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Beginnings of the City-state: the oppidum. The earliest historical
Rome, the city of the four regions; to this belongs the surviving
religious calendar. This calendar described; the basis of our
knowledge of early Roman religion. It expresses a life agricul-
tural, political, and military. Days of gods distinguished from
days of man. Agricultural life the real basis of the calendar ;
gradual effacement of it. Results of a fixed routine in calendar;
discipline, religious confidence. Exclusion from it of the barbar-
ous and grotesque. Decency and order under an organising
priestly authority.


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