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the sublimer scenes of nature, and fix stroy the hopes of an hereafter, can them upon the starry firmament, will never, in this enlightened age, be toleman then presume to declare that ob-rated ? jects so sublime and beautiful are I desire to be dissolved, and to be merely the effect of chance ?

with Christ, (says the holy apostle, A friend of Lord Chesterfield's, dur- St. Paul;)--and this conviction was ing his last illness, recommended him forcibly impressed upon the heart to read Seed's sermons, particularly of a being who had been one of the that, which was calculated to prove the strongest opposers of the propagaExistence of God. “ I have read,” | tion of the gospel! May that allsaid his lordship, some of Seed's seeing Power, which wrought that misermons, and like them very much; raculous change in the heart of this but the one you allude to, I have not; enlightened apostle, produce a similar as it would be too great a disparage- effect in the mind of that man, to whom, ment of that reason which has been at the commencement of this treatise, I bestowed upon me, could I entertain a have indirectly alluded; and may the doubt of the existence of God. If I Spirit of the Holy One so shine upon believe in my own existence, I must be- him, as to enable him truly and sinlieve in a Creator's ; for as Cato very cerely to repent ! justly says, ' And that He is, all nature Shall I forgive my brother seven cries aloud !'

times, if he offends me ? was an inI find myself again diverging from quiry made by one of the disciples to the subject of the present treatise, his gracious Master; and the answer which is to recommend to each indivi- ought to be written in characters which dual the study of the Holy Scriptures; the hand of time could never efface: for the genuine Christianity they incul- “ Not only seven times,” replied our cate will, like pure gold tried in the blessed Saviour, but seventy times furnace, appear more brilliant, from seven !" What a lesson is this to Atheistical discussions.

Though the erring humanity! how affectionately writings of the celebrated Dr. Beattie kind is the precept it conveys ! “lf may be known to the generality of my ye forgive not men their trespasses," readers, yet I cannot resist the inclina- said our Redeemer,

“ how can ye extion I feel to make an extract from one pect God will forgive you ?” If there of his compositions: speaking of those was no life after this, if we were to who are elevated by fortune, and who die like the beasts which perish, and seem not to require the sustaining aid merely viewed Christianity as a code of religion, he says, “ Caressed by the of moral laws; where shall we find any great, engrossed by the fopperies and thing to be compared to it, in the difformalities of life, intoxicated with ferent parts of the globe? But as vanity, or pampered by adulation, death does not put a final period to they have little need of, and perhaps our existence, but when this short life find little relish in, the practical per- is ended we shall enter into a state of formance of the duties of religion. But happiness or wretchedness, how neceslet them know, that in the solitary sary becomes the inquiry which the scenes of life, there is many a tender gaoler put to Paul and Silas, “What heart pining with incurable anguish,- must I do to be saved ?" This is an inpierced with the sharp stings of disap- quiry which deserves the utmost atpointment,-bereft of friends,-chilled tention; but the prophet Micah has with poverty,-racked with disease, answered it in very concise terms, and scourged by the oppressor's lash; Do justice, and love mercy, and walk whom nothing could save from despair, humbly with thy God.” or desperation, but a firm reliance upon Since Christianity has had its rise, the future retribution of an all-merciful there have been found cavillers who Providence.” And would they, with have attempted to defame it; but that sacrilegious hands, attempt to violate excellent man, Dr. Doddridge, has dethis last refuge of the miserable, and clared that its course gains by debate ; rob them of the only comfort they have “ for the Gospel” he adds, “comes left? Would they deprive them of like fine gold out of a furnace, more those blessings which the sacred writ- brilliant, and approved, the more it is ings promise to all those who truly, tried.” and sincerely repent? Surely the “ We live in a dissolute, though enwretches who would endeavour to de- lightened age,” observes that much

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admired writer, the Bishop of Landaff, St. Paul tells us, it consists in deny “ and the restraints of our religion are ing ungodliness and worldly lusts, and ill-suited to the profligacy of our man- in livingjsoberly, righteously, and godly, ners; hence men are induced to be in this present world; and St. James lieve that system false, which decid- assures us, it consists in visiting the edly opposes their practice.”

fatherless and widows in their afflictions, " He that is truly wise,says the and keeping ourselves unspotted from amiable author of the great importance the world. of a religious life, “ will consider that None of these commands can surely he has a soul, as well as a body, to take be thought arduous to follow, and care of; a spiritual and immortal sub- none of these precepts difficult to obstance, which can never die, but when serve: and though the sacrifice of the enlarged from the prison which con- Son of God is a stupendous act of fines it, must for ever live in happiness mercy we are incapable of compreor wretchedness ; for God has been hending, yet all is clearly elucidated pleased to set before us life and death, which is necessary for our salvation. blessing and cursing ; rewards, on the When we reflect upon the heartfelt one hand, to encourage our obedience ; consolation which is derived from a and punishments, on the other, to deter belief in the Holy Scriptures, must not us from sin.

the conduct of that man be considered These rewards, and these punish- as unpardonably cruel, who would dements, are delineated in the sacred writ- prive his fellow-creatures of this susings by the power of prophecy, and the taining support? for when the hour of hand of truth; and though part of thatin- calamity arrives, or we are assailed by spired volume is veiled in mystery,all is sickness, or sorrow, fragile will prove elucidated, which it is necessary for us to the hopes of those, who have merely deknow. I shall extract a few more re- pended on worldly connections, either marks upon this most interesting of all for belief, or comfort. But how difsubjects, in the words of the amiable ferent are the sensations of the humble and truly pious Mr. Melmouth, “ Oh and devout Christian, who firmly reblessed God, hast thou set before us lies upon the promises of his gracious happiness and misery ; joys unspeak- Redeemer: may exclaim with holy able, and full of glory, on the one David, “ Though I walk through the hand; and torments endless, and in- valley of the shadow of death, I will tolerable on the other? Hast thou fear no evil, for thou art with me; thy given us the light of reason to guide, rod and thy staff' shall comfort me:” or and superadded that of thy holy Spirit with that virtuous king, Hezekiah, to illuminate and instruct us? Hast Remember now, O Lord, I beseech thou implanted in our nature a dread thee, how I have walked before thee of, and aversion to, pain and misery ; in truth, and with a perfect heart; and and an insatiable and never-ceasing have done that which is good in thy thirst after happiness? And is it pos- sight.” What an enviable situation sible for us, after all this, to be so blind must that man be in, who, in the silent and senseless, such enemies to our aspiration of his thoughts, can make own souls, and so regardless of their such an appeal as this to the Deity; eternal welfare, as to prefer the dark feeling a conviction, that though his ways of sin and misery, before those earthly tabernacle is about to be disblessed paths which lead to eternal solved, he shall exchange it for a bliss ? Alas! such wretched fools are building of God, a house not made too many among us: who, notwith- with hands, eternal in the heavens." standing all thou hast done, will not Various have been the accounts of hearken or be advised, but run head- the death-bed of the unhappy man who long into the ways of sin, and destruc- proclaimed himself the Author of the tion!”

Age of Reason ; and if these are to be The religion which Jesus Christ depended upon, happy would it have took our nature upon him to establish, been if the propagator of his pernicious is more to be admired for its simplicity doctrines could have been an eye-witand purity, than any other form of de- ness of his situation! Though I cannot votion throughout the whole Creation ; vouch for the truth of those accounts for the great Author of it, has reduced which I have both read, and heard reit to two commandments,—the love of lated, yet, with a belief nearly equal to God, and the love of our neighbour, that with which I peruse the Sacred

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Writings, do I place a firm reliance - Pray, you who can,' said he, “I neupon the declaration of that justly re- ver prayed ;-I cannot pray,--nor need spected divine, and universally ad-,- for heaven closes with my conscimired author, Dr. Young ; who, in a ence,-its severest strokes second but work, intitled The Centaur not fabu- my own.' lous, has given the following appalling His sympathizing friend, afflicted description of one of his parishioners, to tears, by his mental and bodily sufwho had doubted the existence of a ferings, at that moment attracted his God, and either ridiculed, or denied, attention. Keep those tears for thythe intercessory agency of his beloved self,' said he, in a voice of real tenderSon.

• dost thou weep for the wretch, “I am going, reader, to present to by whom thou hast been undone ??thee the last moments of a person of Here his friend, completely overcome, high birth and spirit: of great parts, would have quitted the apartment; strong passions, and every way accom- but raising himself

, he uttered, “Stay, plished; yet his unkind treatment was oh stay! for thou mayest still hope !the death of an amiable wife, and his How madly have I talked,-how madunbounded extravagance beggared his ly hast thou listened !—but, oh my only child!

companion in iniquity, see what I am "I was summoned into the pre- reduced to now. Though this body sence of the agonized sufferer, on the is all weakness and pain, my soul, as if evening before bis dissolution. A acquiring greater energy by its toryouthful companion of his guilty plea- ments, seems more powerful both to sures was sitting beside him, when reason and to feel; and that which thus the physician and myself entered the triumphs within the jaws of mortality, room. Upon approaching the bed, must be endowed with immortality. And he said, “You and the physician are as for a Deity, nothing less than an come too late! I have neither life, nor Almighty could inflict the pains I feel.' hope! you are both aiming at mira- Perceiving me ready to make cles,-you would raise the dead!

some appropriate reply to a declara“I observed, that Heaven was mer- tion so completely in unison with part ciful! 'Yes,' he exclaimed, or I of our creed, he made an expiring could not have been thus guilty. What effort, saying, No, no: let me prohas it not done to bless, and to save ceed, for I have not long to speak: me? but I have been too strong for then extending his emaciated hand tothe Omnipotent, and plucked down wards the being who had participated my own ruin.'

in his iniquities, he said, “My much “Iendeavoured to place his thoughts injured friend; my soul, like my body, upon the blessed Redeemer. * Hold! lies in ruins, --in scattered fragments hold! there you wound me! that is the of broken thought: remorse for the rock on which I have split,' he ex- past, throws my thoughts back upon claimed, “ for I have denied his name !' the future ; whilst worse dread of the

* Refusing to hear any advice from future, again directs them to the past : me, or take any thing from his physi- I turn-and turn, but find no ray of cian, he lay as silent as his bodily suf- comfort. Oh, didst thou feel half the ferings would permit, for a little while; mountain that is on me, how wouldst but upon the clock announcing the thou struggle to remove its weight! hour, he started up with phrenzied and even bless the stakes which made horror, and cried out with vehemence, fuel to consume thy body, if, like the

Oh time! time! it is fit thou should'st ancient martyrs, they could save thee thus strike thy murderer to his heart! from unquenchable flames.' how art thou fled for ever! a month!- “ How were we struck! how deeply oh for a single week! I ask not for years, were we affected !--not only by his though an age were too little, for the language, but the agonizing tones of much I have to do!'

his voice ; tones, which seemed to conOn my saying we could not do too vey an idea, that he was past all hope much, and making some observations of redemption, and dared not antici

the joys of heaven; he interrupt- pate salvation, even from the atoning ed me, by exclaiming, “ So much the blood of Christ. With a countenance worse! 'tis lost ! 'tis lost! Heaven is, to on which despair was most frightfully me, the severest part of hell.'

depictured, in a more emphatic tone Soon after this I proposed prayer. he shudderingly exclaimed, ' My prin

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NEW SOUTH WALES.

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ciples have poisoned my friend! My bacco and mustard are very luxuriant, extravagance has beggared my boy! My though as yet but little attended to. unkindness has murdered my wife! - Indeed the climate is such, that the and is there another hell !--Oh, thou gardener needs no hot-house, but by blasphemed, yet most indulgent Lord simply attending to things in their God, hell itself must be a refuge, if it season, he is overflowing with every hides me from thy indignation!' thing delicious to the taste of man.

The exertion which the unhappy Some say that fruits here are not so man had made, was too great for his good as in colder climates; of this I debilitated situation: his reflecting have not yet been able to judge. faculties sunk under the weight of de- The animals are few, such as the spair. “ His terrified imagination,” kangaroo ; not one of which I have adds his biographer, “was overwhelm- yet seen, though I have travelled many ed with horrors; and before the sun hundreds, perhaps thousands, of miles. arose on the following morning, this The snakes are the most formidable gay, young, noble, and accomplished, inhabitants in New Holland; I have but most wretched mortal, in the very seen some of them that would weigh prime of life, expired!

twenty pounds or upwards; they run as Z. Z. fast as a little boy; and should they

come in contact with a man, their fangs would send him to his long home

in a few hours. Accidents of this kind The following is an extract of a letter sometimes, but not frequently, happen. from a gentleman now actively en- It is surprising how few valuable progaged in diffusing the light of the glo- ductions, either of the vegetable or rious gospel amidst the regions of New animal tribes, are found as natives of South Wales. It came from thence this country. Every thing useful must so lately as February, 1819. be introduced; and it certainly is a Your's,

IPOLPERROC. happy circumstance, that, when intro“I am not sure whether you have duced, it prospers well. formed an accurate opinion of New The finny tribes visit our shores in Holland or not, but I think your ideas great plenty and variety; sharks, and of it are too favourable. I believe it sometimes whales, venture into Port is generally allowed to be the very Jackson, which is a harbour, for worst land in the world, considering beauty, safety, and capaciousness, exits good geographical position. There celled perhaps by none; though, for are some thousands of acres indeed on many miles round, the soil is barren. the banks of the Hawkesbury and Birds are numerous, such as the eagle, other rivers, as good as can possibly emu, or ostrich, cockatoo, parrot, and

but in most other places the soil is hawk; there are many wild ducks in generally sterile and barren. One thing the rivers, and, strange as it may apremarkable in the land is, the best is pear, the swans are all black. found on the very summits of hills, and, The aboriginal inhabitants are not with the exception of the flooded land, it numerous; but they appear be the is every where covered with large high most degraded of mankind. While I trees, chiefly gum, and a few cedars. am writing this, my ears are arrested The timber of all sorts is very heavy, by a hollalooloo, outside of my winharsh, and unfit for general use, except dow. I perceive about twenty of them for making fences, bridges, beams for have taken too much rum, which some houses, and such like purposes. Eng- evil-disposed person has given them, lish oaks are introduced, and thrive to make diversion. The women are well. Vegetables of every descrip- cuffing the men without mercy ; but I tion grow well any season of the year. fancy they had better not carry their Lemons are on the trees in great jokes too far, lest they should get what abundance in all parts and seasons; they are not strangers to—a thrashing, and oranges, pears, peaches, straw- which they forget not after many days. berries, and every thing of this kind, “ These were all naked, and were not are plentiful. Peas, beans, potatoes, ashamed.” Should your eyes drop on pumkins, cucumbers, melons, &c. thrive such a scene, they would be offended; well. There is no want of any thing but these manners of Paradise are in this line; but the apple-tree will not getting familiar to me. Indeed the live. The fig-tree answers well; to- white women are not much better,

be;

This colony is peopled with such a | tarians, in col. 915, of your first Vol. strange medley of Irish, English, Scots, It is somewhat remarkable that Mr. B. Hindoos, New Zealanders,and Indians, should stop to punish the Unitarians, that in such society you can expect when he himself was up to his neck in but little union or friendship, unless it difficulties, by the clashing of his geolobe in the service of iniquity. All kinds gical with his theological systems, and of sin abound more than I ever saw from which he was unable to extricate in any part of Great Britain, though I himself, without calling in the aid of believe morality is gaining ground Dr. Owen, and representing the Docvery fast. There are many excellent tor's page as inspired. It is however schools, both for white and black chil- probable, that Mr. B. suspected some dren, the latter of whom learn with of those quick-sighted gentry would surprising facility. Van Dieman's see that he was stuck fast, and that inLand is, I hear, much finer in a na- stead of pitying, they would only laugh tural point of view than this. Every at him; and therefore, to spoil their European article thrives well there, fun, he determined to vex them. It and the soil is good. But the moral is too much the fashion to associate state of Van Dieman's Land is perhaps Unitarians with infidels, as though as wretched as any in the world. there were but little or no difference There are about seven thousand con- between them; but this is extremely victs there, besides settlers.”

wrong, as by an infidel is ever meant a person who rejects the necessity and

verity of a divine revelation. Some Observations on Illiberality of Expres- place all heretics and infidels upon the

bigoted catholics, it is well known, sion.

same footing, and with equal conMR. Editor.

sistency. Well may we exclaim with Sir,—Your plan of conducting the theo- good Richard Baxter, “ Alas for this logical department of the Magazine, sad disease in church doctors !” must, I think, meet with the candid

I am by no means friendly to Unitaapprobation of every sensible, liberal- rian principles, and have no doubt minded man. Your allowing persons that their different schemes are built on of opposite sentiments, to discuss the rottenness. But notwithstanding this, minor points on which they differ, is, I think they should be calmly and whatever timid bigots may think, the fairly refuted, and not misrepresented; best way to support the cause of truth. “ such opposition, (says the writer just But, in consequence of this licence, it quoted,) only tends to strengthen the is obvious, that you must not be con- opposed.”. sidered as approving of every opinion Perhaps nothing has contributed that finds its way into your Miscel- more to the spread of false doctrine, lany; and that every writer who ap- than the improper terms used in pears, by the productions of his pen, in stating those that are true. To give but your columns, must expect to meet with one example: It is too common for friendly admonitions, should he swerve writers, when noticing the fall of man, from the line of propriety and truth. to use the words imputed conse

In the religious world, nothing is quences," instead of using those more more common than for one party to consonant with the scriptural account misrepresent the other; this however of that event. I believe all the scripis extremely wrong, let the party be ture says on the subject; but the words which they may, whether catholic or imputed consequences” do not exprotestant, churchman or dissenter, press what I believe. The Bible says, trinitarian or unitarian. Truth is ever the son shall not bear the iniquity of the equal to the support of itself, and does father, i. e. shall not be considered as not need the aid either of fire or false- guilty on account of his father's sins : hood. It always gives me pain when or, in other words, whatever conseI see writers who have truth on their quences may result from the sin of a side, so far betrayed by false zeal, as parent to his offspring, there shall be to use language towards those who are imputed consequences.” And it in error, only calculated to rivet more is no wonder that some men plunge instrongly those prejudices against the to dangerous errors, in consequence of truth; and such, I think, is the tendency such contradictory jargon, as is too of Mr. Boyd's observations on Uni- often used on the subject.

Mr. B No. 12.-VOL. II.

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