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table is covered with old books, in the wood boa-constrictors, sharks' jaws, sea-unicorns' and leather binding of the middle ages. The horns, and the pectinate snout of the saw-fish, following are the titles of a few :-"Book of we turned into a room known as Captain Psalms," in Latin, printed at Paris in 1488. Wordsworth’s, from the fact of most of the “Saint Augustine on the Trinity,” also in objects contained in it having been presented Latin, 1489. "Latimer's Sermons,” 1562. by that gentleman, (a brother of the poet), to “Black-letter Bible," 1613; and, most inter- the museum. The most conspicuous object esting of all, as showing the perseverance of in it, is a large albatross, brought by him the monkish pen-men, a neatly written “Ma- from the Cape of Good Hope. The room nuscript Church Catechism," in 233 closely- also contains a Polar bear, although indifferpenned pages, by C. B. Modest man! he ently stuffed ; and many other interesting might have done future generations the kind- articles, which I could name; but as I have no ness of telling them the full name of him who, intention of writing a catalogue, I refrain, in 1622, spent so many days and months in leaving more unmentioned than my perseversuch a task.

ance, or the reader's patience, would sancHere, too, we have battle-axes and other tion. And now, while this little flash of weapons of the ancient Celts, made mostly sunshine lasts, let us run up the street to the of stone, but a few good ones in bronze. Town Hall, first of course entering our names Besides these, there are seven small cases of in the visitors' book, among many illustrious, coins, some of them of great beauty. I can and not a few, as yet, unknown autographs. merely refer now to a gun, used in France The Town-hall of Keswick is rather an old before the invention of the double-barrel; piece of work, belonging to no particular and if not identical with, at least very similar order. It partakes, in its upper part, of the in principle to the far-famed “Colt's Revol- appearance of a church, which resemblance ver." Of course there are some hundreds is heightened by a steeple with a one-handed more of choice objects, generally looked at clock; while the lower, or ground fat, is nowith veneration as antiquities; but as my thing more than a dismal shed. Never mind antiquarian researches date long before the the building, but get inside ; and here a large time of the Celts and Romans, I turn to table of irregular form, presenting no fewer real antiquities in the shape of fossils. Of than nine sides, forms the base-work of the these there is a by no means contemptible model; and supports, on show. They consist of Stigmarias-one of thirteen feet by nine, some twelve hundred exceeding beauty-Calamites, Lepidoden- square miles of country; ranging from Seberdrons, Sigillarias, Sphenopteris, Neuropteris, ghan on the north to Řampside, beyond FurPecopteris, fine Ammonites, and not a fewness Abbey on the south ; and from the long good bivalves. The collection of minerals con- straggling town of Shap, famous for the pecutains, I believe, all the rocky productions of liar granite of the district, on the east; exCumberland, and forms on a small scale, a tending to Egremont on the west, the former complete museum of the Economic Geology distance being fifty-one miles, and the latter of the district.

thirty-seven. From this it will be noticed, Besides these, there are other relics which that the scale is three inches to the mile; a form a transition between geological and his rule applying to its perpendicular dimensions, torical antiquities. These consist of skulls and as well as its horizontal. It is usual for us, other bones, dug from the diluvium; there are on looking at a model, as well as a map, to two heads of bisons from near Carlisle; a third take up our position at the south end ; a habit from Hawick, in Scotland; and a fine pair of in all likelihood, acquired at school,--and on red deer antlers, from Ennerdale. Few in doing so, the first thing which strikes us in these days but have read or heard of the Mr. Flintoft's model is, the natural outline famous musical stones ; and I dare say compa- formed by the aqueous element, which surratively few know that the first set put up rounds one-third of the country shown ; were the work of Peter Crossthwaite. On a stretching from Netherton, to the mouth of wooden stand, which bears testimony to the the Trent. Two large estuaries here pour time it has occupied its corner in the principal into the sea; that on the right being the room, are sixteen pieces of Hornblende slate, river Leven, which receives the waters of the arranged in order, headed by a card half a lakes, Grasmere, Rydal, and Windermere; century old. There is an inscription on it, in and this on the left, the Duddon ; which forms the handwriting ofthe discoverer, of which the a fine natural bay, with an entrance of about following is the first paragraph :-" Here lie a mile in width. No fewer than sixteen lakes 16 stones, reduced to music by the author of are seen, besides fifty-two smaller pieces of this Museum, who found them in the bed of water known as Tarns; some of them of great Greta River, from 12 to 18 furlongs east of beauty, and situated so much as 2,000 feet or Keswick."

more above the level of the sea. Leaving six-legged rats, the double-headed The great feature however, presented by calf, red Indians' heads, vertebræ of whales, this comprehensive view of the country, is the

BY SIR ARTHUR CLARKE.

WORDSWORTH.

disposition, outline, and comparative height BATHING,- ITS USE AND ABUSE.
of the different mountains; all of which are
correctly given in the model. Thus we have,
at the south-west corner, Black Comb-a

We do our nature wrong,

Neglecting overlong rounded hill, almost entirely detached from

The bodily joys that help to make us wise; any others; and in the far north, the fine The ramble up the slope Skiddaw group, consisting of Skiddaw proper,

of the high mountain cope

The long day's walk, the vigorous exercise, Saddleback, Latrigg, and numerous others of The fresh luxurious BATH, lees dimensions, forming, as it were, an

Far from the trodden path,

Or, 'mid the occan waves dashing with harmless roar, isolated patch, and terminating the land of

Listing us off our feet upon the sandy shore. lakes and mountains. These, however, are the only hills forming independent groups.

Towards the centre of the model, are seen That bathing is the most efficacious of remedies, two high hills ; one presenting several rugged as well as the most healthful of luxuries, is so fully heads, or pikes, known as Scawfell Pikes, established by the opinion of the highest authori(rising 3,160 feet); and the other with a rounded ties, founded on the universal practice and experitop, not unlike the gable of a house in outline; ence of ages, that it is unnecessary to go over the and hence called Great Gable; its height

beaten ground. I shall therefore proceed to obbeing 2,925 feet. From these, nearly all the serve, that the manner of bathing, though a point hills and vallies in this immense tract seem to be thought of no consequence at all; but let the

of the first importance, seems by most people to take their rise. Wordsworth remarked, many effect of bathing be considered, and this indifferyears ago, that these two hills seemed to form ence will appear in a strong light. the nave of a wheel, whose spokes were re- By the compression of the whole external surpresented by the dales. This it would be face of the body, which takes place on judicious difficult to prove to one's mind, by a view immersion, the blood is carried on with acquired from the top of even Scawfell Pike itself. force to the heart, and returned by the reaction So many unforeseen difficulties come in the with proportional impulse. By this increased action way; and it is only in a model formed on a

and velocity, the capillaries are opened, the sluggood scale, that we can be perfectly satisfied. gish and tenacious humors loosened, olístructions Indeed such a grand view as we have here, are removed, the vessels are cleansed, and the whole could not be attained unless we were raised system is invigorated ; but all this depends on total

and instant immersion ; and to suppose

that

stepthrough one-half of the atmosphere; and ping into a bath, or wetting the body by parts, will then, only, weather permitting.

produce these effects, is an absurdity that one would Next to correctness in form, beauty of scarcely think any person of the commonest powers coloring is an indispensable element in a good of comprehension could admit; yet the practice of model, and here Mr. Flintoft has succeeded many people seems to imply as much, though even admirably. The combination of the two has the most accustomed bathers have experienced, such a lively effect on the mind, that the that when, by bathing in shallow water, they gazer almost fancies, when looking on some

have necessarily wetted the lower extremities first,

their breath has been taken away; whereas by pretty little patch, that he is a

plunging wholly into water of the same temperaChild of the country, wild and free;" and a wish, something like Montgomery's, proof of the danger of partial bathing.

ture, no such inconvenience has arisen: a sufficient rises involuntarily, especially if the day be

As by judicious bathing the vessels are freed, wet :

and the pores opened, so, by a contrary mode, the I long to climb those old grey rocks,

very reverse of these advantages must be expected. Glide with yon river to the deep;

Everything beyond a single plunge and immeRange the green hills with herds and flocks, diate immersion is preventive of the incalculable Free as the roebuck run and leap;

benefit which judicious bathing never fails to pro Then mount the lark's victorious wing,

duce. By continuing in the bath, the body is robAnd from the depth of ether sing.

bed of its natural heat; reaction prevented; the

vessels collapse ; and transpiration by the natural The model is the result of six years' undi-channel of the pores is suspended; obstructions vided labor; and an experience extending are confirmed, and paralysis is frequently induced. over a long series of years, aided by an It is common to observe the fingers of "dabbling" ingenious and well-trained mind.

bathers void of the vital stream; and though Well; the rain has disappeared, and habit enables some persons of robust constitutions promises to return no more to-day ; so we

to remain a considerable time in the water, it canmake off for the lake or some other favorite not fail ultimately to destroy the vigor of the frame. retreat, for the remainder of the afternoon. Even the exercise of swimming, when long conWell pleased are we with what we have seen, loss of the use of limbs, and not unfrequently proved

tinued, has in numberless instances occasioned the and more than pleased with the urbanity of

fatal. the parties whose exhibition we have visited ; and determined to avail ourselves of their kind head foremost from a height into the water ; but

Some persons think it a laudable feat to leap invitation to return "free" as often as we can this unnatural posture must be injurious, except find it convenient to do so.

D. to those whose heads and heels are equally pro

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vided with brains. An easy and nearly borizontal I am now to tread on slippery ground; but I position is the best for the moment of immersion. cannot conscientiously avoid it, though I know I

It is frequently objected, that cold bathing is shall risk the displeasure of the real, lut mistaken, dangerous in internal and local weaknesses; but a delicacy of some, and the affected delicacy of close and attentive observation, as well as ver- more, when I urge the ill effects of using dresses sonal experience, lead me to think this objec- in bathing; but I must submit to sensible and tion at least equivocal. May not these weaknesses reasoning females, that an encumbering dress not be occasioned by obstructions which the bath will only injures the primary influence, but by clinging remove? and as to the humors being forced on the to the person, checks the glow which should be peccant part, they are too briskly driven to rest felt on coming out of the bath, and in weak conanywhere; and it is at least as probable that the stitutions often totally prevents it. As the usual part affected, partaking of the power of this simple enclosure ensures a perfect privacy, it were to be and natural tonic, may join in the general expul-wished the imagination would not conjure up a sion. I have myself bathed under pleuritic affec-phantasmagoria of merely ideal observers. tion, which immediately abated, and by repetition was entirely removed. Similar consequences en

A part of my subject now presents itself, upon sued on bathing with a face much inflamed and which I can never sufficiently expatiate while any swollen from a violent tooth-ache.

The same

thing remains unsaid which may tend to enforce effects were produced in a case of head-ache, which its interest ; I mean, the bathing of children. The had continued for ten days, with excruciating tor

little innocents are entirely at the mercy of those ture, and was nearly subilued by the first immer into whose hands they may happen to fall; and sion, and wholly in a very short time. In short,

the brutal or senseless indifference to their feel. I have scarcely a doubt that when evil has resulted ings, their fears, their almost convulsive apprehenfrom bathing, it has been from the injudicious sions, is sometimes productive of the most afflictmanner in which it has been used.

ing consequences, and too often prevents any

beneficial effect from bathing. In regard to the best time for bathing, it is when the natural indication is the strongest, and this, and that with the greatest care, that the immersion

Children should never be dipped more than once; generally speaking, will be after considerable exercise (but short of producing sensible perspiration may be deep, but quickly done. The practice of or fatigue). The body is then in that adust state dipping them three times (Folly's magic number), which renders bathing so highly luxurious; an'l a

and generally without allowing them suflicien vigorous circulation will ensure the full effect of time to recover their breath, is so preposterously reaction. Nothing then can be more operative of absurd, so evidently injurious, that one would ill

, or at least of diminished good, than lingering almost wonder it could ever obtain. The child is on the margin of the flood till the stignating fluids made to look with increased dread to the hour of refuse to obey even the spur of immersion. Hun- bathing, through the pain it has experienced from

is the first sensation in a healthy body on the distress which the lungs have undergone ; by rising from the repose of the night; ani as diges- which the chance of benefit is reduced to almost tion takes place in the most perfect manner during nothing, Let parents, then, and all who have the sleep, and many hours have passed without supply, care of children, weigh well these suggestions, and the stomach should then be recruited.

This,

rescue the little sufferers from the hands of ignortherefore, is not the most proper time for bathing.

ance and inattention ; that they may partake of the I consider the best time, generally, to be between benefit of this invaluable remedy, preservative as breakfast and dinner; but every one will be able well as curative. When a child knows that it is to determine this point, who is capable of a small only to be dipped once, it will soon be recondegree of reflection, and will give it as much con

ciled; for it will be put to no pain; on the consideration as he often bestows on matters of less trary, the sensation will be highly agreeable. importance. Perhaps, where there is great rigidity The proper depth for bathing is about four feet of fibre, the morning may not be objectionable, and and a half; a less depth were disadvantageous, and the warm bath may be a good preparative.

a greater would be too deep for general use. "PerI cannot too often repeat, that every subsequent sons attending bathing-machines should be very dip lessens the effect of the first immersion; and attentive to this circumstance, as it will greatly that the bath should be used once, and once only, contribute to the satisfaction as well as benefit of every day; and were it so used every day in the the bathers, who are seldom aware of its importyear, it would ensure a life of health, barring ance. the effects of intemperance, and all other ill habits ; though even these enemies to health ably proving the efliciency of the bath, and show:

Volumes of cases might be adduced, incontestand life will labor against such an antagonist. ing the absurdity of those apprehensions which I cannot here help smiling at the idea, that three or four dips, twice or thrice a week, cation in particular complaints. There is much

some people have entertained respecting its appli. are better thau one every day. I really should be provoked to call this notion absolutely idiotic

, had ing local injury, by medicines uncongenial with

more danger of deranging the frame, and occasionI not met with persons of good sense who had the natural economy, and powerful in their sensible fallen into this egregious error; and I knew a lady who actually took ten dips on the last day of her be experienced in any case from judicious bath

or less perceptible ravages, than can possibly stay at a watering-place, and would have gloried in her economical exploit, had not the chattering

ing: of her teeth, instead of her tongue, prevented In a word, when the bath is used with due conher recounting it to her friends for at least ten sideration and judgment, its advantages are cerhours after.

tain and universal.

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TO THE SKYLARK.

Sound of vernal showers

On the twinkling grass,
Hail to thee, blithe spirit !

Rain-awakened flowers,

All that ever was
Bird thou never wert,
That from Heaven, or near it,

Joyous, and clear, and fresh, thy music doth
Pourest thy full heart

surpass. In profuse strains of unpremeditated art.

Teach us, sprite or bird,
Higher still, and higher,

What sweet thoughts are thine;
From the earth thou springest, —

I have never heard,

Praise of love or wine
Like a cloud of fire ;
The blue deep thou wingest,

That panted forth a flood of rapture so divine.
And singing still dost soar, and soaring ever, Chorus hymenaal,
singest!

Or triumphal chant,

Matched with thine would be all
In the golden lightning
Of the sunker sun,

But an empty vaunt,
O'er which clouds are bright'ning,

A thing wherein we feel there is some hidden want.
Thou dost float and run,-

What objects are the fountains
Like an unbodied joy whose race is just begun.

Of thy happy strain ?
The pale purple even

What fields, or waves, or mountains ?
Melts around thy flight:

What shapes of sky or plain ?

What love of thine own kind? what ignorance of
Like a star of Heaven,

In the broad day-light
Thou art unseen, but yet I hear thy shrill delight. With thy clear keen joyance
Keen are the arrows

Languor cannot be :

Shadow of annoyance
Of that silver sphere,

Never came near thee :
Whose intense lamp narrows
In the white dawn clear,

Thou lovest; but ne'er knew love's sad satiety.
Until we hardly see, we feel that it is there.

Waking or asleep,

Thou of death must deem
All the earth and air
With thy voice are loud;

Things more true and deep

Than we mortals dream,
As when night is bare,

Or how could thy notes flow in such a crystal
From one lonely cloud

stream?
The moon rains out her beams, and Heaven is
overflowed.

We look before and after,
What thou art we know not :

And pine for what is not:

Our sincerest laughter
What is most like thee?
From rainbow clouds there flow not

With some pain is fraught:
Drops so bright to see,

Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest
As from thy presence showers a rain of melody.

thought.

Yet if we could scorn
Like a poet hidden
In the light of thought,

Hate, and pride, and fear;

If we were things born
Singing hymns unbidden,

Not to shed a tear,
Till the world is wrought

I know not how thy joy we ever could come near.
To sympathy with hopes and fears it heeded not.

Better than all measures
Like a high-born maiden
In a palace tower,

Of delight and sound,

Better than all treasures
Soothing her love-laden

That in books are found,
Soul in secret hour,
With music sweet as love, 'which overflows her Thy skill to poet were, thou scorner of the ground!
bower;

Teach me half the gladness
Like a glow-worm golden

That thy brain must know,

Such harmonious madness
In a dell of dew,

From my lips would flow,
Scattering unbeholden
Its aerial hue

THE WORLD SHOULD LISTEN THEN, AS I AM LISTEN

ING NOW. Among the flowers and grass, which screen it from

SHELLEY.
the view.
Like a rose embower'd

MORNING DEW.
In its own green leaves,
By warm winds deflower'd,

Just now the dew, which sometimes on the buds
Till the scent it gives

Is wont to swell like round and orient pearls, Makes faint with too much sweet these heavy. Stands trembling in each pretty floweret's eye, winced thieves.

Like tears that do their own disgrace bewail.

And tow'r above the common size.

worse

It re

ENGLAND AND AMERICA, the Levite, they “pass by on the other side."

If their names can be printed in a newsA HINT TO THE WISE.

paper, or otherwise publicly proclaimed

then, we admit, they will contribute someENGLAND's the country, as we know, Where fol ies naturally grow;

thing from their store-but this is not Where without culture they arise,

“ charity."

The truth is, all cases of real suffering are CHURCHILL.

passed by. The really deserving seldo WE HAVE, MORE THAN ONCE, echoed the complain. They sorrow in silence-starvesentiment of the entinent medical practitioner,

die. Nobody heeds the tolling bell that who declares that mankind are all mad

closes
upon
their earthly career.

They deupon some one point or other. There can part, uncared for.

True charity would be no doubt about it. Nor does the purely

search for such cases as these. They are artificial butterfly-life we live afford us any easily found-their number legion.

But no! If an artful man or woman prereason to wonder at people's erratic tendency to quit the natural path. They turn their tend to drown themselves, and are rescuedbacks upon nature, and must have some

for such, money flows in from every quarter. fresh excitement daily.

A fine field is now

The magistrates are continually remonstratbefore them!

ing with the public for their ill-judged symWe have been greatly pleased to notice pathy in similar cases; but all to no avail. * the effect produced on the sensible portion

As for the poor milliners and dress-makers of the public, by the getting up of the re- of London, and their sorrows-all traceable to cent * Monster

the Petition on American

than thoughtlessness of the nobility Slavery,” by the well-meaning, but sadly, But as the Press, collectively, has recently es.

of them, we could write volumes. misguided women of England. demned on all hands, as being calculated to poused their cause, and tried hard to shame do infinitely more harm than good. And the wealthy and unfeeling tyrants who oppress what sensible person can doubt it?

them, we will not enlarge upon this. The quires no argument; it is so self-evident. streets, after dusk, speak volumes of the Such notoriety lessens respect for the female state of society. The poor shivering character.

wretches (from twelve years old and upAs for the marvellons exertions put forth by wards) who wander there, are doomed to Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe, on behalf of inevitable destruction. As we have before the slaves in America-nothing too lauda- said, a woman who has once fallen - no tory can be said of her. Truth, sincerity, matter under what extenuating circumstances righteous zeal, plainness of speech, and from the path of virtue, is known by her own an honest cause—have induced her to write ses no more for ever. No pity, no relief, no a volume of “ Facts,” that must in due time giving of alms—no attempt to reclaim. Inbenefit those for whom she struggles so

famy is her portion here; and, so far as her bravely. The woman has become an idol own sex are concerned, inevitable destruction here, and she deserves such homage. May

hereafter! Not a hand would be put forth God bless the work of her hands!

to save a hair of her head. “Let her die !" This leads us to the object of our present

Our kindly-disposed women-thank God remarks-which is, to try and awaken in the we have many such-err in their notions of hearts of our excellent, kind-hearted Eng- charity. They arm themselves with balflishwomen, a desire to come forth in behalf penny and penny tracts, and rashly enter of THEIR OWN suffering sex, here. *

In this places the most loathsome, to "read' to people labor of love, would we had ten thousand who are unable to understand what they Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowes ! But alas I hear. Starving, too, are these poor creatures with all the many sad scenes around us of for the most part ; and if they listen, it is poverty, sickness, distress, prostitution, simply with the view of getting a parting sin, sorrow, and human wretchedness; no penny when their visitor withdraws. This is public champion appears for them!

à self sacrifice at once dangerous to the visiNo strangers can our nobility and gentry tor, and far worse than useless to the persons be, to what we speak of. They know it all but too well; yet, like the Priest and

* There is a great deal of “morbid sympathy going on at the west-end of London, where beggars

of all sorts haunt the streets. Women with peti* Some women are very fond of scribbling, and tions, get up all sorts of artful tales ; and work upon can handle their pen well. But their forte lies in the feelings of private people to a considerable fiction, and their brain has to be racked for matter. tune. It is a complete "matter of business," and Nature deals not in fiction, but pleases by the a very thriving one too. But as the whole tribe perpetual freshness of her facts. No effort of the are impostors—known to be so, one cannot but remind is wanted here. The pen writes without gret the want of judgment shown in giving them any effort.-ED, K. J.

money.-ED. K.J.

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