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up some refreshments. In the morning the rain abated, when we stripped, and wrung our clothes through the sea-water, as usual, which refreshed us wonderfully. Every person complained of violent pain in their bones: I was only surprised that no one was yet laid up. Served one 25th of a pound of bread, and a quarter of a pint of water, at supper, breakfast, and dinner, as customary.

* Tuesday, May the 19th. Fresh gales at E. N. E., with heavy rain, and dark gloomy weather, and no sight of the sun, We past this day miserably wet and cold, covered with rain and sea, from which we had no relief, but at intervals by pulling off our clothes and wringing them through the sea water. In the night we had very severe lightning, but otherwise it was so dark that we could not see each other. The morning produced many complaints on the severity of the weather, and I would gladly have issued my allowance of rum, if it had not appeared to me that we were to suffer much more, and that it was necessary to preserve the little I had, to give relief at a time we might be less able to bear such hardships.

· Wednesday, May the 20th. At dawn of day, some of my people seemed half dead: our appearances were horrible; and I could look no way, but I caught the eye of some one in distress. Extreme hunger was now too evident, but no one suffered from thirst, nor had we much inclination to drink, that desire, perhaps, being satisfied through the skin. The little sleep we got was in the midst of water, and we constantly awoke with severe cramps and pains in our bones. This morning I served about two tea-spoonfuls of rum to each person, and the allowance of bread and water, as usual. At noon the sun broke out and revived every one.

- Friday, May the 22d. Our situation this day was extremely calamitous. We were obliged to take the course of the sea, running right before it, and watching with the utmost care, as the least error in the helm would in a moment have been our destruction. The sea was continually breaking all over us; but, as we suffered not such cold as when wet with the rain, I only served the common allowance of bread and water. Vol. IV.

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• Monday, May the 25th. This afternoon we had many birds about us, which are never seen far from land, such as boobies and noddies. About three o'clock the sea began to run fair, and we shipped but little water, I therefore determined to know the exact quantity of bread I had left; and on examining found, according to my present issues, sufficient for twenty-nine days allowance. In the course of this time I hoped to be at Timor ; but, as that was very uncertain, and perhaps after all we might be obliged to go to Java, I determined to proportion my issues to six weeks. I therefore fixed, that every person should receive one twenty-fifth of a pound of bread for breakfast, and one twenty-fifth of a pound for dinner; so that by omitting the proportion for supper, I had forty-three days allowance. At noon some noddies came so near to us, that one of them was caught by hand. This bird is about the size of a small pigeon. I divided it, with its entrails, into eighteen portions, and by the method of, Who shall have this ?* it was distributed with the allowance of bread and water for dinner, and eat up bones and all, with salt water for sauce.

"To make our bread a little savoury we frequently dipped it in salt water; but for my own part I generally broke mine into small pieces, and eat it in my allowance of water, out of a cocoa-nut shell, with a spoon, economically avoiding to take too large a piece at a time, so that I was as long at dinner as if it had been a much more plentiful meal.

· Wednesday, May the 27th. We passed much drift wood, and saw many birds; I therefore did not hesitate to pronounce that we were near New Holland,+ and assured every one I would make the coast without delay, in the parallel we were

One person turns his back on the object that is to be divided : another then points separately to the portions, at each of them asking aloud, “Who shall have this ?' to which the first answers by naming somebody. This impartial method of division gives every man an equal chance of the best share.

+ Captain Cook explored the strait which divides Papua or New Guinea from New Holland; and the Pandora, frigate, which was sent out to seize the mutineer's belonging to captain Bligh's ship, was lost here. It is 1200 miles long, and 300 broad. The aspect of these people is frightful and hideous; the men are stout in

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in, and range the reef till I found an opening, through which we might get into smooth water and pick up some supplies.

• Thursday, May the 28th. At one in the morning the person at the helm heard the sound of breakers, and I no sooner lifted up my head, then I saw them close under our lee, not more then a quarter of a mile distant from us. I immediately hauled on a wind to the N. N. E., and in ten minutes time we could neither see nor hear them.

• In the morning, at day-light, I bore away again for the reefs, and saw them by nine o'clock. The sea broke furiously over every part, and I had no sooner got near to them, than the wind came at E., so that we could only lie along the line of breakers, within which we saw the water so smooth, that every person already anticipated the heart-felt satisfaction he would receive, as soon as we could get within them. But I now found we were embayed, for I could not lie clear with my sails, the wind having backed against us, and the sea set in so heavy towards the reef that our situation was become dangerous. We could but effect little with the oars, having scarce strength to pull them; and it was becoming every miuute more and more probable that we should be obliged to attempt pushing over the reef, in case we could not pull off. Even this I did not despair of effecting with success, when happily we discovered a break in the reef, about one mile from us, and at the same time an island of a moderate height within it, nearly in the same direction, bearing W. N. I entered the

body, their skin of a shining black, rough, and often disfigured with miarks like those occasioned by the leprosy; their eyes are very large, their noses flat, mouth from ear to ear, their lips amazingly thick, especially the upper lip; their hair, woolly, either a shining black or fiery red: M. Sonnerat imagines the last to be owing to some powder. It is dressed in a vast bush, so as to resemble a mop; some are three feet in circumference, the least two and a half : in this they stick their comb, consisting of four or five diverging teeth, with which they occasionally dress their frizzled locks to give them a greater bulk; they sometimes ornament them with feathers of the birds of paradise ; others add to their deformity by boring their noses, and passing through them rings, pieces of bone, or sticks; and many, by way of ornament, hạng round their necks the tusks of boars. The heads of the women are of less size than those of the men, and in their left ears they wear small brass rings. The men go naked, excepting a small wrapper round their waists, made of the fibres of the cocoa Annexed is a correct engraving of a Papuan boy.

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