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same calamity. However, the thought of the proposer arose from a very good motive, and the parcelling of ourselves out, as called to particular acts of beneficence, would be a pretty cement of society and virtue. It is the ordinary foundation for mens holding a commerce with each other, and becoming familiar, that they agree in the same sort of pleasure ; and sure it may also be some reason for anity, that they are under one common distress. If all the rich who are lame in the gout, from a life of ease, pleasure and luxury, would help those few who have it without a previous life of pleasure, and add a few of such laborious men, who are become lame from unhappy blows, falls, or other accidents of age or sickness; I fay; would such gouty persons administer to the necessities of men disabled like them. selves, the consciouíness of such a behaviour would be the best julep, cordial, and anodyne in the feverith, faint and tormenting vicissitudes of that miserable diftemper. The same may be said of all other, both bodily and intellectual evils. These classes of charity would certainly bring down blessings upon an age and people; and if men were not petrified with the love of this world, againit all sense of the commerce which ought to be among them, it would not be an unreason. able bill for a poor man in the agony of pain, aggravated by want and poverty, to draw upon a fick alderman after this form : Mr. Bafil Plenty, SIR,
OU have the gout and Alone, with fixty thousand pound flerling ; I have the gout and stone, not worth one farthing ; I shall pray for you, and difre you would pay the bearer twenty sillings for value received
from, Cripple-Gate, Aug. 29, 1712.
Your humble servant,
Lazarus Hopeful. The reader's own imagination will suggest to him the reasonableness of fuch correspondences, and diversify
them into a thousand forms ; but I shall close this as I
Uminating lately on your admirable discourses
on the pleasures of the Imagination, I began to consider to which of our senses we are obliged for the greatest and most important share of those pleasures ; and I foon concluded that it was to the fight : That is the sovereign of the senses, and mother of all the arts and sciences, that have refined the rudeness of the uncultivated mind to a politeness that diftinguishes the fine fpirits from the barbarous gout of the great vulgar and the small. The fight is • the obliging benefactress that befows on us the moft
transporting sensations that we have from the various ' and wonderful products of Nature. To the fight we • owe the amazing discoveries of the height, magni
tude, and motion of the planets ; their several revo• lutions about their common centre of light, heat and * motion, the sun. The fight travels yet farther to the ' fixed ftars, and furnishes the understanding with solid
reasons to prove, that each of them is a fun moving on its own axis in the center of its own vortex or turbillion, and performing the same offices to its de
pendent planets, that our glorious fun does to this. • But the inquiries of the fight will not be stopped
here, but make their progress through the immense • expanse of the Milky Way, and there divide the • blended fires of the Galaxy into infinite and different • worlds, made up of distinct funs, and their peculiar • equipages of planets, till unable to pursue this track
any farther, it deputes the imagination to go on to
new discoveries, till it fill the unbounded space with • endless worlds.
• The fight informs the statuary's chisel.with power ! 10 give breath to lifeless brass and marble, and the
• painter's pencil to fwell the flat canvas with moving
figures actuated by imaginary souls. Mufick indeed
may plead another original, since Jubal, by the dif• ferent falls of his hammer on the anivil, discover'd
by the ear the first rude mufick that pleas'd the ante• diluvian fathers; but then the fight has not only re• duced those wilder sounds into artful order and har.
mony, but conveys that harmony to the most distant
parts of the world without the help of found. To • the fight we owe not only all the discoveries of phi• lofophy, but all the divine imagery of poetry that
transports the intelligent reader of Homer, Milton, and · Virgil.
As the fight has polished the world, so does it supply • us with the most grateful and lasting pleasure. Let
love, let friendship, paternal affection, filial piety, and conjugal duty, declare the joys the fight bestows on a meeting after absence. But it would be endless to enumerate all the pleasures and advantages of fight; every one that has it, every hour he makes use of it, • finds them, feels them, enjoys them.
• Thus as our greatest pleasures and knowledge are • derived from the fight, so has Providence been more • curious in the formation of its feat, the eye, than • of the organs of the other fenses. That ftupendous • machine is composed in a wonderful manner of mur"cles, membranes, and humours. Its motions are ad.
mirably directed by the muscles ; the perspicuity of • the humours transmit the rays of light; the rays are * regularly refracted by their figure, the black lining
of the sclerotis effeétually prevents their being con• founded by reflexion. It is wonderful indeed to con' fider how many objects the eye is fitted to take in at
once, and succeslively in an instant, and at the same • time to make a judgment of their position, figure, or • colour. It watches against our dangers, guides our • steps, and lets in all the visible objects, whose beauty • and variety instruct and delight.
• The pleasures and advantages of fight being so great, the loss must be very grievous ; of which Mile ton, from experience, gives the most sensible idea,
both in the third book of his Paradise Lost, and in his « Sampson Agonistes.
To Light in the former.
Thee I revifit safe,
And a little after.
Seafons return, but not to me returns
Again in Sampson Agonistes.
But chief of all,
among enemies ! O worse than chains,
Still as a fool,
Without all bopes of day.
and valuable is the kill of that artist which can restore
the former, and redress the latter? My frequent peru. fal of the advertisements in the publick News Papers
(generally the most agreeable entertainment they af
ford) has prelented me with many and various benefits • of this kind done to my countrymen by that skilful
artist Dr. Grant, her Majesty's oculitt extraordinary,
whose happy hand has brought and restored to fight • several hundreds in less than four years. Many have • received fight by his means who came blind from their
mothers womb, as in the famous instance of Jones of
Newington. I myself have been cured by him of a • weakness in my eyes next to blindness, and am ready • to believe any thing that is reported of his ability this
way ; and know that many, who could not purchase • his affistance with money, have enjoy'd it from his
charity. But a list of particulars would swell my let
ter beyond its bounds, what I have said being suffi• cient to comfort those who are in the like distress, • fince they may conceive hopes of being no longer • miserable in this kind, while there is yet alive fo able o an oculift as Dr. Grant.
I am tbe SPECTATOR's humble servant, T