A Theory of Justice: Original Edition
Harvard University Press, 31. mar. 2005 - 624 sider
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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The initial situation must be characterized by stipulations that are widely
accepted . ... In the absence of strong and lasting benevolent impulses , a rational
man would not accept a basic structure merely because it maximized the
algebraic sum ...
... agreement is not to enter a given society or to adopt a given form of
government , but to accept certain moral principles ... the undertakings referred to
are purely hypothetical : a contract view holds that certain principles would be
accepted in ...
As the circumstances are presented in different ways , correspondingly different
principles are accepted . The concept of the original position , as I shall refer to it ,
is that of the most philosophically favored interpretation of this initial choice ...
The answer is that the conditions embodied in the description of the original
position are ones that we do in fact accept . Or if we do not , then perhaps we can
be persuaded to do so by philosophical reflection . Each aspect of the contractual
For example , suppose that allocative efficiency , full employment , a larger
national income , and its more equal distribution are accepted as social ends .
Then , given the desired weighting of these aims , and the existing institutional
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Review: A Theory of JusticeBrugeranmeldelse - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Læs hele anmeldelsen