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He received a severe arrow wound profession, he from the first rein his side, and only survived eight solved to direct all his energies to days. Thus suddenly cut off in that end. Tbe naval instructor the pride of manhood in the full on board the Collingwood "posglow and promise of an honourable sessed the rare talent, not only of professional career, it was teaching well, but of inspiring his consolation to relatives and friends pupils with interest in, and liking that he fell a sacrifice to his for, their studies.” It was left humane intentions in the discharge optional with the naval cadets of his duty. His death was justly whether they would keep night regarded from a professional point watch or not, and also whether of view as a loss to the country, they would study foreign languages for the service could not boast a as well as the ordinary professional more accomplished, zealous, and studies. Young Goodenough elecpromising officer.

ted to do both, and to the admirJames Grabam Goodenough was able teaching of his naval instructor born on the 3rd of December, he was indebted for acquiring a 1830, at Stoke Hill, near Guildford, very complete knowledge of French Surrey. His father was the son of and Spanish. He subsequently bethe Bishop of Carlisle, bad been came, indeed, a very accomplished Head Master of Westminster linguist, and attained proficiency in School, was

canon of West- seven languages, which proved minster, and subsequently became highly advantageous to him on Dean of Wells. He took the name more than one occasion during his of Graham from his godfather, Sir brief but distinguished career. James Graham, then First Lord of After four years of service the the Admiralty, which circumstance Collingwood returned to England, determined his education for the and was paid off in August, 1848. naval profession.

He remained A friend and schoolfellow says that under his father's tuition till he as a midshipman young Goodwas seven years old, when he spent enough fulfilled the promise he had nearly three years at a school in given as a boy at Westminster. Berks; but before be had com- Always modest and unassuming, he pleted his tenth year he entered naturally took the lead in everyWestminster, and continued there thing; the best as a linguist, in until he entered the navy in May, navigation, in seamanship, in gun1844, when only thirteen years of nery, and all exercises, and amongst age. In the following July he was the foremost in all expeditions." appointed to the Collingwood, Capt. That this high testimony was not Smart, and in September sailed attributable to the partiality of the Pacific

friendship is evidenced by the fact Captain, afterwards Admiral, Sir that wben Captain Smart was asked Robert Smart is stated to have by the port-admiral at Portsmouth been "a man of high professional to point out any officers with whom ability, of the purest integrity and he was specially satisfied; among elevation of character,” who took others, Goodenough was brought the greatest interest in the progress forward, and his certificate endorsed, and well-being of his young officers. “An officer of promise." Young Goodenough is represented After six weeks' leave at home, as having from his earliest years he was appointed to the Cyclops, manifested great determination and October, 1848, and sailed for the strength of character, and feeling a coast of Africa. In August, 1849, laudable ambition to succeed in bis he applied for and obtained permis

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sion to return to England for the sumed, he returned to China in purpose of competing at the Royal command of the Renard sloop of Naval College for the lieutenant's

war, was present at the second commission, which was then annu- taking of the Taku forts in comally given to the mate who, after a mand of a flotilla of boats, and year's study, passed the best exami- after much active service obtained nation. He returned to England leave and returned to England in in December, 1849, in June, 1850, February, 1862. passed as mate, and in July, 1851, His health at this time was rather obtained, by a most successful impaired, and this was the principal examination, the lieutenant's com- reason that caused his return to mission.

England. He was constantly suffer. In September, 1851, he was ap- ing from fever and ague. Besides pointed to the Centaur, bearing the “he felt he was losing ground proAag of Rear-Admiral Henderson, fessionally from being so long away commanding the South American from England, and getting behindstation. Here he remained until hand as regarded inventions, or the outbreak of the war with whatever was new and active in the Russia in 1854, when the Centaur naval service. He was never so was suddenly recalled.

He was happy as when fully employed, and most anxious to obtain an appoint- often in writing says, 'Hard work ment to a ship destined for service as usual agrees with me;' or 'I am in the Black Sea, but failed, and fortunate in always having somewas sent to the Calcutta guardship thing to do ;' • For a long time I at Plymouth. Shortly after he have never been a week at anchor,' sailed in the Royal William to cou- and such expressions as these. vey troops to Bomarsund, and re

Having a constant desire to be turned with a cargo of Russian always learning something, as soon prisoners. He was then appointed as he felt be bad mastered any subto the Hastings, Captain Caffin, as ject, or any piece of work, and that gunnery lieutenant, and again visited his full powers were no longer rethe Baltic

He assisted at the quired, he sought for some new bombardment of Sweaborg, but object on which to expend them." there was little scope in the Baltic In July, 1862, he joined the for the display of the wonted skill

flagship Revenge as commander, and valour of the British navy. under the former captain of the

In the winter of 1855 be re- Collingwood, now Admiral Smart, turned to England, and the follow- who commanded the Channel Squading spring obtained his first inde

At the close of 1863 he was pendent commission-the Goshawk sent by the Government on a gunboat at Woolwich. In August special' mission to the United of the same year he was paid off, States, for the purpose of procuring and appointed first lieutenant of

information respecting the imthe Raleigh, bearing the broad provements alleged to have taken pendant of Commodore Hon. ¥. place in naval science in conseKeppel, and sailed for China. Sub- quence of the war with the Southsequently transferred to the flag

ern Confederacy. The manner in ship Calcutta as second lieutenant,

which he acquitted himself of the he participated in the taking of delicate duties of this mission gave Canton, and the capture of the great satisfaction, and his services Taku forts. The Calcutta was or- were duly appreciated. dered home and paid off in August, In May, 1864, he married Vic1859, but as hostilities were re- toria, daughter of W. J. Ha nilton,



Esq., and while travelling in Swit. In April, 1873, Captain Goodzerland in the August following, he enough was appointed to relieve received from Admiral Smart, then Commodore Stirling in command commander-in-chief of the Mediter- of the Australian station. He sailed ranean Squadron, an offer of the in the Pearl, and was specially post of flag-captain, with the com- instructed to proceed in the first mand of his new flag-ship the instance to Fiji, and in conjuncVictoria, the last of the glorious old tion with H.M.'s Consul, Mr. three-deckers that was sent out, in Layard, to report on the state which he sailed for Malta in of the group of islands, and November.

on the advisability of their annexaThe term of Admiral Smart's tion to the British Crown. It is a command of the Mediterranean pity his report to the Government Squadron baving expired in 1866, is not given in the volume before Goodenough left with bim, and us, for we know it was most in. shortly after was appointed flag- teresting and valuable, and warmly captain under Admiral Warren in advocated annexation on which the command of the Channel Squadron, Government acted. From Fiji he which he retained until October, proceeded to his Australian com1870.

mand, and at the various ports he He then volunteered to assist in visited established the most friendly the distribution of “ The French relations with the inhabitants. Peasant Relief Fund,” and

The last fatal cruise of Commu. mained some months in France. dore Goodenough was commenced On his return he served as a mem- in June, 1875. He conveyed to ber of a “Committee on Designs Fiji the newly-appointed governor, for Ships of War," appointed by Sir Arthur Gordon. From Fiji the the Admiralty, and was afterwards Pearl proceeded to various other appointed naval attaché to the islands in the South Pacific; it being maritime courts of Europe, with the Commodore's most anxious de. orders to visit the different arsenals sire to establish friendly relations of the Continent, and report to the with the natives, in whose Foreign Office upon the navies of peaceful disposition generally, if the European powers. He visited approached in a conciliatory manamong other places all the dock- ner, he evidently reposed too much yards of France, and as part of his

confidence. experience of the regard for the On the 12th of August the Pearl Republic among sensible men, he was off Santa Cruz, and the Com. relates the following:

modore writes in his journal, under

that date, that he thought the “Orders having been received to

natives inclined to be “most announce the establishment of the friendly and anxious to be civil by Republic, an admiral mustered the coming out to us in canoes, and crew of his flag-ship on the quar- looking

if they wished to ter deck, and informed them of the please. But he soon changed change in the government, and that

his opinion, for having landed he the motto of France from henceforth would be •Liberté, Fraternité, Egalité!'

was treacherously attacked. The The men were dismissed, and were

following is his own account of leaving the deck, when he suddenly

what took place, as written in his recalled them, adding, Seulement, journal on the 17th of August, five mes enfants, souvenez-vous d'une chose days after the attack:

-c'est que la liberté n'embarque jamais !'

“I went on shore with two boats,


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native friend that I would do so, and all of us turned back.

As I got near the boats I said, Order everyone into the boats ;' and seeing every one near, turned to see if any were behind me. I saw Harrison up a little passage between a stone wall and the side of a hut, and but just above the white coral sand beach, and went up to him to see what he was about and to be with him. He was bargaining for some arrows with a toll man, who held his bow in his left hand, and was twiddling his arrows in a rather hectoring way, as I thought.

“Casting my eye to the left I saw a man with a gleaming pair of black eyes fitting un arrow to a string, and in an instant, just as I was thinking it must be a sham menace, and stared him in the face, thud came the arrow into my left side. I felt astounded. I shouted * To the boats !' pulled the arrow out, and threw it away (for which I am sorry), and leapt down the beach, hearing a flight of arrows pass. first sight of them all were getting in and shoving off, and I leapt into the whaler; then feeling she was not clear of the ground, jumped out, and helped to push her out into deep water, and while doing so another arrow hit my head a good sharp rap, leaving an inch and a half of its bone head sticking in my

hat. “I ordered the armed men to fire, and instantly the arrow flights ceased. I looked round, and the boats were clear of the beach. Perry immediately chewed and sucked my wound, and on my coxswain and cook saying they were hit, sucked their wounds too, which were quite slight. I asked, ' Are all in the boats?" and was answered by Jones, the coxswain of the first cutter, *All in, sir! and I'm wounded.'

“My only object in firing was to stop their arrows and to drive them off, and I went back to the ship, and hoisted the boats up, intending to do nothing to them."

At my

The wound was burned with caustic and poulticed, as it was supposed the arrow was poisoned

but as I got near the shore I saw a number of canoes hastening to the place at which I was going to land, so made signal for a third to follow. As we drew into the shore canoes came about us, eager, vociferous, and friendly, and with a rather villanous look. They are big compared to some other island. ers about here, are not at all dark, some being very light, and with very light hair; but betel nut chewing is universal. All mouths are full of a chocolate and black masticated mass, and teeth are as black as jet, with great lumps of the lime with which they chew the betel adhering as ‘tartar' to their teeth.

“ After touching the beach, I remained some minutes in the boat, so as not to alarm the people by too sudden moves or gestures, and gave away some pieces of calico, bargaining at the same time a knife or two for some pretty matting. Gradually they seemed to be less timid, and one man came up with a present of a little yam, and I gave him some calico, with which he seemed pleased. They then began to beckon us individually up to their village close to, and we went up with all precaution, keeping our eyes about us, and the third boat's crew remaining on the beach.

“It came on to rain heavily, and at their invitation we went into the houses nearest the beach, and under cover of a half-finished house. But after a time (for the rain was heavy, and for half an hour) I began to notice that they looked round, and withdrew themselves from every roof where we were, and were inclined to separate from us. Meantime the rain cleared up, and a man was very eager that I should accompany him along the beach to, as I suppose, the next village. The others remained by the boats, and I called eight or ten round me, and followed the men.

“However, after three hundred yards or more of beach I saw the village a long way off, and said, 'Oh! this isn't quite prudent; I must set an example of sticking to the orders which I have given. We'll visit the other village by boat;' and I tried to explain to my

* Six in all were wounded : the Commodore, his coxswain, and his cook (in the whaler), the coxswain of one of the catters, and two young seamen named Rayner and Smale, one in each cutter-these two last fatally.

which it was not.' On consideration only perceptible to him who held he deemed it better that he should his pulse." punish the treacherous attack of The Pearl at that time was about the natives in some way, so he sent 500 miles from Sydney, which hara party on shore to burn a few bour was entered on Monday the huts, but ordered them before 23rd, and next day the funeral took landing to fire a blank volley to place. The two sailors, who died frighten away the natives, and en- of wounds received at the same sure no life being taken. This time, were buried in separate graves order being repeated three times, on each side of their esteemed comso anxious was he in his own words mander, while the Colonial Governto run no risk of hurting either ment, sustained by the unanimous our own people, or the wretched desire of the population, did all islanders."

that could be done to have the By the advice of his surgeon the funeral rites honoured in a manner course of the Pearl was shaped befitting the sad and solemn occasouthward, and it was intended sion, to make either Brisbane or Sydney. In producing his volume his On the 17th, the last day he wrote widow has performed a “labour of in his journal, the first symptoms love,” which we must not scan too of tetanus became manifest, and he critically. Indeed, on the whole, writes :

we must say that the volume is

highly commendable. We have an To-day is Tuesday, just five days;

excellent portrait of the commodore, it seems but a day. In five days more

with three good maps illustrative we shall be able to say that all danger of his special services, while his of poisoning is over; but from the first journal is illustrated with descripmoment I have kept the possibility tive woodcuts. It is altogether an steadily before me, so as to be prepared; excellent work, and we highly comit is very good to be brought to look

mend it. upon a near death as more than usually probable.

“ The weather is lovely, and entirely favourable to the little wounds, which are absuredly small. My only trouble

The Influence of Descartes on is a pain in the small of my back, which

Metaphysical Speculation in England. is a little against my sleeping. I am

Being a Degree Thesis. By the exceedingly well.

Rev. W. Cunningham. Macmillan “I have asked Perry to put out a and Co., London and Cambridge, statement for the papers, so that we 1876. — The volume before may have no outrageously foolish

possesses undoubted merit as an stories. I can only imagine the motive to have been plunder, or a sort of run

academical exercise, showing extenning-a-muck. I don't feel

sive reading and careful study. At the same time it does not appear

to us likely to interest or benefit At this point some one entered many readers of the average type. his cabin, he put down the pen None can enter into it who have which was never resumed. The not

greater familiarity with next day the symptoms became metaphysical speculation than is more marked, and, growing gradu- possessed by the general public. ally worse he died on the 20th of The narrow limits within which the August at a quarter past five in the work is necessarily confined preafternoon-“so quietly and peace- clude the possibility of any adequate fully that the exact moment was account of the various systems of


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