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also shewn them how to build ; and has “ During the last week our people introduced a variety of English culi- cheered us with songs in the night; nary roots and vegetables, which in the Lord doubtless tuned their hearts. that climate will probably soon become On hearing several voices at a disso abundant as to furnish an ample tance, I arose from my bed, and opensupply to the various inhabitants. And, ed the window, when all resounded in addition to all the rest, he devotes a with the high praises of God. O how part of every day to the instruction of delightful! All nature seemed to fathe children, whilst every evening in vour the song. The moon shone with the week he either preaches, or cate- her borrowed splendour; the glitterchises, or converses on spiritual sub-ing stars twinkled in their spheres; jects, and prays with the Hottentots. and the everlasting rocks gave echo to Such is the nature of the every-day the sound, and raised the charming work of the men, who by the Quarterly melody. The music was so sweet, that Reviewer are most malignantly repre- at the time I supposed I had never sented as
encouraging idleness by heard any thing so delightful. The instructing the natives in their own pe- company of those who sung consisted culiar doctrines, and in nothing else.' of about thirty, who also joined in
The Hottentots who go naked, or prayer.” Such are the people who, who appear in their ancient sheep-skin according to our Quarterly Reviewer, clothing, have nothing to do with the never express their gratitude to their Methodist mission. Such a report, Creator in hymns and songs.' whether true or false I know not, has From what has already been stated, been cireulated of one, and only one the last charge cannot possibly be missionary. But he, and the people true, viz. “ That the Methodist Hotamong whom he labours, have no tentots do nothing but whimper, whine, more connection with the Methodist and groan.” But do they never groan? mission, than with the Society for pro- Sometimes they do. Why? moting Christian Knowledge. Should they, like consistent members of our the fact have been as, reported, the established church, are convinced that evil has, no doubt, by this time en- they “ have erred and strayed from gaged the attention of that respectable God's ways like lost sheep;" and therebody of Christians from whom that fo
like them they cry “ Lord have missionary received his appointment, mercy upon us, Christ have mercy upon and either is already, or soon will be, us, Lord have mercy upon us. Like completely remedied. But, admitting them, with broken and contrite hearts, the existence of the evil to the full ex- contemplating the danger of eternal tent of the Reviewer's statement, does death to which they are exposed, they, it, I would ask that gentleman, com- with the utmost earnestness, prayport, I will not say with candour, but * By thine agony and bloody sweat, by with common heathen honesty, tó fili- thy cross and passion, by thy death and ate it upon the Methodists, and to burial, by thy glorious resurrection and make nakedness and filth the ordinary ascension, and by the coming of the accompaniments of their mission? Holy Ghost, Good LORD DELIVER US.
That they, the Methodist Hottentots, The members of the established church, never express their gratitude to their if they are not hypocrites, are some of Creator in hymns and songs,” is a
the greatest“ whimperers, and whiners charge which will obtain credit only and groaners” in Christendom, until among those who are totally ignorant God mercifully absolve them from all of the mode of worship among the Me- their sins.* thodists. Singing hymns and spiritual
Wherever there is genuine repentsongs occupy a considerable place in ance, there is mental sorrow, and sortheir public devotions. Nor is this row will naturally express itself in the case here only, but in Africa also. Neither is the expression of
* 'The Liturgy of the Church of England is gratitude in hymns and songs” con
remarkable for its religious fervour. fined to public worship, but in this of its language expresses a high degree of way they give vent to the pious emo
devotional excitement, and therefore can never tions of their souls in other places. In the impenitent.
be properly adopted by the thoughtless and
In their case they are words a letter from the Rev. Mr. Shaw to his without meaning ; but in the case of humble father, dated Leelie Fontien, March 27, penitents, such as the Methodist Hottentots 1818, are the following observations. appear to be, they are literally correct.
what the Reviewer elegantly calls matter for sneer and sarcasm, I behold "whimpering, whining, and groaning." | in it the indications of the ultimate Whether he knows any thing of that Christianization of the various coungodly sorrow which worketh repent- tries where they have already erected ance to salvation, there is much rea- | the standard of the cross.
Whilst reson to fear. Did he, he could not have viewers are enjoying all the comforts treated with envenomed rancour the of this life, and are not only not adpoor uneducated Hottentot for smiting vancing the interests of Christianity, on his breast like the publican, and but, as far as in them lies, hindering like him crying (he would say whimper- its progress, by raising a cry against ing or whining) “God be merciful to those whom God has eminently home a sinner." Or, like the three thou- noured in the missionary field ; these sand, who under the ministry of Peter, apostolic men are cheerfully exposing were pricked to the heart, and said themselves to perils by water, and (or as our Reviewer would say whined perils by land, and perils among wild and whimpered) “Men and brethren, beasts, and perils among savage tribes; what shall we do?” Personal religion and are not even counting “ their lives has its beginning in repentance, and dear unto themselves, so that they may its sorrows will be found uniformly to finish their course with joy, and the precede the joys of salvation.
ministry which they have received of I have confined my observations to the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the Methodist mission in South Africa, the grace of God.” because the censure of the Reviewer Between the benefits resulting to applies to that mission; and have fully the world from the labours of zealous shewn, that the missionaries preach Christian missionaries, and those both the doctrines and the duties of which result from the lucubrations of the Bible; that they catechise and in such reviewers as the gentleman restruct both the old and the young; viewed in this paper, there is no more that, like St. Paul, their own hands comparison than between the lives of minister to their necessities; and that the celebrated John Elwes, and the they have introduced several of the great Howard. The one might perarts of civilization, and consequently haps perform one act of benevolence in added to the temporal comfort of the seven years, an act which required no Hottentots. I have confined my ob- privation, and subjected to no inconservations to that mission, otherwise I venience; but the life of the latter should have felt a sacred pleasure in was one unbroken series of benefidilating on their other important mis- cence; he sacrificed kindred, and acsions, especially on those established quaintance, and property, and country, in the West Indies, and Ceylon ;-mis- and every earthly comfort, to promote sions by which an indescribable quan- the happiness of mankind : and for tum of moral good has already been such men to affect to censure the exeraccomplished, and which exhibit the tions of missionaries, is not less ludifairest prospect of a rich missionary crous than for persons like Elwes to harvest.
ridicule the zeal, and sufferings, and When I contemplate the zeal, the associates, and mode of living, of the labours, the sufferings, the privations, great philanthropist. It is the owl comof those holy men, who brave the dan- plaining of the harsh and unmelodious gers of the deep, sacrifice the pleasures note of the nightingale ;—it is the pigmy of polished society, and associate with lamenting the weakness of the giant; men little elevated above a savage and the glow-worm pitying the dim state, and living on their humble fare; lustre of the sun. Such missionaries instead of viewing them, as our Re- will be had in everlasting remembrance, viewer does, as objects of contempt, I when their adversaries shall be written look upon them as beings of a higher in the dust.
ABEDNEGO. order, as eminently treading in the Jan. 24, 1820. steps of Him“ who was rich, yet became poor, that we through his poverty might be made rich;"- and as hastening to a great and glorious reward. And instead of seeing nothing
[Continued from col. 138.] in the success with which they have Thus have I passed through those been favoured, but what furnishes eight religious orders, who werc pos.
HISTORICAL FACTS RESPECTING
sessed of our land. I come now to The Dominicans, or Black Friars, those, who, although they had no pos- took their rise in the year 1216, from sessions of their own, yet were in ef- that godly butcher St. Dominick,whose fect masters of all the land in this na- catholic zeal was first manifested in tion, it being accounted a crime equal the barbarous croisade which he set on to sacrilege, to deny them entrance foot against those innocent people the into any place which they would ho- Albigenses, of whom, above one hunnour with their presence; I mean those dred thousand were massacred at once, four venerable orders, the Franciscans, by this saint's instigation : for, at a Dominicans, Carmelites, and Hermites smaller price of blood he could not of St. Austin.
hope to purchase a canonization in a The Franciscans, or Grey Friars, church, which was so well stocked with were instituted in the year 1206, by such kind of saints before. To give St. Francis,* whose first prank of holi- yet a farther instance of his Christian ness, was robbing his father, for which charity, when he saw how the number pious act being disinherited, he, like a of heretics was diminished by his wholetrue ranter, stript himself stark naked, some severities, like a true high-church and ran away to a chapel near Assisy champion, he listed into his order a in Umbria, where being a beggar bim- set of merciless ruffians, whom he styled self, he began a begging order; which the militia of Jesus Christ; whose embeing founded on sloth and idleness, ployment was to cut the throats of all drew in so many converts, that † St. those wbo were so schismatical as to Francis, even in his life-time, saw two dissent from him in opinion. It was thousand five hundred convents of his he also who founded that merciful own monks, all mumpers, gipsies, va- court of justice, called the Inquisition, grants, and such like persons, taking of which himself was made the head. upon them his profession of sanctity, Nor did he want for miracles any which agreed so well with their own more than his brother St. Francis; for inclinations. It were endless here to though he had no such bodily marks, ** enumerate those many ridiculous and yet he received the Holy Ghost with blasphemous miracles with which his the same glory of a flaming tongue as lying legend is filled ; such as his bear- the Apostles did ; and whereas Christ ing the marks of Christ upon his body, being Verbum Dei, only proceeded which were imprinted there by Christ from the mouth of God, St. Domihimself; such as his conversing inti- nick +t was seen to come from his mately with the Virgin Mary ; such as breast. Nay farther, he like St. Paul his healing the lame and blind, nay, was ravished into the third heaven, and even raising the dead to life. Mi- where seeing none of his own order, he racles, upon the strength of which, his complained to Jesus Christ of it; who blind followers have not hesitated to exhibited his mother, the Virgin Mary, publish him greater than John the Bap- cherishing vast numbers of his foltist, and all the apostles, and to affirm lowers in a manner that delicacy comthat a roll from heaven declared him pels us to conceal.If This diabolical to be the “ Grace of God.” Nay, they sect pretended to follow the rule of St. have not been ashamed to call him $ | Austin, nd multiplied so fast, that in “ Jesus of Nazareth, King of the the space of two hundred and seventy Jews.” Relying upon the sincerity of years, they had one thousand one hunthe author of his legend, (I mean Lu- dred and forty-three convents. cifer,ll whose seat this great saint now The Carmelites, or White Friars, fills in heaven) who being once abjured pretend that the $$ Prophet Elias was by a priest, answered 9 “ that there the first Carmelite, who obtained of were only two in heaven marked alike, our Saviour, at the time of his transfiChrist and St. Francis."
guration on Mount Carmel, this grand * Hospin de Orig. Mon. lib. 6.
|| Ib, ut sup. page 44, 293. + Bonavent. in Legend, cap. 4.
Lib. Conformitat. fol. 230, 231. # Lib. Conformitatum Ord. St. Francis, fol.
** Nic Jansenius Vit. St. Domin. lib. 1. N. B. This book was written by Bartholonew de Pisis, or Pisanus, a Franciscan, cap. 8. .page 56. and approved at a general chapter of Francis
++ Ib. lib. 2, cap. 14, page 109. cans at Assisy, in the year 1399, and by them +1 Apol. Dom. in Vita St. Dom. and Ben. entitled the Golden Buok.
Gonom. Chron. B. Virg. page 212, 218, 223. Ś Ib. ut sup. lib. 1.
$$ Ben. Gonom. Chron. 8, v. page 319.
privilege, that his order should remain year 1265, and had for their general, till the end of the world : but this for- St. Symon Stock, so called from his gery is so gross, that the papists them- living in a hollow tree. selves cannot swallow it. The true The Austin Friars derive their oritime of their foundation, was in the ginal from the same person with the year 1122, by Albert, patriarch of Je- Regular Canons of that name, which rusalem, who gathered together a few hath sufficiently been proved a forgery, Hermites, that lived on Mount Carmel, both by $ Erasmus and || Hospinian. In and gave them the pretended rule of short, their beginning was founded St. Basil. When Palestine was taken upon this ridiculous story, which I by the Saracens, they flocked into have taken out of their own legends : Europe, where Pope Honorius the It happened on a certain occasion, as Fourth altered their habits, and for Pope Alexander the Fourth lay half an indication of their humility, dubbed asleep and half awake, that the great them Christ's Uncles, ordering them to St. Augustine, though dead and rotten be called Brothers of the Virgin Mary. some hundred years before, appeared Innocent the Fourth, upon their part- to him under a dreadful figure, having ing with that heretical clause in one of a head as big as a tun, and the rest of their rules, * “ that they ought to his body as small as a reed; by which hope for salvation only from our Sa- mysterious form, his holiness immeviour,” like a true Pope granted them diately knew the saint, and concluded manyimmunities and privileges; whose that he ought to found an order to this example was followed by Pope John Holy Father, whose head could not be XXIII., he being thereunto moved by at rest in the grave for want of a body. a vision of the blessed Virgin, who, ac- And this gave rise to these mendicant cording to his pretended usual famili- Augustinian Friars, who being conarity, accosted his holiness in these firmed by following popes, increased words: t By express command of so prodigiously as to have in a few Me and my Son, thou shalt grant this years above two thousand convents of privilege, that whosoever enters this men, and three hundred of women. my order, shall be free from guilt and They passed from Italy into England, punishment of their sins, and eternally in the year 1252; and at their arrival, saved.” Urban the Fourth was like- a raging sickness broke out in London, wise favourable unto them; as was and spread over the whole kingdom, Eugenius the Sixth, who mitigated as a presage of the destruction and their rule, and permitted them to eat plague, which these vermin would in flesh, as a reward for their having time bring upon this nation. burned alive one Thomas, brother of Thus, according to my first proposal, their own order, for blasphemously I have gone through a short historical affirming, that the abominations of account of the original, rise, and prothe church of Rome needed a re- gress of all those religious orders, formation.
which flourished most in this island; This successive friendship of Popes among which number, I shall not to them, increased their convents to a reckon the Hospitallers of St. John of number not inferior to that of any Jerusalem, nor the Knights Templars, other order. And they made such good their institution being chiefly military. use of the Virgin Mary's favour in Let it suffice then to observe of them, exempting them from the guilt of sin, that they followed the rule of St. Authatt Nicolaus of Narbona, general of gustine in many points, but were their order, after having reproached wholly excluded from the exercise of them with their hypocrisy and abomi- the canonical office; that their vow nations, in the year 1270 retired from was to receive, to treat, and defend their society, being no longer able to pilgrims, and also to maintain with bear with their scandalous lives. They force of arms the Christian religion in came over into England about the their country; that none were admitted
* Bal, in Vita Innocent 4. Ut de solo servatore salutem sperarent.
# Nic. Gallus. Igneæ Sagittæ, cap. 5.
+ Id. Bal. in Vita Eugenii. In super Me et Filio meo jubentibus, Privilegium hoc debis, ut quicunq; ordinem meum intravenit, a Culpa et Pena liberatus, in æternum salvus fiat.
S. Balæus Cent. 4. cap. 17.
amongst them but those who were of monks, though it were in gratifying the noble extraction, whilst the religious lusts of the flesh; and bore to the world societies were for the most part com- the face of chaste Christian sisters, posed of the dregs of the earth: and whilst, like a Turkish seraglio, they lastly, that they acquired to themselves carried in private the teeming mark's such immense treasure, as procured of the labour of their ghostly fathers. them the envy and hatred of all other
[To be concluded in our next.] orders; which was the true cause of the total extirpation of the Templars, and contributed to the diminution of
Queries on Study and Learning. the power and revenue of the Hospitallers, who are now called Knights of MR. EDITOR. Malta.
SIR,—Answers to the following QueNot inserting therefore these two ries, through the medium of the Impemilitary societies, we shall find that rial Magazine, by you, or any of your our number of religious orders amount- able correspondents, will very much ed exactly to twelve; two plagues oblige
The INQUIRER. more than ever Egypt felt, and of a Dec. 24th, 1819. much more dreadful nature. For Moses only turned their rivers into On the supposition that a young man blood; whereas our monks, by their is called to the work of the Ministry at persecutions, converted our whole na- 21 years of age,—is at liberty from his tion into a sea of blood : he sent frogs, secular employments,--and has the lice, and flies, into all their
quarters, opportunity of spending two years at a much less troublesome vermin than those mendicant friars, who swarmed ing can be taught ;-What branches
seminary, where every branch of learnin all our private families : he called would it be advisable for him to for murrain upon the Egyptian cattle,
study? and for boils upon the flesh of their inhabitants; and what were our reli- thematics,” in its general application?
What is implied in the term “ Magions orders less, than the consumers
--which branches of them should be of our substance, and the corruption studied ?-and how far should they be of our people? He commanded hail
pursued by the person in question? and locusts, which destroyed only one
Would it be advisable to study the season's crop; but these sanctified ca
Greek and Hebrew languages ?—what terpillars devoured our land for ages advantage would result from an actogether. He caused a darkness, which soon passed away; but the acquaintance with them be worth the
quaintance with them ?-would an eclipse which these men brought upon time and attention it is presumed they the light of the gospel, endured for would occupy?-and could the time more than twelve hundred years. And be occupied more advantageously? lastly, the first-born only in that unhappy land were slain by an angel of nister peruse, to acquire a beautiful
What authors should a young MiGod; whereas in our (then much more
and good style, that at the same time miserable) country, those messengers would be comprehended by all classes of of the devil, sacrificed whole fami- his audience? lies to their covetousness and lust.
How should he spend his time durThat men should desire the onions of ing the day, or week, supposing him Egypt is no wonder ; but that they to rise at four in the morning? should long for its very plagues, is a
Which studies should take the prefolly peculiar only to this generation. cedence? and in what order should (1717.) I have hitherto said nothing con
they follow ? cerning the Nuns, whose rules were exactly the same with those of their In reply to a Query which appeared in brethren the Friars, in each respective column 667, our correspondent q oborder, to whom they served only as an
The Querist on the Locusts appendix, or house of ease. All that may be directed to Dr. Shaw's Natumay truly be affirmed of them is, that ralist's Miscellany, where I think, they were a set of silly superstitious under Gryllus Migratorius, he will women, who thought it a piece of spi- find some observations from the celeritual devotion to be subservient to the brated Hasselquist on the subject.”.