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eral custom e a railway ne, for the least possiemselves of n Belgium, to the lover pecimens of ollection of ild Flemish I the whole n this hotts so many sral, and to aen were to they would

a its peculivuod nas w.

nonuments, Steamers for London twice a-week, every Tues- its arts and sciences, the people, and their institu. day and Friday afternoon or night, performing the tions. voyage in about 11 hours; also daily at 10 mrn. Brugos occupies a prominent place in the history

Hal (Station).
Hotels: Des Pays 1

A pretty village partly on the Senne, having no objects of church of St. Mary, miracle-working ime wood, two feet high wealth by pious off given by Charles V., II., &c. A side chap aimed, it is said, at the Virgin in her mx over the town to prote The high altar deser one of the most beat marble, and sculpture artists. Below is the St. Martin dividing hi ments are represented ( works of art, at the i construction is surma gorgeous font, of bras artist Lefevre, in 141 placed in the octagon b is covered with a spire groups representing th Martin, &c.

At Hal, the direct lin falls in. Leaving it, w singham, and crossing t.

Loth (Station), abo It has a very fine chur having over the high alt dom of St. Peter) by De

Quitting Loth, the ra the canal Charleroi, pass stations. After which, St. Gillis, crossing the g boulevard, and arrives entering Brussels-(Route 7).

ROU London to Brussels,

Bruges, Ghent, London to Dover-(Rot Mail steamers leave Dov

24. un zound is low, and the waters have to be and 10-45 p.m. The distance from port to port is controlled by sluices. It sustained a memorable 63 English miles,and the voyage is made from 4 | siege of 3 years' duration, between 1601 and 1604;

40

when 50,000 of the besieged, and 70,000 of the Span- and 8 aft. by the mall packets to Dover, in 4 to 5 iards who besieged it, under General Spinola, fell; hours. A direct rail (the West Flanders) is and the town was reduced to a heap of ruins. opened to Thourout, Courtray, &c. Philip II.'s daughter had vowed she would not

Ostend to Bruges.-(Distance, 14 English change her chemise till Ostend was taken; and its

miles.) The railway, on leaving Ostend, proceeds colour by the time the place was captured gave

through a country presenting no very remarkable name to the "Isabel yellow." It was ceded in 1715

appearance, being rich in an agricultural point of to the Emperor of Germany. Louis XV. entered

view, but flat and undiversified in its general it in 1745, after a siege of 18 days, which all

appearance. but completed its destruction. Ostend possesses

Plasschendael (Station). A commune with a a College of Navigation. The oyster parks are

population of 1,600, situated a little to the right of outside the Bruges Gate, and ought to be visited.

the railway. It possesses no object of interest The town, but shabby in appearance, contains,

save its ancient château Plasschendael. however, two good squares, or, as they are more

The Dunkirk and Ostend canals join here. properly called, places. The Maison de Ville forms the entire side of one of them. It was formerly

BRUGES (Station) – Flemish, Brügge, or reckoned among the most magnificent structures Bridges, of which there are many. Hotels : of the kind in Belgium, being ornamented with

Hotel de Commerce: a first-rate old established two fine towers at each wing, and a dome in the house, enjoying an excellent reputation. centre; but this superb building was nearly ruined

Hotel de Flandre: an old established house, by the bombardment of 1745. The body of the

famous for its fine wines and good dinners. town-house still sutsists, but of its dome and two

Aigle Noir; Rosimont. Population (1873), 48,113. beautiful towers there only remains the stump of

The railway station at Bruges is on the Vrydags one of them, surmounted by a wooden cupola. The Markt, or Friday's Market. The West Flanders church has no claim to architectural merit, but

Railway is now open to Courtray, making a direct the inside is richly ornamented. It has a lofty railway from Ostend and Bruges to Paris, via Lille, octangular steeple, with a very clumsy spire, Amiens, &c. It is 23 miles shorter than by Ghent. affording, however, an excellent sea-mark.

A railway runs to Blankenburg, The Fortifications of Ostend are more than two On leaving Ostend it is a very general custom miles in circumference. They were dismantled, for travellers going to Germany to take a railway but had not been essentially injured. They are ticket for the whole distance to Cologne, for the now undergoing repairs and additions which will purpose of reaching the Rhine with the least possinake them very formidable. As the place is ble delay. In doing so, they deprive themselves of situated on an elevated beach, the ramparts tower the opportunity of visiting the cities in Belgium, ubove the flat country, which, being lower than which possess more objects of interest to the lover Tigh-water mark, can be speedily and extensively of the fine arts, more pure and perfect specimens o! nundated. The only hostile approaches are along florid Gothic architecture, a richer collection of he high sand-hills to the north and south; the rare and beautiful paintings, by the old Flemish former is protected by a strong redoubt, built by masters, than can probably be found in the whole the late French government, and called Fort Napo- of Germany. If, instead of hurrying in this hoteon. It forms a favourite promenade.

haste through a country which presents so many Ostend is a favourite watering-place, and is much points of interest to travellers in general, and to frequented in the months of August and September. Englishmen in particular, our countrymen were to There are very many bathing machines on the devote a part of their time to Belgium, they would beach; and near the sea, on the Digue, a bathing never regret becoming acquainted with its peculihouse has been established.

arities, its fine old cities, its glorious monuments, Steamers for London twice a-week, every Tues- its arts and sciences, the people, and their institu. day and Friday afternoon or night, performing the tions. voyage in about 11 hours; also daily at 10 mrn. Bruges occupies a prominent place in the history

of Flanders, the traveller will find this town espe- indeed, the central point at which all the canals cially worthy of notice--not that it presents the

of the province meet. aspect of a populous modern city, but because it

On fête days the fine old city wears a gay and has preserved the peculiarities which distinguished animated appearance. The beauty of the women its appearance during the middle ages, when it

of Bruges is of ancient repute, but the present was the emporium of European commerce, the re

generation scarcely justify the proverb, " Formosis sidence of merchant princes, occasionally that of

Bruga puellis.” When they are seen enveloped in the reigning sovereign, and when its population

the mantilla of Spanish origin, their brunnette exceeded 200,000. The mailed warrior or the gloved complexions and dark eyes render them most artizan meet no more upon the fortifications, the

picturesque and pleasing objects among the many comnforce which animated its quays and canals splendid and exquisite specimens of architecture is dispersed over Europe, its merchants are no

with which their dwellings are adorned and emlonger opulent as princes, the city is no longer the

bellished. capital of West Flanders. Yet, though these

“Fair city, worthy of her ancient fame things have passed away, we cannot infer that it The season of her splendour is gone by;

Yet everywhere its monuments remain, was in vain that Providence raised up this town

Temples which rear their stately heads on high, to such a remarkable point of grandeur and impor

Canals that intersect the fertile plain,

Wide squares and streets, with many a court tance in a remote age. The characteristic intre

and hall. pidity, activity, and proverbial turbulence of its Spacious and undefaced, but ancient all,

When Imry read of tilts, in days of old, artizans, the inflexible will and sturdiness of its

Of tournays, graced by chieftains of renown, burghers, the associations of its merchants and Fair dames, grave citizens, and warriors bold.

It fancy could portray some stately town, traders, which led to that interchange of opinion, Which of such pomp fit theatre might be,

Fair Bruges, I shall then remember thee."-SOUTHEY. that communion and unity of sentiment so fatal

Bruges contains very many objects of interest to despotism and feudal oppression, created and

which will require a day at least to visit. fostered that honest love of individual liberty, that

The Cathedral (St. Saveur). This beautiful regard and attachment for corporative nd com

church was founded in the seventh century by St. munal privileges, for which the men of Gsent and

Eloy, and was greatly indebted for its erection to Bruges struggled during several centuries.

the liberality of Dagobert, the then King of France. This deep attachment to local institutions has

It was entirely consumed by fire in 1358, but was been merged into that of national patriotism, and

again erected, after a more magnificent scale, on if the traveller, in conversing with an intelligent in

the same spot, the charitable subscriptions of the habitant of Bruges, deplores its depopulated streets, faithful defraying the cost. The spire is 470 feet he will be told that if Bruges is not the great and high. It is built of brick, and in its external apimportant city it was formerly, it has still much to be

pearance presents nothing remarkable or attractive, thankful for; its citizens, instead of being at con- but its interior is admirable.

The paintings are tinual variance with their sovereign, or the neigh- worth notice because of their antiquity, and reprébouring towns, are now members of an independent senting contributions to the history of Flemish art. kingdom, governed by a prince of their own choice, Immediately under the grand entrance are several with one of the most liberal constitutions in the works by J. Van Oost, “The Baptism of Christ," world - that Bruges is no longer isolated in its “Christ on the Cross," and "Jesus leaving his splendour and solitude, but that it forms a compo- Mother to ascend Calvary" being the principal. A nent part of the nation, and confident in the re- small picture, with shutters, hangs at the south side [sources of the country for the gradual develop- of the aisle, representing the Martyrdom of St. Syl(ment of all branches of industry, it anticipates a vester, by Hans Hemling or Memling. There is likereturn of comparative prosperity. ,

wise an excellent painting of the Last Supper, with BRUGES is situate in a spacious and beautiful

Abraham and Elijah in the centre and at the side,

It is interplain, about 6 miles from the sea.

On either side of the altar is a

by Peter Porbus. sected by a great number of can::s, and is, black and white marble tomb. The choir is adorned with tapestry, executed by Vanderboight, along Visitors will be well repaid by visits to the which are suspended the arms of chevaliers of the churches of St. Giles, Jacques, Walburge, Anne, order of the Toison d'Or, presents from a chapter of &c. The Church of Jerusalem is the fruit of a vow that order, placed in the church by Philip the made by a pious merchant of Bruges, who, when Good, who founded the order 1430, on the day of in the Holy City, promised to build in his native his marriage to Isabella of Portugal, and to whose town, if ever he returned to it in safety, a temple, memory a tomb is erected in one of the chapels. on the model of that of Jerusalem, with an exaet In the north aisle of the chapel of the Cordonnie représentation of the tomb of our Saviour. The are several monumental brasses, built into the wall, church also contains some fine specimens of coloured which may be looked upon as interesting speci-glass. mens of early Flemish art, in the fifteenth and În the Church of St. Salvador are the Seven Acts sixteenth centuries.

of Mercy, by Van Dyke; the Resurrection, by Notre Dame is a church no way remarkable for Van Os; the Martyrdom of St. Barbara, by Cels; its architecture, surmounted by a tower and stun

and numerous other pictures. ted spire, 435 feet high. The most precious orna- The Church of St. Mary is remarkable for its fine ment of Notre Dame is a statue of the Virgin and

specimens of carving; the pictures are not of Child, said to be by Michael Angelo. If it be sur

striking merit. prising to find a work by this great man in Belgium,

Church of St. Basil, or of the Holy Blood, is behold the explanation. The work was painted

situated opposite the Town Hall. A beautiful for Genes, and the vessel in which it was being Gothic façade will attract notice. It is called Le conveyed was taken by a Dutch piráte, who brought petite eglise de Saint Basilt, and tradition says that it to Amsterdam, where a Bruges merchant bought some drops of our Saviour's blood, brought by it and presented it to this church. Horace Walpole Count Thierry, of Alsace, from the Holy Land, offered, in vain, 30,000 florins for it. There are are now deposited in a richly jewelled and enmany other excellent paintings in the church, the

amelled shrine of gilt silver. This is shewn in the principal of which are the Adoration of the Magi,

Upper Chapel, the shrine being exposed on every by Seghers; the Adoration of the Shepherds, by Wednesday to the veneration of the faithful. In De Crayer; an Infant Jesus, by Jacques Van Oost;

this chapel are some beautiful paintings, and a St. Anthony of Padua, an Assumption, and the pulpit, with medallions carved in wood. Fifty Marriage of St. Catherine of Sienné.

cents are charged for admission. The Tombs of Charles the Bold, Duke of Bur

Hospital of St. John, which is close to the church gundy, and of his daughter, Mary, wife of the

of Notre Dame. The period of its foundation is Emperor Maximilian, are to be seen in the south

unknown. It is only known that in 1188 the aisle of the choir. These were the last native

governor prescribed many rules to the religious sovereigns of the Netherlands. Mary of Burgundy brothers and sisters of the house. It originally died on the 27th of March, 1452; and Charles was only received Magdalenes into it, but now persons killed at the battle of Nancy, in 1477. The monu- of every description are received and attended by ment of the Duchess was erected in 1495. In 1558 the sisters. This institution is celebrated for Philip II. paid Master Iongehlinck the sum of possessing several beautiful pictures, painted by 14,000 forins for the execution of one similar to Hans Hemling, so remarkable for purity of colourthat of the Duchess, for his grandfather, Charles | ing and brightness of tone, that the most indifferent the Bold. The effigies of both are made of copper, spectator will find himself an admirer of their richly gilt, and repose at full length on slabs of prominent beauties. In the chapter house are black marble. Beneath and around the slabs are hung the portraits of some of the directors and coats of arms richly enamelled. They have lately superiors of the establishment, the celebrated þeen re-gilt and cleaned. They are shewn to the paintings, the pride of the city and admiration of public only on days of great solemnity, but stran- travellers—by Hans Hemling, presented by him to gers can easily obtain access to see them on other the hospital, as a márk of his gratitude for the occasions,

kindness with which he was treated when a patient

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