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WHOLESALE.-L. pool, Jan. 22, 1820. PROVISIONS

$. d. S. d. SUNDRIES.- Liverpool, 22d Jan. SUGAR, cwt.

Beef new, y tierce 98 O a 115 0

HAY, old, y 2015. ......Is. Od. a Os.od 56 a 62

barrel 65 0 Muscovado, dry brown

78 0

09 middling 63 71

Butter, cwt.

68 0

368 70 0 STRAW, Wheat, ¥ 2015. 0 4
good
73

Cork dry 3rds. new
79

POTATOES,.... 21th. 0 5
fine
85 88

pickled new 2nds. 77 0 78 0 OATMEAL,Psack 24011.35 0 38 o

146 Refined,Dble.Loavs. 6.a 71b. 144

Belfast dry new...... 83 0 84 0

FLOUR, best, 'sk.2401b.48 0 52
120
Single do. 10-1416. 114
Newry do...... 610 82 0

seconds........42 0 45 O
Lar. Lmps. 46-501b. 94 95
Pork, Irish, brl. 800 92 6

FRESH BUTTER, 1602 1 2
120
Canary do. 24-281b. 114

Cheese, old, ø 1201b 70 85 0
MOLASSES, British ...... 23 28

new

55 0

65 0 RUM, gallon, 16 O. P. 38. 2d. a 38. 3d. LEATHER, pld.

Average Prices of Number of Bank2 2 Leewards, common 2 1

Butts, 40th .......1 10

Sugar. Gazette.

rupts in Gazette. BRANDY, Cognac.... 30 3 6

Dressing, 20 a 211b ....19 1 10
Dec. 22 ..358.3fd. Dec.21.......

.18 GENEVA....

26 2 8
Calf, doz. 40 a 501b..2 7 2 9 - 29.. 34 0

25..........12 Do. 30 a 35 ..22 24 COFFEE, cwt.

Jan. 5..34 34

28....

15 West India, ordinary.. 115 a 119 Horse, lb. ........1 6 1 7

12 ..35 8 Jan. 1....

17 middling ..125 138

4.....
fine........140 130
List of Vessels Arrived. Cleared

8.........20 MAHOGANY, V foot, 8. d.

From West India and Bri-)

for sea.
Prices of Coal

11....... 10 Honduras 1 2 a 1 4 tish Settlements in 38 26

4 Ton of 22401b.

15..........15 St. Domingo ...... 1 10 2 0

North America

Wigan ....158.6d.
Cuba ..

15
1 7
East India and Africa 4 3 Country ..100

Total.. 121 COTTON, lb.Sea Isl.

Brazils ......

7 19 2 2 3 6 good to fine

United States ........14 13 ordinary to middling 111 2 1

Ireland

62 77
Prices of Bullion.

Liverpool. Bowed, Georgia.... 10 1 14 Europe and all

Foreign Gold, in Bars ......£3 17 104

39 New Orleans ......1 04 1 4

other Parts .....

Portugal Gold, in Coin........3 17 101 Pernambucco ......1 54 16

New Doubloons

......3 15 Marauham

.... 1 34
1 41 22d Dec. to 21st Jan. Total 174 177 New Dollars....

......0 5 0 Barbadoes 1 1

Silver, in Bars, Standard...... 5 West Indies 1 0 114 | Total Tonnage

........28596 27489 Surat 0 71 1 0

Rates of Insurance.- Liverpool. Bengal

0 71 09

Liverpool

Exports of British Manufac- To West Indies...... cent. 358 a 405 DYE WOODS, ton, £. s. £. s.

tures, from 22d Dec. to 21st Jan.

U. States of America .... 40 Fustic, Cuba....... 90 a 10 10

Cotton Stuffs 306492 pcs. & 975735 yds. Britisu America ......season closed. Porto Rico.... 60. 70

Woollen do... 15823

5060
Jamaica ... 7 0 80
Worsted do... 4981

252

East Indies... Logwood, Campeachy 7 0 8 0

........ 45 Flannel ......

51796

Coast of Africa and back..126
Jamaica.... 6 10

7 0
Linen Cloth..

107
284315

Gibraltar ...
Honduras,.. 6 10 7 10

30
Kerseymere.. 759

82

Mediterranean Nicaragua Wood,

40 24 0 Carpeting...

10096

France and Holland...... 40
Paize....

792
120

Baltic...
small
8 0 11 0

season closed. Blanketing 113 pairs, 4787

London TOBACCO, V tb. 8. d. 8. d.

25 Hats, 2737 doz.-Hose, 6523 doz. pairs. Ireland West Coast...... 40 James River

0 31 a 0 8

Hardware, 1823.-Nails, 590 cwts.
stemmed........0 54 0 72

East Coast ........30
Copper, 9251.-Glass, 19271 cwt. 1140 cts
Rappahanock 03 05

Bar and Bolt Iron, &c....... 697 tons.
stemmed... 0 35 06

Steel, 76 cwts.-Tinplates, 743 boxes. Prices of Stock, London, Jan. 19. Kentucky

0 31 0 51
Lead,

... 213 tons. Reduced Annuities
ASHES, 1 cwt.
s, d. 8. d.

68% Earthenware

.........1712 crates, &c. Consols 1st, Pot, fresh, U. S. 41 0 a 42

67 ex div. Refined Sugar.. .....10457 cuts, Consols for Acct. Montreal ........36 0 39 0

671 do, White Salt to Foreign Parts,..1379 tons. 4 Cents American, 1st, Pearl 410 43

86
0
Treland...

5 Cent Navy TAR, V barrl.Stockholm 19 0 21

1025
0
Rock Salt to Foreign Parts.. 446

Exchequer Bills
Archangel 19 0 21 0

par.

584 American 16 0 18 0

IRISH FUNDS.-- January 18. Coal to Forein Parts

505 chal.

Bank Stock
Ireland

2289
duty paid,

Government Debentures, 31 cent, 803 East India 15 19

5 cent, 1043 HIDES, Ib. Buenos Ayres 7d. a 10 d. Liverpool Imports, from the 22d Dec. Government Stock, 3 cent.... 771 West India 6

7
to the 21st January.

5 cent...... 1013 BRIMSTONE, Pton, £. $. £8. Sugar, P. B. 730 hhds. 83 brls. 14 tces.

Grand Canal loan, 4 cent... rough

..23 0 a 23 10 Foreign, 179 cases.-Coffee,B. P. 44 bgs. AMERICAN FUNDS.- Jan. 15. SHUMAC, Pcwt. 8. d. s. d. -Cotton, W. India, 76 bales. Ameri

3p Cents
Sicily
.210 a 216
can, 5364 bales. Brazils, 4300 bags;

New 6 7 Cents ............984 - 100 HEMP, y ton,

£. 8.

£. $. 527 bales; 873 serons. East India, (The above with Div. from October.) Petersburg clean 46 0 a

1131 bales.-Rum, 427 punchs. 2 hhds. U.S. Bank Shares... ....£-a Riga Rhine

49 0 --Brandy, 2 pipes.--Wine, 10 hhds; FLAX, ton, £. 8. f. s. 29 pipes; 1 butt: 15 cases.-Molasses,

Liverpool Dock Shares, Dec. 17. St. Petersburg 12-head 50 0 a 53 0 5 puncheons.-Fustic, 2 tons.-Ashes,

£92 17 S 3-10th average price for £100 HOPS, Kent pock, new 3 18 4 10 1349 brls-Turpentiné, 35 brls.-Rice,

at 5 cent per annum; interest pay& Sussex, bags, do. 3 16 4 8 686 bags -Tobacco, 480 hhds. 154 bales.

able in London or Liverpool half yearly. Worcester,

do. 4 0 4 16 - Iron, 4081 bars — Flax, 143 bales.Yearling, Kent or 3 0 3 14 Hides, 21905.-Madder Root, 18 bales, Worcester, in ps. S 3 10

-Elephants' Teeth, 62, & 11 cwt.PINE TIMBER, Y cub ft. s. d. s. d.

Sumac, 2746 bgs.--Brimstone, 1684 tons. American

6 al 7 --Valonla, 120 tons.-Saltpetre,1619 bgs. Baltic

5 2 6 - Indigo, 10 chests.-Wool, 58 bales.SALT PETRE, y cwt. 33 0 35 0

- Flaxseed, 2112 bags; 20 casks.-LinGRAIN,

8. d.

s. d. seed, 650 qrs.-Corn, Wheat, 13277 qrs. Barley, Eng! y 60th. 4 6 a 5 9 --Barley, 6969 qrs. 22 tons.-Oats,

Irish & Foreign 3 9 5 0 27534 qrs.-Beans, 621 qs.-Peas, 135 qs. Beans, Engl. par...420 45 0 Malt, 933 qrs.-Flour, 231 tons; 1364 brls

Foreign ....36 0 45 0 48 sacks.---Oatmeal, 2264 bolls; 37 tons.
Flour, barrel,

-Oranges and Lemons, 2045 chests;
American, sweet 400

4509 boxes.-Raisins, 753 brls. 2301 bxs.
sour..32 0 34 0

2351 drums; 5058 baskets; 182 caskt. Oats, Engl. ¥ 45lb.

Figs, 490 drums; 2 frails; 59 mats.-
3 4
new ..

3 7

Almonds, 20 bales; 5 bags.--Apples, Irish & Foreign 2 10 3 7 116 brls.-Nuts, 100 bags.-Walnuts, Wheat, Engl. 97015.10 0 10 6 11 bags.-Currants, 151 caroteels;

Irish... 9 0 96 122 butts; 5 casks.

Dantzig .... 96 10 3 Oil--Cód, 480 csks-Dogfish, 268 csks. TALLOW, 11215. $. d.

s. d.

Seal, 94 casks; 89 brls. i puncheon.Russia Y. Candle 57 0 a 58 0 Blubber, 30 casks.--- Palm, 303 casks; Brazil ........59

10 brls. 280 punchs. 96 butts; 120 pipes; IRON, Eng. bar ......£11 0

11 10 170 hhds. 96 kegs.-Rape, 10 pipes.
Foreļgn, in bond 17 0 17 10 Timber, 21 cargoes.
OILS, Y tun, Olive.... £77 0 a 78 0

Ireland.
Seal ......35 0

Butter, 21546 frks. 140 crocks, &c.-
Cod ......30 0

Rapeseed, 113 bgs. 2174 scks. 734 qrs.-
Greenlanů Whale.... 38

Cows,197Pigs, 1764.-Bacon,347 bales
Palm ....39

Ireland ......

RICE, y cwd-American, } 338. a 385.

......48

0

4 0

50sild
49 6
48 6
48 1

2

45810d
45 0
43 10
43 3

238 7d
23 9
23 0
22 11

Beans. Peas.
Average Prices of Grain for the 12 Districts.

Rye. Barley. Vats.
Wheat.

[blocks in formation]

: 2 : 2 U.
Ports closed against all kinds of Grain for home consumption.

Course of Exchenge, in London, January 18.
Amsterdam, 11 : 19 C. F. Ditto at sight, 11 : 16. Antwerp,

Bourdeaux, 25 - 30.com Frank-
Ex. M. Hamburg, 36 : 10: 2 U. Altona, 36
fort on the Main, 161. Ex. M. Madrid, 34. effect. Cadiz, 341.
effect. Barcelona, 34. Gibraltar, 30. Leghorn, 474. Genoa, 444.
Venice, Italian Liv. 27. 30. Malta, 46. Naples, 384, Palermo,
116. Lisbon, 52. Oporto, 52. Rio Janeiro, 57. Dublin, 114.

40s 3d
41 9
41 3
400

0

[blocks in formation]

0
0

28 csks.-Beef, 766 tces. 431 bris. 74 tubs. Linseed, gall... 38. 8d. a Os. Od. --Pork, 1387 barrels.-Linen Cloth, Rape ... 4 0

382 bales, 574 boxes.-Flax, 231 bales, Turpentine,Pewt. 62 O

168 bags, 10 boxes.

18th Dec.
25th -
1st Jan,
8th -

Iris,

PRINTED BY H. FISHER, LIVERPOOL, PRINTER IN ORDINARY TO HIS MAJESTY.

Imperial Magazine;

OR, COMPENDIUM OF

RELIGIOUS, MORAL, & PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.

" LITERARY PURSUITS AWAKEN AND IMPROVE OUR MENTAL ENERGIES."

ESSAY ON

DEFAMATION,

The vile defamer's pois'nous breath
Diffuses pestilence and death;
Assuming friendship's sacred guise,
His mouth's the vehicle of lies;
An enemy to all that's good,
Destruction is his proper food.

Abednego.
-What kinz so strong,
'Can tie the gall up in the slanderous tongue!

Shakspeare.

MARCH.]

(1820. ruin: in all such cases, tho' publicity would not be defamation, it would unquestionably be a total departure from that charity which covereth a multitude of sins.

What then is defamation? It is intentional misrepresentation, for the purpose of detracting from the reputation of any one.* I have said intentional

misrepresentation, because a person AMONG the various vices which de- the most benevolent, and the most hosform human nature, and derogate from tile to any thing defamatory, may give the happiness of the species, perhaps circulation to a misrepresented fact, there is none more extensive in its not knowing or supposing it to be range, and pestiferous in its influence, such. The authority from whom he than Defamation. It respects neither received it, might be such as to preage, nor sex, nor character, nor condi- clude the suspicion of inaccuracy; tion, but blows its poisonous breath and the motive which actuated him in upon all, and generally most copiously its repetition, might be the most virupon those who are celebrated either tuous and commendable.

It might for wisdom or virtue.

possibly be to shew the inexperienced By defamation I do not mean a sim- the dangers to which the imprudent ple relation of the truth, however that are exposed, from the adoption of certruth may operate to the injury or dis- tain principles, the formation of cerhonour of any individual; for the pub- tain habits, or an association with licity of facts, however painful to the persons of bad or doubtful character ; delinquent, is often salutary, at once or it might be to throw a little light correcting the offender, and exhibiting into the picture, by shewing that the a beacon for the admonition of others. disgraceful fact possibly arose from Any pain experienced by such publi- peculiar circumstances, that it was city, must be considered as the neces- the result of unexpected and violent sary result of folly and wickedness,- temptation, that the fact is a solitary as confirmatory of those scriptures one, and that no one can condemn it which teach that the way of transgres- with greater severity than that with sors is hard,-an as the natural pro- which he condemns it himself, and that moter and guardian of virtue. But although in his character there is much although truth is not defamation, how to blame, yet there is also much to adever it may affect the reputation or mire, and that therefore he ought not circumstances of the guilty, yet pru- to be avoided as a pestilence, or exedence, and especially Christian charity, crated as a demon, but pitied, and, if will in many cases conceal and not possible, restored as a fallen brother. publish the infamy of others; and more Defamatory reports circulated by perespecially if such infamy be a devia- sons actuated by such motives, and tion from general character; or if they accompanied by such palliatives, lose have repented of their evil, and have much of their malignity ; the poison is given evidence that they have done so not only diluted, and thus weakened, by a change of conduct; or if publi

* The reader will perceive that I have not city would produce no good effect on themselves or others; and farther, if adopted the definition given of this term by such publicity would entail infamy is defamation; hence the maxim--the greater

lawyers. According to them, any offensive truth upon such as had no participation in the truth, the greater the libel

. As a check on their crime, and thus involve the inno- the malignant, perhaps such a difinition may cent and the guilty in one common

be necessary to the good order of society, No. 13.-Vol. II.

H

do to you,

but it is diluted with charity, which of Cork. In that city multitudes attendall antidotes is the most effectual.

ed his ministry, and the false peace of Defamation is intentional misrepre- many was disturbed. The consesentation, for the purpose of lowering quence was, that the populace zeathe reputation of another. The me- lously attacked him and his friends. thods of persons who deal much in this A prosecution of the persecutors was article, are many and diversified, but instituted ; but the Grand Jury refused all injurious in their operation, and to find a bill, though there were 28 alike hostile to the golden rule of our depositions to the facts.

Nor was Lord-As ye would that others should this all, for they actually made the fol

do
ye even so to them.

lowing extraordinary presentment : One of the grossest species of defa- “ We find and present Charles Wesley, mation, is that which has no truth for to be a person of ill fame, a vagabond, its foundation, but consists entirely in and common disturber of his Majesty's falsehood, such as that when A was at peace, and we pray that he may

be trans2, he was guilty of some act of gross ported.Now, in this very curious immorality; whereas Z was never vi- document, there is some truth. It is sited by A, and at the time referred to not true that he was a person of ill A was in the bosom of his own family: fame, for his moral character was unor that A overreached B in a certain impeachable; neither is it true that he secular transaction; whereas between was a vagabond, for he was a respectA and B there never had been any able clergyman, and honourably maintransaction, or communication on any | tained; but it is true that he was a subject, either directly or indirectly: disturber, and a common disturber, if or that A had written a political not of his Majesty's peace, at least of pamphlet, full of treason ; although A the peace of many of his Majesty's had never written a line on politics in wicked subjects. He disturbed the his life. This species of defamation peace of many who had been saying frequently does temporary, though it peace, peace,” where there was no is too gross to do lasting mischief; for peace. Like St. Paul, he occasioned there being no semblance of truth, the many a tumult, and, like him, though lie is transparent, and the defamed, never interfering in politics, he contilike Abednego, comes forth unhurt nually aimed at turning the world upfrom the furnace into which he had side down. been thrown, whilst he who threw him The case of John Bunyan furnishes in is consumed to ashes. Such defa- another example. He was imprisoned mation generally indicates a high de- twelve years and six months for preachgree of malignity, combined with a ing the gospel, and the bill of indictsmall portion of genius.

ment against him ran thus :—“ John But that species of defamation which Bunyan hath devilishly and perniis most prevalent, and which operates ciously abstained from coming to most injuriously, is that which has church to hear divine service, and is a some truth for its basis, but to which common upholder of several unlawful something is added, or from which conventicles, to the distraction of the something is taken away, or some cir- good subjects in this kingdom, concumstances are altered or omitted, the trary to the laws of our Sovereign omission or alteration of which occa- Lord the King.” Here also is some sions an impression to be made di- truth, to which is added much falserectly the reverse of that which other hood. It is true that John Bunyan wise would have been produced. To did not go to church; but it is not true illustrate these different modes of de- that he devilishly and perniciously abfamation by apposite examples, will, stained from going: it is true that he while it furnishes entertainment, pro- attended meetings, which a persecutbably produce a deeper impression ing Act of Parliament designated unthan would be produced by a series of lawful conventicles, because he thought arguments.

it better to obey God than man; but To illustrate defamation by addition, it is not true that this was to the distake the following examples. The traction of the good subjects in this kinglate Rev. Charles Wesley, in the year dom. The good subjects could not fail 1749, visited Ireland, and preached in to rejoice in John's efforts to make his several places of that part of the em- fellow subjects good men. If there pire, and among the rest, in the city of I was distraction any where, it was

among bad subjects, who could not making them say more than they ever bear that their deeds should be re- uttered, but frequently by making proved.

them say much less. She reports only Nothing is more common than for a part of what is spoken, and thus defamers, in reporting what they have makes an injurious impression; whereheard, to make such additions as as, were she to give what precedes and make a false and injurious impression. what follows, the impression would be For example, Philander one day in directly the reverse. Gaius one day the course of conversation stated the affirmed, that without Divine mercy following facts :—Once, he observed, every human being must perish for in coming from Brighton to London, ever. Calumnia, omitting the words on the outside of a stage-coach, it 'divine mercy,” reported that Gaius being at the time of Epsom races, he had affirmed that every human being saw the race ground covered with must perish. Demetrius, when shewpeople :-once he attended the meet- ing the importance of the scriptures, ing of the Naval and Military Bible solemnly affirmed, that without a diSociety, in the Concert Room of the vine revelation, we can neither know Haymarket Theatre ;-and once, as he God, nor the way to heaven. Calumnia, was passing through one of the parks omitting the words “ without a diin the evening, he was rudely accosted vine revelation,” reported Demetrius by an unhappy woman, to whom he to have said, that no man can either spoke seriously, which brought her to know God, or the way to heaven. Betears; to whom he gave a trifle to sup- nevolus, when the subject of mendicity port her that night; and promised, was a topic of conversation, gave it on her coming to his house the fol- as his opinion, that mendicity is a lowing day, to put her into a way great evil; that many beggars are by which she might virtuously procure gross impostors; and therefore, added a maintenance. Calumnia happened he, I never gave, and I am determined to be present. Away she hastened I never will give, a single penny to to the house of a receiver of scandal, any poor person, without first endeaand after some grave looks and deep vouring to make myself acquainted sighs, and much apparent reluctance with his circumstances. Calumnia imto communicate any thing injurious mediately reported that Benevolus was to the reputation of any one, for, a cruel unfeeling wretch, for she had GOOD CREATURE! she hated to speak heard him say that he never gave, and evil of any body, and especially of that he never would give, a single Philander, she at length disburden- penny to any poor person. ed her mind by saying, “ What I am Penelope, one morning about to go going to communicate will, I suppose, a journey, called upon a friend of almost stagger your faith. I wish that calumnia, who was exceedingly pressI could not believe it, but I am sorry ing for her to take a glass of noyeau. to say, I had it from an authority I Penelope refused, saying she was not cannot question,-from no other than accustomed to take any thing of the himself. I have just left Philander at kind in the morning. But, my dear, the house of Mr. where, not- said Calumnia's friend, you have a withstanding the religious profession great way to go, and I am sure it will he makes, he has openly avowed that do you good ; now do suffer me to he is in the regular habit of attending pour you out a little. Penelope relucthe Haymarket Theatre, and of going tantly consented. She drank her noyto Epsom Races, and that he frequently eau, and departed. She had not been walks with bad women, and actually long gone before Calumnia and her has one in keeping. But all this, my friend met, when the friend of Calumdear friend, I confide to you under nia whispered,

that she feared Penelope the seal of secrecy." Whereas the was a lover of the bottle, for that she truth is, Philander never attends either had been with her that morning, and plays or horse-races, but is decidedly had asked her for a glass of noyeau. hostile to both; and as for unhappy Calumnia secretly propagates the rewomen, he pities and prays for them, port, aud the modest and amiable and could be redeem them from pros- Penelope, where she is not intimately titution and misery, he would.

known, is secretly suspected of drunk. But Calumnia does not only injure enness. the reputation of her neighbours, by The talents of Calumnia are exceed

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ingly versatile. She can even quote, families annihilated, and the social exactly the same words, and in the circle dissolved. Her breath is poivery order in which they were spoken, son, in which nothing can vegetate but and produce an effect directly op- suspicion, and jealousy, and maligposite to that which was produced nity, and envy, and malice, and all unby their original delivery. This she charitableness. does at one time, by stating that to Any one who should discover an have been seriously spoken, which was eflectual specific for the exterminaspoken ironically; and at another, by tion of so dreadful an evil, would rank quoting as ironical that which was se- among the first benefactors of manrious. Sometimes by ascribing erro- kind, and stand entitled to a parlianeous opinions to a man for otřering mentary reward, as much greater than arguments in their defence, when it that bestowed upon Dr. Jenner, for was impossible but she should know the discovery of vaccination, as the that he held no such opinions, but extermination of a moral is more imthat his arguments were intended to portant to the interests of society humble some conceited Tyro, who than that of a bodily disease. Moral poured contempt upon all who held remedies have long been tried, but in opinions contrary to his own. Pole- ten thousand cases in vain. I theremicus, one day hearing Tyro very dog-fore beg leave to suggest two plans to matically decide on a theological ques- the consideration of the public, and tion, which has divided the learned especially to the consideration of parand pious in every age, took the oppo- liament, which, if generally adopted, site side, and puzzled and silenced might do much towards curing the him. Calumnia was present, and soon evil; and should the evil, though not it was reported that Polemicus had entirely cured, be considerably dimideparted from the faith, and had be- nished or ameliorated, I hope that parcome the zealous defender and propa- liament, in its wisdom, will not fail to gator of error. At other times she give Abednego a niche by the side of quotes correctly, but by an emphasis Dr. Jenner, and confer on him a grant upon a particular word, or by a parti- of, at least ten thousand a year, to be cular intonation of the voice, or a wink transmitted to his posterity to the of the eye, or a nod, or a shake of the fourth generation. head, she entirely changes the mean- I propose, first, that all incorrigible ing of the sentence, and the unsus- Defamers be immediately separated pečting speaker is made the author of from the other parts of society, and sentiments alike abhorrent to his feel- placed in remote situations, where ings and his principles. She also they shall not have any opportunity of deals much in hints, in inuendos, and in seeing or hearing any thing of their broken sentences, such as-'Well! I neighbours, and where their neighcould say something, but I forbear:- bours shall hear nothing of them. The Who would have thought it!-But situations I would recommend are the one should not expect perfection:-1 tops of high hills, on which mud huts am very sorry, but I don't like to speak might be built. Snowden, and the evil of any one.' Thus the work of Wrekin, and Malvern, and Cheviot, defamation is carried on, and thus and the Grampian, would form admirshe tarnishes the reputation of persons able establishments! And, to prevent of the highest intrinsic excellence. all verbal intercourse, I further pro

The mischiefs arising from defama- pose, that their provisions shall be retion are incalculable. It has been the gularly sent to them in a cart, driven precursor of every religious persecu- by a man both deaf and dumb. By tion. Good men have never been per- this means, defamation will be resecuted as good men, but have first moved from the abodes of the peacebeen vilified as bad, and then perse- ful, and be concentrated on these difcuted; they have been clothed in the ferent elevations, where skins of wild beasts, and then hunted

“ Tumult, and Confusion, all embroil'd, to death. By defamation, the infernal traffic in human flesh, the Slave Trade, shall furnish some portion of their puwas, by the advocates of that trade, nishment. for a series of years, defended. By For such Defamers as are not yet defamation the peace of individuals considered incorrigible, I propose, sehas been destroyed, the harmony of condly, that all persons detected in ca

And Discord, with a thousand different mouths,"

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