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proverbs somewhat musty, and is due not less to their choice and rather prosy preaching.

collocation of words than to their The loose indefiniteness of Dr. weight of thought." Elsewhere he Mathews's title prepares one for a goes even further, “ It is this cunrambling work. On so wide a ning choice, along with the skilful theme an author may be expected arrangement of words, that, even to wander abroad at his own sweet more than the thought, eternises will. It is hard to see the connec- the name of an author." Still more tion between the several chapters questionable is the statement that that make up this volume, still - Whitefield could thrill an audiharder to understand how the sub. ence by saying Mesopotamia.' stance of the chapters can be Surely Dr. Mathews is here misled brought under their headings, or by n confused recollection of a joke what is the drift of the whole, if in one of Sir Walter Scott's novels, there is any whole at all, strictly where an old woman is represented speaking

as unable to remember anything As the work now appears,

it more about a sermon she had heard is neither a popular lecture nor a than that there was one sweet word, scientific treatise, but a mixture of “Mesopotamia," in it. At any rate, the two, with something of the it is absurd to attribute the effect sermon. Far be it from us to say of this, or the exclamations oh! the mixture is not agreeable. Dr. ah! uttered by him, to the words Mathews has a pleasant chatty themselves alone. manner, a force and richness of

In the chapter on “ The Morality expression sometimes rising to elo- of Words,” which treats of lanquence, and an accuracy of language, guage as an indication of character as well as a general purity of taste, and mind, we find the following far above the average of trans

remarks: atlantic literature. Hence his volume is decidedly pleasant reading, not

“ What shall we think of the fact withstanding all its faults - which

that the French language has no word are fewer than its deficiencies

equivalent to listener'? Is it not reminding one not unfrequently of a noteworthy circumstance, shedding Mr. Smiles's "Self-Help,” and other light upon national character. that kindred works, from which he has among thirty-seven million of talkers, reaped such extensive popularity. no provision, except the awkward paraThe frequent references to American phrase celui qui écoute (he who hears),

should have been made for hearers ? literature, history, and customs cannot, of course, be expected to

Is there any other explanation of this tion

blank than the supposition that every interest English readers so much Frenchman talks from the pure love of as those for whom the work was talking, and not to be heard ; that, rewritten.

versing the proverb, he believes that The first chapter is on “ The ‘silence is silver, but talking is golden;' Significance of Words,” by which and that, not caring whether he is lis. the author means, not their signifi.

tened to or not, he has never recognized cation, but their importance. He

that he has no name for the person to

whom he chatters? " makes the chief excellence of Tennyson, Swinburne, and De Quincey to consist in their skilful use of This is not only ill-natured in tone, words, and says, “ The superiority but incorrect as to fact. There is of the writers of the seventeenth a French word écouteur for a liscentury, to those of our own day tener, and auditeur for a hearer.

But supposing there were no single he may not only enrich his vocabulary, equivalent words for the English but learn in some degree the secret of ones, none but a very perverse mind

their charm, detect his own deficienwould think of drawing so formid

cies, and elevate and refine his taste to able an indictment against a nation

a degree that can be reached in no

other way. But to suppose that a good with nothing more than this flimsy evidence in support of it.

style can be acquired by imitating any Dr.

one writer, or any set of writers, is one Mathews's inferences from idioms of the greatest follies that can be and words in other languages are

imagined often very fanciful. It is a curious Such a supposition is based on the notion also of his, that not only is

notion that fine writing is an addition the study of botany much hindered

from without to the matter treated of, by the hard names of plants, but

a kind of ornament superinduced, or that of astronomy greatly promoted

luxury indulged in, by one who has

sufficient genius; whereas the brilliant by such easy names as the bear, or powerful writer is not one who has the serpent, and the milky way. merely a copious vocabulary, and can Another strange idea is, that the turn on at will any number of splendid irregularities of spelling, pronun- phrases and swelling sentences, but he ciation, and syntactical construc

is one who has something to say, and are the strongest proofs of

knows how to say it. Whether he the nobleness and perfection of our

dashes off his compositions at a heat,

or elaborates them with fastidious nicety language."

and care, he has but one aim, which he Dr. Mathews says, “Everybody keeps steadily before him, and that is knows that George I. of England to give forth what is in him. From obtained his crown, not by here- this very earnestness it follows that ditary title, but by an act of parlia- whatever be the brilliancy of his dicment." Surely it was both by

tion or the harmony of his periods, hereditary title and an act of par

whether it blaze with the splendours liament. Had he not been the

of a gorgeous rhetoric, or take the ear

prisoner with its musical surprises, next heir to the Stuart family, which

he never makes these an end, but has was disqualified, the crown would always the charm of an incommuni. certainly not have been settled upon cable simplicity." him by act of parliament.

Dr. Mathews's observations on “ It follows from all this that there style are sensible and just, though is no model style, and that the kind of not remarkable for novelty :

style demanded in any composition depends upon the man and his theme.

The first law of good writing is that it “ That it is well for a writer to fami- should be an expression of a man's liarize himself with the best models of self, -a

;-a reflected image of his own chastyle (models sufficiently numerous to

racter. If we know what the man is, prevent that mannerism which is apt we know what his style should be. If to result from unconscious imitation, it mirrors his individuality, it is, relawhen he is familiar with but one), tively, good ; if it is not a self-pornobody can doubt. A man's vocabu- traiture, it is bad, however polished lary depends largely on the company its periods, or rhythmical its cadences. he keeps; and without a proper voca

The graces and witcheries of expres. bulary no man can be a good writer. sion which charm us in an original Words are the material that the author writer, offend us in a copyist. Style works in, and he must use as much is sometimes, though not very hapcare in their selection as the sculptor pily, termed the dress of thought. It in choosing his marble or the painter is really, as Wordsworth long ago in choosing his colours. By profound declared, the incarnation of thought. study of the masterpieces of literature In Greek, the same word, Logos,


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stands for reason and speech,--and weardige, bread-keeper, from hlaf
why? Because they cannot be di- bread, loaf, and weardian, to keep,
vided; because thought and expres- look after." The original word is
sion are one. They each co-exist, not
one with the other, but in and through hlafdige from hlaf, a loaf

, and digan, the other. Not till we can separate

to serve out, so that the primary the soul and the body, life and mo

meaning is a bread distributor. tion, the convex and concave of a

The author is decidedly wrong in curve, shall we be able to divorce his derivation of the word hypothought from the language which only crite, which he says " comes from can embody it. But allowing, for the

two Greek words, siguifying under moment, that style is the verbal clothing

a mask ;'" the fact being, as every of ideas, who but the most povertystricken person would think of wear

one with a small smattering of ing the clothes of another? It is true

Greek knows, that it comes from that there are certain general quali

& compound Greek word, meaning ties, such as clearness. force, flexibility, one who answers, hence one who simplicity, variety, which all good converses on the stage, or a player ; styles will alike possess. just as all and, that there is no trace of any good clothing will have certain quali. word a

meaning & mask.

Dean ties in common. But for all men to clothe their thoughts in the same

Alford, with all his alleged “dogmanner, would be as foolish as for a

matic small talk," could never have giant to array himself in the garments perpetrated so gross a blunder. of a dwarf, a stout man in those of a The concluding chapter on “Com. thin, or a brunette in those of a mon Improprieties of Speech " is blonde."

the only part of the volume that contains matter of much practical

value. Even this is of no great Under the head of “ Curiosities value, because the real improprieof Language,” Dr. Mathews has the ties are such as no properly edufollowing curious derivation, among cated person would be guilty of, others. Hip! hip! hurrah! is and are better prevented by early said to have been originally a war- training than corrected by popular cry adopted by the stormers of lectures or books. Besides, they a German town, wherein a great have already been pointed out by many Jews were all put to the other writers. Some of the expressword, amid the shouts of · Hiero. sions to which Dr. Mathews objects solyma est perdita. From the first have the sanction of much better letters of these words (he p) an authority than his. He makes a exclamation was contrived." Surely bold assertion, unsupported by any the force of folly can go no further attempt at proof, in saying, Seldom than this absurdity, which reminds or never is a common vulgarism.' one of the derivation of King Pippin In

many cases the alleged faults are from the name Hooper thus : very trivial, mere matters of taste Hooper, dooper, diaper, napkin, upon which every one must decide nipkin, pipkin, pippin. Even sup- for himself, and no one can be proposing the exclamation hip! could nounced positively wrong. Dr. be imagined to have such a far- Mathews might as well have pointed fetched origin, how is hurrah! to out that the impropriety - I had be explained ? Dr. Mathews's deri- rather” springs from “ I'd rather," vation of the word lady is not quite which is a contraction for “I would correct. Lady primarily signifies rather.” bread-keeper. It is derived from the Anglo-Saxon, hlafdie, i.e. hlaf

Hogan, M.P. A novel, 3 vols. carried him up to Dublin. After a Henry S. King & Co. London, 1876. severe and continuous course of study – There is a considerable amount of

he passed a brilliant entrance examinacleverness in this novel, though we

tion into Trinity College, and, without

being afterwards distinguished, got cannot say that the ability of the

through his legal and other studies writer has proved quite equal to the

with the reputation of being a sure and ambition of his design. He had solid, if somewhat slow student. He evidently two leading objects in eked out his resources by teaching; view—to exhibit a ridiculous picture and on his mother's death, which hapof the pretension and vulgarity of pened the same year that he was called a certain class of parvenu society in

to the English Bar, found himself posDublin, and to expose the demoraliz

sessed of some twelve hundred pounds'

worth of railway stock, and not a single ing tactics of priests and agitators

encumbrance, wherewith to face the who trade on party in Ireland. world. He was clever and good-lookThese aims are kept consistently ing, very gentlemanlike in appearance, enough in view throughout, and in and had an irreproachable accent-a many respects are realized with most important item in our inventory much rough force and striking of his qualifications." effect. Hogan is a model of the unprincipled patriot of our day.

Ambitious and pliant, to obtain a He represents fairly the class of

seat in Parliament as representative unscrupulous adventurers who ob. tain seats in Parliament by pan

of Peatstown, Hogan adopts, against

his better judgment, the platform dering to the revolutionary incen

of the extreme party, which he thus diarism that is a curse to the

mockingly sets forth :country. He is a Roman Catholic,

· Home Rule, absolute and unthe nephew of a Bishop, and is thus

conditional; Clerical control of introduced to the reader :

Education; Tenant-right; Amnesty;

and-ah-oh-of course, the Holy · Hogan owed everything to his

Father's Grievances--" uncle, he was bound to defer to his

At the same time, he secures the prejudices. The barrister's father had been a tradesman in a little inland

support of a Tory nobleman who country town; and he, an only son,

has influence in the borough, by had been destined by his mother for

pledging himself to do his best in the Church. For this, however, the promoting the carriage of a railway youth had shown but scant inclination, bill in which his lordship is perand after absorbing the very limited sonally interested. In this way stock of knowledge to be procured at Hogan secures his election, though the diocesan college of

opposed by the parish priest, who turned home to take his place in his father's drapery shop. This was even

regards with suspicion his proless to his taste than the clerical

fessions of patriotism. career, but his efforts to free himself Hogan had become the comfrom the toils of the hated business panion and dupe of a Dublin broker, were unavailing. After a year or two called Saltasche; and when in Parof discontented servitude, the fates liament he maintains himself prin. willed it that his father should die

cipally by speculating on the Stock suddenly, and he found himself, at the

Exchange, under the inspiration of age of nineteen, master of his own destiny. He confided his wishes and

Saltasche, and by editing The Beacon, aspirations to his mother's brother,

a weekly paper, which that entertho then P. P. of St. Columbkille. prising company-monger had estabFather O'Rooney good-naturedly con

lished for the purpose of inflating sented to give him a chance, and his financial bubbles.


he re

In due course Hogan sinks lower University degree ? Moreover who in the scale of political rectitude, are their professors?-mere nobodies, and his moral sense becomes cor. or men trained in and belonging to the respondingly obdurate. At last

Queen's Universities or Trinity.' Saltasche, when all his schemes

". It's a pity, Mr. Hogan,' said Salt

asche, 'that you are not in St. were matured, elopes with another

Stephen's; if you were to talk that way, man's wife, his splendid bubbles you'd soon make your mark.' burst, and all who trusted him are "All in good time,'laughed the barvictimized. Amid the general catas- pister, emptying his glass. I hope to trophe, Hogan, who is utterly ruined, be one day, manages, nevertheless, to save him.

"I think,' said Saltasche, 'that one self. He sacrifices the affection of important feature in the case is the an amiable girl, and marries, for has an attraction for Catholics of a

social distinction of Trinity. That her money, a Protestant lady much

certain grade. There is a marked doolder than himself, through whose sire on the part of many of the profesfamily influence he is appointed sional set to know and mix with the secretary to a Colonial Governor, other persuasion.' with a salary of £300 a year. And

“Decidedly so. And an equally so terminate ingloriously the for.

marked desire on the part of their tunes of the aspiring patriot.

ecclesiastical rulers that they shall do Such, briefly, is the outline of Hogan, if the Catholics want to get

nothing of the kind. Anyhow,' added Hogan, M.P., and if, instead of into Protestant society, they don't go refined, delicate, and pungent satire, the right way about it. Men, of course, there is too much of rather broad know each other; but it's the women and coarse caricature in the filling who bar the way. R. C. women are up, still we must admit that the terribly behind the age. Did you hear descriptions generally have truth the last story of Lady St. Aldegonde ?

She wrote to her friends, the Hawardens and point, more especially in the

of Westmeath, to come up in time for sketches of society, in which the

the dinner of the 14th. " We shall Raffertys, the Branigans, the Mul

have only our own friends," said she; doons, and the Cogarties so con- "none of these dreadful Dublin lawyers' spicuously figure.

Here is some

wives." truth anent Roman Catholic Uni. versity Education :

As a specimen of our author's

facetiæ we may quote the follow"Do you imagine they looked for ing:concurrent endowment!'

"• Hardly,' replied the broker. “They “* Well, I heard a good story from know better than to take a State pro- Father Tom McCollumby the other vision; but they thought to get it, and day,' said Father Desmond. think they will get it still, for a Catho. *. Tell us that, Father Dan; it's sure lic University.'

to be good.' "Hogan shook his head. "No, no,' Father Desmond cleared his voice, said he; ‘Trinity is absorbing such took a sip of toddy, and began in a Catholic youngsters as want college dry solemn way, education and degrees. I think the "A friend of his, a priest, was hearStephen Green University merely draws ing confessions one Saturday, and a medical students. After all, they have boy came to him and said he had & a very good excuse for patronizing rale bad sin on his mind.

“ Well, me Trinity. Few people can afford to lose good boy, come on wid it,” said his time and money taking out a degree reverence: “sure we must all be forthat has no market value-a mero given ; so what is it now?". Augh certificate. Look at me, for example. den, your riverence, I do be always What should I be doing with a Catholic sayin', Be the Holy Father.” “You


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