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TIIE ABORIGINES OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA.

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The subjoined documents relate to character for justice to the native popuan article we published in January lation. last respecting the condition of the

“I am directed to forward with said Aborigines of South Australia. As

map two or three other books, as per we have no desire other than that accurate information should prevail margin, * giving information concerning

this colony, on the subject, we consider it only right to publish in full what has And remain been officially forwarded to us :

“ Your obedient Servant,

“John MANN, "OFFICE OF COMMISSIONER OF POBLIC

Secretary. WORKS,

“P.S.-A separate plan, showing Adelaide, March 24, 1876.

aboriginal reserves and depôts has “Sir,-I am directed by the Honour- been prepared in the Survey Office, able J. P. Boucaut, the Premier of and is forwarded herewith in lieu of South Australia, to forward you a copy that annexed to Premier's speeches." of a report which he has obtained from the Sub-Protector of Aborigines in consequence of an article which he read in Extract from Article on 'Aborigines your magazine of the month of Janu. of South Australia' (vide DUBLIN

UNIVERSITY MAGAZINE for January, “I also forward you a map of the

1876). colony (attached to a book of Mr. “. The efforts of civilization and misBoucaut's speeches), on which the sionary enterprise amongst these luckvarious aboriginal reserves are marked less aborigines have, as usual, been in pink, and the various depots dotted

ary last,

almost abortive. What little success in blue.

has been met with among the Adelaide "I am instructed to hope that you

and Encounter Bay tribes is due alwill be able to find space in your

most entirely to the Roman Catholics; magazine for some slight editorial note

but the results have been altogether or memorandum qualifying your very

most discouraging, and the number of unsatisfactory account of our aborigines converts very, very few. and our efforts on their behalf, which ** Some years since excellent schools scarcely does justice to our people or were opened in Adelaide for the chil. their governments, and which, appear- dren of the aborigines; these are now ing in the columns of so influential a unfortunately closed. Nor were the publication, is calculated to injure our results of the instruction given satis

Hand book," “Boothby's Almanack," "Schomburgk's Papers," “Chamber of Manafacturers' Papers," "Statistical Sketch," • Ward's Southern District.”

factory; such of the children who did authority of the Secretary of State for not return to their old life having

the Colouies, and in 1841 a native proved by no means creditable mem

school was established in Adelaide bers of society.'

under the auspices of Governor Grey, and in charge of Mr. and Mrs. Ross,

who received from the Government a “ Memo.

yearly stipend of £80, together with a “My attention has been drawn to house and rations. In 1843 another the above extract from article on Government school was opened at 'Aborigines of South Australia' (vide Walkerville, under the superintendence DUBLIN UNIVERSITY MAGAZINE for of Mr. Smith, formerly a draftsman in January, 1876, page 89) containing the Colonial Land Office; and at one statements calculated to convey a very period there were 107 native children erroneous and imperfect impression under instruction in these institutions, with respect to the results of the steps and making satisfactory progress in taken by the Government and private acquiring the rudiments of education, persons in South Australia to amelio- as also the habits and tastes of civilized rate the condition of its aborigines. life.

“With a view to give a more correct “These schools appear to have been idea as to the nature and extent of the continued to about 1850, when the diffiofficial and private attempts made for culty experienced in keeping the chilthe protection and support of the dren, owing to the evil influences and aborigines of this province, I beg to prejudices of their parents and the submit the following statement :- wandering tribes who frequented Ade

laide, gave rise to the idea of founding Roman Catholios.

an institution in an isolated position, “ So far as can be ascertained from to which the children could be removed the records of this office, and inquiries after their preparatory training in these I have made, I believe I am correct in schools. This idea was practically stating that the Roman Catholics have carried out by Archdeacon Hale (now never at any time organized any efforts,

Bishop of Brisbane), and a mission either privately or aided by Govern- station formed at Poonindie, near Port ment, on behalf of the aborigines of this

Lincoln, 220 miles from Adelaide, on a province.

reserve of 16,000 acres of land dedicated German Missionaries.

by the Government. The earliest attempts in this direc- " Appropriation of Money by Governtion were made about 1838, by the

ment. Moravian and Lutheran missionaries, “When South Australia became a Messrs. Meyers, Teiklemann, Schur

Crown colony in 1841, one-tenth of the mann and Kloze, who had mission

proceeds of the sales of all waste lands stations and schools at Encounter Bay, was set aside for the benefit of the Adelaide, and Port Lincoln, towards the

aborigines. This was found, as the support of which the Government con- sales of land increased, to be more tributed pecuniary assistance, as well than sufficient, and thereafter any defias rations and blankets.

nite portion ceased to be set aside, but “In 1839 Dr. Moorhouse was ap- whatever amount their necessities pointed Protector of Aborigines, under required was drawn from the territorial

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revenue; and this state of things existed trustees—the Lord Bishop of Ade-
until the control of that revenue was laide (Church of England) and Messrs.
ceded to the colonists under the new S. Davenport and G. W. Hawkes, S.M.
constitution, and from that time sums Up to 1860 the Government contributed
have appeared annually upon the esti- annual grants in aid of this establish-
mates. The total amount expended ment amounting to a total sum of
for aborigines from 1840 to 1874-5 was £7,225 ; from that time it has been
£91,430 16s. 3d. The sum voted by entirely self-supporting.
parliament for current year for abo-
rigines department was £4,694, appro.

Point McLeay. priated as follows :

“ This native station was formed in "Twosub-protectors'sala

1857 by the ‘Aborigines Friends' Asries and allowances . £444 sociation,' and is situated on the Lower Provisions, blankets, cloth

Murray, on a Government reserve coning, implements, medical

taining 730 acres, but which is about to attendance, travelling

be increased by an additional block of allowances, defending

three square miles along the Coorong prisoners, transport of

Lake. The Rev. George Taplin, of the stores, and sundries . £3,750

Congregational Church, is the super

intendent. The natives of this district Grant in aid of Aborigines

number over 500, of whom 154 are on Friends' Association £500

the station. The school is attended by Mission Stations and Schools nou 40 children, who are making satisexisting.

factory progress and present a very Poonindie.

neat and orderly appearance. "Established in 1850, at Port Lin.

• The health of this community has coln, by Archdeacon Hale, on a reserve

been good, no epidemics of any serious set apart by Government, containing

nature having visited them for several about 10,000 acres.

There are now 78 years. During the first year several natives resident at this institution, which

natives were taught rough masonry is under the superintendence of the and carpentering, and made a road Rev. R. W. Holden, of the Church of across a lagoon for the speedy transit England. The school is attended by of produce. Many of the natives have 26 children. During the past year

been employed by European settlers 250 acres were cropped, and produced in clearing land, raising stone, and 2,400 bushels of wheat and 60 tons of shearing; and it is gratifying to note hay; 900 sheep were depastured, yield. that some of them have been placed in ing 115 bales of wool; the stock also positions where none but trustworthy includes 150 cattle and 30 horses. All men would be employed. the natives except two earn their own This institution has not yet become living and perform all the work on the self-supporting, owing to the limited station, receiving regular wages, the area on which its operations have been same as paid to European workmen. conducted; it receives assistance from The people are reported to be cleanly private subscriptions, and an annual and well behaved, and appear very

grant in aid of £500 from Government. happy and comfortable.

In 1875 a special vote by parliament " This institution is vested in three of £700 was received to defray liabilities

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of previous years caused by failure of afterwards, owing to a severe drought, crops from red rust.

were obliged to give up their labours,

but subsequently the Lutheran missionPoint Pierce.

aries resumed possession of the station, “This institution was founded in

and obtained from the Government a 1866, on the West Coast of York's

reserve of 400 square miles, on which Peninsula, by a private society in con- they have succeeded in obtaining a nection with the Congregational Church,

good supply of water by sinking wells. on a Government reserve of eight square 105 natives are on this station, and the miles, subsequently increased by an

school contains 27 children. The conadditional block of land of 20 square duct and health of this community is miles for pastoral purposes. The aver- stated to be satisfactory. age number of natives on the station is 45, who are regularly and usefully

Finkle River. - employed in shearing, fencing, and A reserve of 900 square miles on the other farm work; 32 acres are under boundary line of the northern territory cultivation, and the stock includes

was set apart by the Government in 2,800 sheep. The general health and 1875 for the purposes of the Lutheran conduct of the natives is said to be missionaries, who are forming a station good, the married couples living in there with a view to carry on pastoral cottages keep them in good order, and

pursuits for the benefit of the natives seem to appreciate the additional com- in that locality, who are reported to be fort to their previous wretchel wurley peaceable and well disposed towards life. The able-bodied receive wages Europeans. Some time must necesfor their work on the station, and spend sarily elapse before operations are fairly their earnings usefully at the Mission commenced, and there are results to Store in rations and clothing, which report. are supplied at cost price. The scholars at the school make fair progress,

' Depôts.

“ There are now 54 depôts established and the girls attend to washing, cook

throughout the province for the dising, baking, mending, and always make

tribution of blankets, rations, meditheir own clothes.

cines, and medical comforts for the “This station is partly supported by

relief of the old, sick, and infirm private subscriptions, the Government

aborigines. 21 of these depôts are in contributing rations and blankets for

charge of pastoral lessees, 22 at police the relief of the old, sick, and infirm aborigines.

stations, 6 at mission stations, and 5 in

other private hands. Kopperamanna, Far North.

“ E. L. HAMILTON, “A mission station and school were

Sub-Protector. formed in this locality about ten years Aborigines Office, Adelaide, S.A. ago by the Moravian missionaries, who

“17th March, 1876."

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LITERARY NOTICES.

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а

Lore's Trilogy. By Thomas Sinclair, M.A. Trübner and Co.According to Horace, poets wish either to profit or delight their readers; Mr. Sinclair's object seems rather to be to puzzle and amaze them. His book is a riddle, which simple folk will find it no easy matter to solve. We have always thought a trilogy was a series of three dramas, but here we have "Love's Trilogy, a Poem.” The first division of the work is entitled, “ Palaces : Lyric ideal of single, doubled and immortal love; sub-divided into chapters, with the headings, " His," "Hers,” “Theirs." The second division bears the title, “Sola: Dramatic dream of three worlds ;” and the third, that of “ Vivmor: Epical longing for the triune world;" with five subdivisions, headed, “Division,” “Pride," "The Belt," "Victory," "Coronation.” So cabalistic a bill of fare does not promise much profit or delight for readers who have not plenty of spare time, and a fondness for conundrums. We can only say that, puzzling as this programme may be, it is not more so than the work it professes to describe. Again and again we have tried hard to make out what the author is driving at. Now and then we caught a glimpse of light, and began to hope we had at last got hold of a clue to his meauing; but a few steps farther on, instead of extricating us from the labyrinth, only plunged us into deeper intricacy. As for pretending to form any distinct conception of the purpose, plan, and argument of the poem, we abandon the attempt in despair. The utinost we can presume to aspire to is to put some sort of interpretation on passages here and there. Even this is a task of no slight difficulty, not so much on account of any originality, profundity, or subtlety of thought, as from violence and confusion of metaphor, forced and unnatural expression, sometimes amounting to positive incorrectness, and the omission of words necessary to complete the sense.

The author mistakes strangeness for originality, and violence for strength. He belongs to the mystico-spasmodic school. He professes to have a great mission for the regeneration of society by love and poetry, instead of faith and religion, which have been tried and found wanting. Yet he delivers bis message of good tidings in such a way as to excite the suspicion that he is not altogether forgetful of his own glorification. He plays wondrous tricks with words, as if he were more anxious to attract attention to the performer, than to impart any advantage or satisfaction by the performance. If he simply desired his readers to understand and practise his teaching, he would surely have taken care to express it in a more intelligible form. Is his thought so recondite, so far-reaching, so ethereal, that the English language is not flexible, powerful, and delicate enough to express it? In that case, why trouble himself and the public with any attempt at an impossibility ? It would almost seem as if he shrouded his meaning in mystery to hide it from the profanum vulgus. If that were his object, be might have accomplished it more effectually by saying notbing.

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