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Difference, Method of, used by savages, | Druids, 237
29

Dryads, originally tree - totems, 208 ;
Diffusion of myths, 260

not absorbed by the greater gods, 238
Dining-table, etiquette of, 92

Dusans (the) of Borneo, use the Method
Dinkas, do not kill their cows, 116 ; of Difference, 29
their natural affection, 2002

Dwarf-houses, 50
Διόνυσος ενδενδρος, 209.

Dyaks, new-born children prey of evil
Dionysus, syncretised with vegetation. | spirits, 76 ; mourning - taboo, 77;

spirit, 236; in mythology, 255 ff. ; | next world, 310
and the ivy, 209; supernatural Dyaus, 239
powers of his worshippers, 274, 283;
in private mysteries, 342; identified
with Oriental gods in the private
mysteries, 352 ff.

EAR of corn, preserved from harvest to
Dionysus Æsymnetes, his Nápvaš taboo, spring, 364. See Corn, Sheaf
60

Ear-rings, their origin, 172
Alos kỹdlov, 348

Earth, agriculturist's dependence on,
Dioscuri, primitive altar of, 132

228
Disease, savage theory of, 44 ; remedies Earthly Paradise, 304

for, 44, 45 ; sent by spirits, 110; Easter, a festival in the primitive
and as punishment by gods, 111; agricultural calendar, 228; rites of
cured by spirits of 'streams and the green corn (or maize) celebrated,
wells, 232; an occasion for renewing 239

the bond between gods and man, 237 Eating an animal to acquire its
Disutility, 243

qualities, 31 ; eating earth in honour
Divination, water used for, 229, 289 ; | of the god, 64; eating fetish, 64;
how gods of, arise, 242-3

eating with and of the god, 149,
Divine right, 285

151 ; with the god, 157, 158; joint
Djinn, 224

eating a bond of fellowship with men
Dog.clan, 125

and gods, 159, 160 ; eating con-
Dogs, reluctance to feed on, 118 ; stitutes a sacred bond, 330, 369
associated with Lares, 187; with Eclipses, myths about, 261
Hecate, ib. ; as totem - animal, | Eden, 264
devours corpses, 203-4 ; as totem, | Edgar, King, attacks stone-worship, 143

209; ancestor of the Kalang, 253 Egyptians (ancient), 30 ; blood not to
Doll of sorrow, 49 ; of dough, 215-6 be shed, 74; totemism, 121 ff. ;
Dolphin, friendly, 253

cannibalism, 202; kings divine,
Domesticated auimals, originally to 275; next' world, 302, 309–12;

tems, 156 ; property of the tribe, metempsychosis, 315–7, 319, 320,
157 ; sacrificed at first rarely, then 322-3. See Aalu, Apepi, Apis,
more often, 157

Batta, Book of the Dead, Calf-god,
Domesticated plants, 210 ff.

Chepera, Ka, Memphis, Mendes,
Domestication of plants and animals, Meroe, Nut, Osiris, Ra, Sakkarah,

the starting - point of civilisation, Thebes
113; due not to “amusement" but | Eight Seats, 65
to totemism, 114, 117 ; which taught Eiresione, youths dressed as women,
the savage the lesson of abstinence, 241 ; carried in procession, 255
115; reluctance to kill or eat Eleusinia, looßoria, 2922. See
domesticated animals survives, 117, Mysteries
118 ; domestication the uninten Eleusis, its synoikismos with the
tional effect of totemism, 118, Athenian state, 364
119; geographical distribution of Eleutheræ, 2561
domesticable animals, 120 ; domesti. | Elis, 349
cation fatal to totemism, ib.

Ellice Island, altar and pillar, 134
Dough, eaten sacramentally, 215-9 Elohim, 385
Drama, sacred, in the Eleusinia, 372-3 | Elysian plains, 313
Dravidians, tree and plant totems, 207 | Elysium, 321, 324
Dreams, how they affect the savage's Embalming, 49

conception of personality, 43; as a 'Huépal & toppades, 67
means of choosing a guardian spirit, | Emotion, in religion, 409, 411
182

Empedocles, on myths, 267, 320-1
Drömling, 305

| Encounter Bay, 306

Ephesians' use of Method of Concomi. |

tant Variations, 30
Epilepsy, sign of possession, 286 FABIUS, 209
Epimelệtæ, 336

Face, painting of, 350-1
Epimenides, 332

Faculty theory, 401
Episcopi, 336

Fairies, taboo to see, 60
'ETOTTela of things taboo in the Fairy-tales, reflect primitive man's
mysteries, 60, 380

ignorance of natural laws, 16; their
Equatoria, blood-offering at marriage, origin, 253-4
172

Faith, the foundation of science as
Equinoxes, 227-8

well as of religion, 10, 17; inter-
Eran Vej, 264 ; the Far-off Land, woven with every act of reason, 406 ;

304 ; created by Ahura Mazda, 305 in religion, 407 ; in science, ib.
Erani, 334-6, 337

Fallacies. See Error
Erinyes, 102

Family, the, a later institution than
Error, has its laws and its process of the clan, 180, 188 ; does not come
evolution, 5, 6

into existence until after nomad
'Eoxápa, 52

times, 195
Eschatology, 331

Family affections, strong amongst
Eskimo, 290

savages, 46 ff. ; continued in death,
Esoteric doctrines, in the Eleusinia, 360 53; and suggest friendly relations
Essence, the divine, 311, 319, 322 | with supernatural spirits, 54, 55
Esthonians, smear trees with blood, 219 Family gods, 164 ; how obtained, ib. ;
Estland, rain procured, 230

from the gods of the conımunity,
Ethiopia, divine kings, 275; ordered 180 ; and vice verea, 181 ; or from
by priests to die, 279

guardian spirits, ib. ; amongst
Ethiopians, war · paint, 349; (the Semites, 186 ; in Rome, ib. ; in
righteous), 313

Greece, 187, 188
Etiquette, 86, 92

Fantis attribute their victory over the
Eudaluwy, 187

Ashantis to a hitherto unknown
Euripides, 321

god, 21 ; on ghosts, 49; their con-
Europa, 251

federation, 239
Euryphylus, violated taboo, 60 Far-off Land, 297 ff. ; origin of belief
Everlasting punishment, 375

in, 298-9
Evoe Saboe, 340

Fasting, of mourners, 57, 77 ; of
Evolution, does it apply to religion ? mothers after child birth, 65 ; to

5; E. universal, progress exceptional, appease guardian-spirit, 183; in
5, 38; applied to religion (or art) | Eleusinia, 365, 368
does not involve the inference that Fat substitute for blood, 285
religion (or art) is mere barbarism, Fatherhood, of God, 108, 109, 139
9, 10; and progress not identical, Fawn-skin, in mysteries, 338, 351
88 ; of taboo, 88, 89; in religion, Fear not the only occasion on which
382, 386–7; not synonymous with the belief in the supernatural mani.
progress, 394-5

fests itself, 20 ff. ; alleged to be the
Ewe-speaking peoples, believe that the “natural ” sentiment towards the

soul occasionally returns to the dead, 46; of deceased not source of
body, 45; tempt the soul of the mourning-taboo, 58; nor of taboo
deceased to return, 46; funeral generally, 80, 81; of spirits, 105 ;
lamentations, 47; ghosts harm counteracted by alliance with a god,
strangers only, 53; sacred python 105, 106 ; not the only feeling felt to.
taboo, 60 ; sacred python communi wards spirits, 106 ; not the origin of
cates taboo, 63; taboo-days, 65 ; religion, 106, 107, 109; a necessary
royal blood may not be shed, 73; element in education, 110 ; of super-
mourners taboo, 77; lightning-god, natural powers, 166 ; of punishment
77; mourners, 78, 79; sacrificial indispensable in education, 190 ; not
meal, 158 ; sacrifices to the dead, 195 the source of the rites of the dead,
Experience, sole test of truth in 192; not the reason why implements

religion as well as science, 10; did are buried with the deceased, 205 ;
not teach man what effects he could not the core of worship, 225 ; of
and what he could not produce, 33; the supernatural felt by the savage,
not the base of taboo, 85, 87

233
External world. Sec World

Feitiços, 166

Feralia, 51

Funerals, priests not allowed to attend,
Fetish and idol, 25; eating f., 64

271
Fetishism, the word feitiço wrongly | Funnel used for conveying blood-offer-

applied by the Portuguese to tutelary ings, 51, 52
deities, 166, 167 ; extended by De Future state, in Homeric times, 374 ;
Brosses to anything worshipped, in the Hymn to Demeter, 375
167 ; by Bosman to things known Fuzachagua, 257
to be inanimate yet worshipped,
167, 168 ; now useless for scientific
purposes, 169; idol not an elabor-
ated fetish, ib. ; a degeneration of GABOON negroes, will not part with
religion, 247 ; the outcome of poly | their hair, 45
theism, 389

Garments, removed lest they be tabooed,
Fig-trees, sacred, 208

64, 67, 92 ; tabooed by mourning, 66
Fiji, affection for dead, 49; the sick Gautama. See Gotama

taboo, 69; chiefs taboo, ib. ; mourn. | Gazelle as totem, 128
ing, 80; mutilation in honour of Genesis, see Monotheism, 5; does it
the dead, 191 ; priest “possessed," say that monotheism was revealed ? 7
274 ; western world, 306

Genius, no law of its distribution, 94,
Filial relation of clansmen to clan-god, 396; guardian spirit, 186; associated
108, 109

with animals, ib. ; of Ti. Gracchus,
Fingers cut off as offerings, 170; cut ib.; man suffers as animal genius
off in honour of the dead, 191

suffers, ib.; familiar spirit, a survival
Fire, the first, 15; purification by, of animal genius, 187

365, 368 ; a genus capable of toten Genius tutelaris, 208
istic worship, 229, 230; purificatory Ghab-ghab, 133
powers of, 230 ; offerings cast into, Ghonds, tree-burial, 210
230-1; fires as offerings, 231-2 ;| Ghosts, feared only if strangers, 53, 54;
passing through, 380 ; not to be not always credited with supernatural
kindled on taboo days, 65

powers, 55 ; send sickness, 190; do
First-born, sacrifice of, 295-6

not acquire supernatural powers until
Fittest, survival of, 38; to survive not a relatively late time, 196 ; not the
necessarily the highest, 394-5

original gods, 197–8; linger in neigh.
Flamen Dialis, 271

bourhood of survivors, 298 ; follow
Flaminica, 272

their favourite occupations in ghost-
Flint implements, their purpose as. land, 303

certained by Comparative Method, Ghost-land, belief in, philosophical, 302
2, 3; the first ever made, 15

Giant who had no heart in his body, 17
Flood-myths, 262

Gift-theory of sacrifice, 201-5, 224-5,
Florida, 311

330-1, 333
Floris Islands, cannibalism, 202 Girls. See Women
Folk-lore, 268, 369

Glaucothea, 342
Food, not inherently taboo, 69; may Goats, 351

be infected” by mourners and God, name of, taboo, 61 ; the divine
other tabooed persons, 69, 70; totem essence, 311 ; existence of, denied
taboo as, 102 ; survival of the taboo, by Buddha, 319; the Unknown,
118; remnants of, used to injure the 332
eater, 151; dangerous to others, Gods, defined, 104; a god fights for

154 ; required by the dead, 194 his clan, 108; the god of the com-
Forculus, 246

munity, 160; gods distinguished
Formalism, 89

from other supernatural powers, 166;
Fortunate Isles, 312-3

have a definite circle of worshippers,
Fowls, not eaten in England in Cæsar's 169; strange gods, 173 ff. ; worship

time, 117; nor by the Battas, ceases when clan dissolves, 181;
116

feast with their worshippers, 194 ;
Francis Island, cannibalism, 202 killing of the, 216, 255, 291-6;
Free will, 402

gods are friendly powers, 225 ;
Friends=clansmen, 54

themselves the victims offered to
Fumigation of strangers, 71

themselves, 231 ; how their number
Functional deities, 246–7

was increased, 234, 239; originally
Funeral feasts, 45–7; feasts not had no proper names, 236; how
originally acts of worship, 56

affected by polytheism, 242, 249 ;

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40

Hair-offerings, to the dead, at first to | Horses, reluctance to feed on, 118;

prevent transmission of taboo, then sacrificed to sun and sea, 230 ;
interpreted as offerings in honour of offered to sun, 235
deceased, 193-4, 220

Hos, invite the dead to return, 48
Hand-cakes, 219

Host, 219
Hands, defiled by things sacred, 66; Hottentots, renew the light of the
by taboo persons, 70; by wives, moon, 32; shedder of (animal) blood

taboo, 74 ; mode of execution, 292
Han-yu, 152

House-father, 196
Happiness, future, 375; on what con House-mother, 215
ditional, 376

Hudson's Island, all slaughter is sacri.
Harith, 128

fice, 159
Harvest-customs, 212

Huitzilopochtli, 217
Hasan of Bassorah, 259

Human sacrifice, 156, 161 ; appears in
Hawai, ghosts detained in, 48; sacri. the rites for the dead earlier than in
ficial meal, 147, 149

the ritual of the gods, 199 ; relatively
Hay, the plant called, 72

a late intrusion in the latter, 200 ; in
Heart=life, spirit, 213

the former, due not to fear of ghost,
Heaven, 308

but desire to provide him with
Heavenly bodies, not worshipped on service, 200

Gold Coast, 191; light of, renewed Humboldt Bay, Papuans of, eat not
by Sympathetic Magic, 32; myths with strangers, 71
about, 32

Humility, essential to progress, 406
Hebrews, primitive altar, 133, 134; Hunting stage, 156

sacrificial meal, 150, 159 ; blood Hurd Islands, altar-pillar, 134
offerings and tatooing in honour of Hurons, 299
the dead forbidden, 193; forbidden
to mix blood with leavened bread, Hymn to Demeter, Analysis of, 377-81
219, 220; their cosmogony, 264-5; Hyperboreans, 313
their poverty in myths, 266; next | Hypothesis, in savage logic, 32; yields
world, 299 ; have à "jealous" god, myths, 32
315; more spiritual view of sacrifice,
329

1
Hecate, associated with dog in Greece,

187 ; in the H. to Demeter, 370 IACCHUS, identified with Dionysus,
Helios, 370

352 ff., introduced into the Eleusinia,
Hell, 298, 308, 310, 317

371 ff.
Hera, 258, 355

Icelanders, funeral feasts, 51
Heracles, 374

Iddah, 284
Heretoga, 279

Idol, supposed to be an elaborated
Hermes, fish sacred to, 63

fetish, 24 ; smeared with blood, 135;
Heroön, 337

not an elaborated fetish, 169; made
Hesiod, 304, 324

of skin, 285
Hesperides, 313

Idolatry, unknown in Fiji and amongst
Hestiaseis, 159

savages generally, 138
Hestiator, 159

‘Iepà trárpia, tatpaa, 187
Hierophant, 380

Teport oLol, 3362
Hinde, Captain, 201-2

Illness. See Sickness, Disease
Hispaniola, unattached spirits become Image, of the god, 286, 293
gods, 176

Immersion, 229
Hobbes, 152

Imperatives, categorical and hypo-
Hole left in tomb to facilitate exit of
soul, 50

Impurity. See Uncleanness
Holiness, infection of, 62, 65

Inattention, Systematic, the cause of
Holy days, 65–7; holy places, taboo religious degeneration, 8

yet entered, 154 ; holy things, Incas, suppress stone - worship, 142;
taboo, 59; holy water, 40

revered like gods, 275. See Peru
Homeric Hades not a “fault,” 3031 ; | Incidents, do not make a tale, 253

Hymn to Demeter, date of, 363; the Incredulity of the savage, 36
mythology of, 363 ff. ; analysis of, India, blood not to be shed, 74 ; tree.
377-81

totemism, 210 ; next world, 309, 310;
Honduras, sickness due to sin, 111 T divine kings, 275. See Bhogaldai

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