her quiet course, as no means curious.
For what her noblest work had suffered there." La Belle Alliance.-A small farm-house, so
SOUTHLY. called, and serving as an inn of the humblest Visitors to Waterloo will find hordes of beggars, kind, is situated about three-quarters of a mile and persons selling reliquaries, in the shape of from La Haye Sainte, on the road to Genappe. buttons, shreds of cloth, fragments of accoutreIt was here that the Duke of Wellington and ments, bullets, many of which are manufactured Prince Blücher met on the evening of the day of in the neighbourhood. Very many melancholy battle. Having embraced in the most affectionate memorials of the carnage were brought to light manner, the duke retired on his position, and for some years after the battle. Blücher went in pursuit of the flying enemy.
There are several other pretty places to which Bonaparte posted his favourite guard in front Excursions could be made with pleasure from of this place, and never approached in person Brussels, such as Forest, Trois Fontaines, Ternearer to La Haye Sainte than the hollow part of vouren, and the ground between that place and La Belle
Saventhem (Station), 12 miles from Brussels, Alliance and the main road. The Prussians on the Liége line, a commune of the district of have erected a monument in iron near this spot, Brussels, with 1,200 inhabitants. The Church will to commemorate the success of their army.
well repay a visit to the amateur in painting, who MARKE BRAINE.--This small place is on the
will see there a magnificent picture by Van Dyck, right of the village of Mount St. Jean, and representing St. Martin on his horse, giving a por
tion of his cloak to a poor man. about a mile from it. The British reserve on
The history of
this painting is interesting, and deserves relating: the right, commanded by Major-General Humber, was posted on this part of the field; but
Van Dyck, on his way to bid farewell to his
illustrious master, previous to his departure for no event occurred to render the spot memorable.
Rome, was mounted on a superb horse, å gift The ground where the battle was fought pro- from Rubens, and passed by Saventhem. It was duced the best crops in Belgium for many years a holiday, and the people were dancing under the after the sanguinary event. Over the spot where trees. Van Dyck delayed, and danced with the lay smouldering in ashes the broken fragments of most beautiful girl in the village, and before the humanity, sacrificed at the shrine of cruel, re- ball was over, found himself deeply in love with morseless war, the green corn of spring waved her. He was then twenty-four years of age. luxuriantly, and in summer time shot forth its Rome was forgotten. Days, weeks, and months golden ear full of grain, nurtured by the dust of rolled by; his money was all gone. Van Dyck's friend and foe, who, but for the fury of war, passion being now calmed, and his resources might have slept peaceably in consecrated earth, exhausted, he found that his interest and fame beneath the green sward of the village church- called him to Rome; but what was he to do, not yard, and appeared before the God of Peace, having a florin to bring him there? Happily his undefiled with blood.
courage sustained him. He presented himself to the cure, and proposed to paint an altar plece for common station for the three companies. There his church. The subject was agreed on, and the is a considerable movement here, owing to the price fixed at 100 florins. The painting was change of trains by passengers and the goods traffic finished in five days. Van Dyck himself and his passing from one line to another. horse served as models for the horse and saint, Court St. Etienne (Station).-On leaving this and the beadle of the church for the poor man. station the traveller should remember that he is The curé was, by chance, a judge of painting; approaching one of the most singular and beautiful he paid the demand without murmuring, and views in Europe, viz.—The ruins of the Abbey le Van Dyck set out for Rome. This circumstance pro
Villers. vided the poor village church with a chef d'oeuvre.
Villers la Ville (Station).—The line passes ROUTE 7.
through the garden of the Abbey, and generally so Brussels to Paris by Charleroi,
rapidly, that only a glimpse can be obtained of
these magnificent ruins. The Tourist should thereErquelinnes, and Creil.
fore make an excursion expressly to visit them Great Luxembourg Station, Quartier Leopold.
from Brussels, or alight at this station and take a Distance, 215 miles.
subsequent train on to Paris; but the former This route is considerably shorter than that
course is the most pleasant. The Abbey le Villers by Mons and Valenciennes. On leaving Brussels
is one of the most splendid, romantic, and picthe train passes through several cuttings, on
turesque piles in Europe. emerging from which it arrives at
The best view of the ruins is from the terrace Boitsfort (Station), being the first station on
gardens beyond the railway; but it is impossible the Luxembourg line, and is three miles from
to say which excites the most admiration, the view Brussels. The village lies in a valley on the
from the heights around, or a walk through the border of the Forest of Soignies. It is the great
can behold the refectory, the resort of pleasure parties, as it contains several
cloisters, the crypts, the breviary, and last the excellent restaurants and gardens, where provi- magnificent ruins of the beautiful church, without sions may be obtained at reasonable prices. There
feelings of awe and wonder. It is a scene of surare some large sheets of water, well stocked with
passing beauty, particularly in the effulgence of fish, but strictly preserved.
the noon day or setting sun. Groenendael (Station), 6 miles from Brussels,
The Abbey le Villers was first pillaged, and then is situated in the heart of the Forest, and convey
set fire to by a party of French Republican soldiers ances may be got for Waterloo in one hour.
in 1789. The ruins were then sold to a person of Near the station may be seen the ruined founda
the name of La Terrade for 70,000fr., who contions of a priory, which once existed here, and which must have been a large pile of building.
tinued the work of destruction, and left the present La Hulpe (Station), 9 miles from Brussels, ruins, which, with the adjacent land, is now the
property of Madeline Huart d'Enghien. is a village of some importance. It was once
Charleroi (Station). a provincial town. From the station there is a
Hotels: Du Grande Monarque; De Pays Bas; fine view over an extensive sheet of water, towards
De l'Univers. the country seat of the Marquis de Bethune,
Population, 13,500. which is a remarkably fine house, with extensive The centre of flourishing collieries, on the Sambre, grounds. From the high ground above the station
having the ruins of the old Abbey d'Alne near it, may be seen, on a clear day, the monumental lion
founded in the year 656. on the field of Waterloo.
At Charleroi the line branches off, and leads Rixensart (Station).
to Walcourt, and having offshoots to Laneffe, Ottignies (Station) is 12 miles from Brussels, Morialme, and Florenne. See Route 8. and forms the junction of the Charleroi and After passing Erquelinnes, St. Quentin, Louvain and the Manage and Wavre lines with Creil, and some stations of less importance, we that of the Luxembourg (as below). It is one arrive at Paris.
fifth century. Alberic, Count of Hainault, reBrussels to Namur, Liége, and Cologne.
paired the remains of the town, and surrounded it Ottignies Station, Great Luxembourg line.
with walls. In 804, Charlemagne formed it nto The scenery by this route is exceedingly fine, par
the capital of a province. Mons after this became ticularly between Namur and Liége.
the scene of many troubles. Under the reign of
Charles V. it had its greatest degree of prosperity; Mont St. Guibert (Station), at a picturesque
the manufactures of cloth and serge were carried village. There are the remains of an old castle on
on to a great extent. Iron was wrought here to the property of Mr. Deman, which will be seen
great advantage, and the beauty of the chasing in from the railway. The château itself is worth
their jewellery excited the admiration of strangers. seeing, but the grounds are only open to the public
Under the French Republic, Mons became the on the payment of half a franc each, which Mr.
department of Jemappes. The fortifications, Deman gives to the poor of the commune.
rebuilt in 1815, upon a new plan, are preserved Gembloux (Station), where the line from
with much care. The streets are steep, but wide, Fleurus to Ramillies crosses, near a small town
clean, and in good repair. The monuments and (population, 2,320), the trade of which is cutlery.
curiosities are numerous, and worthy of attention. It lies in a hollow.
Mons was the natal town of Orlando Lassus, Rhisnes (Station).-The last station before
the celebrated musician of the sixteenth century. reaching Namur, in a lovely country. After
Ten miles south of Mons, within the French terripassing several cuttings, the line is carried over a long bank, below which lies the river Sambre, tories, is the spot where was fought the sanguinary
battle of Malplaquet, at which the Duke of Marlpresenting a rich scene.
borough and Prince Eugene conquered the French, Namur (Station).-Route 8.
and lost on the battle field 20,000 men. ROUTE 7B,
Mons has a communication with the Scheldt by Brussels to Paris, by way of Mons and the Canal de Condé; and also, by railway, with Quiévrain.
Jurbise, Ath, Tournai, Lille, and Calais. Brussels to Soignies and Jurbise, see Mons also possesses manufactures of gloves, Route 2.
leather, and cutlery, and several tan-yards and Between Jurbise and Mons the road presents bleaching grounds. The principal buildings are many engineering difficulties.
On approaching the Castle, the Hôtel de Ville, and the Church of Mons the traveller sees its steeples, towers, and St. Waudru, which is said to be built on the site fortifications stretched before him. Before enter- of Cæsar's Castle. The altar deserves attention. ing the town, the commune of Nimy and the river There is also a Theatre, a Public Library, a Haine are passed; running parallel to one another, College, and a Foundling Hospital. Mons was the the railroad and river pass through a bastion, and birthplace of Peter Denys, a journeyman blackenter the town together The Station is situated smith, who constructed the beautiful iron ornawithin the arsenal.
ments which decorate the Abbey of St. Denis, near Mons (Station).
Paris. Hotels: De la Couronne; Del’Aigle Noir; Royal; Church of St. Waudru is said to be the finest in Du Singe d'Or.
Belgium. It was founded in 1460, on the site of A large and fortified town, 38 miles from Brus- another church, burnt in 1169. More than a sels, the chief town of the province of Hainault. century elapsed ere the works were finished. The Population (1873), 24,234. The river Trouille divides nave is a masterpiece of boldness, elegance, and it into two parts, and is partly overlooked by the lightness; the numerous columns which adorn it, mound of the Panina. It is said that Julius Cæsar and form innumerable Gothic arches at the top, built a castle here, which, taking the name of compose a most delightful whole. Space will not Castrum Cæsaris, formed the beginning of the permit us to enter further into detail in connection town of Mons--destroyed by the barbarians in the with the many curiosities of this church, save in
allowing us to notice the splendid picture of the of a busy time, brought to supply an apparent Exaltation of St. Francis, by Van Thulden; å demand, which, however, did not last long. The Descent from the Cross, by Teniers; a Gothic | village of Quaregnon is passed after leaving altar, finely sculptured; the beautiful stained | Jemappes, near to which are seen the ruins of the glass in the windows; and last, though not least, ancient tower, known by the name of the High the fine statues, formerly adorning the screen, but Court. The railroad here takes a considerable happily preserved.
bend, and shortly after runs into the straight line, St. Elizabeth.This church is remarkable for its
which continues to the frontier. The country on light and graceful spire.
each side is in high cultivation, and adorned with
many beautiful country houses. St. Nicholas, in Havre, is noted for the severe and imposing aspect of the interior. It possesses
St. Ghislain (Station) is next reached, the some fine carving in wood. From the tower of church of which is on the right. On the left are the belfry a magnificent view of the surrounding the magnificent establishments of Hornu, estabcountry is obtained.
lished by the late Mad. Degorges Legrand. St. The Public Library is open every day; it con- Ghislain is a very ancient town; population, 1,800. tains 13,000 volumes, and about 300 manuscripts. The surrounding country very much resembles
the neighbourhood of Manchester and Bolton. Hôtel de Ville is a Gothic edifice, erected in the year 1440. It contains nothing remarkable, but is Boussu (Station) is the next. The chief place the chief ornament of the Grand Square.
of a canton; population, 3,500. The château of The Palais de Justice and Museum will well repay
the Count de Caraman, at present the property a visit.
of the Count de Nedonchelles, is here situated. At Mons a branch railway ensures a direct
This architectural wonder should be seen by the communication from Paris to Charleroi, Namur, tourist; there are many remarkable traditions and Cologne. This route avoids the detour to
connected with it. The station has been erected Braine-le-Comte. On leaving Mons, the railway
in a part of the magnificent park, from which it is crosses the river Trouille, and passes not very separated by a splendid iron railing. The church far from the Canal de Condé and the sluices of
of Boussu contains some fine pieces of sculpture. St. Ghislain; after which it reaches Jemappes
Between Boussu and Thulin, the next station, Station.
there is nothing worthy of notice. Quievrain is
arrived at shortly after leaving Thulin; it is the MONS TO QUIÉVRAIN.–After leaving the fortification, the railroad inclines at first towards the
last station of the Belgian Railway. The office of
the Belgian Custom House is here, and the passright, traversing an extensive plain, bounded on the left by the Panisel and the little hills of Flenu, ports and baggage of parties entering Belgium are
examined. and crowned by the high chimneys of numerous coal works. The canal from Mons to Condé, which,
Quiévrain (Station)--the Belgian Custom for a distance of five leagues, runs in a perfectly House.-A town containing 2,180 inhabitants, straight line, is seen on the left, as also the village carrying on an active commerce with France. It of Cuesme, the theatre of one of the most sangui
does not absolutely contain anything worth notice.
This is the frontier station of the Southern Line nary episodes of the celebrated battle of Jemappes. Passing the levant of Flènu,
and the point of junction with the Great Northern
of France Railway. Jemappes (Station) is reached. Population,
Blanc Misseron (Station)--on French soil-is 4,670. It is remarkable for the victory gained by the French under General Dumourier, and the late
next met with, after which we enter Louis Philippe, when Duke de Chartres, over the
Valenciennes (Station). - Route 1. Austrians, 1792. A stone close to the post road Valenciennes to Paris by rail. The delay during marks the scene of the battle. Outside the town are the examination of luggage which takes place at immense heaps of coal; these are the accumulations Valenciennes is oonsiderable.
Roux (Station), the road traverses a rich open
country, in the midst of which are the manufacBrussels to Charleroi and Namur,
turing districts of Charleroi, and shortly reaches 68] English miles.
Marchiennes-au-Pont (Station), the juncBrussels to Braine-le-Comte, see Route 2.
tion with the Sambre and Meuse Railway, now At Braine-le-Comte the line to Namur branches
extended to Berzee, Walcourt, Silenrieux, Canuin, off east from that of Mons. A direct line is open
Vireux, &c. At Marchiennes-au-Pont the Brussels to Charleroi, past Waterloo (page 40), Genappe and Charleroi canals join the Meuse. The river and Nivelles (page 44).
Sambre is here met with, and between this station Ecausines (Station) is shortly arrived at, and Namur the railroad crosses it no less than sixstanding among valuable quarries of blue limestone. teen times. The railroad here crosses it on a After leaving the station, a fine viaduct of nine beautiful bridge. On the right, after leaving arches is passed. The church of the village of Marchiennes, the gigantic establishments of MonMarché-les-Ecausines contains some exceedingly cean Fonteine are seen; at the distance of a league curious tombs. Passing through a country pos- and a half from these, the ruins of the Abbey d'Alne sessing no remarkable features,
are situated the traveller should visit these. Manage (Station) is next reached. The junc- Crossing the river Heure, which effects its contion of the Mons and Manage lines takes place here. fluence immediately after with the Sambre, the On the left lies Seneffe, remarkable as the spot coal works of Lodelinsart are passed on the left, where William III., Prince of Orange, in 1674, and the town of La Providence,--here the manufought the old warrior, Condé, on which occasion facture of iron is carried on to a large extent. 27,000 were killed. There is at the latter place a The stranger should not think of quitting the magnificent château, enclosed by a remarkable neighbourhood without visiting some of these park. Leaving Manage the scenery becomes more Cyclopean caves, which cast into shade the Vulvaried: interesting works of art are numerous.
canian smiths of Etna, and all the mythological Traversing the tunnel of Godarville, the railroad fictions of the ancients. Approaching Charleroi, takes a course, the windings and turnings of which the fortifications of which are seen through the it is impossible to describe---now turning to the trees by which they are shaded, the station situated left, now to the right-now passing hills, now in the lower town and near the place is arrived at. opening a passage through them.
After passing Charleroi (Station). the Gouy-lez-Piéton and Pont-à-Celles Sta
Hotels: Du Grand Monarque; De Pays Bas; De tions, the road next traverses a cutting, the sides
l'Univers. of which exhibit layers of earth and flint strangely
Has 13,500 inhabitants, and is of little consuperposed. On approaching Gosselies the land
sequience, the fortifications having prevented its scape becomes more interesting and varied, the
becoming what it otherwise would have beencuttings are of immense depth; as the slope lowers,
one of the most flourishing towns on the Continent. the country houses seen on either side are numerous
The district around has a population of 80,000, and and elegant.
presents a scene of extraordinary activity. The Gosselies (Station) is distant 1} mile from Charleroi coal-field is the most extensive in Bel. the town, to which an omnibus conveys the gium, giving employment to 10,000 miners, and traveller. It presents nothing worthy of notice; yielding annually 3,000,000 tons of coal; the glass population, 3,000. On quitting Gosselies, the rail- trade is also carried on to a very great extent, and road traverses a rich and beautiful country, cutting those numerous and extensive iron works, which through several beds of coal, and passes Sumetz, derive their supplies of iron ore from the Sambre situated in a most picturesque manner at the base and Meuse district-one of the most picturesque of a little hill; the Abbey of Sart-le-Moine is here and interesting countries in Belgium, but, with situated. It contains a rich altar-piece of wood the exception of a few eminent geologists, totally sculpture. Passing the
unknown to travellers. It extends about 40 miles E