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I. TO MR. MAYNWARING*.
SIR, The state of conversation and business in this town having been long perplexed with Pretenders in both kinds; in order to open mens eyes against such abuses, it appeared no unprofitable undertaking to publish a Paper, which should observe upon the manners of the pleasurable, as well as the busy part of mankind.
To make this generally read, it seemed the most proper method to form it by way of a Letter of Intelligence, consisting of such parts as might gratify the curiosity of persons of all conditions, and of each sex. But a work of this nature requiring time to grow into the notice of the world, it happened very luckily, that, a little before I had resolved upon this design, a gentleman had written predictions, and two or three other pieces in my name, which rendered it famous through all parts of Europe ; and, by an inimitable
* Arthur Maynwaring, Esq.
spirit and humour, raised it to the highi a pitch of reputation in it could posibly arrive at.
by this good fortune the name of Twane Bickerstatt gained an audience of all who had any taste of wil, and the addition of the ordinary occurrences of common lournals of News brought in a multitude of other readers. I could not, I confexs, long kerp up the opinion of the towal, that these Lucubrations were written by the wie land with the first works which were published under my maine ; but, before I lost the participation of the author's fame, I had already found the advanture of his authority, to which I owe the sudden ceptance which my la. bours met with in the world,
The general purpose of this paper is to expose the falic arts of lite, to pull off the disguince of cunning, Vanity, and attectation, and to incommend yra neral simplicity in our docnn, our discourse, and our behaviour. No man has a beiter judgment for the discovery, or a nobler spirit for the contempt of all imposture, than yourself'; whichi qualitica render you the inont proper pation for the author of these E-mayu Io the general, the demiyni, however executeil, hay mct with so great sucereas, that there is harily a name now eminent among, us for power, wit, beauty, valour, or wisdon, which is not subscribed for the encouragrineut of these volumes, This is, indred, an honour, for which it is impos sible to express a suitable gratitude, and there is nothing could be an addition to the pleasure I tako in it but the rellection, that it gives me the most conspicuous occasion I can ever have, of' subscribing myselt, Sir, Your most obliged, most obedient,
uud most humble scrvant,
II. TO EDWARD WORTLEY MONTAGUE*, Esq.
SIR, When I send you this volume, I am rather to make you a request than a Dedication. I must desire, that if you think fit to throw away any moments on it, you would not do it after reading those excellent pieces with which you are usually conversant. The images which you will meet with here, will be very faint, after the perusal of the Greeks and Romans, who are your ordinary companions. I must confess I am obliged to you for the taste of many of their excellences, which I had not observed until you pointed them to me. I am very proud that there are some things in these Papers which I know you pardon t; and it is no small pleasure to have one's labours suffered by the judgment of a
well understands the true charnis of eloquence and poesy. But I direct this address to you ; not that I think I can entertain you with my writings, but to thank you for the new delight I have, from your conversation, in those of other nien.
May you enjoy a long continuance of the true relish of the happiness Heaven has bestowed upon you! I know not how to say a more affectionate thing to you, than to wish that you may be always what you are ; and that you may ever think, as I know you now do, that you have a much larger fortune than you want. I am, Sir, Your most obedient, and most hurnble servant,
ISAAC BICKERSTAFF. * Second son of the Hon. Lady Wort y Montague, and grandson of Edward Montague, the first Earl of Sandwich. :
† This seems to amount to a declaration, that E. Wortley Montague, ecq. was bimself a writer in these papers.
III. TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE
WILLIAM, LORD COWPER,
BARON OF WINGHAM.
MY LORD, After having long celebrated the superior graces and excellences, among men, in an imaginary character, I do myself the honour to show my veneration for transcendent merit under my own name, in this address to your Lordship. The just application of those high accomplishments of which you are master, has been an advantage to all your fellow-subjects; and it is from the common obligation you have laid upon all the world, that I, though a private man, can pretend to be affected with, or take the liberty to acknowledge, your great talents and public virtues.
It gives a pleasing prospect to your friends, that is to say, to the friends of your country, that you have passed through the highest offices, at an age when others usually do but form to themselves the hopes of them. They may expect to see you in the House of Lords as many years as you were ascending to it. It is our common good, that your admirable eloquence can now no longer be employed, but in the expression of your own sentiments and judgment. The skilful pleader is now for ever changed into the just judge; which latter character your Lordship exerts with so prevailing an impartiality, that you win the approbation even of those who dissent from you, and you always obtain favour, because you are never moved by it.