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PREFACE TO STANDARD II.

THE advice given in Book I. for Standard I., as to the manner of using the books is, in the main, applicable to the whole series.

The DICTATION LESSON on Tuesday is not meant to preclude the setting of other dictation lessons in school during the week. In the lower standards all dictation lessons should be prepared, and should not consist, as a rule, of more than five or six lines. As to the correction of such lessons, there is no plan so effective as the personal and individual examination of every exercise by the teacher. With a large class and a long exercise this will be impossible, within a reasonable time; but an active teacher who carefully dictates three or four lines, a word or two at a time, will be quite able to allow a class of 50 five minutes to prepare the lesson, and have it "given out" and corrected in half-an-hour. After slates are examined the children should write every mistake again correctly four or six times each. Mistakes should include badly formed letters, omitted stops, and want or misuse of capitals, as well as bad spelling. IT IS STRONGLY ADVISED THAT TUESDAY'S LESSON BE ALWAYS WRITTEN ON PAPER. A leaf of an "Exercise Book" will do for two lessons, if the children have not books on purpose. Occasionally Tuesday's Lesson may be used as a simple spelling lesson, and the class be examined orally on the hard words.

In the GEOGRAPHY LESSONS it is intended that the lines in large type be committed to memory, the rest read only. It is also recommended that a blank map of the British Islands be used for illustration and practice. If these lessons are not used it is suggested that the scholars write instead 30, 40, or 50 spellings, each word to contain 5, 6, or 7 letters (at the teacher's discretion), and that the first 10, 15, or 20 be accurately learnt. As these words may be selected from any book, paper, magazine, or printed matter that the child can get hold of, it is an easy lesson, and at the same time a valuable one. It is advisable not to allow the Bible to be used for this exercise, and care must be taken that well known and common words are not often rewritten. The teacher may modify the instruction given at the

end of every Geography lesson, for alternative work, as he thinks fit. If old Reading Books, no longer fit for use in school, are given to the children, they can select their spellings from them.

The teacher is strongly advised, instead of always using maps, to make a MODEL to illustrate the definitions. Take a large sheet of common thick glass to represent the water, and with clay, plaster of Paris, or putty, to represent the land, make an ideal continent in which all the chief definitions are prominently shown. Children can then see for themselves the difference between a mountain chain and a range, a plain and a plateau, etc.; they can notice that rivers rise in mountains, and generally run through valleys, and further see how they form lakes. Everything, in fact, can be brought vividly before their eyes. A Map of the World on Mercator's projection, made in this manner, will be exceedingly useful in all the Standards.

In GRAMMAR, the chief difficulties will be with abstract nouns, the passive voice of verbs, participles, and compound verbs. It is hoped the lessons here given will help to make the subject clear to both teacher and scholar.

To provide for the requirements in ENGLISH the following pieces (commencing with the 19th week, Lesson 91) are given with short notes: "The Voice of Spring" (Mary Howitt), 30 lines; "The Chimney Sweeper" (W. Blake), 24 lines; "The Harper" (T. Campbell), 30 lines; "Wandering Willie" (Miss Williams), 38 lines and "A Farewell" (C. Kingsley), 8 lines. These pieces are repeated at the end of the book for convenience of revision previous to the examination.

In order that the class may always be prepared for new work, it is absolutely necessary that the TIME TABLE be so arranged that lessons in Grammar, Geography, and Arithmetic shall be given before they have to be done at home. There will then be no reason for the common excuse, "Please sir, I couldn't do it; it was too hard."

Questions which have been given by Her Majesty's Inspectors in their examinations are indicated by an asterisk (*) before them.

HOME LESSONS-STANDARD II.

FIRST WEEK.

Lesson 1.-Learn for Monday Morning.

PSALM XXIII., verses 1, 2, 3; OR ELSE LEARN—

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Lesson 2.-Tuesday Morn. Write and Learn. Geography.

THE EARTH.

Ge-og'-ra-phy+ tells us about the sur-face of the Earth.
The World on which we live is near-ly round.

It is a large ball the shape of an or-ange.

The earth does not look round to you, but there are many ways in which it can be shown to be round. If you went a great way up into the air in a balloon, and looked down to the earth, it would appear round.

Or write 25 spellings out of any book, each word having six or more letters in it, and learn the first 10.

* The teacher should give instructions as to the number of times these words are to be written, whether once, twice, three times, &c., each. + Indicated by italics.

A globe and a good Map (preferably a blank one) should always be used in geography lessons. Every new word should be written on the black board and carefully spelled and pronounced till all the children have learned it thoroughly. (See Preface.)

Lesson 3.-Wednesday Morning. Work these Sums.

(1) 85,300 + 4,097 + 70,079 + 7,208 + 630 + 8,704.

(2) From twenty-seven thousand and sixtythree take four thousand, five hundred and ninetyone.

Write each word three times and Learn.
Fright. | Grief.

Bruise.

Eaves.

Write and.
Learn.

7 x 1 == 7
7 x 2 = 14
7 x 3 = 21
7 x 4 = 28
7 x 5 = 35

7 x 6 = 42

Lesson 4.-Thursday Morn. Grammar. Write and Learn. Gram'-mar teaches us about WORDS and SEN'-TEN-CES. Words are made up of Let-ters.

We use 26 letters; they are call-ed the Al-pha-bet.

DICTATION.-LEARN TO SPELL ALL THE WORDS.*-Com-mon salt is found in the wa-ters of the o-cean or sea, and also in rocks be-neath the earth. Large quan-ti-ties are found in Eng-land. At one time salt was very scarce and dear, but there is now plenty of it to be bought, and it is cheap.

Lesson 5.-Friday Morning. Work these

(1) 73,648

Sums.
(2) 73,648

(3) 73,648

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Write each word three times and Learn.
Guard. Hymn. | Neigh. | Sauce.

SECOND WEEK.

Lesson 6.-Learn for Monday Morning.

PSALM XXIII., verses 4, 5, 6; OR ELSE LEARN—
LITTLE THINGS-(continued).

Lit-tle deeds of kind-ness,

Lit-tle words of love,

Make our earth an E-den,

Like the Hea-ven a-bove.

Write and
Learn.

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So our lit-tle er-rors
Lead the soul a-stray
From the paths of vir-tue,
Far in sin to stray.

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Lesson 7.-Tuesday Morn. Write and Learn. Geography SIZE OF THE EARTH.

The mea-sure through the cen-tre, or mid-dle of the earth, from side to side, is nearly 8,000 miles.

This is call-ed the di-am-e-ter of the earth.

The measure round the out-side of the earth, in the wi-dest part, is about 25,000 miles.

This is call-ed the cir-cum'-fer-ence of the earth.

The earth is so large that it would take you nearly six years to go all round it, if you went twelve miles every day. But you cannot walk all round the outside because part of it is covered with water.

If you could ride round the world in a train, going twelve miles an hour, day and night, it would take you two months and a half to do the journey.

Or write 25 spellings out of any book, each word having six or more letters in it, and learn the first 10.

Lesson 8.-Wednesday Morning. Work

these Sums.

(1) 70,608 +9,872 + 38,999 +846 +29 +9,786. (2) 864,978-79,889.

Write each word three times and Learn.

Shriek. Squeak. | Squeeze.

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8 x 6

= 48

Seize. Lesson 9.-Thursday Morn. Grammar. Write and Learn. When we speak, or when we write, we make use of words. There are eight kinds of words, called Parts of Speech. Every word we use belongs to one of these "parts of speech." The two chief " parts of speech" are Nouns and Verbs. DICTATION.-LEARN TO SPELL ALL THE WORDS.-Clay is one of the most use-ful things we get out of the ground. Bricks and tiles are made from com-mon clay, and pots, such as cups, sau-cers, mugs, plates and dishes, are made from white clay. At one time there were

few pots, and peo-ple used wood-en plates and cups of horn.

Lesson 10.-Friday Morning. Work these

Sums.

(1) 741,682 (2) 96,820

4

Write and
Learn.

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5

8 x 8 = 64

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Write each word three times, and Learn.
Squint. Sword. Wreck. Wring.

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