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of death; because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
For David speakech concerning him, I foresaw the LORD always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved : Therefore did
my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad: moreover also, my fesh shall rest in hope :
Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption :
Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.
Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day,
Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his
, : sit on his throne :
He seeing this before, spake of the resurrection of CHRIST, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his. flesh did see corruption.
This Jesus hath Gop raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this which you now see and hear.
For David is not ascended into the heavens : but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, until I make thy foes thy foot.stool.
Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus whom ye have crucified, both LORD and CHRIST. Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter, and to the rest of the Apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the LORD Our God shall call.
And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves froin this untoward geperation.
Then they that gladly received his word, were bap. tized : and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.
And they continued stedfastly in the Apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.
And fear came upon every soul : and many wonders and signs were done by the Apostles.
And all that believed were together, and had all things common;
And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need.
And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart;
Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.
ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS.
The dny of Pentecost (the next great festival to the Passater) was kept in remembrance of the Lord's giving the Law from Mount Sinai ; it was therefore a peculiarly proper season for the promulgation of the Gospel.
The Feast of Pentecost was celebrated in the midst of summer, which brought great numbers to Jerusalem,
Peter had collected together the whole community of the disciples who were at Jerusalem, which, as we read in the former section, amounted to an hundred and twenty; these consisted (as we may judge) of the twelve Apostles, the devout women who attended our LORD (amongst whom was his Mather), and a part of the five hundred brethren, to whom he appeared at once. The place in which they were assembled is not certified, but it is likely to have been the large upper room before mentioned ; however, it was in Jerusalem, as God originally or. dained, and our blessed LORD foretold.
The sound from heaven was doubtless very uncommon and surprising, and raised in the minds of those that heard it an expectation of some great event. It was a proper symbol of the power and energy of the Holy SPIRIT,and of its incomprehensible nature *. The cloven or divided tongues were symbols of the miraculous gift of speaking various languages, with which the Apostles and those with them were suddenly endued, in order to render them capable of propagating the Gospel in the most distant nations, to which God had graciously promised to send it.
It is observable, that as the division of tongues at Babel once introduced confusion, and was the mean of casting off the Gentiles, or those who forsook the worship of the true God, and keeping of them from the know? ledge of him ; su now there was a remedy provided by the gift of tongues at Jerusalem, to bring the Gentiles out of darkness into light, and to remove the veil which had been spread over all nations't.
See our LORD's discourse with Nicodemus in Sect. xxii. Vol. V. # Doddridge, Vol.III in the notes. Hi
The report of what had happened was, it seems, sooń spread abroad, which naturally brought together a great concourse of people.
By the Ferws from every other nation under heaven, we are to understand, persons from every part of the known world, where any who were Jew's by natural descent, or had become proselytes to the Jewish religion, dwelt. These Jews were called devont men, nieaning persons of a re'ligious disposition, who feared God, and obeyed his ordinances. They are said to have d-welt at Jerusalem, It is likely they had fixed their abode in the Holy City, with a view to the speedy accomplishment of Daniel's prophecy *, concerning the kingdom of heaven.
Those who mocked were doubtless of the number of unbelieving Jews. It was very absurd to suppose, that new wine in the head would enable men to speak languages they had never been taught.
The wonderful things of which the Apostles spake, we may suppose to have been redemption by CHRIST, and the grace of the Gospel.
The gift of tongues intimated, that the Scriptures should be translated, and the public worship performed in every language.
The Apostles bore with patience the slander that was cast on them, for the Jews had called their LORD a winebibber : no wonder, iherefore, they should cast similar reflections on his followers. Peter, however, with great calmness and temper, stood up to clear himself and his brethren from their unjust censures ; and observed it to be very unlikely that Jews, as they all were, should be drnnken by 9 o'clock in the morning ; as no man of the Jewish religion who had any regard for his reputation,
* See Section xxvii, Vol. V.
would even taste wine on such a solemn festival as Pen. tecost, till he had attended the public service of the temple.
Peter then taught them to consider the event which caused such astonishment, as the accomplishment of Joel's prophecy, “ that God would pour out his Spirit upon all flesh.” And what but the Spirit of Al. MIGHTY GOD Himself could produce such astonishing effects ? Peter intimated to them, that this effusion of the Holy Spirit would be followed by an awful revo. lution ; and admonished them to pay particular atten. tion to the prophet's declaration, that whoever would be saved from destruction, and placed in a state of security, must invoke the name of the LORD; that is to say, profess his faith in the MESSIAH. Peter next gave a short abstract of the life of Christ, who, though he appeared amongst them as a man of Nazareth, was peculiarly approved of God, as they themselves must be convinced by his miraculous works, which were recent in the mee mory of many
who were then present. To account for the success of the wicked conspiracy which the Jews had formed against the life of Jesus, Peter observed, that it was ordained of God, to whom all events were foreknown, that Christ should submit to death; but it was not in the power of his enemies to confine him in the grave, nor indeed possible that he should continue long in a state of death; because Gop had faithfully promised in a prophecy contained in the book of Psalms *, that he would not leave the soul of his Holy One in the place of the dead, nor suffer his body to see corruption : and nothing can happen contrary to the determinations of God, which are un..
See Psalm svi.