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Cleta, according to tradition preserved by Lycophron, was founded by an Amazon of that name, and seems to have been situated on the confines of the Crotoniat territory, for the poet represents it as having been conquered by that republic.
Κροτωνιᾶται δ ̓ ἄστυ πέρσουσίν ποτε
Barrio is the only antiquary who has ventured to assign a determinate situation to this obscure town; he places it at Pietramala, on the right bank of the Savuto above Amantea". Badiza, named by Stephanus Byz. (v. Badiça.) among the towns of the Brutii, on the authority of Polybius, is entirely unknown, unless we suppose it to be the same as the Besidiæ of Livy o.
Many other insignificant places are enumerated by Stephanus Byz. as belonging to the Enotrians, which it is impossible at the present day to recognise with certainty, though the attempt has been made by Ixias, the early geographers of Calabria. Thus Ixias, MeCyterium, necina, Cyterium, and Arintha, have been respectively placed by Barrio and Quattromani at Carolei, Mendocino, Cerisano, and Rende, in the vicinity of Co
Acra is supposed to be Acri, to the south-east of Bisignano ¶.
Balbia, also noticed by Pliny (XIV. 6.) and Athe
n Barr. l. ii. c. 9.
• See Scwheighæuser's notes
P Barr. 1. ii. c. 9. and c. 5.
manelli, t. i. p. 3.
q Barr. 1. v. c. 5. Acet. et Quattrom. Not. ad eund. loc. cit.
næus, (I. 48.) for its wine, is now Alto monte, near the sources of the Cochile, according to Barrio and Aceti. Ninæa and Artemisium are represented by Ninaa. S. Donato and S. Agata in the same vicinitys. I find nothing said of Erimon and Sestium, classed Erimon. like the former among the inland towns of the Eno-Sestium. tri by Stephanus Byz. chiefly on the authority of Hecatæus; this last circumstance is interesting, as a proof how diligent the Greeks were in their geographical researches even at the early period when that ancient historian flourished, and how accurate was the knowledge they possessed of this southern portion of Italy.
The continuation of the Via Aquilia, which in the last section was brought down to the borders of the Brutian territory, is thus detailed in the Antonine Itinerary:
of this Itinerary, under the head, " Iter ab urbe, Ap66 pia Via, recto itinere ad Columnam," with this difference, that it passed by Vibo Valentia, or Hipponium, now Monte Leone.
The Table also furnishes the following list of stations on this road, which varies a little from the preceding.
In the same guide, we find the further progress of a route, which, following the western coast, was carried on in the last section as far as Laus in Lucania.
On the eastern coast we have also to follow the course of another Roman way, which, in the foregoing section, was detailed as far as Thurii in Lucania; this likewise terminated at Rhegium. An ancient inscription, as cited by Romanelli, informs us, that this road was regarded as a branch of the Appian way, and that in consequence of its having been repaired by Trajan, it took the name of Via TrajanaTM. The following stations and distances are marked in the Itinerary of Antoninus from Thurii.