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hiament being assembled, he addressed By the noble improvements of the them in a speech, of which the follow- law in the statute of 1 George III. c. ing is an extract. It is strongly ex-23, enacted at the earnest recommendapressive of a dignified character, and tion of the King himself from the of a truly patriotic king :
throne, the judges are continued in “ Born and educated in this country, their offices during their good behaI glory in the name of Briton, and the viour, notwithstanding any demise of peculiar happiness of my life will ever the crown, (which was formerly held consist in promoting the welfare of a immediately to vacate their seats,) and people, whose loyalty and warm affec- their full salaries are absolutely setion to me I consider as the greatest cured to them during the continuance and most permanent security of my of their commission : His Majesty havthrone; and I doubt not, but their ing been pleased to declare, that he steadiness in these principles will looked upon the independence and equal the firmness of my invariable uprightness of the jndges as essential resolution, to adhere to and strengthen to the impartial administration of justhis excellent constitution in Church tice, as one of the best securities of the and State, and to maintain the TOLE- rights and liberties of his subjects, and RATION inviolable. The civil and re- as most conducive to the honour of the ligious rights of my loving subjects are crown.” equally dear to me with the most valu- It was not long after His Majesty's able prerogatives of my crown; and as coronation, that some clerical sycothe surest foundation of the whole, phant, thinking to ingratiate himself and the best means to draw down the with his monarch, before whom he had Divine favour on my reign, it is my the honour of preaching, regardless of fixed purpose to countenance and en- his own sacred function, and ignorant courage the practice of true religion of His Majesty's sterling character, and virtue.”
took an occasion to fill his discourse The sentiments contained in this with such fulsome adulation, that speech are worthy of being held up as many who heard him were much disa mirror to princes on their inaugura- gusted. The King felt the insult, and tion, and of being transmitted to pos- took an occasion to express his disapterity with the name of George the probation. He gave the clergyman to Third. The manner in which this ad- understand, “that when he went to dress was delivered, excited at the church it was with a design to hear the time the warmest admiration. Quin, praises of the Almighty, and not his the celebrated actor, who had given to own,” forbidding in future any such the young Prince some private lessons disgusting and parasitical preaching. on elocution, was so enraptured on the At the time of his coronation, when occasion, that in a burst of enthusiasm he was about to receive the sacrament he exclaimed, “ It was I who taught from the hands of the Archbishop, he the boy to read.”
inquired if it were proper for him to Nor were the expressions of His receive such a solemn ordinance with Majesty the mere effusions of a mind the crown on his head? The archmelted into ostentatious benevolence, bishop hesitated. This the king peron the moment of his exaltation to the ceived; and to put an end to a dubious highest pinnacle of earthly glory; the question, immediately took off his sentiments which he delivered flowed crown and placed it by his side, while from the noble principles which he he considered himself as more immehad imbibed in his early years,---which diately appearing in the presence of had taken deep root in his mind,--and the King of kings, and Lord of lords. to which he invariably adhered during on the same night, when retiring to his long and eventful reign.
rest, he composed a solemn prayer to Among the earliest of his public God, imploring his blessing on his fuacts, he magnanimously made two vo- ture reign. This was discovered on luntary sacrifices, which to a monarch his table the next morning. are of no mean importance. The he- On the 8th of July, 1761, His Mareditary revenue was nobly given up jesty announced to the Privy Council to Parliament; and the tenure of the his intentions to marry. By his calm judge's office was made independent and manly advisers, Her late Majesty of the crown. Of this latter act Sir | was approved as the object of his William Blackstone speaks as follows. choice, and as calculated to secure the national prosperity. In the following | tality, nor from those accidents which month their nuptials were solemnized, are unhappily too often the lot of and on the 22d of the following Sep- kings. In the month of August 1786, tember, their Majesties were crowned as his Majesty was alighting from his together. Their union was long and carriage, a poor woman, named Marhappy; exhibiting to the base and garet Nicholson, approached him, and profligate, in every station of life, a under pretence of presenting a petibright example of connubial virtue. tion, attempted to assassinate him with
Xbout six months after His Majesty's a knife. The weapon, however, being accession, when the Parliament was blunt and weak, did him no injury. dissolved, instead of using any secret The woman was instantly secured ; endeavours to procure in the ensuing and on examination being found inelection a return of members whose sane, was committed to confinement, sentiments were favourable to the and provided for during life. measures of Government, it has been On the 29th of October 1795, His generally understood, that he gave Majesty proceeding to open the sesparticular orders, that no money should sion of Parliament, observed a vast be expended to procure an unconsti- concourse of people assembled in the tutional return; observing at the same Park. At first, a sullen silence pretime, that “ he would be tried by his vailed among them, and this was succountry.” Lord North was therefore ceeded by groans and hissings, accomjustifiable in his expression when he panied with “ No war, no king, give said—“ The king would live on bread us bread!" On passing the office of and water, to preserve the constitution ordnance, a small bullet entered the of his country
He would sacrifice glass on one side of the carriage, and bis life, to maintain it inviolate.” went out at the other, where the win
Nor was the attachment of His late dow was down. From what source Majesty to the religious principles this proceeded, was never known with -established in this country, less ardent certainty, as no report was heard ; but than his regard for the civil constitu- through the watchful care of Provition. The solemn oath which he took dence, His Majesty and all who were at bis coronation, made an impression with him escaped unhurt. on his mind, which the doctrine of ex- On returning home, they found the pediency, and the intrigues of party, mob considerably increased. The were never able to efface. It has been coach was assailed with stones, which recorded, to his immortal honour, that, broke the glasses in pieces, and seamidst all the exertions which have veral of them struck the King, but did been used to promote the “ Catholic him no serious harm. He bore the Claims,” and to give to the ecclesias- insult with patient fortitude; and on tical system of the Papal See, an taking from the cuff of his coat a stone approximation towards Protestantism, that had lodged there, His Majesty if not towards the British throne, the gave it to the Earl of Onslow, who was resistance of His Majesty has been with him, saying, “I make you a preuniform and invincible. On one occa- sent of this, as a mark of the civilities sion, when pressed by Lord Grenville we have met with on our journey toto favour the Catholic Bill, he is said day.” to have returned the following digni- În the month of May, 1800, another fied and sententious answer." My attempt was made to assassinate His Lord, I am one of those who respect an Majesty in the theatre, by James oath. I have firmness enough to quit Hadfield, who, on examination, was my throne, and retire to a cottage, or to proved, like Margaret Nicholson, to be place my head on a block, if my people a maniac. Scarcely had the King enrequire it; but I have not resolution to tered the royal box, when Hadfield, break that oath which I took in the most who was in the pit, presented a pistol, solemn manner at my coronation.” which he cocked, and immediately le
But whatever firmness His late Ma- velled at him. A gentleman who sat jesty might have manifested on these near him, on perceiving his apparent momentous occasions, neither bis firm- intention, attempted to seize his arm, ness, his patriotism, his station, nor as he was in the act of pulling the his public and private virtues, could trigger; by which means the muzzle of shield him from the common afflic- the pistol became somewhat elevated, tions which are attendant upon mor- and the contents which werc di.
charged, entered the Royal box, with-order had undergone no sensible alout producing any other mischief than teration; that his bodily health had that wbich resulted from the agita- partaken of some of the infirmities of tion, confusion, and tumult, which the age, but had in general been good alarming incident occasioned.
during the last month.” But while a watchful Providence
It was not till several days after the protected His Majesty from the bullet preceding bulletin was published, that and the knife, an afflictive malady from any alarming symptoms of his Mathe greater Arbiter of life and death, jesty's dissolution appeared. But his began to make inroads on his mental disorder at length returned with a defaculties. The first symptom of this gree of violence which defied the utdistressing visitation appeared sud- most skill of his physicians, and made denly in 1788; but from this attack formidable inroads on his once vigorHis Majesty obtained considerable re- ous constitution. Through the inlief. In 1810 the complaint returned crease of his affliction, and his reagain, with more confirmed violence ; fusing to take any animal food, he was and although many lucid intervals ap- reduced to a mere skeleton before his peared, his mental sun had suffered an departure. It was not, however, uneclipse, in which it finally. sunk be- til within two days of his death that he neath the horizon of this mortal state. kept his bed entirely, though for some
In the summer of 1814, His Majesty time he had not risen at his achaving a lucid interval, the Queen was customed early hour. On the night instantly made acquainted with it
, of Friday, the symptoms of danger and hastened to his apartment. On became so alarming, that Sir Henry entering the room, she found him sing- Halford came express to the Duke of ing a hymn. When this was finished, York, with whom he had an audience he knelt down, and solemnly prayed very early on Saturday morning, in aloud for Her Majesty, the Royal Fa- consequence of which, his Royal Highmily, and the Nation, concluding with ness immediately hastened to Winda petition, that God would be pleased sor. At ten o'clock, His Majesty's to remove the heavy calamity from medical attendants and Lords in himself, with which he knew he was waiting, seemed assured that he afflicted; or if not, that he might be would not be able to survive the day. resigned to the Divine will. Having As the evening approached, he graproceeded thus far, he burst into tears, dually became weaker and weaker, and his reason again departed. until about thirty-five minutes past
As His Majesty advanced in years, eight o'clock, January 29, 1820, when, his awful malady became more and without a struggle or
a groan, His more confirmed, his lucid intervals ap- Majesty breathed his last. pearing less frcquent, and of shorter The intelligence of this melancholy continuance. During the latter years event was soon communicated to the of his life, bis residence was at Wind- Prince Regent, to the other branches sor, where, secluded from all society, of the Royal Family, and the Ministers except some branches of the Royal of State. The information soon spread household, his medical attendants, through the metropolis and through and the necessary appendages in the country, and although it was an waiting, he spent his time in unconsci- event which, from the age and infirmious retirement, till death released him ties of our venerable Monarch, the nafrom his sufferings, and called him to tion had long been prepared to exthe abodes of immortality.
pect, it was received with such a uniAlthough the long indisposition of versal burst of sorrow as might have His late Majesty had concealed him been supposed, if no such presages from public observation, his character, had been given. and his melancholy condition, had en- It will not be in our power in this graven his name too deeply on the me- sketch; to enter into a minute detail mory of the people, to cause him to be of the funeral solemnities of His late either neglected or forgotten. Bul- Majesty. This must be reserved for letins of his health were regularly pub- the Memoir which is now publishing. lished by his physicians, and these in- His mortal remains lay in state at variably excited
a lively interest. Windsor Castle during two days ; The last, which was dated January 1, namely, on Tuesday from eleven 1820, states, that“ His Majesty's dis- o'clock in the morning until four in
MEMOIR OF HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS
THE DUKE OF KENT.
the afternoon, and on Wednesday, a farewell tear over the grave of a from ten in the morning until three in monarch, who had so long been the Fathe afternoon, during which time the ther and the Friend of his People. spectators were almost innumerable. This truly patriotic King, whose
The necessary, preparations being mortal remains were thus consigned made, accompanied with all the in- to the depositories of death, still consignia attendant upon departed royal- tinues to live in the affections of his ty, the grand procession, on a signal numerous and loyal subjects. He has being given, began slowly to move bequeathed to his successors, a noble towards the place of interment. At evidence of the security of a throne; nine o'clock on the 16th of February, and the art of acquiring, possessing, 1820, the symphony to the dead march and retaining the gratitude, homage, in Saul, reverberated as from a dis- and affection of a nation. It was the tance, through the Castle walls. After lotof His late Majesty to rise in honour, a short interval, the trumpets sounded as he sunk in infirmity and advanced the same symphony. The minute guns in years. This was evinced when his joined in the mournful sound, and the exit was announced ; for even under band of the Coldstream regiment the conviction that death would release struck
the dead march. This was him from his sufferings, all the grada. repeated several times before the cof- tions of society mourned his departure, fin came into the lower yard. At as though he had been cut off in the length it burst upon the public view, bloom of life; and the sighs of an afas it passed along the dense line of flicted empire seemed to accompany spectators; and the solemnity which it his disembodied spirit to the regions occasioned, produced a most grand of immortality. and memorable effect. Every person, as the corpse approached, instantly became uncovered, and remained so for some time, as the last tribute of respect that could be paid to a Sove
[Concluded from col. 198.] reign, who, when alive, had been so It has been already stated, that the much beloved.
regulations introduced by his Royal The procession having reached St. Highness, operated as a formidable George's Chapel, and the necessary attack on his revenue. The fees of his arrangements being made, the Dean predecessors had varied from 10 to of Windsor, assisted by the Archbishop 20,000l. per annum, while his were reof Canterbury,commenced the service, duced within a sixth part of this sum. which, with some anthems, and ad- Being aware of this, he had, prior to ditional petitions, was that of the his departure from England, some Church of England, which is used on communications with Lord Sidmouth, common occasions. It is impossible from whom he received a full assurance to describe the peculiar sensations that he should be no loser by the sawhich the throwing of dust upon the crifice he might make for the good of coffin occasioned, as, apparently with his country. Whether his Lordship's out hands, it gradually disappeared. memory was not retentive, or what After the service was ended, thousands other causes intervened, we know not; of persons were admitted into the but facts seem to have proved that chapel to behold the magnificence with these promises were never accomplishwhich the body lay entombed. The ed. When Mr. Pitt returned into ofceremony was far more splendid than fice, his Royal Highness revived his any British subject, perhaps now claims, and again received the most living, had ever witnessed in this coun- unqualified assurances, that all the try. It was not merely accompanied promises which had been held out in with those appendages of pomp which 1800, should be fulfilled.
In 1805, regularly attend the obsequies of de- being pressed with his creditors, the parted monarchs, but it was rendered application was again repeated, and truly sublime by the voluntary and this was met by a renewal of those heartfelt homage of countless thou- promises which had begun to diminish sands, who had thronged to the inter- in value. Mr. Pitt, however, continued ment, not merely to gratify the cu- to promise until he died; when the riosity which an exhibition so magni- hopes of his Royal Highness from this ficent must always excite, but to shed quarter being cut off, he applied,
through Lord Liverpool, to his Royal | death, was an inflammation in the Brother, the Prince Regent, and was lungs, too violent to be counteracted finally answered, with his “ sincere by any medical aid. About ten days regret, that it was not in his power to prior to his death, he had taken a walk afford the relief solicited.” Being with Captain Conroy, in which his thus repulsed, he finally applied to boots were completely soaked with Parliament, for leave to dispose of his wet. On his return, he was advised * seat at Castle Hill, near Ealing, by to change them and his stockings, but lottery; but this application also prov- being possessed of a vigorous constied unsuccessful.
tution, he disregarded the admonition, In August 1816, his Royal High- and continued playing with his lovely ness removed to the continent. Here infant, until he prepared for dinner. he continued, residing chiefly at Brus- As night approached, he felt a sensasels, until May 1818, when he was tion of cold, accompanied with hoarsemarried at Coburg, according to the ness, for which Dr. Wilson prescribed Lutheran rites, to her Serene High- a draught, composed of calomel and ness Victoria Maria Louisa, now his Dr. James's Powders. But this also disconsolate widow, youngest daugh- was disregarded ; his Royal Highness, ter of the reigning Duke of Saxe-Co- relying on the strength of his constituburg, widow of the Prince Leineugen, tion, concluded that a night's repose and sister of our much-beloved and would restore his wonted health. nhighly-esteemed Prince Leopold. happily, however, in the morning the Shortly after the solemnization of symptoms of fever were increased, and their nuptials, the Royal Pair arrived although he lost 120 ounces of blood, in England, where they were re-mar- the malady continued to grow more ried at Kew Palace, according to the and more alarming, until the morning rites of the English church, on the 11th of Sunday, January 23, 1820, about of July, 1818.
ten o'clock, when he breathed his last. Resolving to persevere in that eco- As the disorder increased, he seemed nomical plan, which, prior to his mar- sensible of his approaching dissoluriage, had led him to the continent, tion; and, when it was too late, mathe Duke and his Royal Bride, after nifested his regret for not attending to residing a few weeks in this country, the seasonable advice of Dr. Wilson. repaired to Amorbach, the residence Towards the closing scene, he would of the Duke of Leineugen, which the take nothing from any other band, Duchess, who was left by her late hus- but that of his Royal consort, who band guardian of her son, a minor, watched over him with true conjugal and regent of the principality during solicitude, and for whom he was heard his minority, had occupied during that to pray in his last moments. As to period.
himself, he continually repeated, “I During their residence at this palace, am resigned;" “ I am resigned.” her Royal Highness proving pregnant, The intelligence of this melancholy it was mutually agreed between her- event was immediately transmitted to self and her illustrious husband, that London, and communicated to the the child should draw its first breath Royal Family. It was not long before on English ground. Under this im- it became public in the metropolis, pression, they again repaired to Eng- and obtained circulation through every land, where she was delivered of a part of the united kingdom. daughter at Kensington Palace, on Prince Leopold, on hearing of his May 24th, 1819. The name of this indisposition, hastened, in company infant Princess is Alexandrina Vic- with Dr. Stockmar, tó Woolbrook, toria. Not many weeks previous to which they reached about two o'clock his decease, his Royal Highness took on the day preceding his death, and his Duchess and their lovely infant continued with his Royal Highness to into Devonshire, that they might enjoy the last. His mortal remains lay in a milder climate, and more salubrious state for a short time at Woolbrook air than the metropolis could afford. Cottage, previous to their removal to The place of their residence was at Windsor. His body was embalmed Woolbrook Cottage, in the environs on the Wednesday preceding his in ; of Sidmouth.
terment, which took place on Saturday The complaint of his Royal High- night, February 12, 1820, in the Royal ness, which has terminated in his vault at Windsor.