« ForrigeFortsæt »
Article third is on Arago’s Voyage tian and moral maxims, is just the Round the World, and a capital cutting proper subject for acts of Parliament. up of an empty French coxcomb it is. When we add the precious discovery, We may expect, I suppose, a recla- that compulsory assessments will be mation from Arago--at least I hope so. rather more equal in their operation He is a most superlative jackass. than voluntary contributions, the sum
The fourth article, on the Poor Laws, of this conclusive argument in behalf is a very superficial and moderate af of the English Poor Laws is exhaustfair; but is perhaps quite as well on ed ; and it is upon a foundation thus that account; for there is not a hu- deep and solid, that this wiseacre of man being who will now read a grave the Quarterly Review has placed the treatise on so unpromising a subject. defence of a system, which the wisest The evil, as it prevails in England, is men of England have long pronounced confessedly enormous; but the pri- indefensible, and the nation at large has vilege of murmuring now alone re- felt to be all but intolerable.-- This mains, all classes appearing to aban- weightier controversy is preceded by a don exertion as hopeless, under the brief skirmish with our countryman weight of this irremediable calamity. Dr Chalmers, who some years ago took The fundamental principle of the up this business of the poor with chaEnglish Poor Laws, viz. that the Le- racteristic enthusiasm--which, it is a gislature can by its fiat create unli- pity to observe, however, so prematuremited means of subsistence, and an ly evaporated-and although the Docunlimited demand for labour, is now tor's singular hurry and heedlessness universally disowned; but it is easier to appear to have given the Reviewer some disavow the principle, than to recal its petty advantages in the detail of the practical effects; and the whole subse- question, it is by no means so clear as quent legislation of the sister kingdom, he supposes, that the “ answers to has been a wretched struggle in detail, these (the Reviewer's) questions must to counteract the master-principle of overthrow Dr Chalmers's system.” misgovernment, which, in the first in- Mark the fairness of the weapons emstance, struck down the moral feeling ployed for this imaginary overthrow. of independence. Some of the wisest Dr Chalmers alleges, as a proof of and ablest of Englishmen have retired the defects of the existing system for from this intractable subject in des- relief of the poor in Glasgow, that, pair; but the Reviewer, who is nei- under it, the assessment was quadther very wise nor very able, manages rupled from 1803 to 1818 ; and the it with a freedom and facility which Reviewer rebuts this objection of an are quite decisive of his incapacity. assessment quadrupled during one peThe drift of his argument—although riod, by appealing to an increase of less there is much discreet reserve in the than a third of the population during expression—is the absolute defence of a different period. Again, the Doctor the existing Poor Laws of England as refers to the fact, that the voluntary to their principle, coupled with some contributions of his parishioners were hints neither very new nor important found for three years more than adeas to improvements in the mode of quate to the relief of all the new cases their execution. In a strain of rea- of pauperism that occurred, leaving, in soning at once original and profound, fact, after such relief, a considerable we are taught, that to assist the poor, surplus ; and the Reviewer disputes “ is not only a precept of the Chris- the inference deducible from this fact, tian religion, a maxim of moral vir- by stating, that during the same petue, but an instinctive feeling of hu- riod the poor-rates were reduced even man nature ;” and this being the main in England, and by hazarding the riargument for compulsory, instead of diculously ignorant assumption, that voluntary aid, we are led to infer, the parish of St John's, Glasgow, is, that, in the opinion of this judicious compared with other parishes of the writer, the due enforcement of Chris- city, remarkably free of pauperism.*
* St John's parish being in fact inhabited, with few exceptions, by people of the very lowest rank, and the natural proportion of paupers there about 5 to 1 to the most of the other parishes of that town. VOL. XIV.
And it is thus that this heavy cham- ' In nothing, indeed, as in such articles, pion of English pauperism demolishes is the vast superiority of the Quarterly the hardy presbyterian declaimer. over the Edinburgh so clearly disThe Doctor is perhaps not just the man cernible. whom, except for practical purposes-- As many idle conjectures concernfor fervid zeal and assiduous ministra- ing the fate of Captain Parry are tion in the hovels of poverty and vice afloat, and many tormenting specula—we should select as the champion tions vented on the tardiness of his of a great reform in the management return, too much publicity cannot be of the poor ; and the more is the pity given to the fact, that Parry himself that his singular retreat from the “ calculated upon three summers, and world should limit for the future his only wished, that, if not heard of in contributions to this good cause to the beginning of 1824, a vessel with the periodical accumulation of lum- provisions might be sent into Behring's bering pamphlets, of which we have Straits in the autumn of that year.” already had more than enough ; but P. 409. Mr Barrow concludes by rehe is not just a person, after all, to be marking"overthrown" by any ordinary contri“
“ With regard to risk, we apprehend butor to the Quarterly Review, nor can none beyond that to which all navigation what he has done be so easily oblitera- in the icy seas is liable, and which the longted as seems to be imagined by an obso- frequented whale-fishery, conducted in veslete apologist of the English poor-laws. sels not half so strong, nor half so well
Article fifth. Theodore Ducas-a manned, has proved to be little more than common-place review of a common
common sea risk. Indeed, with ships as place book.
strong as wood and iron can make them ; The sixth article is such as the Quar- four years ; with a commander excelled by
stored with provisions and fuel for nearly terly only can furnish. It is a review of
none in the various duties of his profesCaptain Franklin's stupendous journey. sion ; endued with intellectual faculties of Mr Barrow brings every qualification the highest order, and full of zeal and enerdesirable for the consideration of such gy tempered with due prudence and discrea work: profound geographical know- tion ; with experienced officers, and crews ledge, clear and accarate views of all of picked seamen ;-we cannot persuade the subjects connected with voyages
ourselves that any reasonable ground of of discovery, and a lucid style and ar- alarm for their safety need be entertained." rangement. Compare his articles with I hope, and trust not. the
drossy, mock-scientific, dogmatic, In Mr B.'s remarks on the ornaments and impertinent mumpings of the Blue of this book of travels, he pays them and Yellow on the same subject, full a well-deserved compliment, but goes of ignorance, self-conceit, self-puffery, sadly out of his way to abuse what and insolent abuse of other people. he calls “ the greasy daubs of lithoCompare, in particular, their article graphy.” Now, this is unjust to a most on the North-West Passage with this useful art, which they are daily bringmasterly one.
ing to more and more perfection. If Had I not the fear of the criticism Mr Barrow would just cast his eyes of the Jury-Court before my eyes—that over Francis Nicholson's plates, he awful band of reviewers, whose fiat would, I think, be inclined to retract decides all literary questions, Hebrew, his censure. Be the defects of lithoSamaritan, Chaldee and Masoretic, graphy what they may, it at all events Thermometrical and Frigorific, 1 gives you the picture from the very should say, that a more stupid and pre- hand of the painter ; and I trust the sumptuous collection of betises was unworthy jealousy among line engranever thrown together by the merest vers, which has already turned it three smatterer in literature. Read, for in- times out of the country, will not stance, Barrow's and Parry's Remarks again prevail to banish it from us a (p. 406-408) on the Navigation of the fourth time. To Mr Finden's merits Arctie Seas, and then turn to read, if I readily subscribe ; indeed, I should you can, the Blue and Yellow's pyet be blind if I did not; but a more com-(mind I do not say parrot, but) plete apropos des bottes never occurred pyet attempt at waggery, their nau- than in the way Barrow here brings seating stuff about the Polar basin, him forward. He mentions that the Don Quixote and Mambrino's helmet. etchings are finished in line-engraving
by Mr Finden, a young and promising of our nature-have been stained and artist; and then, apropos of Mr Fin- sullied by crimes the most atrocious, den, an asterisk directs to a note, in by sensualities the most grovelling. which we are informed, that “his en- Why did the reviewer choose such a gravings of Captain Batty's Welch time for such an observation ? Moore, scenery are beautiful specimens of whose book he was reviewing, was an this branch of the art. How natu- accomplished scholar, a man initiated rally a puff on Welch scenery comes early, and imbued deeply, in the manin, in a disquisition on a journey to the liness and taste of Grecian literature.” Polar Sea! But the whole is explain- Yet he was a whig, and an outcast; a ed when we learn that Batty, a very man obliged to fly for having robbed worthy fellow, is the reviewer's son- his patron Earl Grosvenor to an imin-law, and that his book does not mense amount-a mere model of pesell so well as it ought! There are culation and ingratitude. No, sir, tricks in a' trades, Mr North. To there is another book, which alone crown the whole, Murray is about truly sooths, purifies, and exalts-a bringing out another edition of Frank- book that bids us “ Fear God, and holin, to be ornamented not by etchings nour the King,” but that, to Mr Moore's --not by line-engravings—not by Mr party, is a sealed volume. Without a Finden—but by those very greasy knowledge of its contents, the most indaubs of lithography” which are scorn- timate acquaintance with the glory and ed by his reviewer, and used as a peg grandeur of the all but divine poets of to hang a note-puffatory upon. Greece, will avail nothing to the puri
Moore's (not Tom, but Abraham) fication of soul. Moore's Pindar is the subject of the The eighth article, on the Navigation next paper. As I have neither origi- Laws-I feel I am not equal to the nal nor translation by me here in this subject. It will require a separate and rustic sojourn, I cannot give an opinion well-thought-on paper, not such light on the merits of the critique. It ap- sketches as I am here throwing off. I pears too verbal, too fond of cavilling participate in the fears of the reviewer, at words, and carping at trifles; but it that we are letting theory go too far. is a most readable article. Moore had I tremble at meddling with the insticertainly (I judge by the specimens tutions of our ancestors, even though here given) a fine ear for versification, I have Mr Ricardo's assertion that he and I have no doubt but that the book is a wiser man than any of them. Above is an accession to our literature. What all, I dread tampering with our right could have possessed the reviewer to arm of strength, the navy. Woe conclude his review of the work of to us when we lose the watery wall ! such a man by such a piece of classi- Under the old Navigation Laws were cal cant as he does. There is no man fostered Russels, and Boscawens, and more truly devoted to classical litera- Rodneys, and St Vincents, and Dunture than I am-nobody more willing cans, and the mighty glories of Nelto pay knee tribute to the glorious old son-I will not say that it was altowriters of Greece—nobody more ready gether in consequence of these laws, to defend against the mean and gro- but if it were, then those who have alvelling shopkeeping spirit of innova- tered them have undertaken a fearful tion the grand institutions for the responsibility. But I own I am not education of the flower of England's competent to the consideration. I leave youth—but as I hate cant in religion it to abler hands, contenting myself -cant in politics—cant in criticism, with expressing my humble, but earcant in tasteso do I detest cant in nest hopes, that the fine-drawn specuthese subjects too. Homer and Pin- lations of theorists, will not be allowed dar, great and sublime as they are, do to trifle with what Sir Walter Scott not of themselves“ sooth, purify, or, emphatically and most truly calls,“ the exalt” the human heart. The might- sheet anchor of the empire, the Briiest scholars--alas ! for the obliquities tish Navy.'
Persons who are taken to see the very ingenious lithographic department of the Admiralty, are generally required to write a few words to be thrown off, in order to exhibit the process. When Sir Walter visited it, he wrote the above. The stone is still carefully preserved.
The ninth and tenth articles I have fear of contradiction. Do not we all already noticed, and, for the present, I remember the time when the Whigs pass the eleventh, in order to consider had everything their own way; when it in connexion with the last. The
a man hardly dared avow himself a twelfth is by Southey, an amusing and Tory, for fear of being pronounced an instructive account of the Theophilan- illiberal blockhead; when the Edinthropists of France—indeed all the burgh Review was the acknowledged Doctor's histories of sects are amusing lord of literature and politics ; when and instructive-which at last diver- Tom Moore was the wit in verse, and ges easily enough into an ardent pic- Sydney Smith the wit in prose; when, ture of the progress of infidelity among in a word, all was their own? And how ourselves--and concludes with an ad- is it now? Why, Whig and jack-ass mirable precis of the proofs of the are convertible terms; it is a byChristian religion. This is in truth an word of reproach ; they are our butts, excellent paper, but I do not partici- our common-places of fun, our Lispate altogether in the views taken by tons, our Grimaldés. Blue and Yellow Southey of the dangers to which reli- is waste paper-Tom Moore is obliged gion is exposed. I never fear the con- to submit his poetry to the care of a test of the good and the evil principle. lawyer, before he dares print it-SydGive us a fair stage, and no favour, and ney Smith is compelled to transport we shall still hold the mastery. Sou- himself to Botany Bay, in quest of bad they says, that more than eleven mil- jokes-and, in short, they are laughlions of newspapers are annually circu- ed at by us, blackguarded by Cobbett lated among us, and at least two-thirds and his crew, and pelted by the mob. of the number aim at the destruction They are now a nerveless, knotless, of sound principles. I doubt that it is pluckless, powerless, as well as a Godfact. But, even admitting it, the glori- less faction. We, North, we of this
of the gentlemen of the press Magazine, began the good work; we does not strike me as a vastly formi- seized their cannon, and turned it on dable body by any means. All the edu- themselves; our example was followcated classes of society merely despise ed by others, and now they find they them--they know that with few, very, can only defend themselves from the very few exceptions, they are a mean, whizzing shafts of our ridicule, by illiterate, stupid gang of blockheads, skulking under the protection of laws, who can just turn off articles, false in which they had, during their own trifact, lumpish in argument, vulgar in umphant career, denounced as absurd manner, and ungrammatical in style. and tyrannical. Take them as a body, I assert that it So will it be with the anti-religionwould be impossible, on any principle ists. Southey attaches too much imof selection, to bring together so utter- portance to their writings, being him. ly contemptible a pack of hounds as self a litterateur. They, too, could be the London“ gentlemen of the press," written down; and the heart of Engfrom the editors who jabber broken land, sound at the core, is against English for their political readers, down them. I have often been tempted to to the footman who writes fashionable wish that the system of prosecution intelligence for the beau monde. The was dropped. I am aware that it is dissection, the utter dissection of a a very ticklish question ; but, feeling newspaper, would afford you a capital confident as I do, that God will never article, but it should be done by some give us up to be conquered by the one residing in London. Believe me, devil, if we stand firm to one another, and Dr Southey, too, may believe me, knowing the vast superiority of intelthat even the pot-house vulgarian is lect on our side, remembering the not much gulled by them. If infideli- triumphs of Christianity in every age, ty prevails, and it does prevail nowhere I should not fear the diffusion of thoubut in London, we must seek other sands of copies of the works of Tom causes than the agency of the “gen- Paine and villains of his stamp, while tlemen of the press.” The hounds may
we have hearts and heads to oppose yelp in to join the cry, to be sure, but them. I expect much from the systheir melody is of no great avail. WE tem of education pursued towards the --I mean the men who wield the pen rising generation.
I expect much at the opposite of the question-can from the increased energy and zeal of put them down. I speak it without the clergy of the Church of England, without which all prosecutions are'un- Westminster; and had I heard it from availing. In Southey's own words, (I such a youth, I should have been quote from memory ;)
tempted to say, “ That is really a fine “But if within her walls, indifference dwell, promising lad-has read his authors Woe to her then ! She needs no outer with some taste-How old may he be? wound.”
Seventeen ?--Ay, a fine lad indeed, If, however, in place of indiffer- fine honourable boyish notions, and ence, zeal should abound, I care not a no doubt, when he gets a few years farthing for the efforts of infidelity, over his head, and can see things, not and would, willingly vote that libel through mere bookish media, he will prosecutions be left to such friends of be able to produce something worth freedom, as Henry Grey Bennet, Den- reading, if he can acquire a less amman, Brougham, the late Queen, Da- 'bitious style, and lose the habit of niel O'Connell of Ireland, Lord Archy quoting Greek---and that, of course, Shilling, Peter Finnerty, late of the he will do." But I have far different pillory, and John Leslie. The worthy feelings for the composition of a fullLaureate, by the way, falls into the grown man, who has felt the razor old Lake trick twice in the course of over his throat. The quarrel between this concern. He quotes his own Joan the Turks and the Greeks is a quarrel of Arc, (0 ye Gods !) and he puffs between two hostile factions of people Elia !--Eheu! Eheu!
of the same country. I consider the eleventh and thir- [We must beg Tickler's pardon for teenth articles together, as being on diminishing his excellent article, by something similar subjects, the former omitting his strictures on the Greek on Greece, the latter on Spain; but affairs—because we have not room. how dissimilar in style, argument, and They shall appear in our next. If common sense ! The paper on Spanish !
Tim wishes, he may alter, or add, or affairs is by a sensible, well-informed, omit, ad libitum, in the meantime.] clear-headed, statesmanlike writer,who The other affair of which you spoke knows the interests of his country, shall be attended to. Mrs T. presents and is not led away by the nonsensi- her compliments—the youngster, I am cal claptraps that amuse fools. The sorry to say, still continues weakly. I other is a mere piece of schoolboy fro- am, dear sir, yours ever, thy declamation, such a thing as would
TIMOTHY TICKLER. be counted very clever in a boy at Southside, Saturday.
P.S.-Southey is still vivid in wrath against his Lordship of Byron, ex. gr. “ Contagion was extended beyond the sphere of the court, by a race of poets
Whose loose lascivious lays perpetuated
Unborn." Which sweet strain, we learn by a note, is in“Joan of Arc.” As also that “These lines sufficiently shew, that their author held the same moral opinions at the
age of nineteen, as when he branded the author of Don Juan”- -a most important and highly-interesting fact. But I am no pretender to great powers of divination, when I say, that that note never would have appeared in the Quarterly, had not his Lordship quarrelled with Murray.
Again, “ One Liberul," (we are thankful for the word—it is well that we should have one which will at once express whatever is detestable in principle, and flagitious in conduct.)”. Prosecute Southey, John Hunt, prosecute him, man, without a moment's delay. Leigh the first, also, had better take advice on the following passage : “ Some of the most depraved minds in the present generation, have manifested this tendency, proclaiming, at the same time, their hatred for Christianity, and their predilection for what they are pleased to call the religion of the loves and luxuries—that is, the religion of Jupiter, Mars, Bacchus, Venus, the Garden God,” &c. &c. Apollo and Mercurius, and the rest, as Bryan O’Proctor has it. “Some of the most DEPRAVED minds !” Fie! Fie !
“ Oh, Bryan William Proctor Cornwall Barry,