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23 Then king Solomon sware by the LORD, saying, God A. C. 1014. do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life.
24 Now therefore, as the LORD liveth, which hath established me, and set me on the throne of David father, and who hath made me an house, as he i promised, Adonijahi? Sam. vii. shall be put to death this day.
25 And king Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell upon him that he died.
26 ¶ And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou art
worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to Heb. a man death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord God before of death. David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted.
27 So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD; that he might fulfil the word of the x1 Sam. il. LORD, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in 38-35. Shiloh.
28 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled to the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.
29 And it was told king Solomon that Joab was fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD; and, behold, he is by the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, Go, fall upon him.
30 And Benaiah came to the tabernacle of the LORD, and said unto him, Thus saith the king, Come forth. And he said, Nay; but I will die here. And Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me.
31 And the king said unto him, Do as he hath said, and fall upon him, and bury him; that thou mayest take away the innocent blood, which Joab shed, from me, and from the house of my father.
32 And the LORD shall return his blood upon his own head, who fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, my father David not knowing thereof, to wit, Abner the son of Ner, captain of 12 Sam. iii. the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of m 2 Sam, xx. the host of Judah.
33 Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed for ever: but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, shall there be peace for ever from the LORD.
34 So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up, and fell upon
A.C. 1014. him, and slew him: and he was buried in his own house in
And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in
+ Heb. not.
n1 Chron. xxviii. 5.
ol Kings iii.
1 KINGS XI. VER. 21 & 22.
21 And when Hadad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Joab the captain of the host was *Heb. send dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh, * Let me depart, that I may
36¶And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, Build thee an house in Jerusalem, and dwell there, and go not forth thence any whither.
37 For it shall be, that on the day thou goest out, and passest over the brook Kidron, thou shalt know for certain that thou shalt surely die: thy blood shall be upon thine own head.
38 And Shimei said unto the king, The saying is good: as my lord the king hath said, so will thy servant do. And Shimei dwelt in Jerusalem many days.
go to mine own country.
22 Then Pharoah said unto him, But what hast thou lacked with me, that, behold, thou seekest to go to thine own country? And he answered, † Nothing: howbeit let me go in any wise.
1 KINGS III. VER. 4.
4 And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there; for that was the great high place: a thousand burnt offerings did Solomon offer upon that altar.
10 P Give me now wisdom and knowledge, that I may 9 go out and come in
+ Heb. much titude.
11 And God said to Solomon, Because this was in thine heart, and thou hast
12 Wisdom and knowledge is granted unto thee; and I will give thee riches, and wealth, and honour, such as none of the kings have had that have been before thee, neither shall there any after thee have the like.
2 CHRONICLES I. VER. 7-13.
7¶ In that night did God appear unto Solomon, and said unto him, Ask what I shall give thee.
8 And Solomon said unto God, Thou hast shewed great mercy unto David my father, and hast made me " to reign in his stead.
9 Now, O LORD God, let thy promise unto David my father be established: o for thou hast made me king over a people like the dust of the earth in mul
Preparations for building the Temple-Death of Shimei-
1 KINGS IV. VER. 1-26.
1 Solomon's princes. 7 His twelve officers for provision. 20, 24 The peace and largeness of his kingdom. 22 His daily provision.
1 So king Solomon was king over all Israel.
2 And these were the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok the *
* Or, the chief officer.
3 Elihoreph and Abiah, the sons of Shisha, +scribes; + Or, secretaJehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder.
4 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host: brancer. and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:
5 And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend.
6 And Ahishar was over the houshold: and a Adoniram a ch. v. 14. the son of Abda was over the § tribute.
7 ¶ And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his houshold: each man his month in a year made provision.
8 And these are their names: || The son of Hur, in mount || Or, Ben-hur. Ephraim:
9 The son of Dekar, in Makaz, and in Shaalbim, and or, BenBeth-shemesh, and Elon-beth-hanan :
10+ The son of Hesed, in Aruboth; to him pertained +Or, BenSochoh, and all the land of Hepher:
11 The son of Abinadab, in all the region of Dor; which tor, Benhad Taphath the daughter of Solomon to wife :
12 Baana the son of Ahilud: to him pertained Taanach and Megiddo, and all Beth-shean, which is by Zartanah beneath Jezreel, from Beth-shean to Abel-meholah, even unto the place that is beyond Jokneam:
13 The son of Geber in Ramoth-gilead: to him per- or, Ben tained the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in geber. Gilead; to him also pertained the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brasen bars:
14 Ahinadab the son of Iddo had | Mahanaim:
15 Ahimaaz was in Naphtali; he also took Basmath the daughter of Solomon to wife :
A. C. 1014.
16 Baanah the son of Hushai was in Asher and in Aloth:
|| Or, to Ma
A. C. 1014.
20 ¶ Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.
21 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life.
22¶ And Solomon's * provision for one day was thirty + Heb. cors. + measures of fine flour, and threescore measures of meal, 23 Ten fat oxen, and twenty oxen out of the pastures, and an hundred sheep, beside harts, and roebucks, and fallowdeer, and fatted fowl.
b Ecclus. xlvii. 13.
19 Geber the son of Uri was in the country of Gilead, in the country of Sihon king of the Amorites, and of Og king of Bashan: and he was the only officer which was in the land.
Heb. confi. dently.
242 For he had dominion over all the region on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him.
25 And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon'.
2 CHRONICLES II. VER. 1-3.
1 And Solomon determined to build an house for the name of the LORD, and an house for his kingdom.
2 And Solomon told out threescore and ten thousand men to bear burdens, and fourscore thousand to hew in the mountain, and three thousand and six hundred to oversee them.
2 By this extension of Solomon's dominions, the covenant made with Abraham (Gen. xv. 18.) was fulfilled.-Vide Hales's Anal. vol. i. p. 413, and the
"The matter," says Lightfoot, "of the ivth chap. 1 Kings, is not of fixed "and determinate date, tied to any one year, but it runneth through the story "of many years, for it sheweth the growth and continuance of Solomon's "strength, establishment, and prosperity in his kingdom; and the evidencing "of his wisdom; all the time till his declining to idolatry: and therefore as for "the method and place of it, it might be laid any where," &c. I have accordingly inserted the brief account of his horses, &c. in the section in which his greatness is related—of his wisdom, immediately preceding the book of Proverbs -and the last verse before the visit of the queen of Sheba.
There seem to have been two embassies to the king of Tyre: one for cedar and different kinds of wood; the other for skilful workmen in brass and gold, &c.
The Jews suppose that Shimei was put to death prior to Solomon's marriage. -Lightfoot in loc.
1 KINGS V. VER. 1—13.
1 And Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants unto Solo- A.C. 1014. mon; for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father: for Hiram was ever a lover of David.
2 And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying,
3 Thou knowest how that David my father could not build an house unto the name of the LORD his God for the wars which were about him on every side, until the LORD put them under the soles of his feet.
4 But now the LORD my God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary nor evil occurrent.
13. 1 Chron.
5 And, behold, I *purpose to build an house unto the * Heb. say. name of the LORD my God,† as the LORD spake unto David 12 Sam. vii. my father, saying, Thy son, whom I will set upon thy xxii. 10. throne in thy room, he shall build an house unto my name.
6 Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy servants: and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants according to all that thou shalt ‡ appoint: for thou knowest Heb. say. that there is not among us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians.
c 2 Chron. ii. 3.
7¶ And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and said, Blessed be the LORD this day, which hath given unto David a wise son over this great people.
8 And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I have § consi- Heb, heard. dered the things which thou sentest to me for: and I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir.
9 My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt ||appoint me, and will cause them to || Heb. sendo be discharged there, and thou shalt receive them: and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my houshold.
10 So Hiram gave Solomon cedar trees and fir trees according to all his desire.
11 And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand *measures ✩ Heb. cors. of wheat for food to his houshold, and twenty measures of pure oil: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year.
12 And the LORD gave Solomon wisdom, as he pro- d ch. iii. 12. mised him: and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together.
2 CHRONICLES 11. VER. 3-17.
3 ¶ And Solomon sent to + Huram the king of Tyre, say- Or, Hiram, ing, As thou didst deal with David my father, and didst
1 Kings v.