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220, Declares treason against the sions. Such also was Iturbide's address, independence, to be second only to sa- that, in every case of conquest, he concrilege.

verted into active friends all those who 23d, To the same effect.

had been indifferent before ; and he 24th, Points out that the Cortes, or seldom failed to gain over to his cause Sovereign Congress, is to be a consti- the most powerful of his enemies, and tuent assembly; to hold its sessions ,' at the same time he won the confiin Mexico, and not in Mudrid. dence and esteem of every one, by his :

It may be remarked, by the way, invariable moderation. that this plan dexterously weaves into While the independent cause was its essence the direct and obvious in,

thus rapidly advancing, that of the terests of all classes in the communi-. Spanish Government was falling fast, ty, especially of those who have most to pieces. The Viceroy, who found to lose the clergy and the old Spa- it impossible to stem the torrent, was, niards, and who, besides, have by far glad to abdicate his authority at the the most extensive moral influence suggestion of the officers, who appear to over society ; the one by being in pos- have adopted a similar course to that of session of nearly all the capital in the their countrymen in Peru in the case of country, and the other by having gain- Pezuela. But his successor, Field-Mared, in times past; an influence overmen's shal Novella, could do nothing to reminds, to which, perhaps, there does store the cause of the King, and Iturnot now exist a parallel in the Christian bidé drew his armies closer and closer world. But, although this be unquese, round the capital, with a steady protionably the case, yet both these pare gress, and subduing everything before ties, especially of late, have been made him. At this critical moment Gen. O'to feel, that their influence, and even Donaju arrived from Spain, vested with existence, turn upon opinion alone, powers to supersede the Viceroy Apoand they are sufficiently aware that dacca. To his astonishment he found they may lose both in a moment. To the country he came to govern no longthem, therefore, the countenance of er under the orders of his master, but power was of great consequence, and raised into an independent state. He their most immediate interest became had come alone, without troops, and, that of supporting the views of a pare, seeing at a glance that the country was ty, which, instead of oppressing them, irrecoverably lost, on the terms at least as had been the case elsewhere, con- on which it had been held heretofore, descended to borrow their support.

he endeavouredto make the best condiAgain, by not holding out a vague tions he could for the mother country; prospect of a representative govern- and, in order to pave


issued a ment, but beginning at once by call-, proclamation to the inhabitants, which ing the deputies together, and mean-, breathed nothing but liberality and while naming a junto and a regency, hearty congratulations upon their pros-doubts and jealousies were dissipa- pect of happiness—a singular docu-, ted, or put to sleep. And yet, if exa-, ment to come from such a quarter! mined closely, there is, with a show Iturbidé, seeing this disposition on of much disinterestedness, a cautious the part of O'Donaju to take all that had looseness of expression in all parts passed in good part, invited him to a of this “ Plan," which may, and conference. They accordingly met ac probably will, be taken abundant ad- Cordova, where a treaty, which bears vantage of by and by. This remark the name of that city, was signed on applies more particularly to article 3d. the 24th of August, 1821. By this,

In the interim, this “Plan” answered treaty, O'Donaju recognized the Plan Iturbidé's purposes fully, as the flame of Iguala ;" and not only engaged which it had kindled soon spread over to use his influence in conformity the whole country. He was also soon therewith, but, in order to manifest joined by several of the most distinc his sincerity still further, he actually guished of the King's officers; amongst agreed to become a member of the Proothers, by Don Pedro Celestino Ne- visional Government: to dispatch comgreti, (a Spaniard, but married in the missioners to Spain to offer the crown country,) and by Colonel Bustaman, to Ferdinand ; and, in short, in the te, who brought with him 1000 caval- name of Spain, to make common cause ry. On every side the great cities yield- with Iturbidé. edat once to his forces, or to his persua- The accession of such a man to his party, circumstanced too as O'Donaju liberty to go, would have felt less dewas, became of incalculable import- sirous of remaining. ance to Iturbidé. It broke down the A rumour, too, was put about at this hopes of those, who, up to this mo- time, that the Inquisition might proment, had looked for the re-establish- bably be re-established—a prospect ment of the ancient order of things; which was no less grateful to the hopes it justified completely the conduct of of the clergy, than a free export of the Spanish residents who had in a si- specie was to the merchants; and, as milar manner yielded to the popular Iturbide himself, at this juncture, contide ;-and it was very naturally haile descended to advocate the cause of the ed, from the one end of the country to army, by writing appeals, with his the other, as a confirmation of the name at full length, in the public justness and solidity of the indepen- prints, in favour of the merits and dent cause.

claims of his fellow-soldiers, he dexThe capital was soon persuaded to terously contrived to bring all parties yield, in consequence of O'Donaju's re- into the best possible humour with presentations, and Iturbidé entered it

him individually. on the 27th of September.

On the 18th of May, 1822, he pre· At this important moment O'Do- sented to the Congress two Madrid naju died, to the great sorrow of the gazettes of the 13th and 14th of FeSpaniards in the country, who had bruary, by which it appeared that the calculated much upon his countenance. Cortes of Spain had declared the treaty But it is difficult to say, whether or of Cordova entered into by O'Donaju not his death was detrimental to Itur. to be null and void, totally disavowbide's views. O'Donaju had already ing all his acts. done all that was possible to establish This was, undoubtedly, what IturIturbidé's immediate objects, particu- bidé had expected ; and the “ Surelarly in preventing disunion; and it reign Constituent Congress” immedimay be questioned, whether he would ately decided, " that, by the foregoing have co-operated so heartily when these declaration of Spain, the Mexican naobjects came to take a more personal tion were freed from the obligations and ambitious direction, and when the of that treaty, as far as Spain was coninterests of the Spanish crown were cerned ; and that, as, by the third arless and less considered.

ticle of the treaty, the Constituent From that period, up to the end of Congress were left at liberty, in such March, 1822, Iturbide's plans were event, to name an Emperor, they steadily carried forward ; the deputies thought fit, in consequence not only to Congress were gradually drawing of their own opinion, but in concordtogether from the different provinces, ance with the voice of the people, to and he had time to collect in his fa- elect Don Augustin de Iturbide the vour the suffrages of the remotest First Constitutional Emperor of the towns. The “ trigaranti” colours were Empire of Mexico, on the basis proworn by all classes; and by a thousand claimed in the ‘Plan of Iguala,' which other ingenious manœuvres the people had already been received throughout were gradually taught to associate their

the Empire." present

freedom with Iturbide's cele- What has since been the fate of brated “ Plan of Iguala," and, thence, Iturbidé, I have not had any good by an easy transition, to look to him, means of knowing. The public prints individually, for their future prospe- say that he has been deposed and illrity.

treated. This is very likely. He unThe Cortes finally met on the 24th dertook too much for the force he had February, and one of their first, if not under his command-and, even if he their very first act, was, an edict, per had had one a hundred times greater, mitting all who chose it, to leave the he was not of a temper to have wieldcountry, and allowing the export of ed it in the despotic manner indispenspecie at a duty of only three and a sable to the maintenance of quiet in half per cent. This good faith, (for so vast a country. it had been long before promised by Recent accounts, which have arriIturbidé,) gave great confidence to the ved since the above went to press, mercantile capitalists, and probably state, that Iturbidé and his family decided many of them to remain in the have been banished to Italy, and that country, who, had they been less at his property has been confiscated,

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FISTS AND THE MAN I sing, who, in the valleys of Hampshire,
Close to the borough of Andover, one fine day of the spring-time,
Being the twentieth of May, (the day, moreover, was Tuesday,)
Eighteen hundred and twenty-three, in a fistical combat,
Beat, in a handful of rounds, Bill Neat, the butcher of Bristol.
What is the hero's name? Indeed, 'tis bootless to mention.
Every one knows 'tis Spring—Tom Spring, now Champion of England.

Full of honours and gout, Tom Cribb surrendered his kingdom,
And in the Champion's cup no more he quaffs as the Champion,
Who is to fill his place ? the anxious nation, inquiring,
Looks round the ring with a glance of hope and eagerness blended.
Everywhere would you see deep-drawn and puckered-up faces,
Worn by the people in thought on this high and ponderous matter.

in and Greece are forgot they may box it about at their pleasure ;
Newport may brandish his brogue unheard at the Sheriff of Dublin ;
Canning may give the lie to Brougham, and Brougham be a Christian;
Hume may be puffing Carlisle, or waging a war upon Cocker ;
Byron may write a poem, and Hazlitt a Liber Amoris ;
Nobody cares a fig for the Balaam of Baron or Cockney.
All were absorbed at once in the one profound speculation,
Who was the man to be the new pugilistical Dymoke.

Neat and the Gasman put up, and the light of Gas was extinguished.
Woe is my heart for Gas ! accursed be the wheel of the waggon
Which made a Ipancake of blood of the head of that elegant fellow.
He had no chance with Neat; the fist of that brawny Bristolian
Laid him in full defeat on the downs of Hungerford prostrate. ,
Great was the fame of Bill; the ancient city of Bristol
[Bristol, the birth-place dear of the Laureate LL.D. Southey-
Bristol, the birth-place too of Thomas Cribb the ex-Champion]
Hailed him with greetings loud; and, boldly declaring him matchless,
Challenged the boxing world to try his valour in contest.

* I acknowledge my obligations to the †.“ My troth, gin yon chield had shalearned and elegant reporter of this battle ved twa inches nearer you, your head, my for the Fancy Gazette. (See No. XVIII. man, would have lookit very like a bluidy p. 406-411.) He has been to me what pancake."--Reginald Dalton. Miss Lee's Kruitzner was to Lord Byron's You see I agree with Southey, a man Werner; and the careful and judicious cri- for whom I have a particular esteem, that tic will find, that I have, like his lordship, people ought to indicate the most minute a man for whom I have a particular esteem, sources of information. Yet the Doctor is copied the very words of my original. I not always so fair--the most splendid pasgive free leave to any critic to contrast the sage in his Roderick is merely a transcript Gazette with this Idyllium of mine, print- of a conversation I had with him on the ing them, ifthey choose, in parallel columns, top of one of the Bristol coaches in the year and cutting me up as a plagiary. If North 1814; and yet I do not recollect that he will give me the room and pay me for it, I anywhere alludes to the circumstance. In. shall do it myself most unmercifully. It is deed, he seldom mentions my name in any a long time since I have been sufficiently of his writings. Yet I respect him highly, hacked to pieces.-M. OD.

and frequently mention him in my works. [Send your Balaam to Sir Richard, if _M. OD. you please.-C. N.)

London replied to the call-the land of the Cockneys, indignant
At this *yokel attempt to set up a Champion provincial,
Looked with its great big eyes at Spring, and Spring understood it.
Everything soon was arranged; the time was fixed for the battle ;
Cash on each side was posted, a cool two hundred of sovereigns ;
And the affair was put beneath the guidance of Jackson.
I sha’n't delay my song to say, how some Justices tasteless
Twice by the felon hand of power prevented the cornbat.
Vain the attempt as base-as well the clashing of comets
Would be prevented by them, as the onslaught of pugilist rivals.

When the great day arrived, big with the glory of Britain,
Bustle be sure there was, and riding, and running, and racing ;
Nay, for three days before, the roads were wofully crowded ;
All the inns were beset, each bed had a previous engagement;
So, if you came in late, you were left in a bit of a hobble
Either to camp in the street, or sleep on three chairs in the bar-room.
Chaises, coaches, barouches, taxed carts, tilburies, whiskeys,
Curricles, shandry-dans, gigs, tall phaetons, jaunting cars, waggons,
Cabriolets, landaus, all sorts of vehicles rolling,
Four-wheeled, or two-wheeled, drawn by one, two, three, or four horses ;
Steeds of various degrees, high-mettled racer, or hunter,
Bit of blood, skin-and-boner, pad, hack, mule, jackass, or donkey ; +
Sniffers on foot in droves, by choice or economy prompted ;
Grumbling Radical, pickpocket Whig, and gentleman Tory,
Down from ducal rank to the rascally fisher of fogles,
Poured from London town to see the wonderful action.
Thirty thousand at least were there; and ladies in numbers
Rained from their beautiful eyes sweet influence over the buffers.

Well the ground was chosen, and quite with the eye of a poet;
Close to the field of fight, the land all rises around it,
Amphitheatrical wise, in a most judgmatical fashion.
There had the Johnny-raws of Hants ta’en places at leisure,
Many an hour before the combatants came to the turn-up.

We were not idle, be sure, although we waited in patience;
Drink of all sorts and shapes was kindly provided to cheer us;
Ales from the famous towns of Burton, Marlboro', Taunton ;
Porter from lordly Thames, and beer of various descriptions ;
Brandy of Gallic growth, and rum from the isle of Jamaica;
Deady, and heavy wet, blue ruin, max, and Geneva ;
Hollands that ne'er saw Holland, mum, brown stout, perry, and cyder ;
Spirits in all ways prepared, stark-naked, hot or cold watered;
Negus, or godlike grog, flip, lambswool, syllabub, rumbo;
Toddy, or punch, or shrub, or the much sung stingo of gin-twist;
Wines, in proportions less, their radiance intermingling,

Yokel.–Provincial, I opine ; but am # Fisher of fogles) i. e. pickpocket. A not sure. If wrong, shall correct in second fogle is a handkerchief.-M. OD. edition; or, at all events, in time for the § Their ra-di-ance inter-mingling.)third.-M. OD.

There is a fine spondaic fall. What do + Jackass, or donkey.)-I mean the four. you think of that, Doctor Carcy ? Read footed animals. No allusion whatever to the line over three times before you answer. any he or she Whig—they being biped. It must put you in mind of M. OD.

"Ag-mi-na circum-spexit."-Virg. 15

M. OD.

Flowed like a stream round the ring, refreshing the dry population.
Glad was I in my soul, though I missed my national liquor,
And with a tear in my eye my heart fled back into Ireland.
*Whisky, my jewel dear, what though I have chosen a dwelling
Far away, and my throat is now-a-days moistened by Hodges,-
Drink of my early days, I swear I shall never forget thee!
Round the ring we sat, the stiff stuff tipsily quaffing."
[Thanks be to thee, Jack Keats; our thanks for the dactyl and spondee;
Pestleman Jack, whom, according to Shelley, the Quarterly murdered
With a critique as fell as one of his own patent medicines.]

Gibbons appeared at last ; and, with adjutants versed in the business,
Drove in the stakes and roped them. The hawbuck | Hottentot Hantsmen
Felt an objection to be whipped out of the ring by the Gibbons.
Fight was accordingly shewn, and Bill, afraid of the numbers,
Kept his whip in peace, awaiting the coming of Jackson.
Soon did his eloquent tongue tip off the blarney among them;
And what force could not do, soft talk performed in a jiffy.

Arm-in-arm with his backer and Belcher, followed by Harmer,
Neat in a moment appeared, and instantly flung down his castor.
In about ten minutes more, came Spring, attended by Painter ;
Cribb, the illustrious Cribb, however, acted as second.
Compliments, then, were exchanged, hands shaken, after the fashion
Of merry England for ever, the beef-eating land of the John Bulls.
Blue as the arch of Heaven, or the much-loved eyes of my darling,
Was the colour of Spring—to the stakes Cribb tied it in person.
Yellow, like Severn stream, when the might of rain has descended,
Shone forth the kerchief of Neat. Tom Belcher tied it above Spring's
But with a delicate twist, Tom Cribb reversed the arranger
Putting the blue above. The men then peeled for the onset.
Twenty minutes past One P.M.-So far for a preface.

Round the first.
Spring was a model of manhood. Chantrey, Canova, or Scoular, ||
Graved not a finer form ; his muscles firmly were filled up,
And with elastic vigour played all over his corpus;
Fine did his deltoid show; his neck rose towering gently
Curved from the shoulder broad; his back was lightsomely dropt in.
Over his cuticle spread a slightly ruddy suffusion,
Shewing his excellent state, and the famous care of his trainers;
Confidence beamed from his face; his eye shone steady in valour.
Valiantly, too, looked Neat, a truly respectable butcher,
But o'er his skin the flush was but in irregular patches :

Whisky, my jewel dear, fc.)-These mitted on that promising young man. fine lines are imitated from the Vision of Murray can never come to luck. Indeed, Judgment. See the passage beginning, since Keats' death, he has been publishing “Bristol, my birth-place dear, what though Sardanapalus, and Cain, and Fleury's MeI have chosen a dwelling,” &c. &c. moirs, &c. &c. which must give some saM. OD.

tisfaction to the injured shade of the de+ Tipsily quafing.) – From a poem ceased.-M. OD. about Bacchus, written by poor Jack Keats, * Hawbuck.]

Johnny Raw to the last a man for whom I had a particular esteem. degree.-M. OD. I never can read the Quarterly of late, on || Scoular.] His head of D. Bridges account of the barbarous murder it com. ranks with Chantrey's of Sir W. Scott. VOL. XIV.


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