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extremely tender how they let loose even the man who has right on his fide, to act with any mixture of refentment against the defendant. Virtuous and modest men, though they be used with some artifice, and have it in their power to avenge themselves, are slow in the application of that power, and are ever conttrained to go into rigorous measures. They are careful to demonstrate themselves not only persons injured, but also that to bear it no longer would be a means to make the offender injure others, before they proceed. Such men clap their hands upon their hearts, and consider, what it is to have at their mercy the life of a citizen. Such would have it to say to their own souls, if possible, that they were merciful when they could have destroyed, rather than when it was in their power to have spared a man, they destroyed. This is a due to the common calamity, of human life, due in some measure to our very enemies. They who scruple doing the least injury, are cautious of exacting the utmolt justice.

Let any one who is conversant in the variety of human life reflect upon it, and he will find the man who wants mercy has a taste of no enjoyment of any

kind. There is a natural disrelish of every thing which is good in his very nature, and he is born an enemy to the world. He is ever extremely partial to himself in all his actions, and has no sense of iniquity but from the punishment which shall attend it. The law of the land is his gospel, and all his cases of conscience are determined by his attorney. Such men know not what it is to gladden the heart of a miserable man, that riches are the instruments of serving the purposes of heaven or hell, according to the disposition of the poffeffor. The wealthy can torment or gratify all who are in their power, and choose to do one or other as they are affected with love or hatred to mankind. As for such who are insensible of the concerns of others, but merely as they affect themselves, these men are to be valued only for their mortality, and as we hope better things from their heirs. I could not but read with great delight a letter from an eminent citizen, who has Lailed, to one who was intimate with him in his better

fortune,

I

fortune, and able by his countenance to retrieve his loft condition.

SIR,
T is in vain to multiply words and make apologies

for what is never to be defended by the best ad• vocate in the world, the guilt of being unfortunate. • All that a man in my condition can do or say, will be • received with prejudice by the generality of mankind, • but I hope not with you: You have been a great in• ftrument in helping me to get what I have lost, and I • know (for that realon, as well as kindness to me) you

cannot but be in pain to see me undone. To thew you

I am not a man incapable of bearing calamity, • I will, though a poor man, lay aside the distinction « between us, and talk with the frankness we did when

we were nearer to an equality : As all I do will be • received with prejudice, all you do will be looked upon • with partiality. What I desire of you is, that you, 6 who are courted by all, would smile upon me, who am • shunned by all. Let that grace and favour which

your fortune throws upon you, be turned to make up • the coldness and indifference that i: used towards me. • All good and generous men will have an eye of kind. • ness for me for my own fake, and the reft of the world • will regard me for yours. There is a happy conta• gion in riches, as well as a destructive one in poverty; • The rich can make rich without parting with any of • their store, and the conversation of the poor makes • men poor, though they borrow nothing of them. How • this is to be accounted for I know not ; but mens efti. • mation follows us according to the company we keep. • If you are what you were to me, you can go a great way towards my recovery ;

if

you are not, my good • fortune, if ever it returns, will return by flower ap• proaches.

I am, S IR

Your affectionate friend,

and humble servant.

This was answered with a condescention that did not, by long impertinent professions of kindness, insult his distress, but was as follows.

Dear Tom,
I

Am very glad to hear that you have heart enough
to begin the world a second time. I assure you,

I “ do not think your numerous family at all diminished “ (in the gifts of nature for which I have ever so much o admired them) by what has so lately happened to you. " I shall not only countenance your affairs with my ap

pearance for you, but shall accommodate you with a « considerable fum at common interest for three years. “ You know I could make more of it ; but I have so

great a love for you, that I can wave opportunities of gain to help you ; for I do not care whether they “ say of me after I am dead, that I had an hundred or

firty thousand pounds more than I wanted when I was T

Your obliged bumble servant. 艾艾要要要要要要

奖奖奖奖奖奖 Thursday, August 14.

“ living.

N° 457

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Multa & preclara minantis.

Hor. Sat. 3. 1. 3. v. 9. Seeming to promise something wond'rous great.

I

Shall this day lay before my reader a letter, written by the fame hand with that of last Friday, which

contained proposals for a printed news-paper, that should take in the whole circle of the penny.post.

SIR,
"HE kind reception you gave my last Friday's leta

ter, in which I broached my project of a news paper, encourages me to lay before you two or three more ; for, you must know, Sir, that we look upon you to be

TH

the Lowndes of the learned world, and cannot think any Ycheme practicable or rational before you have approved of it, tho' all the money we raise by it is on our own funds, and for our private use.

I have often thought that a News-Letter of Whispers, written every post, and sent about the kingdom, after the same manner as that of Mr. Dyer, Mr. Dawkes, or any other epistolary historian, might be highly gratifying to the public, as well as beneficial to the author. By whispers I mean those pieces of news which are communicated as secrets, and which bring a double pleasure to the hearer ; first, as they are private history, and in the next place, as they have always in them a dash of scandal. These are the two chief qualifications in an article of news, which recommend it, in a more than ordinary manner, to the ears of the curious. Sickness of persons in high posts, twilight visits paid and received by ministers of fate, clandestine courtships and marriages, fecret amours, losses at play, applications for places, with their respective successes or repulses, are the materials in which I chiefly intend to deal. I have two persons, that are each of them the representative of a species, who are to furnish me with those whispers which I intend to convey to my correspondents. The first of these is Peter Hus, descended from the ancient family of the Hushes : The other is the old Lady Blast, who has a very numerous tribe of daughters in the two great cities of London and Westminster. Peter Hush has a whispering hole in most of the great coffee-houses about town. If you are alone with him in a wide room, he carries you up into a corner of it, and speaks it in your ear. I have seen Peter seat himself in a company of seven or eight persons, whom he never faw before in his life; and after having looked about to see there was no one that over-heard him, has communicated to them in a low voice, and under the seal of secrecy, the death of a great man in the country, who was perhaps a fox-hunting the very moment this account was given of him. If upon your entring into a coffee-house you see a circle of heads bending over the table, and lying close to one another, it is ten to. one but my friend Peter is among them. I have known

Peter

2

Peter publishing the whisper of the day by eight o'clock in the morning at Garraway's, by twelve at Wills, and before two at the Smyrna. When Peter has thus effectually lanched a secret, I have been very well pleased to hear people whispering it to one another at second hand, and spreading it about as their own; for you must know, Sir, the great incentive to whispering is the ambition which every one has of being thought in the secret, and being looked upon as a man who has access to greater people than one would imagine. After having given you this account of Peter Hush, I proceed to that virtuous Lady, the old Lady Blast, who is to communicate to me the private transactions of the crimp table, with all the Arcana of the fair sex. The Lady Blast, you must understand, has such a particular malignity in her whisper, that it blights like an eafterly wind, and withers every reputation that it breathes upon. She has a particular knack at making private weddings, and last winter married above five women of quality to their footmen. Her whisper can make an innocent young woman big with child, or fill an healthful young fellow with distempers that are not to be named. She can turn a visit into an intrigue, and a distant falute into an assignation. She can beggar the wealthy, and de. grade the noble. In short, The can whisper men base or foolish, jealous or ill-natur'd, or, if occasion requires,

you the slips of their great grandmothers, and traduce the memory of honest coachmen that have been in their graves above these hundred years. By these and the like helps, I question not but I shall furnish out a very handsom news letter. If you approve my project, I shall begin to whisper by the very next post, and question not but every one of my customers will be very well pleased with me, when he considers that every piece of news I send him is a word in his ear, and lets him in. to a secret.

Having given you a sketch of this project, I shall, in the next place, suggest to you another for a monthly pamphlet, which I fall likewise submit to your Spectatorial wisdom, I need not tell you, Sir, that there are several authors in France, Germany, and Holland, as well as in our own country, who publish every month, what Vol. VI.

L

they

can tell

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