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The angel Michael continues from the food to relate

what shall fucceed; then, in the mention of Abraham, comes by degrees to explain who that feed of the woman shall be, which was promised Adam and Eve ir the fall; his incarnation, death, resurrection, and afcenfion ; the fate of the church till his second koming. Adam, greatly satisfied and recomforted by these relations and promises, defcends the hill with Michael ; wakens Eve, who all this while had sept, but with gentle dreams composed to quietness of mind and submission. Michael in either hand leads them out of Paradise, the fiery sword waving behind them, and the cherubim taking their stations to guard the place.



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one his journey at noon,

Tho'bent on speed; fo here th' archangel paus'd Betwixt the world deltroy'd and world restor'd, If Adam ought perhaps might interpofe; Then with tranfition fweet new speech resumes. 5

Thus thou hast seen one world begin and end; And man as from a second stock proceed. Much thou hast yet to fee ; but I perceive Thy mortal sight to fail; objects divine Must needs impair and weary Iruman fenfe : 10 Henceforth what is to come I will relate, Thou therefore give due audience, and attend. This second source of men, while yet but few, And while the dread of judgment past remains Fresh in their minds, fearing the Deity,

15 With some regard to what is just and right Shall lead their lives, and multiply apace; Lab'ring the soil, and reaping plenteous crop, . Corn, wine, and oil; and from the herd or flock, Oft facrificing bullock, lamb, or kid, With large wine-offerings pour'd, and facred feast, Shall spend their days in joy unblam'd, and dwell Long time in peace, by families and tribes, Under paternal rule ; till one shall rise




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· Of proud ambitious heart, who, not content 25
With fair equality, fraternal state,
Will arrogate dominion undeserv'd
Over bis brethren, and quite difpoffefs
Concord and law of nature from the earth,
Hunting (and men, not beasts, shall be 'his game) 30
With war and hostile snare'such as refuse
Subjection to his empire týrannous:
A mighty hunter thence he fall be styl'a
Hefore the Lord, as'in defpite of heaven,
Or from heav'n claiming fecond lov 'reignty; 35
And from rebellion shall derive his name,
Though of rebellion others he accuse.
He with a crew, whom like ambition joins
With him, or under him to tyrannize,
Marching from Eden towards the welt, shall find 10
The plain, wherein a black bituininous gurge
Boils out from under ground, the mouth of hell;
Of brick, and of that fluff, they cait to build
A city' and tow'r, whose top may reach to heav'n;
And get themselves a name'; lef far difpers’d 45
In foreign lands, their memory be loft,
Regardless whether good or evil fame.
But God, who oft descends to visit men
Unseen, and through their habitation walks
To mark their doings, them beholding foon,
Comes down to see their city, ere the tower
Obitruct heaven-towers, and in derision sets
Upon their tongues a various fpi'rit, to rase
Quite out their native language, and instead
To sow a jangling noise of words unknown: 55
Forthwith a hideous gabble rises loud
Among the builders ; each to other calls
Not understood, till hoarse, and all in rage,
As mock'd they form; great laughter was in heaver


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And looking down to see the hubbub frange, 60
And hear the din; thus was the building left
Ridiculous, and the work confusion nam'd.

Whereto thus Adam fatherly displeas'd,
O execrable fon so to aspire
Above his brethren, to himself affuming 65
Authority usurp’d, from God not given :
He gave us only over beast, fish, fowl,
Dominion absolute; that right we hold
By his donation: but man over men
He made not lord; such title to himself
Keserving, human left from human free.
But this usurper his incroachment proud
Stays not on man; to God his tow'r intends
Siege and defiance. Wretched man! what food
Will he convey up thither to sustain

Himself and his rash army, where thin air
Above the clouds will pine his intrails gross,,
And famith him of breath, if not of bread ?

To whom thus Michael. Juftly thou abhorr'st
That son, who on the quiet state of men 80
Such trouble brought, affecting to fubdue
Rational liberty; yet know withal,
Since thy original lapse, true liberty
Is loft, which always with right reason dwells,
Twinn'd, and from her hath no dividual being: 85
Reafon in man obscut'd, or not obey'd,
Immediately inordinate desires
And upstart pallions catch the government
From reason, and to fervitude reduce
Man till then free. Therefore, since he permits 90
Within himself unworthy powers to reign
Over free reason, God, in judgment just,
Subjects him from without to violent lords;
Who oft as undeservedly inthral

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His outward freedom: tyranny must be,

95 Though to the tyrant thereby no excufé. Yet sometimes nations will decline fo low From virtue, which is reason, that no wronge But justice, and some fatal curse annex'd, Deprives them of their outward liberty,

ICO Their inward loit: witness th' irreverent fon Of him who built the ark, who, for the shame Done to his father, heard this heavy curse, Servant of servants, on his vicious race, Thus will this latter, as the former world, 105 Still tend from bad to worse, till God at last, Wearied with their iniquities, withdrawn His presence from among them, and avert His holy eyes; resolving from thenceforth To leave them to their own polluted ways; And one peculiar nation to select From all the relt, of whom to be invok'd, A dation from one faithful man to spring: Him on this fide Euphrates yet residing, Bred up in idol-worthip; O that men

115 (Canst thou believe?) should be so ltupid grown, While yet the patriarch liv'd who 'scap'd the flood, As to forsake the living God, and fall To worship their own work in wood and stone For gods! yet him God the most High vouchsafes To call by vision from his father's house, His kindred, and false gods, into a land Which he will show him, and from him will raise A mighty nation, and upon him shower His benediction so, that in his feed

123 All nations shall be blefs'd; be Itrait obeys, Not knowing to what land, yet firm believes, 11:13 I see him, but thou canst not, with what faith He leaves his gods, bis friends, and native foil



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