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This world's material mould, came to a heap:
Confusion heard his voice, and wild uproar 710
Stood ruld, stood vast infinitude confin'd;
Till at his second bidding darkness fled,
Light Ihone, and order from disorder sprung:
Swift to their several quarters hasted then
The cumb'rous elements, earth, flood, air, fire; 715
And this ethereal quinteffence of heav'n
Flew upward, fpirited with various forms,
That roll'd orbicular, and turn'd to stars
Numberless, as thou seest, and how they move;
Each had his place appointed, each his course; 720
The rest in circuit walls this universe.
Look downward on that globe, whose hither side,
With light from hence, tho' but reflected, shines;
That place is earth the feat of man; that light
His day, which ele, as th' other hemisphere,

Night would invade; but there the neighb'ring moon
(So call that opposite fair ftar) her aid
Tiinely' interposes, and her monthly round
Still ending, still renewing, thro' mid heav'n,
With bórrow'd light her countenance triform 730
Hence fills and empties to enlighten th' earth,
And in her pale dominion checks the night.
That spot to which I point is Paradise,
Adam's abode, those lofty shades his bow'r.
The way thou canst not miss, me mine requires. 535

Thus faid, he turn’d; and Satan bowing low, As to superior spi'rits is wont in heav'n, Where honour due and rev’rence none negle&ts, Took leave, and tow'rd the coast of earth beneath, Down from th' ecliptic, sped with hop'd success, 740 Throws his steep flight in many an airy wheel; Nor stay'd, till on Niphates top he lights.

End of the THIRD Book.


Sátan nou in prospect of Eden, and nigh the place where

he must now attempt the bold enterprise which he une dertook alone against God and man, falls into many doubts with himself, and many passions, fear, ency and despair; but at length confirms himself in evil, journeys : on to Paradise, whose outward prospect and situation is described, overleaps the bounds, sits in the soape of a : cormorant on the tree of life, as highest in the garden, * 10 look about him. The garden described; Satan's first light of Adam and Eve; his wonder at their excel. lent form and happy ftate; but with resolution to work their fall; overhears their discourse, thence gathers that the tree of knowledge was forbidden them to eat ofi, under penalty of death ;', and thereon intends to found his temptation, by feducing them to transgress; then leaves them a while, to know further of their ftate by some other means. Meanwhile Uriel defcending on a fun-beam, warns Gabriel, who had in charge the gate of Pardise, that some evil spirit had escaped the deep, and passed at noon by bis fphere in the shape of a good angel down to Paradise, discovered after by his furious gestures on the mount, i Gabriel prömises : to find him ere morning. Night coming on, Adanı and Eve discourse of going to their refi: their bower defcribed; their evening worship. Gabriel drawing forth his bands of night-watch to walk the round of Paradise, appuints two strong angels to Adam's bower, lejt the evil spirit should be there doing some harm to Adam or Eve sleeping; there they find him at the ear of Eve, tempting her in a dream, and bring him, though unwilling, 10 Gabriel; by whom questioned, he Scornfully answers; prepares resistance, but hindered by a sign from heaven, flies out of Paradise.



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For that warning voice which he who faw

Th' Apocalyps heard cry in heav'n aloud,
Then when the Dragon, put to second rout,
Came furious down to be reveng'd on men,
Woe to th' inhabitants on earth! that now,

While time was, our first parents had been warn'd
The coming of their secret foe, and 'scap'd,
Haply fo 'feap'd his mortal fnare: for now
Satan, now first inflam'd with rage, came down
The tempter ere th' accuser of mankind,

10 To wreak on innocent frail man his loss Of that first battle, and his flight to hell: Yet not rejoicing in his speed, though bold, Far off and fearless, nor with cause to boast, Begins his dire attempt, which nigh the birth 15 Now rolling boils in his tumultuous breast, And like a dev'lish engine back recoils Upon himself; borror and doubt distract His troubled thoughts, and from the bottom stir The hell within him ; for within him hell He brings, and round about him, nor from heil One step, no more than from hinself, can fly By change of place: now conscience wakes despair 7 hat flumber'd, wakes the bitter memory Qf. what he was, what is, and what mul be 25.



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Worse; of worse deeds worse fufferings must ensue.
Sometimes tow'ards Eden, which now in his view
Lay pleasant, his griev'd look he fixes fad;
Sometimes tow'rds heav'n, and the fall-blazing fun,
Which now fat high in his meridian tow'r:

30 Then much revolving, thus in fighs began.

O thou that with furpalling glory crown'd,
Look'st from thy fole dominion like the God
Of this new world; at whose fight all the stars
Hide their diminish'd heads; to thee I call, 35
But with no friendly voice, and add thy name,
O Sun, to tell thee how I hate thy beams,
That bring to my remembrance fronı what late
I fell, how glorious once above thy sphere;
Till pride and worse ambition threw me down, 40
Warring in heav'n against heav’n’s matchless King.
Ah, wherefore! he deserv'd no such return
From me whom he created what I was,
In that bright eminence, and with his good
Upbraided none; nor was his service hard.

What could be lefs, than to afford him praise,
The easiest recompense, and pay him thanks,
How due ! yet all his good prov'd ill in me,
And wrought but malice; lifted up so high
I 'fdeind subjection, and thought one flep higher 50
Would set me highest, and in a moment quit
The debt imniense of endless gratitude,
So burdensome still paying, till to owe,
Forgetful what from him I fill receiv'd,
And understood not that a grateful mind 55
By owing owes not, but still pays, at once
Indebted and discharg'd; what burden then?
O had his pow'rful destiny ordain'd
Me some inferior angel, I had food
Then happy; no unbounded hope had rais'd 60
Ambition. Yet why not! fome other pow'r


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As great might have aspir'd, and me though mean
Drawn to his part; but other powers as great
Fell not, but stand unshaken, from within
Or from without, to all temptations arm’d.
Hadst thou the same free will and pow'r to stand ?
Thou hadft. Whom hast thou then, or what, to' ac-
But Heaven's free love, dealt equally to all ? [cuse,
Be then his love accurs’d, since love or hate,
To me alike, it deals eternal woe.

Nay curs'd be thou; since against his thy will
Chose freely what it now so juftly rues.
Me miserable! which way shall I fly
Infinite wrath, and infinite despair !
Which way I fly is bell; myself am hell ; 75
And in the lowest deep a lower deep
Still threatning to devour me opens wide,
To which the hell 1 suffer feems a heaven.
O then at last relent: is there no place
Left for repentance, none for pardon left?

80 None left but by submiflion; and that word Disdain forbids me, and my dread of shame Among the spi'rits beneath, whom I seduc'd With other promises and other vaunts Than to submit, boasting I could fubdue Th’Onnipotent. Ay me, they little know How dearly I abide that boast fo vain, Under what torments inwardly I groan, While they adore me on the throne of hell, With diadem and fceptre high advanc'd,

90 The lower ftill I fall, only supreme In misery: such joy ambition finds. But say I could repent, and could obtain By act of grace my former flate; how foon

94 Would height recall high thoughts, how soon unsay What feign'd submission swore? ease would recant Vows made in pain, as violent and void.



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